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Hureaulite

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Formula:
(Mn,Fe)
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Commonly pink to ...
Hardness:5
Member of:Hureaulite Group
Name:Named by François Alluaud II in 1825 for the type locality, the village of Hureaux, Haute Vienne Department, Limousin, France. A diacritical mark has been used in the name, "huréaulite", but the town does not use a diacritical mark in its name. In 1912, Waldemar Schaller named a red mineral from Pala, California, USA, "palaite", but the mineral has proved to be only a color variety of hureaulite. Baldaufite was named in 1925 by Franz Mullbauer. De Jesus (1933) named pseudopalaite.


Hureaulite Group.

Originally sometimes called huréaulite; spelling re-defined by Burke (2008).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Hureaulite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Hureaulite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.04-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CB.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:39.2.1.1

39 : HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.12.22

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Hureaulite

Type Locality:Les Hureaux, Saint-Sylvestre, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France
Geological Setting of type material:Zone of altered Triphylite in granite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at type locality:
VivianiteRockbridgeiteHeterosite

Occurrences of Hureaulite

Geological Setting:Granite pegmatite late stage phosphate mineralization.

Physical Properties of Hureaulite

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Bright
Colour:Commonly pink to colorless, also Red, orange, orange-red, reddish brown, yellowish brown, violet-rose, amber, gray
Streak:Nearly white
Hardness (Mohs):5
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
{100}, good.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.15 - 3.20 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.23 g/cm3
Comment:Measured values on Vilate material; 3.15 on Branchville material.

Crystallography of Hureaulite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/b {B1 1 2/b} {C2/c} {C1 2/c 1}
Space Group Setting:C2/c
Cell Parameters:a = 17.594(10) Å, b = 9.086(5) Å, c = 9.404(5) Å
α = 90°, β = 96.67(8)°, γ = 90°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.936 : 1 : 1.035
Unit Cell Volume:V 1493.14 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals short prismatic [001] with large sloping termination; tabular {100} at times; equant. Crystals individuals or in groups; fascicled at times. Massive, compact, scaly, or imperfectly fibrous.
Comment:C2/c setting
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
8.75 (40)
8.09 (70)
4.55 (40)
3.20 (30)
3.15 (100)
2.99 (70)
2.63 (40)
2.19 (30)
Comments:ICDD 39-146; also 16-383

Optical Data of Hureaulite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.637 - 1.657 nβ = 1.645 - 1.667 nγ = 1.649 - 1.671
2V:Measured: 75° to 82°, Calculated: 70° to 84°
Birefringence:0.015
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.012 - 0.014

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r < v very strong; crossed.
Optical Extinction:X = b, Z^c ~ 61°-75°
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = Colourless
Y = Yellow to light pink
Z = Reddish yellow to reddish brown
Comments:Fe substitution increases RI, a few chemical analyses show Fe>Mn.

Chemical Properties of Hureaulite

Formula:
(Mn,Fe)
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2·4H2O
Essential elements:H, Mn, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, Mn, O, P

Relationship of Hureaulite to other Species

Member of:Hureaulite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Miguelromeroite
MnMn
 
2
Mn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Nyholmite
Cd
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Sainfeldite
CaCa
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Villyaellenite
MnMn
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Common Associates:
VivianiteTripliteTriphyliteStewartiteRockbridgeite
PhosphosideriteLithiophiliteJahnsite GroupHydroxylapatiteFairfieldite
EosphoriteDickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CB.05Serrabrancaite
MnPO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
8.CB.10Sainfeldite
CaCa
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.10Villyaellenite
MnMn
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.10UM1997-09-AsO:CaHMgZn
(Mg,Ca,Zn)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.10Nyholmite
Cd
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.10Miguelromeroite
MnMn
 
2
Mn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.15Fluckite
CaMn
2+
 
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CB.15Krautite
Mn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CB.20Cobaltkoritnigite
(Co,Zn)(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CB.20Koritnigite
Zn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CB.25Yvonite
Cu(HAsO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
8.CB.30Geminite
Cu(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CB.35Schubnelite
Fe
3+
 
