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Hingganite-(Y)

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Formula:
(Y,REE,Ca)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
System:MonoclinicHardness:6 - 7
Member of:Gadolinite-Datolite Group
Name:After the type locality in the Greater Hinggan (Khingan) Mts, Qiqihaer Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria), China, plus the "-(Y)" suffix in allusion to the dominance of yttrium in the composition.



Gadolinite-Datolite Group. Y analogue of hingganite-(Yb) and hingganite-(Ce).
Difficult to distinguish from gadolinite-(Y).

Originally called yttroceberysite, later redefinition while applying Levinson rule (see references), renamed and IMA-approved in 2007.

Classification of Hingganite-(Y)

IMA status:Renamed approved 2007
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.29-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AJ.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
J : Nesosilicates with BO3 triangles and/or B[4], Be[4] tetrahedra, cornersharing with SiO4
Dana 8th edition ID:54.2.1a.3

54 : NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
2 : Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.3.14

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
3 : Silicates of Be
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Type Occurrence of Hingganite-(Y)

Type Locality:Unnamed rare-metal deposit, Greater Hinggan Mts (Greater Khingan Mts), Qiqihaer Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region), China

Physical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)

Hardness (Mohs):6 - 7

Crystallography of Hingganite-(Y)

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Space Group Setting:P21/c
Cell Parameters:a = 4.790Å, b = 7.545Å, c = 9.989Å
β = 91°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.635 : 1 : 1.324
Unit Cell Volume:V 360.95 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:4.790 (5)
3.462 (5)
3.148 (10)
2.685 (10)
2.569 (6)
1.985 (5)
1.880 (5)

Chemical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)

Formula:
(Y,REE,Ca)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Idealised Formula:
Y
 
2
□Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Essential elements:Be, H, O, Si, Y
All elements listed in formula:Be, Ca, Fe, H, O, Si, Y

Relationship of Hingganite-(Y) to other Species

Member of:Gadolinite-Datolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bakerite
Ca
 
4
(H
 
5
B
 
5
Si
 
3
O
 
20
)
Calcybeborosilite-(Y)
(Y,Ca)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)(B,Be)
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH,O)
 
2
Datolite
Ca(HBSiO
 
5
)
Gadolinite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd,Y)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
Gadolinite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
Hingganite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Hingganite-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,REE)
 
2
□Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Homilite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)B
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
Minasgeraisite-(Y)
CaBe
 
2
Y
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AJ.05Grandidierite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(BO
 
3
)O
 
2
9.AJ.05Ominelite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(BO
 
3
)O
 
2
9.AJ.10Dumortierite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(BO
 
3
)O
 
3
9.AJ.10Holtite
(Ta
 
0.6
 
0.4
)Al
 
6
BSi
 
3
O
 
18
(O,OH)
 
2.25
9.AJ.10Magnesiodumortierite
(Mg,Ti,◻(Al,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
3
O
 
18-y
(OH)
 
y
B y = 2-3
9.AJ.15Garrelsite
Ba
 
3
NaSi
 
2
B
 
7
O
 
16
(OH)
 
4
9.AJ.20Bakerite
Ca
 
4
(H
 
5
B
 
5
Si
 
3
O
 
20
)
9.AJ.20Datolite
Ca(HBSiO
 
5
)
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd,Y)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
9.AJ.20Hingganite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
9.AJ.20Hingganite-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,REE)
 
2
□Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
9.AJ.20Homilite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)B
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
9.AJ.20Melanocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca)
 
5
(Si,B)
 
3
O
 
12
(OH,F) · nH
 
2
O
9.AJ.20Minasgeraisite-(Y)
CaBe
 
2
Y
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
9.AJ.20Calcybeborosilite-(Y)
(Y,Ca)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)(B,Be)
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH,O)
 
2
9.AJ.25Stillwellite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO
 
5
9.AJ.30Cappelenite-(Y)
Ba(Y,Ce)
 
6
Si
 
3
B
 
6
O
 
24
F
 
2
9.AJ.35Okanoganite-(Y)
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Y,Ce)
 
12
Si
 
6
B
 
2
O
 
27
F
 
14
9.AJ.35Vicanite-(Ce)
(Ca,Ce,La,Th)
 
15
As
5+
 
(As
3+
0.5
,Na
 
0.5
)Fe
3+
 
Si
 
6
B
 
4
O
 
40
F
 
7
9.AJ.35Hundholmenite-(Y)
(Y,REE,Ca,Na)
 
15
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(Ca
 
x
As
3+
1-x
)(Si,As
5+
 
)Si
 
6
B
 
3
(O,F)
 
