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Hinsdalite

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Formula:
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
System:TrigonalColour:Colourless, greenish, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, GreasyHardness:
Member of:Beudantite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Name:Named after the Type Locality at the Golden Fleece Mine, Hinsdale County, Colorado, USA.


The Al analogue of corkite and the arsenate analogue of hidalgoite.
Distinguishable from plumbogummite only by determination of the P:S ratio.

An uncommon secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of polymetallic sulphide deposits.

Classification of Hinsdalite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.35-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BL.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
Dana 7th edition ID:43.4.1.5
Dana 8th edition ID:43.4.1.5

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
4 : Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.17

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Type Occurrence of Hinsdalite

Type Locality:Golden Fleece Mine, Lake City, Lake City District (Lake District), Hinsdale Co., Colorado, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #101680, 101682, 101683. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C. USA: #86987, 92971.
Year of Discovery:1911
Geological Setting of type material:Vein cutting volcanic rocks
Associated Minerals at type locality:
TetrahedriteRhodochrositePyriteGalenaBaryte

Physical Properties of Hinsdalite

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Colourless, greenish, pearly white
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on the {001}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.65 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.07 g/cm3

Crystallography of Hinsdalite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 6.97Å, c = 16.8Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.41
Unit Cell Volume:V 710.88 ų
Z:3
Morphology:Crystals rhobohedra {1011}, hexagonal plates, tabular on {0001}, or pseudocubic with rough or dull faces. Massive or granular.

Optical Data of Hinsdalite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.671 nε = 1.689
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.018

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Comments:The optical anomalies common to members of the Beudantite Subgroup are very conspicuous. Six biaxial segments in which the planes of the optic axes are arranged radially to the core at about 60° to each other, may surround an uniaxial core.

Chemical Properties of Hinsdalite

Formula:
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Essential elements:Al, H, O, P, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, O, P, Pb, S

Relationship of Hinsdalite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Corkite (see here)
Forms a series with Plumbogummite (see here)
Member of:Beudantite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BL.05Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Arsenogoyazite
SrAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenogorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenocrandallite
CaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
8.BL.10Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Kintoreite
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.10Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.10Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)
NdAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenowaylandite
BiAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)
CeFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.15Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
8.BL.25Pattersonite
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Hinsdalite

Synonyms:
Orpheite
Other Languages:
German:Hinsdalit
Russian:Гинсдалит
Simplified Chinese:磷硫铅铝矿
Spanish:Hinsdalita

Other Information

Other Information:Virtually insoluble in acids. Decomposed by fusion in sodium carbonate.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hinsdalite

Reference List:

- +
Larsen and Schaller (1911) Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 1: 25.

Larsen and Schaller (1911) American Journal of Science: 32: 251.

Larsen and Schaller (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 106.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1004.

Nicolas, J. and A. De Rosen (1963) Phosphates hydrothermaux de basse température et kaolinisation: la gorceixite du massif des Colettes (Allier) et les minéraux associés (hinsdalite). Bull. Minéral., 86, 379–385 (in French).

Stanley, C.R. (1987) Hinsdalite and other products of oxidation at the Daisy Creek stratabound copper-silver prospect, northwestern Montana. Canadian Mineralogist, 25, 213–220.

Kolitsch, U., E. R. Tiekink, P. G. Slade, M. R. Taylor and A. Pring (1999): Hinsdalite and plumbogummite, their atomic arrangements and disordered lead sites. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 513-520.

Internet Links for Hinsdalite

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  • Localities for Hinsdalite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    [UKJMM 19:28]
    • Tasmania
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Zeehan Queen mine ("Sylvester-Queen")
    [Lancaster, 1980 - "Minerals and Gemstones of Tasmania", p29]
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Äußere Wimitz
    G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Rettenegg
          • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
            • Prinzkogel mines
              • Southern District
    Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Mineralni Bani Obshtina
        • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
    Kunov, A. (1996): Cacoxenite, corkite, hinsdalite and plumbogummite in the Chala deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 31, 61-64.; Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
      • Rhodope Mts
    Was originally type locality for 'Orpheite', since discredited.
    • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
      • Momchilgrad Obshtina
    Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Mayo Mining District
    Canad. Mineral. , 1973, 12, pp.135-136.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Zapallar district
    maurizio dini collection - analysed specimens
    China
     
