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Hyalophane

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Formula:
(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
System:MonoclinicHardness:6 - 6½
Member of:Feldspar Group
Name:Named in 1855 by Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen from the Greek ύαλος for "glass" and φαίνεσθαι, "to appear," in allusion to the transparency of its crystals.


Feldspar Group. Celsian-Hyalophane Series, and the Hyalophane-Orthoclase Series (intermediate member).

Originally reported from Lengenbach Quarry, Im Feld (Imfeld; Feld; Fäld), Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland.

Classification of Hyalophane

IMA status:Questionable/Doubtful
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.06-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.FA.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
Dana 8th edition ID:76.1.1.3

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.12.10

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn
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Type Occurrence of Hyalophane

Type Locality:Lengenbach Quarry, Imfeld (Im Feld; Feld; Fäld), Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland
Year of Discovery:1855

Physical Properties of Hyalophane

Hardness (Mohs):6 - 6½

Crystallography of Hyalophane

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 8.52Å, b = 12.95Å, c = 7.14Å
β = 116°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.658 : 1 : 0.551
Unit Cell Volume:V 708.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Hyalophane

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.542 nβ = 1.545 nγ = 1.547
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.005

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:weak

Chemical Properties of Hyalophane

Formula:
(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
Simplified for copy/paste:(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Essential elements:Al, K, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ba, K, O, Si
Common Impurities:Ti,Na,Fe,Mg,Ca,H20

Relationship of Hyalophane to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Orthoclase (see here)
Forms a series with Celsian (see here)
Member of:Feldspar Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Albite
NaAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Amazonite
Andesine
(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
Anorthite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Anorthoclase
(Na,K)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Banalsite
BaNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
Buddingtonite
(NH
 
4
)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Bytownite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
Celsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Dmisteinbergite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Labradorite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
Microcline
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Oligoclase
(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
Orthoclase
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Paracelsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Reedmergnerite
Na[BSi
 
3
O
 
8
]
Sanidine
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Slawsonite
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Stronalsite
SrNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
Svyatoslavite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.FA.05Kaliophilite
KAlSiO
 
4
9.FA.05Kalsilite
KAlSiO
 
4
9.FA.05Nepheline
(Na,K)AlSiO
 
4
9.FA.05Panunzite
(K,Na)AlSiO
 
4
9.FA.05Trikalsilite
(K,Na)AlSiO
 
4
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O
 
4
]
9.FA.05Megakalsilite
KAlSiO
 
4
9.FA.10Malinkoite
NaBSiO
 
4
9.FA.15Virgilite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
9.FA.25Lisitsynite
KBSi
 
2
O
 
6
9.FA.30Adularia
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Anorthoclase
(Na,K)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Buddingtonite
(NH
 
4
)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Celsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.30Microcline
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Orthoclase
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Sanidine
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Rubicline
(Rb,K)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.30Monalbite
NaAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.35Albite
NaAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.35Andesine
(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
9.FA.35Anorthite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.35Bytownite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
9.FA.35Labradorite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
9.FA.35Oligoclase
(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
9.FA.35Reedmergnerite
Na[BSi
 
3
O
 
8
]
9.FA.40Paracelsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.45Svyatoslavite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.45Kumdykolite
NaAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.50Slawsonite
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.55Lisetite
CaNa
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
9.FA.60Banalsite
BaNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
9.FA.60Stronalsite
SrNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
9.FA.65Danburite
CaB
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.65Maleevite
BaB
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.65Pekovite
SrB
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
9.FA.70Lingunite
(Na,Ca)AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
9.FA.75Kokchetavite
KAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.12.1Stronalsite
SrNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.2Slawsonite
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.3Brewsterite
16.12.4Celsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.5Paracelsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.6Cymrite
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
(O,OH)
 
8
· H
 
2
O
16.12.7Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
16.12.8Banalsite
BaNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.9Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
16.12.11Balipholite
BaLiMg
 
2
Al
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
16.12.12Armenite
BaCa
 
2
Al
 
6
Si
 
9
O
 
30
· 2H
 
2
O
16.12.13Wellsite
(Ba,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
16.12.14Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
16.12.15Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
16.12.16Fraipontite
(Zn,Al)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
16.12.17Sauconite
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
16.12.18Minehillite
(K,Na)
 
2-3
Ca
 
28
Zn
 
4
Al
 
4
Si
 
40
O
 
112
(OH)
 
16
16.12.19Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.12.20Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8

Other Names for Hyalophane

Synonyms:
Jaloallofane
Other Languages:
German:Hyalophan
Japanese:ハイアロフェン
Russian:Гиалофан
Simplified Chinese:钡冰长石
Traditional Chinese:鋇冰長石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hyalophane

Reference List:

- +
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's System of Mineralogy, (6th edition), 321-322.

Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming Minerals, volume 4, Framework Silicates, 166-178.

Gay, Peter & N.N. Roy (1965), The mineralogy of the potassium-barium feldspar series: III. Subsolid relationships: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 914-932.

Acta Crystallographica: 33: 3073-3076.

De Pieri, R., S. Quareni, and K.M. Hall (1977) Refinement of the structures of low and high hyalophanes. Acta Crystallographica, 33, 3073-3076.

Phillips, W.R. and D.T. Griffen (1981) Optical Mineralogy, 360-363.

Mineralogical Record (1996): 27: 325-346.

Internet Links for Hyalophane

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  • Localities for Hyalophane

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Mount Barker
            • Nairne
    J. Graham : "Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia", American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 1978, pp. 1166-1174.
    • Western Australia
      • Meekatharra Shire
        • Mulgul Station
    Econ Geol (1987) 82:805-825
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
      • Caspian Sea
    Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
     
    • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Central Bosnia Canton
        • Busovača
          • Zagradski Creek
    Jurkoviae, I., Slovenec, D., and Namjesnik, K. (1993): Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 28(3), 677-690.
    Burundi
    The Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), sample # 14136; http://www.metafro.be/mineralogy/browse_hierarchical_geo?country=Burundi
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Greenwood Mining Division
        • Grand Forks
    www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile file no. 082ESE070.
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Wicheeda Lake
    Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
    • New Brunswick
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Bathurst Parish
          • Bathurst Mining Camp
    McClenaghan, S.H., Lentz, D.R., Martin, J., and Diegor, W.G. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 523-557.
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Killala Lake Area
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
    • Saskatchewan
    D. D. Hogarth (1957): The apatite-bearing veins of Nisikkatch Lake, Saskatchewan. Can. Mineral. 6, 140-150.
    Halpin, Kimberley, Ansdell, Kevin M., and Pearson, John (2010) Complex Vein Relationships And Origin Of The Hoidas Lake Ree Deposit, Saskatchewan, Canada. 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010) Paper No. 132-3
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
    Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Li (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 107-138.
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qiandongnan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Tianzhu Co.
    Xia, F., Pan, J.-Y., Xia, F., Ma, D.-S., and Sun, Z.X. (2007): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2007, A 3079.
    Ruidong Yang, Huairui Wei, Miao Bao, Wei Wang, and Qiang Wang (2007): Geological Review 72(5), 675-680
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Baiyu Co.
          • Maqiong
    Fengyi Chen, Shiying Li, Zhikai Tang, Jixue Li, Yaozong Zhou, and Shuihe Mao (1984): Acta Petrologica, Mineralogica et Analytica 3(4), 337-339; Tianwei Guo and Zhongwen Han (1990): Northeastern Geological Science and Technology Information 11(2), 1-11; Qingmin Jin, Huaguang Xie, and Wenguang Wang (1992): Volcanology and Mineral Resources 13(2), 48-58; Hou Zengqian, Khin Zaw, Qu Xiaoming, Ye Qingtong, Yu Jinjie, Xu Mingji, Fu Deming and Yin Xianke (2001): Economic Geology 96(7), 1491-1512
    Weiguang Zhu, Chaoyang Li, and Hailin Deng (2001): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 21(2), 219-224
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Aketao Co. (Akto Co.; Aqto Co.)
          • Tamu-Kalangu belt (Tam-Kalanfu belt; Tamu-Kala belt)
    Xiangrong Yang, Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Huawen Qi, and Shen Liu (2009): Geochimica 38(6), 536-548
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Jílové (Eule)
          • Skalsko
    Morávek P., Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Škoda R.: Pegmatity s molybdenitem u Skalska na Jílovsku, ČEská republika - historie, geologie a mineralogie. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, 18, 2, 32-42.
    Morávek P., Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Škoda R.: Pegmatity s molybdenitem u Skalska na Jílovsku, ČEská republika - historie, geologie a mineralogie. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, 18, 2, 32-42.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
            • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
      • Pardubice Region
    Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Moravia-Silesia Region
        • Frýdlant nad Ostravicí
    Kudělásek, V., Mandour, M. A., Matýsek, D.: Výskyt witheritu a barytu v těšínitických horninách na lokalitě Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 205-207.
        • Rýmařov
    Fojt, B. et al.: Paragenetická charakteristika ložisek Pb-Zn rud v širším okolí Horního Města u Rýmařova. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 3-57.
      • Olomouc Region
        • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
    Novotný, P., Zimák, J., Toegel, V.: Mineralizace alpského typu z lomu v Krásném u Šumperka. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2002, roč. 10, s. 259-264.
    Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
    Pauliš, P.: Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mähren und Schlesien. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001.
      • Vysočina Region
    Houzar, S.: Přehled minerálů amfibolitového lomu v Mirošově (západní Morava), Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 294-296.
    Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
        • Třebíč
    Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Vihanti
    Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Hautes-Pyrénées
        • Aure Valley
          • Nabias
    European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Furtwangen
          • Waldau
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Gerolstein
          • Rockeskyll
            • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
    Riley, T., Bailey, K., Barium-rich Sanidine Megacrysts from the West Eifel (Germany), N: JB. Miner. Mh., 18-30, 2003
    Guatemala
     