48
9.AJ.35Proshchenkoite-(Y)
Ca(Y,REE,Ca,Na,Mn)
 
15
Fe
2+
 
(P,Si)Si
 
6
B
 
3
O
 
34
F
 
14
9.AJ.40Jadarite
LiNaSiB
 
3
O
 
7
(OH)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.3.1Phenakite
Be
 
2
SiO
 
4
14.3.2Bertrandite
Be
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
2
14.3.3Beryllite
Be
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.3.4Liberite
Li
 
2
BeSiO
 
4
14.3.5Chkalovite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
2
O
 
6
14.3.6Eudidymite
Na
 
2
Be
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· H
 
2
O
14.3.7Epididymite
Na
 
2
Be
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· H
 
2
O
14.3.8Gugiaite
Ca
 
2
Be(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
14.3.9Jeffreyite
(Ca,Na)
 
2
(Be,Al)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
,HSi
 
2
O
 
7
)
14.3.10Semenovite-(Ce)
Na
 
8
Ca
 
2
FeBe
 
6
Ce
 
2
Si
 
14
O
 
40
(OH)
 
4
F
 
4
14.3.11Barylite
Be
 
2
Ba(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
14.3.12Hingganite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)
 
2
(□,Fe
2+
 
)Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
14.3.13Hingganite-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,REE)
 
2
□Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
2
14.3.15Minasgeraisite-(Y)
CaBe
 
2
Y
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
14.3.16Sørensenite
Na
 
4
SnBe
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
(OH)
 
4
14.3.17Trimerite
CaMn
2+
2
Be
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
14.3.18Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.3.19Tvedalite
(Ca,Mn)
 
4
Be
 
3
Si
 
6
O
 
17
(OH)
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
14.3.20Harstigite
Ca
 
6
(Mn,Mg)Be
 
4
Si
 
6
(O,OH)
 
24
14.3.21Sverigeite
NaMnMgSnBe
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
14.3.22Joesmithite
{Pb}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
3
Fe
3+
2
}(Be
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
14.3.23Gadolinite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
14.3.24Gadolinite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd,Y)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Be
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
14.3.25Calciogadolinite-(Y)
(YCa)
 
2
Fe
3+
 
Be
 
2
[SiO
 
4
]
 
2
O
 
2

Other Names for Hingganite-(Y)

Synonyms:
IMA1981-052Yttroceberysite
Other Languages:
Russian:Хинганит-(Y)
Simplified Chinese:钇兴安石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hingganite-(Y)

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1974), 59, 700.

Ding Xiaoshi, Bai Ge, Uuan Zhongxin, and Sun Luren (1981): Yttroceberysite, a new Ce-Be-rich silicate. Dizhi Lun Ping [Geology Review] 27(5), 459-466 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Soviet Physics, Crystallography : (1983), 28, 269.

Ximen Lulu and Peng Zhizhong (1985): Crystal structure of xingganite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5, 290-293 (in Chinese with English abstract).

American Mineralogist (1987), 72, 1031 (Appendix 2).

American Mineralogist (1988), 73, 441.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1994), 185.

International Mineralogical Association, General Meeting Program Abstracts (1994), 195.

Demartin, Francesco, Alessandro Minaglia, and Carlo Maria Gramaccioli (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114.

Ritsuro Miyawaki, Satoshi Matsubara, Kazumi Yokoama, Akiyoshi Okamoto (2007): Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 102, 1-7.

Internet Links for Hingganite-(Y)

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  • Localities for Hingganite-(Y)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cumberland Co.
    PAPOUTSA, A.D. & PE-PIPER, G. (2013) The relationship between REE-Y-Nb-Th minerals and the evolution of an A-type granite, Wentworth Pluton, Nova Scotia. American Mineralogist 98, 444-462.
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Unpublished analytical data ROM & CMN 2006.
    China
     
