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Hutchinsonite

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Formula:
TlPbAs5S9
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to ...
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Name:
After Dr. Arthur Hutchinson (1866-1937), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Cambridge.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hutchinsonite.

Classification of Hutchinsonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.HD.45

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
D : With Tl
3.8.6.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.5.7

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl
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Type Occurrence of Hutchinsonite

Year of Discovery:
1904

Physical Properties of Hutchinsonite

Adamantine
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Streak:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Hutchinsonite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.8Å, b = 35.35Å, c = 8.16Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.306 : 1 : 0.231
Unit Cell Volume:
V 3,115.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic to acicular [001]. Dominant prism {410}. Radiating tufts at times.

Optical Data of Hutchinsonite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 3.078 nβ = 3.176 nγ = 3.188
2V:
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Dispersion:
marked to extreme
Internal Reflections:
Marked carmine-red

Chemical Properties of Hutchinsonite

Formula:
TlPbAs5S9
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Sb

Relationship of Hutchinsonite to other Species

2.HD.05LoránditeTlAsS2
2.HD.05WeissbergiteTlSbS2
2.HD.15ChristiteTlHgAsS3
2.HD.20JankovićiteTl5Sb9(As,Sb)4S22
2.HD.25RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
2.HD.30ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
2.HD.35EdenharteritePbTlAs3S6
2.HD.40JentschiteTlPbAs2SbS6
2.HD.50BernarditeTl(As,Sb)5S8
2.HD.55SicheriteTlAg2(As,Sb)3S6
2.HD.60GabrieliteTl6Ag3Cu6(As,Sb)9S21
5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5
5.5.9BernarditeTl(As,Sb)5S8
5.5.10VrbaiteTl4Hg3Sb2As8S20
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2(As,Sb)8S13
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2Sb6As4S16
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTl(Sb,As)5S8
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl21-xPb2x(Sb,As)91-xS147 (x = 0-17.5)

Other Names for Hutchinsonite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:硫砷铊铅矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hutchinsonite

Reference List:
Solly (1904), Cambridge Philosophical Society, Proceedings: 12: 277.

Solly (1905), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 72.

Smith and Prior (1907), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283.

Guisca (1930), Min. Mitt.: 10: 170.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 468-470.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 86: 163-178.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 209: 475-478.

Internet Links for Hutchinsonite

Specimens:
The following Hutchinsonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Hutchinsonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
      • He Co.
Zhou, T.F., Fan, Y., Yuan, F., Wu, M.A., Hou, M.J., Voicu, G., Hu, Q.H., Zhang, Q.M., and Yue, S.C. (2005): Mineralogy and Petrology 85(3/4), 243-251
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Guanglong Shu, Shimin Ma, and Jishun Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(2), 1-7
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Nanhua Co.
Baogui Zhang, Zhong Zhang, Guohong Gong, Sanxue Wang, and Mingzai Wang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 138-143; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Wiesloch
P. Ramdohr, (1980) The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths,2nd ed., Pergammon Press, pg 740.
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
W. H. Paar, A. Pring, Y. Moëlo, C. J. Stanley, H. Putz, D. Topa, A. C. Roberts, R. S. W. Braithwaite (2009): Daliranite, PbHgAs2S6, a new sulphosalt from the Zarshouran Au-As deposit, Takab region, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 871-881.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Shimizu et al (1999) Resource Geology (special issue), 20, 31-37.
Peru
 
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Cambridge Phil.Soc.Proc.(1904) 12, 277 and Min.Mag.(1905) 14, 72-82
Mineral and/or Locality  
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