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Högbomite

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Formula:
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Al,Ti)
 
5
O
 
10
System:HexagonalColour:Black
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1916 by Axel Olof Gavelin in honor of Arvid Gustav Högbom [January 11, 1857 Vännäs, Västerbotten, Sweden - January 19, 1940 Uppsala Cathedral Parish, Uppsala County, Sweden], professor of mineralogy and geology, University of Uppsala, Sweden. Högbom collaborated with Nobel Price winner, Svante Arrhenius. Högbom worked on the origin and consequences of atmospheric carbon, the deposition of limestone and its affect on the carbon dioxide budget, and research into the formation of continental ice sheets.


Originally described from Ruoutevare, Kvikkjokk, Lappland, Sweden.

Synonymous with unspecified members of the Högbomite Group.

Classification of Högbomite

IMA status:Discredited
Explanation of status:Discredited as a mineral name in 2002, now a group name.
Dana 8th edition ID:7.11.7.3

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
11 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.9.22

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti
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Physical Properties of Högbomite

Lustre:Adamantine, Metallic
Colour:Black
Streak:Grey
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Imperfect/Fair
On {0001}; also indistinct cleavage (or parting ?) parallel to a rhombohedron.
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):3.81 g/cm3

Crystallography of Högbomite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Morphology:Crystals rare thick to thin tabular on {0001}.
Twinning:1. On {0001}, repeated at times. 2. Probably on a rhombohedron.

Optical Data of Högbomite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Distinct
Colour in reflected light:Grey
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:o = dark golden brown
E = light golden brown

Chemical Properties of Högbomite

Formula:
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Al,Ti)
 
5
O
 
10
Simplified for copy/paste:(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Essential elements:Al, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:Al, Fe, Mg, O, Ti

Relationship of Högbomite to other Species

Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.9.1Hongquiite
TiO
7.9.2Rutile
TiO
 
2
7.9.3Anatase
TiO
 
2
7.9.4Brookite
TiO
 
2
7.9.5Geikielite
MgTiO
 
3
7.9.6Perovskite
CaTiO
 
3
7.9.7Kassite
CaTi
 
2
O
 
4
(OH)
 
2
7.9.8Tausonite
SrTiO
 
3
7.9.9Crichtonite
(Sr,La,Ce,Y)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)
CeTi
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
7.9.11Hibonite
(Ca,Ce)Al
 
12
O
 
19
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)
(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
7.9.13Pyrophanite
Mn
2+
 
TiO
 
3
7.9.14Iwakiite
Mn(Fe,Mn)
 
2
O
 
4
7.9.15Ilmenite
Fe
2+
 
TiO
 
3
7.9.16Pseudobrookite
Fe
 
2
TiO
 
5
7.9.17Ulvöspinel
Fe
 
2
TiO
 
4
7.9.18Pseudorutile
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
3
O
 
9
7.9.19Freudenbergite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
8
O
 
16
7.9.20Kennedyite
MgFe
3+
2
Ti
 
3
O
 
10
7.9.21Armalcolite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Ti
 
2
O
 
5
7.9.23Qandilite
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Al)O
 
4
7.9.24Cafetite
(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)
 
2
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
7.9.25Loveringite
(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)
 
18
O
 
38
7.9.26Lindsleyite
(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Ti,Cr,Fe)
 
18
O
 
38
7.9.27Priderite
K(Ti
4+
7
Fe
3+
 
)O
 
16
7.9.28Jeppeite
(K,Ba)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
O
 
13
7.9.29Ankangite
Ba(Ti,V
3+
 
,Cr)
 
8
O
 
16
7.9.30Ecandrewsite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)TiO
 
3
7.9.31Landauite
NaMnZn
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
Ti
 
12
O
 
38

Other Names for Högbomite

Synonyms:
Hoegbomite
Other Languages:
German:Hoegbomit
Högbomit
Simplified Chinese:黑铝镁铁矿
Spanish:Hoegbomita
Högbomita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Högbomite

Reference List:

- +
Gavelin (1916), Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 15: 289.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 723-724.

