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Huttonite

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Formula:
ThSiO
 
4
System:MonoclinicHardness:5
Name:Named in 1951 by Adolph Pabst in honor of Colin Osborne Hutton [January 10, 1910 Dunedin, New Zealand - December 1, 1971 Stamford, California, USA], geologist with the New Zealand Geological Survey, professor of Mineralogy at the University of Otago, and later professor of mineralogy at Stamford University. Hutton established many of the principles of using heavy detrital minerals in geochemical exploration. Hutton's research, along with that of Frank J. Turner, established the textural basis for classifying schists that is widely used by geologists. Hutton named hydrogrossular.
This page provides mineralogical data about Huttonite.

Classification of Huttonite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1951
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/A.11-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AD.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:51.5.3.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
5 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.11.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
11 : Silicates of Th and Hg
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Type Occurrence of Huttonite

Type Locality:Gillespie's Beach, Salt Water Creek, South Westland, West Coast (Westland), South Island, New Zealand
Year of Discovery:1950

Physical Properties of Huttonite

Hardness (Mohs):5

Crystallography of Huttonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 6.77Å, b = 6.96Å, c = 6.49Å
β = 104.99°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.973 : 1 : 0.932
Unit Cell Volume:V 295.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Huttonite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.898 nβ = 1.900 nγ = 1.922
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.024

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v extreme

Chemical Properties of Huttonite

Formula:
ThSiO
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:ThSiO4
Essential elements:O, Si, Th
All elements listed in formula:O, Si, Th
Common Impurities:U,TR,Fe,Mn,Ca,F,OH

Relationship of Huttonite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AD.05Larnite
Ca
 
2
SiO
 
4
9.AD.10Calcio-Olivine
Ca
 
2
SiO
 
4
9.AD.15Merwinite
Ca
 
3
Mg(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
9.AD.20Bredigite
Ca
 
7
Mg(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
9.AD.25Andradite
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Almandine
Fe
2+
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Calderite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Goldmanite
Ca
 
3
V
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Grossular
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Henritermierite
Ca
 
3
(Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
9.AD.25Hibschite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3-x
(OH)
 
4x
9.AD.25Hydroandradite
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3-x
(OH)
 
4x
9.AD.25Katoite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3-x
(OH)
 
4x
9.AD.25Kimzeyite
Ca
 
3
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
((Si,Al,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Knorringite
Mg
 
3
Cr
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Majorite
Mg
 
3
(Fe
2+
 
,Si,Al)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Morimotoite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
((Si,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Pyrope
Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Schorlomite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
((Si,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Spessartine
Mn
2+
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Uvarovite
Ca
 
3
Cr
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Wadalite
(Ca,Mg)
 
6
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
((Si,Al)O
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
4
Cl
 
3
9.AD.25Holtstamite
Ca
 
3
(Al,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
9.AD.25Kerimasite
Ca
 
3
Zr
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(Fe
3+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
9.AD.25Toturite
Ca
 
3
Sn
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(Fe
3+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
9.AD.25Momoiite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
V
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.25Eltyubyuite
Ca
 
12
Fe
3+
10
Si
 
4
O
 
32
Cl
 
6
9.AD.25Hutcheonite
Ca
 
3
Ti
 
2
(SiAl
 
2
)O
 
12
9.AD.30Coffinite
(U
4+
 
,Th)(SiO
 
4
)
 
1-x
(OH)
 
4x
9.AD.30Hafnon
HfSiO
 
4
9.AD.30Thorite
(Th,U)SiO
 
4
9.AD.30Thorogummite
(Th,U)(SiO
 
4
)
 
1-x
(OH)
 
4x
9.AD.30Zircon
ZrSiO
 
4
9.AD.30Stetindite
Ce
4+
 
SiO
 
4
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)
Y
 
4
(Si,H
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
12-x
(OH)
 
4+2x
9.AD.40Eulytine
Bi
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
9.AD.45Reidite
ZrSiO
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.11.1Thorite
(Th,U)SiO
 
4
14.11.3Umbozerite
Na
 
3
Sr
 
4
Th[Si(O,OH)
 
3-4
]
 
8
14.11.4Thornasite
(Na,K)
 
12
Th
 
3
[Si
 
8
O
 
19
]
 
4
· 18H
 
2
O
14.11.5Yttrialite-(Y)
(Y,Th)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
7
14.11.6Edgarbaileyite
(Hg-Hg)
 
3
Si
 
2
O
 
7

Other Names for Huttonite

Other Languages:
German:Huttonit
Japanese:ハットン石
Russian:Хаттонит
Spanish:Huttonita
Varieties:
Cerphosphorhuttonite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Huttonite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1951): 36: 60-69.

Acta Crystallographica (1978): B34: 1074-1079.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 1031.

Mineralogical Magazine (1996): 60: 751.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1995), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II: 352.

Canadian Mineralogist (2000): 38: 675.

Internet Links for Huttonite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Huttonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Huttonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • East Gippsland Shire
        • Omeo
          • Mt Wills Mining District
            • Sunnyside
    Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    Finland
     
    • Southern Finland Region
      • Forssa
    [var: Cerphosphorhuttonite] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ilkka Mikkola specimen
      • Lappeenranta
    Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
    Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
              • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
          • Niederzissen
            • Glees
    Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Gran San Bernardo Valley
        • Saint-Rhèmy-en-Bosses
          • Mort Mt.
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Different Municipalities
    http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~chemie/zaccarini%20et%20al%20finero%20Platinumsymposium%202005.pdf
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    no reference
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • West Coast (Westland)
        • South Westland
          • Salt Water Creek
    Nature (1950) 166, 157; Can Min 38:675-684
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    Mineral. Mag., 43, 1031-1034
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Ayan-Maya district
          • Aldan shield
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Ilmen Mts
            • Ilmen Natural Reserve
              • Lake Ishkul'
    Am Min 90:1402-1412 (deposit item)
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
    Sweden
     
    • Jämtland
      • Krokom
    • Norrbotten
      • Råneå
    [var: Cerphosphorhuttonite] P.M. Kartashov analytical data
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Illogan
            • South Crofty Mine (South Wheal Crofty)
    LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
    USA
     
    • Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Fitting District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Wisconsin
      • Florence Co.
        • Fern
    www.uwrf.edu/~wc01/stibiotantalite.htm
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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