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Huanghoite-(Ce)

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Formula:
BaCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
System:Trigonal
Member of:Synchysite Group


Synchysite Group. The barium analogue of Synchysite-(Ce).

Classification of Huanghoite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/C.07-130
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.BD.35

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
Dana 8th edition ID:16a.1.4.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:12.1.19

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
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Type Occurrence of Huanghoite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit), Bayan Obo, Bayan Obo Mining District, Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China

Crystallography of Huanghoite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 5.072(1) Å, c = 38.46(1) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 7.583
Unit Cell Volume:V 856.84 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:6
Morphology:Platy to granular.

Optical Data of Huanghoite-(Ce)

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.765 nε = 1.603
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.162

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High

Chemical Properties of Huanghoite-(Ce)

Formula:
BaCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Simplified for copy/paste:BaCe(CO3)2F
Essential elements:Ba, C, Ce, F, O
All elements listed in formula:Ba, C, Ce, F, O

Relationship of Huanghoite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Synchysite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Synchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Synchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Synchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)
NaBaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)
Ba
 
2
(La,Ce,Th)(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)
Ba
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)
Ba
 
3
(Nd,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)
NaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3-x
F
 
2x+1
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)
NaLa
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3-x
F
 
2x+1
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)
(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)
Ca
 
2
(Ce,La)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsite
Th(Ca,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)
Nd(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)
NaY(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)
Ba(Ce,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
12.1.1Northupite
Na
 
3
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
12.1.2Barentsite
Na
 
7
Al(HCO
 
3
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
4
12.1.3Rouvilleite
Na
 
3
(Ca,Mn,Fe)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
12.1.4Chlormagaluminite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.5Defernite
Ca
 
6
(CO
 
3
)
 
2-x
(SiO
 
4
)
 
x
(OH)
 
7
(Cl,OH)
 
1-2x
(x<0.5)
12.1.6Brenkite
Ca
 
2
(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
12.1.7Stenonite
(Sr,Ba,Na)
 
2
Al(CO
 
3
)F
 
5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)
(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)
Ca
 
2
(Ce,La)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)
NaBaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)
Ba
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
12.1.22Thorbastnäsite
Th(Ca,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.23Phosgenite
Pb
 
2
CO
 
3
Cl
 
2
12.1.24Barstowite
Pb
 
4
Cl
 
6
(CO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
12.1.25Albrechtschraufite
Ca
 
4
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
6
F
 
2
· 17-18H
 
2
O
12.1.26Kettnerite
CaBiCO
 
3
OF

Other Names for Huanghoite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
German:Huanghoit-(Ce)
Russian:Хуанхэит-(Ce)
Simplified Chinese:黄河矿

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Huanghoite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Semenov, E. I., and Chang Pei-Shan (1961): Huanghoite, a new rare-earth mineral. Scientia Sinica 10(8), 1007-1011 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist 48, 1179 (abstract).

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1993), 163-171.

Internet Links for Huanghoite-(Ce)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Huanghoite-(Ce) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Huanghoite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Williston Lake
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
    Semenov, E.I., and Chang Peishan (1961): Scientia Sinica 10(8), 1007-1011; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
    Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
    Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.
            • Dulahala
    Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    P.M. Kartashov data
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