VO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
8.CB.40Radovanite
Cu
 
2
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)(HAs
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.CB.45Kazakhstanite
Fe
3+
5
V
4+
3
V
5+
12
O
 
39
(OH)
 
9
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CB.50Kolovratite
Ni
 
x
Zn
 
y
(VO
 
4
)
 
0.67(x+y)
· nH
 
2
O
8.CB.55Irhtemite
Ca
 
4
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CB.60Burgessite
Co
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.12.1Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.2Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.3Natrophilite
NaMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
19.12.4Sidorenkite
Na
 
3
Mn
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
19.12.5Niahite
(NH
 
4
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.12.6Robertsite
Ca
 
3
Mn
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.7Pararobertsite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.8Sinkankasite
H
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 6H
 
2
O
19.12.9Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.10Heterosite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.11Purpurite
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.12Wolfeite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.14Lipscombite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.12.15Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.16Rockbridgeite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
19.12.18Landesite
Mn
2+
3-x
Fe
3+
x
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
x
· (3-x)H
 
2
O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.20Reddingite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.21Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.23Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
19.12.24Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.25Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.26Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.27Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.28Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.30Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.31Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.32Wicksite
NaCa
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
4
MgFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
{KNa}{Mn
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
3
}{Mn
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
12
(OH)
 
2
19.12.34Sarcopside
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.35Ludlamite
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.36Graftonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.37Wilhelmvierlingite
CaMnFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.12.38Fairfieldite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.39Beusite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.40Messelite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.44Keckite
CaMn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
(H
 
2
O)
 
7
19.12.45Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
19.12.46Laubmannite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
Fe
3+
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
12
19.12.47Zodacite
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.12.48Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.50Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.51Griphite
Na
 
4
Li
 
2
Ca
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
19
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
(F,OH)
 
8
19.12.52Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe)
{KNa}{Fe
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
2
◻}{Fe
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
19.12.54Lun'okite
(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
OH · 4H
 
2
O
19.12.55Eosphorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.56Ernstite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.57Childrenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.58Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
19.12.59Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg)
{Ca}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.63Rittmannite
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.64Zanazziite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.65Samuelsonite
(Ca,Ba)Ca
 
8
Fe
2+
2
Mn
2+
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
10
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Hureaulite

Synonyms:
BaldaufiteHuréaulitePalaitePseudopalaite
Other Languages:
German:Hureaulith
Baldaufit
Huraulit
Russian:Гюролит
Spanish:Baldaufita
Hureaulita
Varieties:
Bastinite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent.
Other Information:Readily soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hureaulite

Reference List:

- +
Alluaud, F. (1826): Notices sur l'hétérosite, l'hureaulite (fer et manganèse phosphatés), et sur quelques autres minéraux du département de la Haute-Vienne. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 8, 334-354.

Dufrénoy (1829) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 41: 338.

Damour (1858) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 53: 293.

Wells analysis in: Brush and Dana (1890) American Journal of Science: 39: 210.

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 832.

Schaller, Waldemar (1912) Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 2: 143 (as Palaite).

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 178.

Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 824.

de Jesus (1933) [1936] Com. Serv. Geol. Portugal: 19: 65 (as Pseudopalaite).

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 177.

Mason (1941) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 63: 175.

Moore, P.B., and Araki, T. (1973) Hureaulite: its atomic arrangement. American Mineralogist: 58: 302-307.

Murdoch, Joseph (1943), Crystallography of hureaulite: American Mineralogist: 28: 19-24,…(abstract): American Mineralogist: 27: 228 (1942).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 700-703.

American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 302-307.
Bull. Min. (1976): 99:261
American Mineralogist (1985): 70:395
Acta Crystallographica C (1987): 43:1829 structure.
Burke, E. A. J. (2008): Tidying up Mineral Names: An IMA scheme for Suffixes, Hyphens and Diacritical Marks. Mineralogical Record, 39, 131-135.

