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Hibschite

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Josef Emanuel Hibsch
Formula:
Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
(x = 0.2-1.5)
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Usually colourless, pale ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named by Felix Cornu in 1905 for Josef Emanuel Hibsch (March 26, 1852 in Hummel, Bohemia (Böhmen) - November 4, 1940 Vienna (Wien), Austria), geologist with the Landwirtschaftliche Akademie (Academy of Agriculture) at Tetschen (Decin), Bohemia.
A variety of Grossular

A variety of Grossular with part of the orthosilicate ions replaced by hydroxide ions. Previously considered by some to be a discrete mineral species itself.

Igumnovite is similar, with Cl in place of (OH).
Grossular-Hibschite Series, and the Hibschite-Katoite Series.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Hibschite.

Classification of Hibschite

Explanation of status:
A redefined (IMA 83-B) mineral, replacing hydrogrossular and plazolite root names.
9.AD.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.4.3d.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
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http://www.mindat.org/min-1898.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Hibschite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Colourless to pale yellow overgrowths on "titaniferous melanite" crystal.
Year of Discovery:
1905

Physical Properties of Hibschite

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Usually colourless, pale yellow, may have tints of grey, green to bluish green, also may be smoky grey to black.
Comment:
Dark colour may be due to zonation with melanite.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Comment:
May be as hard as 7
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.06 - 3.25 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.28 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hibschite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 12Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,728.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals are rare, but may be dominantly octahedral. Occasionally dodecahedral.
Comment:
a varies from 11.90 to 12.287

Optical Data of Hibschite

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Hibschite

Formula:
Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x

(x = 0.2-1.5)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mn,Mg,S

Relationship of Hibschite to other Species

9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12
9.AD.30Coffinite(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4
9.AD.30Thorite(Th,U)SiO4
9.AD.30ZirconZrSiO4
9.AD.30StetinditeCe4+SiO4
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4

Other Names for Hibschite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Hibschit
Russian:Гибшит
Simplified Chinese:水钙铝榴石
Spanish:Hibschita
Traditional Chinese:水鈣鋁榴石

Other Information

Generally non-fluorescent. One locality (Mosjoen, Nordland, Norway) has distinct orange fluorescence SW UV.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hibschite

Reference List:
Bulletin de Minéralogie: 107 (1984), 605.

European Journal of Mineralogy (1989): 1: 363.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1983) 251-258.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 873.

American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 840.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2001) 49.

Pertlik, F. (2003) Bibliography of hibschite, a hydrogarnet of grossular type. GeoLines 15, 113-119.

E.S Grew, A.J. Locock, S.J. Mills, I.O. Galuskina, E.V. Galuskin, and U. Hålenius (2012) Counting Garnets: A New Nomenclature of the Garnet Supergroup. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-21-2, 2012

Internet Links for Hibschite

Localities for Hibschite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
        • Pingendorf
Kolitsch, U. (2008)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Seagull Lake Area
Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Medici, L. (2006): "Clinohydroxylapatite: a new apatite-group mineral from northwest Ontario (Canada), and new data on the extent of Na-S substitution in natural apatites", European Journal of Mineralogy 18, 105-112
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-du-Lac
          • Oka complex
SABINA, A.P. (1968), revised (1983) Rocks and Minerals for the collector. Kingston, Ontario to Lac St-Jean, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada paper 67-51 (1968), Misc. Report No. 32 (1983), 46-49.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
POIRIER, G. and ERCIT, S. (2009) Chemical composition and zoning of garnets from several Quebec localities. Abstract with Program, 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium. Reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 85, 463.
Czech Republic (FRL)
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2003, s. 96 - 98.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Cistrières
          • Pervenchères
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Montgenèvre
Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 345-356.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Eifel und dem Siegerland, Mineralien-Welt 10/3, 23, 1999] [A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001]
Israel
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Urbe
        • Vara
          • Bric Mundu (Bric Mondo; Bric Mondu)
NHM collection (was hessonite)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Lagarina Valley
        • Mt. Baldo
          • Ala
            • Pilcante
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Garfagnana
        • Villa Collemandina
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183; - Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Crespadoro
        • Chiampo Valley
Zordan A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi F., Boscardin M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta sei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
      • Laghi
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
      • Tretto di Schio
        • Val Munari
          • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Chiba Prefecture
        • Awa-gun
          • Tawara-mura
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Gogołów-Jordanów Massif
      • Sobótka
DUBIŃSKA E., 1995: Rodingites of the eastern part of Jordanów-Gogołów serpentynite massif, Lower Silesia, Poland. Can. Mineral., 33, 585-608.GALUSKIN E., SZEŁĘG E., 2003: The first finding of Ag-amalgamates in rodingites (Nasławice, Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, Vol. 22.
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Bielsko-Biała District
      • Jasienica community
- Włodyka R. 2010: Hydrogarnets from picrite and teschenite sills in the Polish Western Carpathians. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 116-117
    • Cieszyn District
      • Goleszów commune
- Włodyka R. 2010: Hydrogarnets from picrite and teschenite sills in the Polish Western Carpathians. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 116-117
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Am Min 90: 1688-1692
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Hnilec
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Steelpoort
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95pp.
    • Vhembe District
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95; Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA, 115 pp;
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 93-95, 214;; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95pp.
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 214;
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95pp.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 214.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 214.
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 93-95pp.
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Loscos
Calvo, M. (2008) Minerales de Aragón. Prames (Zaragoza) 463 pages
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
  • Washington
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.39
Mineral and/or Locality  
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