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Amesite

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Formula:
Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Originally pale grayish ...
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
Named in 1876 by Charles Upham Shepard in honor of James Tyler Ames [May 13, 1810 Lowell, Massachusetts, USA - February 16, 1883 Chicopee, Massachusetts, USA], who was part owner of the Chester Emery Mines. Ames came from a family of inventors and manufacturers. A close relative, John Ames, made many important mechanical developments in modern machine-made paper. James originally worked manufacturing cutlery and edge weapons in his father's [Nathan P. Ames, Sr.] factory. "In 1834, he removed to Chicopee Center, where the Ames Manufacturing Company was established, with Edmund Dwight, of Boston, president, James T. Ames, superintendent, and Nathan P. Ames [Jr.], agent. The company made contracts with the United States government for a lot of swords. Mr. [James T.] Ames had a rare genius for inventions ; in company with General James of Rhode Island, he invented a ball that was afterwards patented, and out of which grew the necessity of rifled cannon. During the War of the Rebellion he had large contracts with the government for the making of swords, cannon, and for military accoutrements, and also secured a contract for government mail bags. ... Mr. Ames was the first to introduce bronze statuary work in the United States. His first work was the construction of the Washington statue, in Union Square, New York. The bronze doors of the Senate extension of the National Capitol at Washington were made under his supervision, and "were masterly specimens of his genius, and famous as triumphs of art. ... In 1856, he went to England, where he obtained several important contracts, one of which was to furnish the Enfield Arms Works (controlled by the English government) with machinery for the manufacture of guns of the same pattern as that used at the Springfield Armory. He also obtained a contract for similar machinery for the Birmingham Small Arms Works. He visited France and interested Napoleon in the machinery used in the manufacture of arms. He met and became acquainted with the designer of the Crystal Palace; through his friendship he was enabled to meet nearly all the prominent mechanical engineers of Europe. He furnished Spain with machinery for the making of arms. He was one of the first to engage in silver plating in this country. He was much interested in mineralogy and had an unusual and rare collection of minerals. He was a skilful carver in wood, unique figures of which he often presented to his friends as keepsakes." (Wells, 1893). See also Van Slyck (1879).

Because of C. U. Shepard's acceptance of the phosophy of external characters of minerals, his new minerals were consequently closely scrutinized by his brother-in-law, James D. Dana and other family members. Amesite was quickly relegated to varietal status under the chlorite Shepard had named corundophilite, also from the Chester Emery Mines.

Amesite was re-established as a species by Shannon (1920), although he continued to refer to amesite as a chlorite. Gruner (1944) demonstrated that amesite is a serpentine.
Kaolinite-Serpentine group.

Several polytypes are known: 2H1, 2H2, 6R and others.

Classification of Amesite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8/H.27-100
9.ED.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.2c.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
16.19.7

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
19 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Mg
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Type Occurrence of Amesite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Emery deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Amesite

Geological Setting:
Low grade metamorphism of Al-, Mg-rich rocks

Physical Properties of Amesite

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Comment:
Somewhat metallic on cleavage
Colour:
Originally pale grayish blue-green, also white, colourless, pale green, pink to lilac (chromian)
Streak:
White with very pale green tint
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Density:
2.77 - 2.78 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.7 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Amesite

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Amesite-2H1Amesite-2H2Amesite-6R
   
   
   
   



   
   
   
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.0 (100)
3.51 (100)
2.600 (40)
2.476 (80)
1.925 (70)
1.528 (60)
1.462 (35)
Comments:
Powder data for 2H2 polytype.

Optical Data of Amesite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.597 nβ = 1.597 - 1.599 nγ = 1.612 - 1.615
2V:
Measured: 18°
Birefringence:
0.016
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015 - 0.018
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak
Optical Extinction:
BXa perpendicular to (001)

Chemical Properties of Amesite

Formula:
Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Amesite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Baumite(Mg,Al,Mn,Zn,Fe)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Caryopilite(Mn,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochrysotile
CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
GreenaliteFe2-3(Si2O5)(OH)4
HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Orthochrysotile
Parachrysotile
PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Webskyite
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Caryopilite(Mn,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15GreenaliteFe2-3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
16.19.1IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
16.19.2Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
16.19.3Sekaninaite(Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
16.19.4Ferro-gedrite☐{Fe22+}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.19.5StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
16.19.6Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
16.19.8Corundophilite(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
16.19.9YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
16.19.10Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
16.19.11Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
16.19.12Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
16.19.13Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
16.19.14Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
16.19.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
16.19.16Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
16.19.17Clinochlore(Mg,Fe2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
16.19.18Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.19.19Magnesiogedrite
16.19.20Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
16.19.21Sudoite(Mg,Fe2+)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
16.19.22Vermiculite(Mg,Fe,Al)3((Al,Si)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
16.19.23Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O

Other Names for Amesite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Amesite

Reference List:
Shepard, Charles Upham (1876): Notices Mineralogues [Amesite]. Compte Rendus, 83, 166.

Van Slyck, J. D. (1879), Ames Manufacturing Company, New England Manufacturers and Manufactories, Volume 1.

