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Inyoite

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Formula:
Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Colour:
Colourless, turning white upon partial dehydration; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
1.875
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
After the type locality in Inyo County, California, USA
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of InyoiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.CA.35

6 : BORATES
C : Triborates
A : Neso-triborates
26.3.1.1

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : Triborates
9.3.12

9 : Borates
3 : Borates of Ca and Sr

Physical Properties of InyoiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, turning white upon partial dehydration; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {001} good; on {010} quality unstated.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
1.875 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of InyoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.495 nβ = 1.505 - 1.512 nγ = 1.520
2V:
Measured: 70° to 84°, Calculated: 70° to 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of InyoiteHide

Formula:
Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
CaB3O3(OH)5 · 4H2O

Crystallography of InyoiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.63 Å, b = 12.06 Å, c = 8.4 Å
β = 114.03°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.881 : 1 : 0.697
Unit Cell V:
983.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}, with {110} and {001} dominant. Massive granular; coarse spherulitic aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of InyoiteHide

Other Language Names for InyoiteHide

German:Inyoit
Russian:Иниоит
Simplified Chinese:板硼钙石
板硼石
Spanish:Inyoita
Traditional Chinese:板硼鈣石
板硼石

Relationship of Inyoite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)ClMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Meyerhofferite62 photos of Inyoite associated with Meyerhofferite on mindat.org.
Colemanite7 photos of Inyoite associated with Colemanite on mindat.org.
Todorokite3 photos of Inyoite associated with Todorokite on mindat.org.
Ulexite3 photos of Inyoite associated with Ulexite on mindat.org.
Thénardite1 photo of Inyoite associated with Thénardite on mindat.org.
Nobleite1 photo of Inyoite associated with Nobleite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.CA.10AmeghiniteNa(H4B3O7)Mon.
6.CA.15InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
6.CA.20KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.25InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
6.CA.30MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.40SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)ClMon.
6.CA.45Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
6.CA.50NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2Mon.
6.CA.55OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

26.3.1.2InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
26.3.1.3InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.3.1CalciboriteCa(B2O4)Orth.
9.3.2SibirskiteCa2(HB2O5)(OH)Mon.
9.3.3FabianiteCaB3O5OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.4UralboriteCa2[B3O3(OH)5 · OB(OH)3]Mon.
9.3.5VimsiteCaB2O2(OH)4Mon.
9.3.6OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O
9.3.7FroloviteCa[B(OH)4]2Tric.
9.3.8KorzhinskiteCa(B2O4) · H2O
9.3.9TyretskiteCa2B5O9OH · H2OTric.
9.3.10NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2Mon.
9.3.13GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2OMon.
9.3.14ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.15PentahydroboriteCaB2O(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
9.3.16HexahydroboriteCa[B(OH)4]2 · 2H2O or CaB2O4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.3.17MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.3.18PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.19GinoriteCa2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2OMon.
9.3.20ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
9.3.21UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.3.22HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2OMon.
9.3.23InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.3.24WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2OHex.
9.3.25HenmiliteCa2Cu[B(OH)4]2(OH)4Tric.
9.3.26StrontioboriteSrB8O11(OH)4Mon.
9.3.27VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2OMon. m : Bb
9.3.28Veatchite-ASr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2OTric.
9.3.29 P-VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
9.3.30 BalavinskiteSr2B6O11 · 4H2O
9.3.31TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.3.32StrontioginoriteCaSrB14O20(OH)6 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

IR Spectrum:
Inder material [cm-1]: 3530s, 3440, 3325, 3225, 3120sh, 1650, 1600, 1480, 1433s, 1395, 1345, 1222, 1171s, 1109s, 1067s, 1009s, 963s, 895s, 808s, 750sh, 718, 570sh, 543, 486, 464
Notes:
Soluble in hot water and dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for InyoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schaller, W.T. (1916), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates, USGS Bull. 610: 35-55.
Poitevin and Ellsworth (1921) Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 32.
Boldyreva (1936) Mater. Cent. Sc. Geol. Prosp. Inst., no. 1: 62. (Min. Abs. (1936): 6: 336).
Boky (1937) Bulletin de Académy des sciences de l'Union des Républiques Soviétiques Socialistes, Cl. sc. mat. nat., Ser. chim.: 871.
Boldyreva in: Godlevsky (1937) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 66: 315.
Nikolaev and Chelishcheva (1938) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 18: 431.
Chelishcheva (1940) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S: 18: 508.
Murdoch and Webb (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 549.
Acta Crystallographica: 12: 162-170.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 358-360.
Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.

Internet Links for InyoiteHide

Localities for InyoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Susques Department
      • Coranzuli
Dr, Jorge Dascal (Patagonia Minerals) specimens; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
Smith, G.I. and Medrano, M.D. (2002) in: Boron, Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, p 274 (Mineralogical Society of America).
      • Salar del Hombre Muerto
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
      • Sijes
www.sijes.com.ar
www.sijes.com.ar
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.
Jewel Tunnel Import specimens.
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum specimen
Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Albert Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 13, pp. 370-376 (1975)
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Delhi Co. (Delingha Co.)
        • Yashatu
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00022726
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00022726
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yiwu Co. (Aratürük Co.)
Renyi Chen, Haiguang Liu, and Wenyi Ma (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(1), 26-31
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 99 (2004) , No. 2 April 67-71
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Peru
 
  • Arequipa Department
    • Arequipa Province
      • Arequipa
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:251
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Dogdo River Basin
          • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm
  • Krasnodarskiy Kray
    • Taman Peninsula
Dmitry Tonkacheev
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Kirka
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya
  • Marmara Region
    • Balikesir Province
      • Bigadiç
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
        • Iskeleköy (Iskele)
Meixner, H. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 445-455.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Amargosa Range
        • Black Mts
          • Monte Blanco
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1914): 4: 354-356; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 264.
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min.Encylopaedia, p.132.
        • Ryan
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
www.mineralsocal.org
Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229; California Division of Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (September 1969).
            • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; Boron open pit; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corporation Mine; Kramer Mine; Kramer pit; Baker Mine)
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Bullion Mts (Bullion Range)
        • Stedman District (Ludlow; Rochester; Buckeye)
          • Stedman
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189217.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10216041.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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