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Hodrušite

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Formula:
Cu
 
8
Bi
 
12
S
 
22
System:MonoclinicColour:Steel-grey with slight ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4 - 5
Name:Named for the type locality, Banska Hodrusa, Slovakia.


Structurally closely related to cuprobismutite and kupčíkite.

Classification of Hodrušite

IMA status:Approved
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.JA.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
Dana 7th edition ID:3.8.4.1
Dana 8th edition ID:3.8.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.1.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Hodrušite

Type Locality:Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch), Žarnovica Co., Banská Bystrica Region, Slovakia
General Appearance of Type Material:Needle shaped crystals less than 1 mm. Also platy aggregates
Geological Setting of type material:150 and 250 meter mining levels on Rosalia vein.

Physical Properties of Hodrušite

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Streak:(not reported)
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 5
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=187 - 213
Tenacity:Very brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Density (measured):6.35 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.451 g/cm3

Crystallography of Hodrušite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 27.205Å, b = 3.927Å, c = 17.575Å
β = 92°
Ratio:a:b:c = 6.928 : 1 : 4.475
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,876.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Hodrušite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:very feeble
Bireflectance:very weak (in oil only)
Colour in reflected light:creamy with slight pinkish tint
Internal Reflections:none

Chemical Properties of Hodrušite

Formula:
Cu
 
8
Bi
 
12
S
 
22
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu8Bi12S22
Essential elements:Bi, Cu, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cu, S

Relationship of Hodrušite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.JA.05eBenjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
2.JA.05gBorodaevite
Ag
 
5
(Bi,Pb,Fe)
 
8
(Sb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
17
2.JA.05aCupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
2.JA.05aKitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
2.JA.05iLivingstonite
HgSb
 
4
S
 
6
(S
 
2
)
2.JA.05dMakovickyite
Cu
 
1.12
Ag
 
0.81
Pb
 
0.27
Bi
 
5.35
S
 
9
2.JA.05fMummeite
(Cu,Ag)
 
3-4
(Bi,Pb)
 
7-8
S
 
13
2.JA.05aPavonite
(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)
 
3
S
 
5
2.JA.05bGrumiplucite
HgBi
 
2
S
 
4
2.JA.05hMozgovaite
PbBi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
7
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyite
Cu
 
8
Pb
 
4
Ag
 
2
Bi
 
18
S
 
36
2.JA.05cKudriavite
(Cd,Pb)Bi
 
2
S
 
4
2.JA.05aCupromakopavonite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
8
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
19
S
 
38
2.JA.05Dantopaite
Cu
 
1.06
Ag
 
4.24
Pb
 
0.9
Bi
 
12.23
S
 
21.89
Te
 
0.11
2.JA.10aCuprobismutite
Cu
 
8
AgBi
 
12
S
 
24
2.JA.10ePadĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
2.JA.10dPizgrischite
(Cu,Fe)Cu
 
14
PbBi
 
17
S
 
35
2.JA.10bKupčíkite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
Bi
 
5
S
 
10
2.JA.15Schapbachite
Ag
 
0.4
Pb
 
0.2
Bi
 
0.4
S
2.JA.15Cuboargyrite
AgSbS
 
2
2.JA.20Bohdanowiczite
AgBiSe
 
2
2.JA.20Matildite
AgBiS
 
2
2.JA.20Volynskite
AgBiTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.1.1Sinnerite
Cu
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
9
5.1.2Tennantite
Cu
 
6
[Cu
 
4
(Fe,Zn)
 
2
]As
 
4
S
 
13
5.1.4Chalcostibite
CuSbS
 
2
5.1.5Tetrahedrite
Cu
 
6
[Cu
 
4
(Fe,Zn)
 
2
]Sb
 
4
S
 
13
5.1.6Goldfieldite
Cu
 
12
(Te,Sb,As)
 
4
S
 
13
5.1.7Emplectite
CuBiS
 
2
5.1.8Cuprobismutite
Cu
 
8
AgBi
 
12
S
 
24
5.1.9Wittichenite
Cu
 
3
BiS
 
3
5.1.11Giraudite
Cu
 
6
[Cu
 
4
(Fe,Zn)
 
2
]As
 
4
Se
 
13
5.1.11Permingeatite
Cu
 
3
SbSe
 
4

Other Names for Hodrušite

Synonyms:
HodrušhiteHodrushite
Other Languages:
German:Hodrušhit
Hodrushit
Hodrušit
Russian:Ходрушит
Simplified Chinese:贺硫铋铜矿
Spanish:Hodrušhita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hodrušite

Reference List:

- +
Kodêra M, Kupcik V, Makovicky E (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine 37, 641-648

American Mineralogist: 56: 633.

Topa, D., Makovicky, E. & Balić-Žunić, T. (2004): Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]

Internet Links for Hodrušite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Hodrušhite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Hodrušite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Hodrušite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Chubut
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    • Salta
      • Nevados de Palermo
        • El Quemado District
    Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., & Chapman, R. (2012). An Assemblage Of Bismuth-Rich, Tellurium-Bearing Minerals In The El Quemado Granitic Pegmatite, Nevados De Palermo, Salta, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1489-1498.
      • Organullo Mining District
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Felben valley
          • Scheelite deposit
    Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1640) Aikinit, Heyrovskýit und Hodrušit vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaus Felbertal, Salzburg. Pp. 228 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Sanming Prefecture
        • Datian Co.
    Bin Yu (2005): China's Manganese Industry 23(2), 22-24, 35
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
          • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
    Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Jiujiang Prefecture
        • Ruichang Co.
    Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
    Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    CanMin 41(2):441-456; Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Žarnovica Co.
    Koděra M., Kupčík V., Makovicky E. (1970): Hodrushite - a new sulphosalt. Min. Mag., 37, 641-648.
    Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
    • Trenčín Region
      • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
        • Čierna Lehota
    Pršek J., Mikuš T., Makovicky E., Chovan M., 2005: Cuprobismutite, kupčíkite, hodrushite and associated sulfosalts from the black shale hosted Ni-Bi-As mineralization at Čierna Lehota, Slovakia. Eur. J. Mineral., 17, 155-162.
    Sweden
     
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Turtmann Valley
        • Blüomatttälli
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Stirling District
        • Killin
    Pattrick, R A D. 1984. Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 85-91.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Alice District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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