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Hodrušite

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Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Name:
Named for the type locality, Banska Hodrusa, Slovakia.
Structurally closely related to cuprobismutite and kupčíkite.

Classification of Hodrušite

Approved
2.JA.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
Dana 7th ed.:
3.8.4.1
3.8.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.1.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu
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First Recorded Occurrence of Hodrušite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Needle shaped crystals less than 1 mm. Also platy aggregates
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
150 and 250 meter mining levels on Rosalia vein.

Physical Properties of Hodrušite

Metallic
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 5
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=187 - 213
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
6.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.451 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hodrušite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 27.205Å, b = 3.927Å, c = 17.575Å
β = 92°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 6.928 : 1 : 4.475
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,876.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Hodrušite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
very feeble
Bireflectance:
very weak (in oil only)
Colour in reflected light:
creamy with slight pinkish tint
Internal Reflections:
none

Chemical Properties of Hodrušite

Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Hodrušite to other Species

2.JA.05eBenjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17
2.JA.05aCupropavoniteAgCu2PbBi5S10
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
2.JA.05fMummeite(Cu,Ag)3-4(Bi,Pb)7-8S13
2.JA.05aPavonite(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)3S5
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu8Pb4Ag2Bi18S36
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38
2.JA.05DantopaiteCu1.06Ag4.24Pb0.9Bi12.23S21.89Te0.11
2.JA.10aCuprobismutiteCu8AgBi12S24
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2
5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi12S24
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4

Other Names for Hodrušite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hodrušite

Reference List:
Kodêra M, Kupcik V, Makovicky E (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine 37, 641-648

American Mineralogist: 56: 633.

Topa, D., Makovicky, E. & Balić-Žunić, T. (2004): Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]

Internet Links for Hodrušite

Localities for Hodrušite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Salta
    • Nevados de Palermo
      • El Quemado District
Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., & Chapman, R. (2012). An Assemblage Of Bismuth-Rich, Tellurium-Bearing Minerals In The El Quemado Granitic Pegmatite, Nevados De Palermo, Salta, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1489-1498.
    • Organullo Mining District
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Huston, DL, Bolger, C, and Cozens, G., 1993, A Comparison of mineral deposits at the Gecko and White Devil Deposits: implications for ore genesis in the Tennant Creek district, Northern Territory, Australia, Economic Geology, 89, p.1198-1223
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1640) Aikinit, Heyrovskýit und Hodrušit vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaus Felbertal, Salzburg. Pp. 228 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Datian Co.
Bin Yu (2005): China's Manganese Industry 23(2), 22-24, 35
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • Ruichang Co.
Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
CanMin 41(2):441-456; Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra M., Kupčík V., Makovicky E. (1970): Hodrushite - a new sulphosalt. Min. Mag., 37, 641-648.
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Pršek J., Mikuš T., Makovicky E., Chovan M., 2005: Cuprobismutite, kupčíkite, hodrushite and associated sulfosalts from the black shale hosted Ni-Bi-As mineralization at Čierna Lehota, Slovakia. Eur. J. Mineral., 17, 155-162.
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Stirling District
      • Killin
Pattrick, R A D. 1984. Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 85-91.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Mineral and/or Locality  
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