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Inyoite

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Formula:
Ca(H
 
4
B
 
3
O
 
7
)(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless, turning ...
Hardness:2
Member of:Inderite Group
Name:After the type locality in Inyo County, California, USA

Classification of Inyoite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/H.06-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:6.CA.35

6 : BORATES
C : Triborates
A : Neso-triborates
Dana 8th edition ID:26.3.1.1

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : Triborates
Hey's CIM Ref.:9.3.12

9 : Borates
3 : Borates of Ca and Sr
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Type Occurrence of Inyoite

Type Locality:Monte Blanco Mine (Monte Blanco deposit; Monte Blanco adit), Monte Blanco, Black Mts, Amargosa Range, Inyo Co., California, USA
Year of Discovery:1914
Associated Minerals at type locality:
PriceiteMeyerhofferiteColemanite

Physical Properties of Inyoite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless, turning white upon partial dehydration; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):2
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
On {001} good; on {010} quality unstated.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):1.875 g/cm3

Crystallography of Inyoite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.63Å, b = 12.06Å, c = 8.4Å
β = 114.03°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.881 : 1 : 0.697
Unit Cell Volume:V 983.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}, with {110} and {001} dominant. Massive granular; coarse spherulitic aggregates.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Inyoite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.495 nβ = 1.505 - 1.512 nγ = 1.520
2V:Measured: 70° to 84°, Calculated: 70° to 80°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.025

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Inyoite

Formula:
Ca(H
 
4
B
 
3
O
 
7
)(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(H4B3O7)(OH)·4H2O
Essential elements:B, Ca, H, O
All elements listed in formula:B, Ca, H, O

Relationship of Inyoite to other Species

Member of:Inderite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Inderborite
CaMg(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
Inderite
MgB
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
Kurnakovite
MgB
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
Meyerhofferite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Solongoite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)(OH)Cl
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
6.CA.10Ameghinite
Na(H
 
4
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
6.CA.15Inderite
MgB
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
6.CA.20Kurnakovite
MgB
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
6.CA.25Inderborite
CaMg(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
6.CA.30Meyerhofferite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
6.CA.40Solongoite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)(OH)Cl
6.CA.45Peprossiite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(Al
 
3
O)
 
2/3
B
 
4
O
 
10
6.CA.50Nifontovite
Ca
 
3
B
 
6
O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
(H
 
2
O)
 
2
6.CA.55Olshanskyite
Ca
 
3
[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
4
(OH)
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
9.3.1Calciborite
Ca(B
 
2
O
 
4
)
9.3.2Sibirskite
Ca
 
2
(HB
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
9.3.3Fabianite
CaB
 
3
O
 
5
OH
9.3.4Uralborite
Ca
 
2
[B
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· OB(OH)
 
3
]
9.3.5Vimsite
CaB
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
4
9.3.6Olshanskyite
Ca
 
3
[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
4
(OH)
 
2
9.3.7Frolovite
Ca[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
9.3.8Korzhinskite
Ca(B
 
2
O
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
9.3.9Tyretskite
Ca
 
2
B
 
5
O
 
9
OH · H
 
2
O
9.3.10Nifontovite
Ca
 
3
B
 
6
O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
(H
 
2
O)
 
2
9.3.13Gowerite
Ca[B
 
5
O
 
8
(OH)][B(OH)
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
9.3.14Colemanite
Ca[B
 
3
O
 
4
(OH)
 
3
] · H
 
2
O
9.3.15Pentahydroborite
CaB
 
2
O(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
9.3.16Hexahydroborite
Ca[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
9.3.17Meyerhofferite
Ca
 
2
(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.3.18Priceite
Ca
 
2
B
 
5
O
 
7
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
9.3.19Ginorite
Ca
 
2
B
 
14
O
 
23
· 8H
 
2
O
9.3.20Probertite
NaCaB
 
5
O
 
7
(OH)
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
9.3.21Ulexite
NaCa[B
 
5
O
 
6
(OH)
 