    • Henan Province
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Tongbai Co.
          • Weishancheng ore field
    Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
    Diankai Chen and Danshen Zhou (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 37-46
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
    NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Le massif granitique des Colettes (Allier) et ses mineralizations. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86, 126-128; NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Phosphates hydrothermaux de basse température et kaolinisation: la gorceixite du massif des Colettes (Allier) et les minéraux associes (hinsdalite). Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Cristallogr., 86, 379-385.
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    • Brittany
      • Morbihan
        • Plumelin
    Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
    • Franche-Comté
      • Territoire-de-Belfort
        • Giromagny
    Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
          • Fumade
    GAYRAUD, L. (2010): Gisement de phosphates de Castelnau-de-Brassac aux environs de Fumade (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 12-17.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Badenweiler
          • Badenweiler Pb mining District
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Borstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
            • Hohenstein
    Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
      • Taunus
        • Bad Camberg
          • Eisenbach
    S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Wilnsdorf
          • Flammersdorf
    Hucko, S. (2010): Phosphatparagenesen auf Brauneisensteingängen am Windhahn. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 14-25.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Westerwald
        • Linz am Rhein
          • Rheinbreitbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Bürdenbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Neuwied
            • Dernbach
    Lapis, 17 (9), 31-36.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schneeberg District
          • Neustädtel
    Lapis 30(7/8):77 (2005)
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
            • Graul
    http://www.dergraul.de
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
    Vodouris, P. C. (2011): Conditions of formation of the Mavrokoryfi high-sulfidation epithermal Cu–Ag–Au–Te mineralization (Petrota Graben, NE Greece). Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 97-113.
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Lovasberény
    GEODA 2007/1
    HOM Collection-Szakáll S. 2010
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Villaputzu
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Nuxis
          • Tamara Mt.
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 4/1992-"I minerali del giacimento di Monte Tamara(Nuxis) 2 parte- pp. 237-248
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Ishikawa Prefecture
          • Komatsu City
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
    Minerals in Japan (Field Best Encyclopedia V. 15, 2003)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Peru
     
    • Pasco Department
      • Pasco Province
        • Simón Bolívar District
    7th Biennial, SGA, Athens, 2003
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • Zamora
        • Losacio
    www.ehu.es/sem/macla_pdf/macla16/Macla16_232.pdf
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Potts Gill
    No reference listed
            • Roughton Gill
    Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
    No reference listed
          • Threlkeld District
            • Blencathra
    Steve Sorrell Collection
    Mineralisation in the upper Glenderamackin Valley, Mungrisdale, Cumbria, UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, number 29, 2008
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
          • Pontrhydygroes
    Cotterell, T.F. and Todhunter, P.K., 2007. Corkite and hinsdalite from Frongoch mine, Devil's Bridge, Ceredigion, Wales, including evidence to suggest that orpheite is a variety of hinsdalite. Journal of the Russell Society, 10, 57-64.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Mohave Co.
        • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
          • Wallapai District
            • Mineral Park District
              • Ithaca Peak
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 103, 107, 251; Eidel, J.J., et al (1968), Copper-molybdenum mineralization at Mineral Park, Mohave Co., AZ, in J.D. Ridge (ed.), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A,I,M.E.: 1258-1281; Field (1966); Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
              • Mineral Park
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Wilkinson, W.H., Jr., et al (1980), Some unusual secondary minerals from the Mineral Park mine, Mohave Co., AZ: Min.Rec.: 11:243-245.
    • California
      • El Dorado Co.
        • Slate Mts
          • Slate Mountain
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 307.
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
          • Lake City
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1004; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Econ Geol (1980) 75:963-991
      • Park Co.
        • Montezuma District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Rio Grande Co.
        • Summitville District (Summit District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Summit Co.
        • Montezuma District (Snake River District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Warden Gulch
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Montana
      • Sanders Co.
        • Thompson Falls
    http://ace.acadiau.ca/~cstanley/Research/Past/Journals/CRS_1987.htm.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
      • Silver Bow Co.
        • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
          • Butte
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    Roberts et al., "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1974.
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
        • Osgood Mts
          • Potosi District
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    No reference listed
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
        • Burro Mountains District
          • Tyrone Area
    Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Edition; D. Court Collection
    • Pennsylvania
      • Centre Co.
    Smith, II, R. C. (1977)
    Ref.: "The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1975," R. C. Smith II, Special Publication No. 1, Friends of Mineralogy Pennsylvania Chapter, 1978.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
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