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Hongshiite

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Formula:
PtCu
System:TrigonalColour:Grey
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4
Name:Named for the type locality, Hongshi village.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hongshiite.

Classification of Hongshiite

IMA status:Approved 1974
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.14-90
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AG.45

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th edition ID:1.2.3.1
Dana 8th edition ID:1.2.3.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.83

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Hongshiite

Type Locality:Hongshi village (Hung District), Fengning Co., Chengde Prefecture, Hebei Province, China
Year of Discovery:1974

Physical Properties of Hongshiite

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:Grey
Hardness (Mohs):4

Crystallography of Hongshiite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 10.71Å, c = 13.19Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.232
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,310.25 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Hongshiite

Formula:
PtCu
Essential elements:Cu, Pt
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Pt

Relationship of Hongshiite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AG.05Hexaferrum
(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite
(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.10Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.10Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.AG.15Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.15Tatyanaite
(Pt,Pd,Cu)
 
9
Cu
 
3
Sn
 
4
1.AG.20Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.AG.25Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.AG.30Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.AG.35Chengdeite
Ir
 
3
Fe
1.AG.35Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.AG.40Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.AG.40Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.AG.40Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.AG.45Skaergaardite
PdCu
1.AG.50Yixunite
Pt
 
3
In
1.AG.55Damiaoite
PtIn
 
2
1.AG.60Niggliite
PtSn
1.AG.65Bortnikovite
Pd
 
4
Cu
 
3
Zn
1.AG.70Nielsenite
PdCu
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Cu
 
2
AgAs
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
1.5
Fe
 
0.5-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.2.3.2Skaergaardite
PdCu
1.2.3.3Nielsenite
PdCu
 
3
1.2.3.4Bortnikovite
Pd
 
4
Cu
 
3
Zn

Other Names for Hongshiite

Other Languages:
German:Hongshiit
Simplified Chinese:红石矿
Spanish:Hongshiita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hongshiite

Reference List:

- +
Yu, T.-H., Lin, S.-J., Chao, P., Fang, C.-S., Huang, C.-S. (1974): A preliminary study of some new minerals of the platinum group and another associated new one in platinum-bearing intrusion in a region in China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2, 202-218.

Peng, Z., Chang, C., Ximen, L. (1978): Discussion on published articles in the research of new minerals of the platinum-group discovered in China in recent years. Acta Geologica Sinica, 4, 326-336.

Ding, K. (1980): Further studies of the minerals “isoplatincopper” and “hongshiite”. Scientia Geologica Sinica, 2, 168-171.

Cabri, L.J. (1981): Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, 54, 109.

Yu Zuxiang (1982): New data on hongshiite. Bulletin of the Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 1982(4), 75-81 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1984), 69, 411-412 (abstract).

Kwitko, R., Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., and Galbiatti, H.F. (2002) Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au-Pd-Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 711-723.

Internet Links for Hongshiite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
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  • Localities for Hongshiite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
    Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 711-723.
    Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
    Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
    Canada
     
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Newfoundland
        • Bay of Islands
    Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
    China
     
    • Hebei Province
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Fengning Co.
    Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218.; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15
    Ecuador
     
    • Esmeraldas Province
    Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
    Finland
     
    Törnroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kari, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
      • Inari
        • Lemmenjoki
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
      • Sodankylä
    mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [CanMin 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Ayan-Maya district
          • Aldan shield
    Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Oulanka plutonic complex
            • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
    Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    microprobe analysis
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
        • Isle of Rum
    Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Bethel Borough
        • Goodnews Bay
          • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
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