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Analcime

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Formula:
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:White, colourless, gray, ...
Lustre:VitreousHardness:5 - 5½
Member of:Zeolite Group
Name:Named in 1797 by Rene Just Haüy from the Greek ανάλκιμος ("analkimos"), "weak" or "without force", alluding to weak electrostatic charge developed when the mineral is heated or rubbed.


Zeolite Group. Analcime-Pollucite Series and the Analcime-Wairakite Series. The sodium analogue of Pollucite.

The aluminosilicate framework of the crystal structure does not change in topology at all. The reduction to various lower symmetries occurs because of slight changes in the ordering of Si and Al atoms and slight crumpling of the framework. Macroscopically, the crystals always look pseudocubic, apart from the very slight nonzero birefringence and fine lamellar twinning visible in the polarising microscope, because the ordering and crumpling happens in different directions in different lamellae, and over the whole crystal it averages out. Hence, the differences are far too slight to merit multiple species names, and analcime is a common example of a number of minerals which occur in multiple crystal system/space group varieties. The crystal structure topology and maximum possible symmetry of the idealised structure are what really matters. There is a slight analogy with hand specimen colour versus streak: a hand specimen can show a range of colours due to trace impurities, but these are diluted out in the small particles of the streak powder, so that only the true inherent colour of the material, much more constant, remains. (Andy Christy, 2010)

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Classification of Analcime

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.27-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.GB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th edition ID:77.1.1.1
Dana 8th edition ID:77.1.1.1

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.2.2

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
2 : Aluminosilicates of Na
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Type Occurrence of Analcime

Type Locality:Cyclopean Islands, Acitrezza (Aci Trezza), Etna Volcanic Complex, Catania Province, Sicily, Italy
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Natural History Museum, Paris, France, 13.77, H4154.

Occurrences of Analcime

Geological Setting:In the groundmass or vesicles of silica-poor intermediate and mafic igneous rocks, typically basalts and phonolites, from late-stage hydrothermal solutions, or disseminated due to deuteric alteration. In lake beds, altered from pyroclastics or clays, or as a primary precipitate; authigenic in sandstones and siltstones.

Physical Properties of Analcime

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:White, colourless, gray, pink, greenish, yellowish
Comment: colourless in thin section
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
on {100}
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):2.24 - 2.29 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.271 g/cm3

Crystallography of Analcime

Crystal System:Triclinic
Morphology:Crystals commonly trapezohedra {211}, to 25 cm. Also granular, compact, massive, typically showing concentric structure.
Twinning:Polysynthetic on {001} and {110}
Comment:May be cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic depending upon ordering. Cubic/pseudocubic cell parameter: a = 13.723-13.733 A, Z = 16.
Crystal Atlas:
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Analcime no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Analcime no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Analcime no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Analcime no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Analcime no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Analcime

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.479 - 1.493 nγ = 1.480 - 1.494
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.001

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:weak
Comments:Also isotropic.

Chemical Properties of Analcime

Formula:
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na2(Al2Si4O12)·2H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, Na, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, Na, O, Si

Relationship of Analcime to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Pollucite (see here)
Forms a series with Wairakite (see here)
Member of:Zeolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alflarsenite
NaCa
 
2
Be
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
13
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Na
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Direnzoite
NaK
 
6
MgCa
 
2
(Al
 
13
Si
 
47
O
 
120
) · 36H
 
2
O
Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
Epistilbite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrochiavennite
Ca
 
1-2
Fe[(Si,Al,Be)
 
5
Be
 
2
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
]•2H
 
2
O
Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
Gaultite
Na
 
4
Zn
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
· 5H
 
2
O
Gismondine
Gismondine-Ba
Ba
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 4-6H
 
2
O
Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Gottardiite
Na
 
3
Mg
 
3
Ca
 
5
Al
 
19
Si
 
117
O
 
272
· 93H
 
2
O
Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lovdarite
K
 
2
Na
 
6
Be
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
•9H
 
2
O
Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Na
Na
 
8
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
Mutinaite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
4
Si
 
85
Al
 
11
O
 
192
· 60H
 
2
O
Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Natrolite Subgroup
Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
Phillipsite-K
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Strontiohurlbutite
SrBe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Terranovaite
(Na,Ca)
 
8
(Si
 
68
Al
 
12
)O
 
160
· 29H
 
2
O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
Thomsonite-Sr
Na(Sr,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 7H
 
