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Inyoite

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Formula:
Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless, turning ...
Hardness:
2
Member of:
Name:
After the type locality in Inyo County, California, USA

Classification of Inyoite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
6.CA.35

6 : BORATES
C : Triborates
A : Neso-triborates
26.3.1.1

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : Triborates
9.3.12

9 : Borates
3 : Borates of Ca and Sr
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2036.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Inyoite

Year of Discovery:
1914
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Inyoite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, turning white upon partial dehydration; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {001} good; on {010} quality unstated.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
1.875 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Inyoite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.63Å, b = 12.06Å, c = 8.4Å
β = 114.03°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.881 : 1 : 0.697
Unit Cell Volume:
V 983.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}, with {110} and {001} dominant. Massive granular; coarse spherulitic aggregates.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Inyoite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.495 nβ = 1.505 - 1.512 nγ = 1.520
2V:
Measured: 70° to 84°, Calculated: 70° to 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Inyoite

Formula:
Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Inyoite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)Cl
6.CA.10AmeghiniteNa(H4B3O7)
6.CA.15InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
6.CA.20KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
6.CA.25InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
6.CA.30MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
6.CA.40SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)Cl
6.CA.45Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10
6.CA.50NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2
6.CA.55OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O
9.3.1CalciboriteCa(B2O4)
9.3.2SibirskiteCa2(HB2O5)(OH)
9.3.3FabianiteCaB3O5OH
9.3.4UralboriteCa2[B3O3(OH)5 · OB(OH)3]
9.3.5VimsiteCaB2O2(OH)4
9.3.6OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O
9.3.7FroloviteCa[B(OH)4]2
9.3.8KorzhinskiteCa(B2O4) · H2O
9.3.9TyretskiteCa2B5O9OH · H2O
9.3.10NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2
9.3.13GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
9.3.14ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
9.3.15PentahydroboriteCaB2O(OH)6 · 2H2O
9.3.16HexahydroboriteCa[B(OH)4]2 · 6H2O
9.3.17MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
9.3.18PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.19GinoriteCa2B14O23 · 8H2O
9.3.20ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.3.21UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
9.3.22HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
9.3.23InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
9.3.24WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
9.3.25HenmiliteCa2Cu[B(OH)4]2(OH)4
9.3.26StrontioboriteSrB8O11(OH)4
9.3.27VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.28Veatchite-ASr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.29 P-Veatchite
9.3.30 BalavinskiteSr2B6O11 · 4H2O
9.3.31TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.3.32Strontioginorite(Sr,Ca)2B14O23 · 8H2O

Other Names for Inyoite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Inyoit
Russian:Иниоит
Simplified Chinese:板硼钙石
板硼石
Spanish:Inyoita
Traditional Chinese:板硼鈣石
板硼石

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in hot water and dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Inyoite

Reference List:
Schaller, W.T. (1916), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates, USGS Bull. 610: 35-55.

Poitevin and Ellsworth (1921) Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 32.

Boldyreva (1936) Mater. Cent. Sc. Geol. Prosp. Inst., no. 1: 62. (Min. Abs. (1936): 6: 336).

Boky (1937) Bulletin de Académy des sciences de l'Union des Républiques Soviétiques Socialistes, Cl. sc. mat. nat., Ser. chim.: 871.

Boldyreva in: Godlevsky (1937) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 66: 315.

Nikolaev and Chelishcheva (1938) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 18: 431.

Chelishcheva (1940) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S: 18: 508.

Murdoch and Webb (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 549.

Acta Crystallographica: 12: 162-170.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 358-360.

Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for Inyoite

Specimens:
The following Inyoite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Inyoite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Susques Department
      • Coranzuli
Dr, Jorge Dascal (Patagonia Minerals) specimens; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
  • Salta
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Smith, G.I. and Medrano, M.D. (2002) in: Boron, Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, p 274 (Mineralogical Society of America).
    • Salar Del Hombre Muerto
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    • Sijes
www.sijes.com.ar
www.sijes.com.ar
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.
Jewel Tunnel Import specimens.
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum specimen
Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Albert Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 13, pp. 370-376 (1975)
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Delhi Co. (Delingha Co.)
        • Yashatu
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00022726
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00022726
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yiwu Co. (Aratürük Co.)
Renyi Chen, Haiguang Liu, and Wenyi Ma (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(1), 26-31
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 99 (2004) , No. 2 April 67-71
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Peru
 
  • Arequipa Department
    • Arequipa Province
      • Arequipa
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:251
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Dogdo River Basin
          • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm
  • Krasnodarskiy Kray
    • Taman Peninsula
Dmitry Tonkacheev
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Kirka
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya
  • Marmara Region
    • Balikesir Province
      • Bigadiç
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
        • Iskeleköy (Iskele)
Meixner, H. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 445-455.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Amargosa Range
        • Black Mts
          • Monte Blanco
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1914): 4: 354-356; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 264.
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min.Encylopaedia, p.132.
        • Ryan
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District
www.mineralsocal.org
Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229; California Division of Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (September 1969).
            • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corp.; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10216041.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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