Internet Links for Hureaulite

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  • Specimens:The following Hureaulite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Hureaulite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • San Alberto Department
        • Pampa de Achala
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2006) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 2, p 428 (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    • San Luis
    Roda-Robles, E., Galliski, M. A., Roquet, M. B., Hatert, F., & de Paeseval, P. (2012). Phosphate nodules containing two distinct assemblages in the Cema granitic pegmatite, San Luis province, Argentina: Paragenesis, composition and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 913-931.
      • Coronel Pringles Department
        • Totoral pegmatitic field
          • La Florida
    OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
    OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
    OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Eyre Peninsula
        • Middleback Range
          • Iron Knob
    No reference listed
      • Olary Province
        • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
    • Western Australia
      • Port Hedland Shire
        • Wallareenya Station
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; Mark I Jacobson, Mark A Calderwood, Benjamin A Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
        • Wodgina Mine (Wodgina pegmatite)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Água Boa
    Dunn, P.J., Leavens, P.B., Sturman, B.D.,Gaines, R.V. & Barbosa, C. d. P. (1978): Hureaulite and Barbosalite from Lavra do Criminoso, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record. 9: 147-151
    Carlos Barbosa Specimen
    [var: Bastinite] Van King
    Sergio Varvello
    Rafael Hernandes Corrêa-Silva
    Sergio Varvello collection
          • Ferruginha
    Sergio Varvello photo
        • Divino das Laranjeiras
    Carlos Barbosa Specimen
    fabreminerals specimen
        • Galiléia
          • Sapucaia do Norte
    American Mineralogist (2004): 89: 1087.
    Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365; Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
        • Mendes Pimentel
    Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J. (2006): Matioliite, the Mg-analog of burangaite, from Gentil mine, Mendes Pimentel, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and other occurrences. American Mineralogist, 91, 1932-1936.
      • Jequitinhonha valley
        • Itinga
          • Taquaral
            • Piauí Valley
    Carlos Barbosa Specimen
    • Paraíba
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Frei Martinho
    [MinRec 22:183]
        • Pedra Lavrada
    Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
    R. Wegner, H. Pöllmann, T. Witzke, & W. Schuckmann (1998): Colquiriite, carlhintzeite, ralstonite and pachnolite from Serra Branca-Pegmatite/Brazil.- Proceedings 17th General Meeting, IMA, August 1998, Toronto, A151
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Plzeň Region
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Tohmajärvi
    Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
        • Eräjärvi area
    Lahti Seppo I., 1981. On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314, 82 s.
    Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jeldemine/listes%20mineraux.html
        • Razès
          • Chanteloube
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 771.
    J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV (2000)
    Boisson, J. M. (1988) - Les monts d'Ambazac, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (2), 3-33.
        • Saint-Sylvestre
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV (2000)
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Zwiesel
            • Rabenstein
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Kasumigaura City
            • Chiyoda-machi
    Matsubara & Kato (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 219-221
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Kalba Range
        • Belogorskii Town
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Madagascar
     
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ambatofinandrahana District
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 43
    Morocco
     
    • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
      • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Etusis Farm 75
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 603 pp. (in English)
        • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
    P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
        • Okongava Ost Farm 72
    P. Keller et al., NJMA 183, 197-201 (2007)
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 603 pp. (in English)
    - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
        • Tsaobismund Farm 85
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 603 pp. (in English)
    Contrib Mineral Petrol (1986) 92:502-517
        • Usakos
    Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
    Keller, P. (1985): Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Pegmatit von Sandamab, SWA/Namibia. Aufschluss, 36, 117-119.
    • Karas Region
      • Bethanie District
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 603 pp. (in English)
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Meløy
        • Holandsfjord
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 115 + 124
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Sowie Mts
    Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
      • Świdnica District
    Barsch O., Finckh L. 1925: Erläuterungen zu Blatt Lauterbach. Geol. Karte. v. Preussen und benachbarten deutschen Ländern 1:25 000. Lief. 254. Preuss. Geol. Ländesanst. Berlin
    Portugal
     