Armbruster, T. (2002) Revised nomenclature of högbomite, nigerite, and taaffeite minerals.- Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395.

Internet Links for Högbomite

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  • Localities for Högbomite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Northern Territory
      • Central Desert Shire
    Neues Jahrb Mineral Monatsh1:15-35. (1976)
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
    Min.Mag., 1980, 43:575-577.
    Botswana
    AmMin 73:651-656
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Lanark Co.
        • Bathurst Township
    Col. Quintin Wight specimens
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Gemmell Township
    ontariominerals.com; Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 101, Number 3 / March, 1989 Pages 350-360; Can Mineral 1982 20: 549-553.
    China
     
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Lhasa Prefecture
        • Qüxü Co. (Qushui Co.)
    Changbi Li (1991): Tibet Geology 2(1), 75-85
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    Hölttä, P. & Paavola, J. 1988.The Varpaisjärvi-Iisalmi area. In: Pajunen, M. (toim.) International Geological Correlation Programme. Project 235 "Metamorphism and Geodynamics". Excurcion in Finland 15.6.-19.6.1988. Geologian tutkimuskeskus opas 21, 13-18.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Maroldsweisach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Zwiesel
            • Bodenmais
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Greece
     
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
        • Thermes
    Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
    Greenland
     
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
    Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
    Ackermand, D., Windley, B.F., Herd R.K. (1983): Magnesian Högbomite in a Sapphirine-bearing rock from the Fiskenaesset region, W. Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 47, 555-561
    India
     
    • Karnataka
    Sunder Raju, P.V., and Babu, E. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
    • Tamil Nadu
      • Tiruchirapalli District
        • Ellammankovilpatti
    Grew, E. S., Abraham, K., and Medenbach, O., 1987, Ti-poor hoegbomite in kornerupine-cordierite-sillimanite rocks from Ellammankovilpatti, Tamil Nadu, India, CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, v. 95, (1), 21-31.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Galway
      • Connemara
        • Toombeola
    Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Valtournanche Valley
        • Torgnon
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
            • Sissone Valley
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
        • Novate Mezzola
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Froland
    Visser, D. et al. (1999) "The occurrence of preiswerkite in a tourmaline-biotite-scapolite rock from Blengsvatn, Norway", American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 977–982.
      • Tvedestrand
    Kihle, 1989: Polymetamorphic Evolution of the Cordierite-bearing metapelites of Bamble-sector, SE Norway. Thesis, Univ. Oslo
    • Møre og Romsdal
      • Nesset
    Schetelig, J. (1918): Høgbomit i norsk jernmalm. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift. 4, 249-253.
      • Norddal
        • Tafjord
    Gjelsvik, T. (1957): Geochemical and mineralogical investigations of titaniferous iron ores, west coast of Norway. Econonomic Geology. 52, 482-498 (p. 488)
    • Sogn og Fjordane
      • Fjaler
        • Hellevika
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 66.
    Poland
     
    • Podlaskie
      • Suwałki District
        • Suwałki Massif
    Kozlowski A & Wiszniewska J: (2001) The Nelsonite problem: the origin by melt immiscibility. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
    Romania
     
    • Suceava Co.
      • Suceava district
        • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    South Africa
     
    • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Limpopo Province
      • Murchison Range
        • Gravelotte
          • Letaba
    Minerals of South Africa
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
        • Aggeneys
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Ludvika
    • Lappland
      • Kvikkjokk
    Gavelin A. (1916) Über Högbomit. Bulletin of the Geological Institute of Upsala 15, 289-316
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Riviera
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
    Tanzania
     
    • Dodoma Region
      • Kongwa
    www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Chaffee Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Gilpin Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • New York
      • Westchester Co.
        • Cortlandt Township
    Van King
    • North Carolina
      • Macon Co.
        • Cowee Valley
          • Ellijay District
            • Franklin
    Gerald M.Friedman, Sept 27, 1951, Study Of Hoegbomite
    Mineral Data Publishing , Version # 1, 2001 -2005
    • Virginia
      • Henry Co.
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Pittsylvania Co.
    Dana 7:694
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