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Idrialite

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Formula:
C22H14
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Hardness:
Possibly a complex mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

"Identical to dimethylbenzphenanthrene" (Handbook of Mineralogy).

Classification of Idrialite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
10.BA.20

10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
B : Hydrocarbons
A : Hydrocarbons
Dana 7th ed.:
50.3.8.1
50.3.10.

50 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
3 : Hydrocarbons
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2003.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Idrialite

Year of Discovery:
1832

Physical Properties of Idrialite

Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Idrialite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.07Å, b = 6.42Å, c = 27.75Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.257 : 1 : 4.322
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,437.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group not determined.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.08 (20)
4.94 (100)
4.43 (20)
4.04 (60)
3.40 (80)
2.48 (30)
2.06 (20)

Chemical Properties of Idrialite

Formula:
C22H14
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Idrialite to other Species

10.BA.05FichteliteC19H34
10.BA.10HartiteC20H34
10.BA.15DiniteC20H36
10.BA.25KratochvíliteC13H10
10.BA.30CarpathiteC24H12
10.BA.30Karpatite
10.BA.35PhylloretineC18H18
10.BA.40RavatiteC14H10
10.BA.45SimonelliteC19H24
10.BA.50EvenkiteC21H44
32.1EvenkiteC21H44
32.2 Fitchtelite
32.3SimonelliteC19H24
32.4KratochvíliteC13H10
32.6CarpathiteC24H12
32.7RefikiteC20H32O2
32.8FlagstaffiteC10H22O3
32.9HoeliteC14H8O2
32.10KladnoiteC6H4(CO)2NH
32.11AcetamideCH3CONH2
32.12GuanineC5H5N5O
32.13UreaCO(NH2)2
32.14UriciteC5H4N4O3
32.15AbelsoniteNi(C31H32N4)

Other Names for Idrialite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Idrialite

Reference List:
Wright, F.E. & E.T. Allen (1925), Curtisite, a new organic mineral from Skaggs Springs, Sonoma County, California (abstract): American Mineralogist: 11: 67 (1925)…American Mineralogist: 15: 169-173 (1930).

Geissman, T.A., K.Y. Sun & J. Murdoch (1967), Organic minerals. Picine and chrysene as constituents of the mineral Curtisite (idrialite): Experentia: 23: 793-794.

American Mineralogist: 55 (1970): 1073.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 1055.

Takuya Echigo, Mitsuyoshi Kimata, Teruyuki Maruoka, Masahiro Shimizu, and Norimasa Nishida (2009): The crystal structure, origin, and formation of idrialite (C22H14): Inferences from the microbeam and bulk analyses. American Mineralogist 94, 1325-1332.

Internet Links for Idrialite

Localities for Idrialite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., Kaličiaková,E., 1987: Mineralogicko – paragenetické pomery Hg ložiska Merník. Min.Slovaca, 19,5,423 – 442
Slovenia
 
  • Idrija (Idria)
[NJMM (1965), 19; MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Svalyavskyi Raion
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • California
    • Lake Co.
www.mineralsocal.org
        • East Mayacmas District
          • Castle Rock Springs
Yates, Robert G. & Lowell S. Hilpert (1946), Quicksilver deposits of eastern Mayacmas district, Lake and Napa Counties, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 42): 42: 247; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
Yates, Robert G. & Lowell S. Hilpert (1946), Quicksilver deposits of eastern Mayacmas district, Lake and Napa Counties, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 42): 42: 231-286; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
          • Middletown
            • Great Western-Mirabel group
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 176; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 111 (map 3-7), 342.
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Averitt, Paul (1945), Quicksilver deposits of the Knoxville district, Napa, Yolo, and Lake Counties, California: California Journal of Mines & Geology, California Division Mines (Report 42): 42: 78; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Idria (New Idria)
www.mineralsocal.org
    • San Francisco Co.
www.missourigeologists.org/Min-Loc1-2005.pdf.
        • Duboce Street near Market Street
Bradley, W.W. (1937), Thirty-third report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 33: 71; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Warm Springs Dam
          • Skaggs Springs
Bradley, W.W. (1937), Thirty-third report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 33: 345; Everhart, Donald Lough (1950a), Skaggs Springs quicksilver mine, Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46: 390; Strunz, Hugo and Contag, B. (1965), Evenkit, Flagstaffit, Idrialin und Reficit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1: 19-25; Geissman, T.A., Sun, K.Y., and Murdoch, J. (1967) Organic minerals. Picine and chrysene as constituents of the mineral curtisite (idrialite). Experentia: 23: 793-794; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590; American Mineralogist (2009): 94: 1325–1332.; Wright, F.E. & E.T. Allen (1925), Curtisite, a new organic mineral from Skaggs Springs, Sonoma County, California (abstract): American Mineralogist: 11: 169; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 150, 165, 263, 283, 319.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
          • Cloverdale
            • North Fork Little Sulphur Creek
Eugene Cisneros
    • Yolo Co.
      • Coast Ranges
        • Knoxville District
          • Knoxville area
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 343.
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