    • Guarda District
      • Gouveia
        • Folgosinho
    Garate, I., Roda, E., Gil, P., Pesquera, A., Vieira, R., Lima, A. (2012) Estudio Textural y Mineralógico del Dique de Cuarzo con Fosfatos de Folgosinho (Guarda, Portugal). Macla 16, p. 220-222.
      • Guarda
        • Vela
    Pedro Alves collection.
      • Sabugal
        • Bendada
    Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
    Pedro Alves collection
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Ponte da Barca
        • São Lourenço de Touvedo
    Self-collected by Pedro Alves.
      • Viana do Castelo
    BELLO, A. d'O. (1909-1913) Mineraux portugais. Bull. Soc. Portugaise Sci. Nat., 2, 272-280; 4, 68-78; 6, 90-103; Mineral samples in the Collection of the IST (Instituto Superior Técnico); Pedro Alves, collection and in situ observations.
    • Vila Real District
      • Vila Pouca de Aguiar
        • Alfarela de Jales
    Neves, J. M. C. (1960): Pegmatitos com fosfatos de Moreira (Vila Pouca de Aguiar). “Estudos Notas e Trabalhos” do S.F.M., vol. XIV, fascs. 3-4, 257-270.
    • Viseu District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702.
        • Chãs de Tavares
    António Joaquim Monteiro
    Am.Min.(1988), 73, 1179-1181
    Rui Nunes February; Mineralien Atlas
        • Mesquitela
    Pedro Alves collection (p-XRD and SEM EDS analysed samples)
      • Sátão
        • Ferreira de Aves
          • Aldeia Nova
      • Vila Nova de Paiva
        • Queiriga
          • Lagares do Estanho Mines
    Nuno Afonso collection
    Romania
     
    • Sibiu Co.
      • Lotru-Cibin Mts
    Androne, D.A.M., Buzgar, N., and Kasper, H.U. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 16-26.
    Rwanda
     
    • Western Province
      • Gatumba District
    Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • ZF Mgcawu District
        • Kenhardt
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • Salamanca
        • Garcirrey
    Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
      • Zamora
        • Villar del Buey
          • Pinilla de Fermoselle
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
        • Brissago
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Coosa Co.
    Rocks & Minerals: 70(5): 320-333.
    • Arizona
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Eureka District
          • Hillside
            • Bagdad Mine area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132-133, 253-254, 275-276; Leavens, P.B. (1967), Reexamination of bermanite, Am.Min.: 52: 1060-1066.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 253; Jahns, Richard H. (1952), Pegmatite Deposits of the White Picacho District, Maricopa and Yavapai Counties, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 162
          • Independence Gulch
    Am Min 67:97-113
    Jahns, R.H. (1952), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 162: 87-90.
    • California
      • San Diego Co.
        • Jacumba District
          • Jacumba
            • Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain)
    Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
        • Pala District
          • Pala
            • Chief Mountain
    Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
    Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 730; Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Ridgefield
          • Branchville
    Brush and Dana (1890); Shainin (1946) American Mineralogist 31: 329-345; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 671, 702.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Portland
          • Collins Hill
            • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702; Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press); Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:351-358
    • Maine
      • Androscoggin Co.
        • Poland
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
      • Oxford Co.
        • Buckfield
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1, King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
        • Greenwood
    W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
          • Uncle Tom Mountain
    Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
        • Paris
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998; Mineralogical Record 22:382
        • Rumford
    Tim Blake and Scott Soucey specimens
        • Stoneham
    W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Lynn District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Walpole
    Bob Janules collection
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
      • Strafford Co.
        • Strafford
          • Parker Mountain
    Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Berne
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Custer
    Rocks & Min.:60:117.; Am Min (1969), 54:969-972
    [var: Bastinite] Am Min (1946), 31:192
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Fourmile
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
          • Pringle
            • Cicero Peak
    [var: Bastinite] Van King
        • Needles
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Pennington Co.
        • Hill City District
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    [var: Bastinite] Karl Volkman specimen
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Keystone
    American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 380-382.
    Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110 & 112.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Wisconsin
      • Florence Co.
        • Fern
    The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence County, Wisconsin. Alexander U. Falster, Wm. B. Simmons, and Karen L. Webber, Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy, 1(1996)
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