Chapin, Charles Wells (1893) Sketches of the old inhabitants and other citizens of old Springfield of the present century, and its historic mansions of "ye olden tyme.

Shannon, E. V. (1920): A New Description of Amesite. American Journal of Science, fourth series, 49, 96-98.

Gruner, John W. (1944): The Kaolinite Structure of Amesite OH8(Mg,Fe)4Al2(Si2Al2)O10, and Additional Data on Chlorites. American Mineralogist, 29, 422-430.

American Mineralogist: 66: 185-195.

Internet Links for Amesite

Localities for Amesite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Coats Land
      • Pensacola Mts
Am Min 61:5-6 pp 497-499
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Neusiedl am See
      • Seewinkel
Götzinger, M. A. (2009): Die Salzminerale des Seewinkels, Burgenland.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
Reiner Mielke
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
        • Thetford Mines
          • Black Lake
Taner, M. F. and Laurent, R., 1984, Iron-rich Amesite from the Lake Asbestos Mine, Black Lake, Quebec, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 22, p. 437-442
    • Estrie
      • Memphrémagog RCM
        • Hatley
Stevenson, John S (1934) Mineralization at the Eustis Mine, Eustis, Quebec. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Geology
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Shaoguan Prefecture
      • Nanxiong Co.
        • Baishun Uranium ore field
[var: Ferroamesite] Zhanshi Zhang, Renmin Hua, Junfeng Ji, Yanchun Zhang, Guolin Guo, and Zhengping Yin (2007): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 27(2), 161-172
      • Shixing Co.
        • Baishun Uranium ore field
[var: Ferroamesite] Zhanshi Zhang, Renmin Hua, Junfeng Ji, Yanchun Zhang, Guolin Guo, and Zhengping Yin (2007): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 27(2), 161-172
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Jingxi Co.
Wang, Q.F., Deng, J., Liu, X.F., Zhang, Q.Z., Sun, S.L., Jiang, C.Z., Zhou, F. (2010): Discovery of the REE minerals and its geological significance in the Quyang bauxite deposit, West Guangxi, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 39, 701-712.
  • Hubei Province
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Shihe Lei, Guiying Tang, Zhengyong Qin, Zicai Zhang, and Bo Liu (1998): Geology and Prospecting 34(4), 13-19
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
      • Lianshan District
        • Yangjiazhangzi ore field
Wenwei Lin (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 22-34
Wenwei Lin (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(1), 22-34
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Chengdian Pen (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(3), 37-48
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Myrskylä
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
Aarne Laitakari, ”Index of Finnish Minerals with bibliography” , Bull. de la Commission Géologique de Finlande No 230, Otaniemi 1967
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Issoire
        • Saint-Babel
Barrier, D., Devolle, J.-C., Médard, P, Naud, E. Naud & Pourtier, G. (2009): Si l'amesite m'était Comté... ou pas d'haüyne à Prudeux, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 103, 3-8.
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Uzsa (Uzsabánya)
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
        • Zalahaláp
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993
Indonesia
 
  • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
            • Ertsberg Complex
Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Carrodano
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Le miniere di Brosso (2001)-Italo Campostrini- ed. Museo Regionale Torino
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Orani
Conti-Vecchi, G., Stara, P. (1991): Minerali della Sardegna. Edizioni Della Torre, 275 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Itoigawa City
Miyajima et al (1999) Ganko Gakkai Koen Yoshi, 194.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Hishikari mine (Hishikari gold mine)
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
      • Kara-Oba W deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Sahatany Valley
Lefevre & Thomas (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. La Règne Minéral, nr 19, 15-28
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
      • Langangen
        • Slevolden
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-3862)
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Sky
Atle Michalsen Collection
      • Tvedalen
Tom Engvoldsen collection
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-4014)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-353 (find in 1979)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Gogołów-Jordanów Massif
Archiwum Mineralogiczne v. 46, no. 1-2, p. 101-108, 1990
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Mariya S. Alferova (2007) Grossular, Vesuvianite and Achtarandite Mineralogy of the Talnakh Region. New Data on Minerals 42:50-61
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Nenetskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Yugorskii Peninsula
        • Pai-Khoi Range (Paikhoi; Pay Khoy)
          • Middle Silova-Yakha River
Koval'chuk, N.S., and Makeev, A.B. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 503-517.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Permskaya Oblast'
        • Gornozavodskii area
          • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
RRUFF ID: Specimen R070116
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Postmasburg manganese field
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 182.
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 108.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Talc City Hills
          • Talc City District
            • Eagle Point
Norman, L.A. & Richard M. Stewart (1951), Mines and mineral resources of Inyo County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 47(1): 117-118; Page, Benjamin Markham (1951), Talc deposits of steatite grade, Inyo County, California: California Division Mines, Special Report 8, 35 pp.; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 81; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 418.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Mount Hamilton
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Cotopaxi District
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampden Co.
      • Blandford
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
      • Chester
Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
Alan R. Plante, Personal field notes, 1981-1985
Alan R. Plante, Personal field notes, 1965-1987
Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1984-1987
Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1982-1985
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Keene
No reference listed
    • Sullivan Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH, Part III
  • Tennessee
    • Polk Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Union Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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