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Hydrobiotite

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Formula:
K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
System:
Monoclinic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
A 1:1 regular interstratification of Biotite and Vermiculite layers.

Classification of Hydrobiotite

Redefined Approved
Explanation of status:
Redefinition approved by CNMNC
9.EC.60

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.2d.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
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Physical Properties of Hydrobiotite

Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3

Crystallography of Hydrobiotite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Optical Data of Hydrobiotite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of Hydrobiotite

Formula:
K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Cr,Mn,Ca,Sr,Ba,Na,Rb,F,P

Relationship of Hydrobiotite to other Species

9.EC.05Minnesotaite(Fe,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05TalcMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05Willemseite(Ni,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe23+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V25+Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50Vermiculite(Mg,Fe,Al)3((Al,Si)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Clinochlore(Mg,Fe2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn32+Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Sudoite(Mg,Fe2+)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2O
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe23+(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2O
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8

Other Names for Hydrobiotite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hydrobiotite

Reference List:
Brindley, G.W., Zalba, P.E., and Bethke, C.M. (1983): Hydrobiotite, a regular 1:1
interstratification of biotite and vermiculite layers. American Mineralogist 68, 420-425.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1986): 4: 163-169.

Internet Links for Hydrobiotite

Localities for Hydrobiotite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Gföhl
        • Rastbach
Database „Minerale NÖ“ (A. Thinschmidt and co-workers)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Zemmgrund
          • Alpenrose Inn
R. Dallinger & J. Gufler (2006): Der größte Euklaskristall der Alpen - Neufund im Zillertal. Lapis 31 (3), 28-31. (in German)
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
ZULINSKI, N. and LALONDE, A.E. (2007) Mineralogy of hydrothermal ferruginous clay associated with colorless aegirine and bitumen in an altered pegmatite pocket from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, Canada. Abstracts with Program, 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, 23; reprinted in: Rocks & Minerals, 83(4), 346-347.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Xiamen Prefecture
      • Tong'an District
Mao Xingli and Yan Yipeng (1987): Journal of Fuzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 15(3)
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Subei Co.
        • Gongpoquan ore field
Gansu Province Metallurgical and Geological Exploration Team No. 4 (1978): Geology and Prospecting 14(8), 20-23
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Dexing Co.
        • Dexing Cu-Mo-Au ore field
          • Dexing copper mine
Kuanglin Yan (1978): Geology and Prospecting 14(4), 8-16
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
Ran Hongyan, Wang Guanxing, and Cao Junchen (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(3), 299-307
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Hafafit
Harraz, H. Z.; Hamdy, M. M. 2010. Interstratified vermiculite-mica in the gneiss-metapelite-serpentinite rocks at Hafafit area, Southern Eastern Desert, Egypt: From metasomatism to weathering. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 58, Issue 2, p. 305-320.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Cistrières
F.H Forestier "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Fascicule IV, Massif Central Médian : Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Cirgues
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 359-371.
        • Villeneuve d'Allier
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
      • Lubilhac
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989 ; F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées de France", Fascicule IV, BRGM, 1964
      • Paulhaguet
        • Salzuit
      • Torsiac
        • Lanau
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Singhbhum District
S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Làtera volcano
        • Onano
M.E. Ciriotti (2006) EPMA probed
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Mexico
 
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Zimapán
      • Zimapán
Panczner(1987): 93-396.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Marcus-Wake ridge
Fengyou Chu, Daqian Hu, and Jie Yao (2006): Global Geology 26(3), 245-253
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Igor Pekov and Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data (2011)
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Santiago de Compostela
        • Aríns
Pascual, E; Estévez, A. (1981) Estudio geológico del yacimiento de Fornás (Santiago). Cuaderno do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 2 (vol II):191-211
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Cottonwood Canyon District
        • Apache Junction area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42, 319-352; Creasey, S.C. (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215, 254; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373; .
  • Colorado
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Libby District (Snowshoe District)
        • Libby
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 1955–1969, 2003
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point District
        • Alta
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • New York Mts
        • Crescent District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Vicksburg District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Dana,E.S,1892,A System of Mineralogy,6th edition,pg.667
    • Macon Co.
      • Cowee Valley
        • Ellijay District
          • Franklin
            • Corundum Hill
Genth,F.A,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina
Eckert, J. O., Jr., 1984, Stratigraphy, structure, and metamorphism in the east half of the Wayah Bald quadrangle, North Carolina: ...
  • South Carolina
    • Laurens Co.
  • Tennessee
www.orth.ftw.nres.usda.gov/osd/dat/J/Jeffrey.html
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Henry Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Warren Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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