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Huttonite

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Formula:
ThSiO4
System:
Monoclinic
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named in 1951 by Adolph Pabst in honor of Colin Osborne Hutton [January 10, 1910 Dunedin, New Zealand - December 1, 1971 Stamford, California, USA], geologist with the New Zealand Geological Survey, professor of Mineralogy at the University of Otago, and later professor of mineralogy at Stamford University. Hutton established many of the principles of using heavy detrital minerals in geochemical exploration. Hutton's research, along with that of Frank J. Turner, established the textural basis for classifying schists that is widely used by geologists. Hutton named hydrogrossular.
Dimorph of:
Appears to be the high-temperature modification of ThSiO4 (synthetic crystals form at 1225 +/- 10°C whereas thorite forms below this temperature; Finch et al. 1964).

Classification of Huttonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1951
9.AD.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.5.3.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
5 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
14.11.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
11 : Silicates of Th and Hg
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First Recorded Occurrence of Huttonite

Year of Discovery:
1950

Physical Properties of Huttonite

Hardness (Mohs):
5

Crystallography of Huttonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.77Å, b = 6.96Å, c = 6.49Å
β = 104.99°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.973 : 1 : 0.932
Unit Cell Volume:
V 295.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Huttonite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.898 nβ = 1.900 nγ = 1.922
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v extreme

Chemical Properties of Huttonite

Formula:
ThSiO4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
U,TR,Fe,Mn,Ca,F,OH

Relationship of Huttonite to other Species

9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12
9.AD.30Coffinite(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4
9.AD.30Thorite(Th,U)SiO4
9.AD.30ZirconZrSiO4
9.AD.30StetinditeCe4+SiO4
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4
14.11.1Thorite(Th,U)SiO4
14.11.3UmbozeriteNa3Sr4Th[Si(O,OH)3-4]8
14.11.4Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
14.11.5Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
14.11.6Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7

Other Names for Huttonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Huttonit
Spanish:Huttonita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Huttonite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1951): 36: 60-69.

Finch, C. B.; Harris, L. A.; Clark, G. W. (1964): The thorite -> huttonite phase transformation as determined by growth of synthetic thorite and huttonite single crystals. Am. Mineralogist 49, 782-785.

Acta Crystallographica (1978): B34: 1074-1079.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 1031.

Mineralogical Magazine (1996): 60: 751.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1995), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II: 352.

Canadian Mineralogist (2000): 38: 675.

Internet Links for Huttonite

Localities for Huttonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills Mining District
          • Sunnyside
Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Forssa
[var: Cerphosphorhuttonite] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ilkka Mikkola specimen
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch. , Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
        • Niederzissen
          • Glees
Blass, G.; Schäfer, Ch., Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 13/3, 32-35, 2002
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Gran San Bernardo Valley
      • Saint-Rhèmy-en-Bosses
        • Mort Mt.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Piateda
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~chemie/zaccarini%20et%20al%20finero%20Platinumsymposium%202005.pdf
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Toceno
            • Val di Crana
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Kyrgyzstan
 
no reference
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • West Coast (Westland)
      • South Westland
        • Salt Water Creek
Nature (1950) 166, 157; Can Min 38:675-684
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
Mineral. Mag., 43, 1031-1034
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • San Miguel Island
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
            • Lake Ishkul'
Am Min 90:1402-1412 (deposit item)
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland
    • Krokom
  • Norrbotten
    • Råneå
[var: Cerphosphorhuttonite] P.M. Kartashov analytical data
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carn Brea
          • South Crofty Mine (South Wheal Crofty)
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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