2
O
Tschernichite
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 4-8H
 
2
O
Tschörtnerite
Ca
 
4
(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)
 
3
Cu
 
3
[(OH)
 
2
|Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Common Associates:
QuartzPrehniteGlauconiteCalcite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.GB.05Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
9.GB.05Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
9.GB.05Lithosite
K
 
6
Al
 
4
Si
 
8
O
 
25
· 2H
 
2
O
9.GB.05Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
9.GB.05Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.GB.05Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.GB.05Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
9.GB.10Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
9.GB.15Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
9.GB.20Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
9.GB.25Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
9.GB.30Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
9.GB.35Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.2.1Albite
NaAlSi
 
3
O
 
8
16.2.3Ussingite
Na
 
2
AlSi
 
3
O
 
8
OH
16.2.4Paragonite
NaAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.2.5Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
16.2.6Tetranatrolite
16.2.7Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
16.2.8Ephesite
LiNaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.2.9Rectorite
(Na,Ca)Al
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
16.2.10Jadeite
Na(Al,Fe
3+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
16.2.11Brammallite
(Na,H
 
3
O)(Al,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
77.1.1.2Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
77.1.1.3Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Analcime

Synonyms:
AnalciditeAnalcineAnalciteCubiciteCubizite
CuboiteEudnophiteEuthaliteEuthalliteFive Islands Garnet
Other Languages:
Basque:Analzima
Dutch:Analciem
Finnish:Analsiimi
French:Analcime
German:Analcim
Analcidit
Analcit
Analzim
Cubicit
Cubizit
Cuboit
Euthalit
Euthalith
Euthallit
Kubizit
Hebrew:אנלציט
Hungarian:Analcim
Italian:Analcime
Luxembourgish:Analcim
Polish:Analcym
Russian:Анальцим
Simplified Chinese:方沸石
Slovak:Analcím
Spanish:Analcima
Analcidita
Analcita
Cubicita
Cubizita
Cuboita
Euthalita
Euthallita
Swedish:Analcim
Ukrainian:Анальцим
Varieties:
Cesian AnalcimeGermanate-analcime

Other Information

Electrical:Weakly piezoelectric, weakly electrostatic when rubbed or heated.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Analcime

Reference List:

- +
Haüy, R.-J. ( 1797): Analcime. Journal des Mines, 5, 278-279.

Mineralogical Record: 30: 5-6.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 184: 63-69.

Taylor, W.H. (1930), The structure of analcime (NaAlSi2O6·H2O): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 74: 1-19.

Coombs, D.S. (1955), X-ray investigation on wairakite and non-cubic analcime: Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 699-708.

Yoder, H.S. Jr. & C.E. Weir (1960), High-pressure form of analcime and free energy change with pressure of analcime reactions: American Journal of Science: 258A: 420-433.

Kim, K.T. & B.J. Burley (1971), Phase equilibria in the system NaAlSi3O8 - NaAlSiO4·H2O with special emphasis on the stability of analcime: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 8: 311-338, 549-558, 558-572.

Liou, J.G. (1971), Analcime equilibria, Lithos: 4: 389-402.

Ferraris, G., D.W. Jones, & J. Yerkess (1972), A neutron diffraction study of the crystal structure of analcime, NaAlSi2O6·H2O: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 135: 240-252.

Černý, P. (1974) The present status of the analcime-pollucite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 334-341.

Roux, J. & D. Hamilton (1976), Primary igneous analcime; an experimental study: Journal of Petrology: 17: 244-257.

Woolley, A.R. & R.F. Symes (1976), The analcime-phyric phonolites (blairmorites) and associated analcime kenytes of the Lupata Gorge, Mocanbique: Lithos: 9: 9-15.

Wilkinson, J.F.G. (1977), Analcime phenocrysts in a vitrophyric analcimite; primary or secondary?: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 64: 1-10.

Mazzi, F. and Galli, E. (1978), Is each analcime different?: American Mineralogist: 63: 448-460.

Hazen, R.M. & L.W. Finger (1979), Polyhedral tilting: A common type of pure displacive phase transition and its relationship to analcime at high pressure: Phase Transitions: 1: 1-22.

Kim, K.T. & B.J. Burley (1980), A further study of analcime solid solutions in the system NaAlSi3O8 - NaAlSiO4·H2O with particular note of an analcime phase transformation: Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 1035-1045.