    • Motagua Valley
    Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
    de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Courmayeur
        • Sapin Valley
    Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
            • Ercolano
              • San Vito
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Liguria
      • La Spezia Province
        • Rocchetta Vara
          • Mt. Dragnone
    Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Mergozzo
          • Candoglia
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Pitigliano
    Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Kanuma City
    Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
        • Tokyo Prefecture
          • Nishi-Tama-gun
            • Okutama-cho
    Am Min 90:1468
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Noda
    Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
      • Inyl'chek Range
        • Muzeinyi Valley
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Namibia
     
    • Otjozondjupa Region
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English)
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Canterbury
    Henderson, William, 1983, Microminerals, Mineralogical Record, v. 14, p. 49.
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Kongsberg
        • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
          • Overberget Mining Field
    Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2002-2003. STEIN 30 (2), 4-10
    Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2002-2003. STEIN 30 (2), 4-10
          • Underberget Mining Field
    Nordrum, F. S. ; Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Sowie Mts
    Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    Romania
     
    • Suceava Co.
      • Suceava district
        • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
            • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
    Konstantin Klopotov's Data
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Tisovec
    Hurai V. & Huraiová M., 2011: Origin of ferroan alabandite and manganoan sphalerite from the Tisovec skarn, Slovakia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abh., 188, 119-134.
    South Korea
     
    • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
      • Goesan-gun (Koesan-gun)
    Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
    • Daejeon
      • Daejeon-gun
    Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
    Moro, M.C., Cembranos, M.L., and Fernandez, A. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1039-1051.
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Ultevis
    Augsten, R. (2010): Mineralientouren nach Skandinavien (III). Lapplands bunte Farben: Manganmineralien vom Tjaktjajaure, Ultevis, Schweden. Lapis, 35 (2), 39-41.
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    Kjell Gatedal
        • Persberg district
          • Pajsberg
    Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Grythyttan
    No reference listed
      • Lindesberg
        • Nyberget ore field
    Kjell Gatedal
    Econ Geol (1992) 87:1624-1634
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 128+218.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Binn Valley
        • Binn
    Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German)
        • Freichi area
        • Giessen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 218.
        • Imfeld (Im Feld; Feld; Fäld)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 217-218; American Mineralogist 68, 112 (1983)
      • Brig
        • Simplon pass area
    Weibel, M. (1990): Die Mineralien der Schweiz, 165.
      • Visp
        • Baltschieder Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 21
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
        • Lleyn Peninsula
          • Llanfaelrhys
            • Rhiw
    Ukraine
     
    • Kiev Oblast' (Kyiv Oblast'; Kyivshchyna)
    Bondarenko, S.; Grinchenko, O.; Semka, V. (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se mineralization in the Potashnya gold deposit, Kocherov tectonic zone, Ukrainian Shield. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 43, 20-25.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Tulare Co.
        • Dumtah
    Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
    • Colorado
      • Teller Co.
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Haddam
    Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
    • Montana
      • Meagher Co.
    www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Mitchell, R. H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 93-114.
    • Nevada
      • Elko Co.
        • Corral Creek District
    U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Frondel, C., et al: Am.Min.:51:1388-1393 (1966); Dunn, P.J.: Min.Mag.:48:562-563 (1984); Palache(1935):59; Dunn(1995):Pt4:510.
    FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
    • Pennsylvania
      • Delaware Co.
        • Middletown Township
    MEIER (A. E.). Association of harmotome and barium feldspar at Glen Riddle, Pennsylvania.
    Western Sahara
     
    • Dchira
    Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
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