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6 - 7
After the type locality in the Greater Hinggan (Khingan) Mts, Qiqihaer Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria), China, plus the "-(Y)" suffix in allusion to the dominance of yttrium in the composition.

Y analogue of hingganite-(Yb) and hingganite-(Ce).
Difficult to distinguish from gadolinite-(Y).

Originally called yttroceberysite, later redefinition while applying Levinson rule (see references), renamed and IMA-approved in 2007.

Nd-dominant analogue is also known.

Classification of Hingganite-(Y)

Published without approval
Approval History:
Published without approval: 2007

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
J : Nesosilicates with BO3 triangles and/or B[4], Be[4] tetrahedra, cornersharing with SiO4

54 : NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
2 : Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
3 : Silicates of Be

First Recorded Occurrence of Hingganite-(Y)

Physical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)

Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 7

Crystallography of Hingganite-(Y)

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.790Å, b = 7.545Å, c = 9.989Å
β = 91°
a:b:c = 0.635 : 1 : 1.324
Unit Cell Volume:
V 360.95 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
4.790 (5)
3.462 (5)
3.148 (10)
2.685 (10)
2.569 (6)
1.985 (5)
1.880 (5)

Chemical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)

Idealised Formula:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Hingganite-(Y) to other Species

Other Members of Group:
9.AJ.10Magnesiodumortierite(Mg,Ti,◻(Al,Mg)2Al4Si3O18-y(OH)yB y = 2-3
14.3.3BerylliteBe3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
14.3.6EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
14.3.7EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
14.3.18ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
14.3.19Tvedalite(Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4 · 3H2O

Other Names for Hingganite-(Y)

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钇兴安石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hingganite-(Y)

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1974), 59, 700.

Ding Xiaoshi, Bai Ge, Uuan Zhongxin, and Sun Luren (1981): Yttroceberysite, a new Ce-Be-rich silicate. Dizhi Lun Ping [Geology Review] 27(5), 459-466 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Soviet Physics, Crystallography : (1983), 28, 269.

Ximen Lulu and Peng Zhizhong (1985): Crystal structure of xingganite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5, 290-293 (in Chinese with English abstract).

American Mineralogist (1987), 72, 1031 (Appendix 2).

American Mineralogist (1988), 73, 441.

Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1994, 185-192.

International Mineralogical Association, General Meeting Program Abstracts (1994), 195.

Demartin, F., Minaglia, A. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist 39(4), 1105-1114.

Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoama, K. & Okamoto, A. (2007): Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 102, 1-7.

Internet Links for Hingganite-(Y) URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Hingganite-(Y)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
PAPOUTSA, A.D. & PE-PIPER, G. (2013) The relationship between REE-Y-Nb-Th minerals and the evolution of an A-type granite, Wentworth Pluton, Nova Scotia. American Mineralogist 98, 444-462.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Unpublished analytical data ROM & CMN 2006.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
BROSSEAU-LIARD, A. (2012) The nature and origin of REE and associated rare metal mineralization in the
China (FRL)
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Qiqihaer Prefecture
      • Greater Hinggan Mts (Greater Khingan Mts)
Xiaoshi Ding, Ge Bai, Zhongxian Yuan, and Luren Sun (1981): Geological Review 46(5), 459-466
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
        • Baerzhe complex
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, Zhenhua Zhao, Yong Luo, Xueyuan Yu, Ningbo Li, and Hecai Niu (2011): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 41(6), 1689-1704
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Ariège
      • Luzenac
Perseval et al.(1997): Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, Ser. 11a, 324, 625-630; Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 4, 3+8-12 (1990)
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Lanslebourg
De Ascençao Guedes, R., Meisser, N., Janots, E., Grand'Homme, A., Parseval, P. et Schaub, L. (2013) - Thorite, dessauite-(Y), hingganite-(Y) et monazite-(Ce) au Mont-Cenis, Savoie. Le Règne Minéral n°112, pp 27-31, Editions du Piat.
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
        • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Maremola Valley
        • Magliolo
Bracco, R., Balestra, C., Castellaro, F., Mills, S.J., Ma, C., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Bersani, D., Cadoni, M., Ciriotti, M.E. (2012): Nuovi minerali di terre rare da Costa Balzi Rossi, Magliolo (SV), Liguria. Micro. 2/2012. 66-77.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
Demartin, Francesco, Alessandro Minaglia, and Carlo Maria Gramaccioli (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114; Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
Pezzotta F., Diella V., Guastoni A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 84, 782-789.
sergio varvello
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 487–493, 2009
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Giovanni Scapin collection
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 487–493, 2009
      • Omegna
- Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92. - Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Ossola Valley
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
            • Vallone del Vannino
Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No); DeMartin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (1993): A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Can. Mineral. 31, 127-136.
      • Stresa
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Sardinia
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Nakatsugawa City
          • Hirukawa
Miyawaki, R. et al (1987) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 18, 17-30.
Ritsuro Miyawaki et al (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 130; Ritsuro Miyawaki, Satoshi Matsubara, Kazumi Yokoama, Akiyoshi Okamoto (2007) Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 102, No. 1 February, 1-7.
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Otsu City
Takada & Matsubara (1989) Chigaku Kenkyu, 38, 7-14.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Kawamata
          • Iizaka Village (Iisaka)
Toshinori Kobayashi specimen.
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Zomba District
Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
      • Khaldzan Buragtag massif
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
P.M. Kartashov data
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Sunde, Ø., Selbekk, R.S., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2013): Bakstevalåsen, en unik Be-Sn-B pegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 50, 43-48
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Ellingsen, H.V., Haugen, A., Raade, G., Eldjarn, K. & Berg, H.-J., (1995): Sjeldne mineraler i en amazonittpegmatitt ved Tennvatn i Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 9, 35-37
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
J. Majka, J. Prsek, B. Budzyn, P. Bacík, A. K. Barker, and M. Lodzinski (2011): Fluorapatite-hingganite-(Y) coronas as products of fluid-induced xenotime-(Y) breakdown in the Skoddefjellet pegmatite, Svalbard. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 159-167.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Mineral. Pet. 75:89-99; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Skrifter Norsk Bergverkmuseum 17:19-25
Kristiansen, R. (1998): Høydalen Litium-pegmatitt-Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN 25 (4), 21-30
    • Kragerø
      • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Tvedalen
Haugen, A & Ellingsen, H.V (1991):Hvordan man finner et nytt mineral. STEIN 18 (3), 28-29.; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Sandefjord
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, A.O., Škoda, R. & Larsen, K.E. (2013): Hingganite-(Y) from a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Vestfold, Norway. Stein. Særhefte 1, 23-24
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
Ikram Mineralogy
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
      • Szklarska Poręba District
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177
  • Azores District
    • San Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Keivy Mountains
          • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian); Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 369 pp.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Ondrejka M., Pršek J., Bačík P., Uher P., (2008): Vzácne prvková Y-REE-(Be) mineralizácia na ložisku Bacúch (veporikum) – monazit s anomálnym obsahom S a Sr, minerály gadolinitovej skupiny (abstract). Seminár k 80-tinám prof M.Mišíka, Bratsilava. Mineralia Slovaca, Geovestnik 3-4, 40, 202-203
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
    • Collonges
      • Plex
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bethlehem
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
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