Pechar, F. (1988), The crystal structure of natural monoclinic analcime (NaAlSi2O6·H2O): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 184: 63-69.

Luhr, J.F. and Kyser, T.K. (1989), Primary igneous analcime: The Colima minettes: American Mineralogist: 74: 216-223.

Teertstra, D.K. and Černý, P. (1992) Controls on morphology of analcime-pollucite in natural minerals, synthetic phases, and nuclear waste products. Crystal Research Technology: 27: 931-939.

Putnis, A., G. Giampaolo, & A. Graeme-Barber (1993), High temperature X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis of the dehydration of analcime, NaAlSi2O6·H2O EUG VII, Strasourg, France, Terra Abstracts: 5: 497.

Phillips, B.L. and Kirkpatrick, R.J. (1994) Short-range Al-Si order in leucite and analcime: determination of the configurational entropy from 27Al and variable-temperature 29Si NMR spectroscopy of leucite, its Cs- and Rb-exchanged derivatives, and analcime. American Mineralogist: 79: 1025-1031.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 volumes: 25.

Line, C.M.B. (1995), The behavior of water in analcime. PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Legache, M. (1995) New experimental data on the stability of the pollucite-analcime series: application to natural assemblages. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 319-323.

Line, C.M.B., Putnis, A., Putnis, C., and Gianpaolo, C. (1995), The dehydration kinetics and microtexture of analcime from two parageneses: American Mineralogist: 80: 268-279.

Goryainov, S.V., Fursenko, B.A., and Belitsky, I.A. (1996), Phase transition in analcime and wairakite at low-high temperature and pressure: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 23: 297-308.

Line, C.M.B., Dove, M.T., Knight, K.S., and Winkler, B. (1996), The low-temperature behavior of analcime: I. High-resolution neutron powder diffraction: Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 499-507.

Coombs, D.S., A. Alberti, T. Armbruster, G. Artioli, C. Colella, E. Galli, J.D. Grice, F. Liebau, J.A. Mandarino, H. Minato, E.H. Nickel, E. Passaglia, D.R. Peacor, S. Quartieri, R. Rinaldi, M. Ross, R.A. Sheppard, E. Tillmans & G. Vezzalini (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 1571-1606.

Kapusta, J. & R. Wlodka (1997), The X-ray powder diffraction profile analysis of analcimes from the teschenitic sills of the Outer Carpathians, Poland: Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 6: 241-255.

Kato, M. T. Hattori (1998), Ordered distribution of aluminum atoms in analcime: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 25: 556-565.

Takaishi, T. (1998), Ordered distribution of Al atoms in the framework of analcimes: Journal of the Chemical Society - Faraday Transactions: 94: 1507-1518.

Yokomori, Y. & S. Idaka (1998), The crystal structure of analcime: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials: 21: 365-370.

Cruciani, G. & A. Gualtieri (1999), Dehydration dynamics of analcime by in situ synchrotron powder diffraction: American Mineralogist: 84: 112-119.

Cheng, X., Zhao, P.D., and Stebbins, J.F. (2000), Solid state NMR study of oxygen site exchange and Al-O-Al site concentration in analcime: American Mineralogist: 85: 1030-1037.

Miroshnichenko Y.M. & S.V. Goryainov (2000), Raman study of high-pressure phase transitions in dehydrated analcime: Mineralogical Magazine: 64: 301-309.

Neuhoff, P.S., J.F. Stebbins, & D.K. Bird (2003): Si-Al disorder and solid solutions in analcime, chabazite, and wairakite: American Mineralogist: 88: 410-423.

Likhacheva, A.Y., Veniaminov, S.A., and Paukshtis, E.A. (2004): Thermal decomposition of NH4-analcime. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 31: 306-312.

Prelević, D., S.F. Foley, V. Cvetković, & R.L. Romer (2004): The analcime problem and its impact on the geochemistry of ultrapotassic rocks from Serbia: Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 633-648.

Gatta, G. Diego, Fabrizio Nestola, and Tizina Boffa Ballaran (2006): Elastic behavior, phase transition, and pressure induced structural evolution of analcime, American Mineralogist: 91(4): 568-578.

Chipera, S. J. & Bish, D. L. (2010): Rehydration kinetics of a natural analcime. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 787-795.

Internet Links for Analcime

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Analcime details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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