6
] · 5H
 
2
O
9.3.22Hydroboracite
CaMg[B
 
3
O
 
4
(OH)
 
3
]
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.3.23Inderborite
CaMg(H
 
3
B
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
9.3.24Wardsmithite
Ca
 
5
Mg[B
 
4
O
 
7
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
9.3.25Henmilite
Ca
 
2
Cu[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
4
9.3.26Strontioborite
SrB
 
8
O
 
11
(OH)
 
4
9.3.27Veatchite
Sr
 
2
B
 
11
O
 
16
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
9.3.28Veatchite-A
Sr
 
2
B
 
11
O
 
16
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
9.3.29 P-Veatchite
9.3.30 Balavinskite
Sr
 
2
B
 
6
O
 
11
· 4H
 
2
O
9.3.31Tunellite
SrB
 
6
O
 
9
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.3.32Strontioginorite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
B
 
14
O
 
23
· 8H
 
2
O

Other Names for Inyoite

Other Languages:
German:Inyoit
Russian:Иниоит
Simplified Chinese:板硼钙石
板硼石
Spanish:Inyoita
Traditional Chinese:板硼鈣石
板硼石

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in hot water and dilute acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Inyoite

Reference List:

- +
Schaller, W.T. (1916), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates, USGS Bull. 610: 35-55.

Poitevin and Ellsworth (1921) Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 32.

Boldyreva (1936) Mater. Cent. Sc. Geol. Prosp. Inst., no. 1: 62. (Min. Abs. (1936): 6: 336).

Boky (1937) Bulletin de Académy des sciences de l'Union des Républiques Soviétiques Socialistes, Cl. sc. mat. nat., Ser. chim.: 871.

Boldyreva in: Godlevsky (1937) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 66: 315.

Nikolaev and Chelishcheva (1938) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 18: 431.

Chelishcheva (1940) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S: 18: 508.

Murdoch and Webb (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 549.

Acta Crystallographica: 12: 162-170.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 358-360.

Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 291.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Best Localities for Inyoite

Best of Species:Inyoite

Internet Links for Inyoite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Inyoite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Specimens:The following Inyoite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Inyoite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Susques Department
        • Coranzuli
    Dr, Jorge Dascal (Patagonia Minerals) specimens; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    • Salta
    CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    Smith, G.I. and Medrano, M.D. (2002) in: Boron, Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, p 274 (Mineralogical Society of America).
      • Salar Del Hombre Muerto
    Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
      • Sijes
    www.sijes.com.ar
    www.sijes.com.ar
    Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.
    Jewel Tunnel Import specimens.
    Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    Colorado School of Mines Geology Museum specimen
    Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • Albert Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Hants Co.
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 13, pp. 370-376 (1975)
    China
     
    • Qinghai Province
    Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Ngari Prefecture
        • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
    Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Yiwu Co. (Aratürük Co.)
    Renyi Chen, Haiguang Liu, and Wenyi Ma (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(1), 26-31
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
              • Fuka
    Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 99 (2004) , No. 2 April 67-71
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
      • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
    World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Peru
     
    • Arequipa Department
      • Arequipa Province
        • Arequipa
    Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:251
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Polar Yakutia
          • Dogdo River Basin
            • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm
    • Krasnodarskiy Kray
      • Taman Peninsula
    Dmitry Tonkacheev
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Eskişehir Province
        • Kirka
    CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya
    • Marmara Region
      • Balikesir Province
        • Bigadiç
    CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
          • Iskeleköy (Iskele)
    Meixner, H. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 445-455.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Amargosa Range
          • Black Mts
            • Monte Blanco
    Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1914): 4: 354-356; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 359; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 264.
    Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min.Encylopaedia, p.132.
          • Ryan
    Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916b), Inyoite and meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: USGS Bulletin 610: 35; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
    Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
      • Kern Co.
        • Kramer District
    www.mineralsocal.org
    Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229; California Division of Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (September 1969).
              • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corp.; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)
    Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 246.
      • Shasta Co.
        • Klamath Mts
          • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
            • Iron Mountain [town]
              • Iron Mountain
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10216041.
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