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Qiqihaer Prefecture
        • Greater Hinggan Mts (Greater Khingan Mts)
    Xiaoshi Ding, Ge Bai, Zhongxian Yuan, and Luren Sun (1981): Geological Review 46(5), 459-466
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
        • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
          • Baerzhe complex
    Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, Zhenhua Zhao, Yong Luo, Xueyuan Yu, Ningbo Li, and Hecai Niu (2011): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 41(6), 1689-1704
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
        • Luzenac
    Perseval et al.(1997): Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, Ser. 11a, 324, 625-630; Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 4, 3+8-12 (1990)
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Savoie
        • Lanslebourg
    De Ascençao Guedes, R., Meisser, N., Janots, E., Grand'Homme, A., Parseval, P. et Schaub, L. (2013) - Thorite, dessauite-(Y), hingganite-(Y) et monazite-(Ce) au Mont-Cenis, Savoie. Le Règne Minéral n°112, pp 27-31, Editions du Piat.
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Königshain
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
          • Thiemendorf
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Savona Province
        • Maremola Valley
          • Magliolo
    Bracco, R., Balestra, C., Castellaro, F., Mills, S.J., Ma, C., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Bersani, D., Cadoni, M., Ciriotti, M.E. (2012): Nuovi minerali di terre rare da Costa Balzi Rossi, Magliolo (SV), Liguria. Micro. 2/2012. 66-77.
    • Lombardy
      • Varese Province
        • Ceresio Valley
    Demartin, Francesco, Alessandro Minaglia, and Carlo Maria Gramaccioli (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114; Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
    Enrico Bonacina
    sergio varvello
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Baveno
          • Feriolo
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 487–493, 2009
          • Oltrefiume
            • Mount Camoscio
    Giovanni Scapin collection
    American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 487–493, 2009
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
            • Vallone del Vannino
    Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No); DeMartin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (1993): A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Can. Mineral. 31, 127-136.
        • Omegna
    - Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92. - Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Stresa
    Sergio Varvello collection
    • Sardinia
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
        • La Maddalena
          • La Maddalena Island
    Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Nakatsugawa City
            • Hirukawa
    Miyawaki, R. et al (1987) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 18, 17-30.
    Ritsuro Miyawaki et al (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 130; Ritsuro Miyawaki, Satoshi Matsubara, Kazumi Yokoama, Akiyoshi Okamoto (2007) Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 102, No. 1 February, 1-7.
      • Kinki Region
        • Shiga Prefecture
          • Otsu City
    Takada & Matsubara (1989) Chigaku Kenkyu, 38, 7-14.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Fukushima Prefecture
          • Kawamata
            • Iizaka Village (Iisaka)
    Toshinori Kobayashi specimen.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Malawi
     
    • Zomba District
    Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
        • Khaldzan Buragtag massif
          • Mount Ulyn Khuren
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Øvre Eiker
        • Gunhildrud
    Sunde, Ø., Selbekk, R.S., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2013): Bakstevalåsen, en unik Be-Sn-B pegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 50, 43-48
    • Nordland
      • Sørfold
    Ellingsen, H.V., Haugen, A., Raade, G., Eldjarn, K. & Berg, H.-J., (1995): Sjeldne mineraler i en amazonittpegmatitt ved Tennvatn i Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 9, 35-37
      • Tysfjord
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Svalbard
      • Spitsbergen
        • Hornsund fjord
    J. Majka, J. Prsek, B. Budzyn, P. Bacík, A. K. Barker, and M. Lodzinski (2011): Fluorapatite-hingganite-(Y) coronas as products of fluid-induced xenotime-(Y) breakdown in the Skoddefjellet pegmatite, Svalbard. Mineral. Mag. 75, 159-167.
    • Telemark
      • Drangedal
        • Tørdal
    Mineral. Pet. 75:89-99; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Skrifter Norsk Bergverkmuseum 17:19-25
    Kristiansen, R. (1998): Høydalen Litium-pegmatitt-Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN 25 (4), 21-30
      • Kragerø
        • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
    Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Lågendalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
        • Tvedalen
    Haugen, A & Ellingsen, H.V (1991):Hvordan man finner et nytt mineral. STEIN 18 (3), 28-29.; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Sandefjord
        • Haneholmveien
    Larsen, A.O., Škoda, R. & Larsen, K.E. (2013): Hingganite-(Y) from a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Vestfold, Norway. Stein. Særhefte 1, 23-24
    Pakistan
     
    • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
      • Peshawar
        • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
    Ikram Mineralogy
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
        • Szklarska Poręba District
    Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Tuva Republic
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Keivy Mountains
            • Western Keivy Massif
    A.V. Voloshin, Ya.A. Pakhomovskii Minerals and mineralformation evolution in amazonite pegmatites of Kola peninsula, - Leningrad, Nauka, 1986, pp.168.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Ondrejka M., Pršek J., Bačík P., Uher P., (2008): Vzácne prvková Y-REE-(Be) mineralizácia na ložisku Bacúch (veporikum) – monazit s anomálnym obsahom S a Sr, minerály gadolinitovej skupiny (abstract). Seminár k 80-tinám prof M.Mišíka, Bratsilava. Mineralia Slovaca, Geovestnik 3-4, 40, 202-203
    Sweden
     
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Chummibort
    See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
      • Collonges
        • Plex
    Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    USA
     
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Bethlehem
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
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