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Johannite

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Archduke John of Austria
Formula:
Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Emerald-green, ...
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Name:
After Archduke Johann (1782-1859) of Austria, founder of the Styrian Landesmuseum, Graz.
Compare also pseudojohannite.

Classification of Johannite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.EB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
E : Uranyl sulfates
B : With medium-sized cations
31.8.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
25.8.12

25 : Sulphates
8 : Sulphates of Sb, V, Cr and U
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2102.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Johannite

Year of Discovery:
1830

Physical Properties of Johannite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Emerald-green, apple-green
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 2½
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100} good.
Density:
3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.27 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Johannite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.54Å, b = 18.02Å, c = 6.84Å
α = 90°, β = 90.63°, γ = 110.62°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.918 : 1 : 0.38
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and thick tabular {100}. Subparallel or drusy aggregates; coatings; small spheroidal aggregates of lath-like fibers.
Twinning:
Twin axis [001], composition plane {010} or close to it. Both simple and lamellar, common.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.73 (10)
6.16 (9)
4.38 (6)
3.87 (7)
3.41 (8)
3.13 (7)
3.04 (7)

Optical Data of Johannite

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.572 - 1.577 nβ = 1.592 - 1.597 nγ = 1.612 - 1.616
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X = Colourless
Y = Light yellow
Z = Greenish or canary-yellow

Chemical Properties of Johannite

Formula:
Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Johannite to other Species

25.8.1Klebelsbergite(SbO)4(SO4)(OH)2
25.8.2CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
25.8.3PeretaiteCa(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
25.8.4CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2
25.8.5Minasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2O
25.8.6Stanleyite(V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2O
25.8.7Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
25.8.8Metauranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2O
25.8.9Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
25.8.10NatrozippeiteNa5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2O
25.8.11ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
25.8.13MagnesiozippeiteMg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
25.8.14ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O

Other Names for Johannite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Decomposed by water. Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Johannite

Reference List:
John (1821) Chem. Unters.: 5: 254 (as Uranvitriol).

Haidinger (1830) Edinburgh Jounral of Science: 4: 306 (as Johannit).

Haidinger (1830) Abhl. Böhm. Ges. Prague (as Johannit).

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 216.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman (1926) American Mineralogist: 11: 1.

Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 4 [2]: 648.

Nováček (1935) Soc. sc. Bohême, Mém., no. 7, Cl. 2.

Peacock (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 112.

Hurlbut (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 531.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 606-607.

American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 851.

Čejka, J., Urbanec, Z., Čejka, J., Jr., and Mrázek, Z. (1988) Contribution to the thermal analysis and crystal chemistry of johannite Cu[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2].8H2O. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1988): 159: 297-309.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Mereiter, K. (1982) Die Kristallstruktur des Johannites, Cu(UO2)2(OH)2(SO4)2·8H2O. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 30: 47-57.

Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Skála, R., Císařová, I., Hloušek, J., Frýda, J., Vavřín, I., Čejka, J., and Gabašová, A. (1997) New naturally occurring phases of secondary origin from Jáchymov (Joachimstal). Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 42: 7-107.

Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Gabašová, A., Hloušek, J., and Šrein, V. (2003) Supplement to secondary and rock-forming minerals of the Jachymov ore district. Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 48: 149-155.

Internet Links for Johannite

Specimens:
The following Johannite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Johannite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe Department
      • Pampa Amarilla District
Brodtkorb, M.K. de, Mineralogia y y consideraciones geneticas del yacimiento Huemul. Provincia de Mendoza. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 21 (3): 165-179. 1966
  • San Juan
    • Jáchal department
      • Villa Mercedes
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
D.A.Berkman (1968) The Geology of the Rum Jungle Uranium Deposit. Symposium on Uranium in Australia pg. 12-31
    • West Arnhem Region
      • Kakadu
Private Collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Funstellen, Jaroslav Hyrsl, Petr Korbel. 2008. page 375
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 607; Lapis 2002 (7/8): 51.
            • Rovnost Mine (Werner Mine)
J. Plášil, J. Hauser, V. Petříček, N. Meisser, S. J. Mills, R. Škoda, K. Fejfarová, J. Čejka, J. Sejkora, J. Hloušek, J.-M. Johannet, V. Machovič, and L. Lapčák (2012): Crystal structure and formula revision of deliensite, Fe[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2](H2O)7. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 2837-2860.
Petr Fuchs
    • Plzeň Region
      • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
        • Kasejovice
Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES. MS Thesis, Notre Dame University.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Pontivy
        • Guern
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
  • Limousin
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Saint-Just-en-Chevalet
        • Saint-Priest-la-Prugne
          • Les Bois-Noirs Mining Claim
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998; J.-J. Périchaud: "Où trouver les minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 1, Editions l'Instant Durable (Clermont-Ferrand), 1985, p. 92
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min. Encylopaedia, p.150
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
        • Wölsendorf East District
          • Schwarzach bei Nabburg
            • Wölsendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Annaberg-Buchholz
          • Frohnau
            • Schreckenberg
Thomas Witzke
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
No reference listed
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Condino
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2006). Rio Giulis. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Condino, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 152-165.
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
Slovenia
 
  • Todraž
Dolenec, T. (1985): Secondary uranium minerals from the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 32, 195-206 (in Serbo-Croatian); Dolenec, T., Lukacs, E. & Pecnik, M. (1979): Uranopilite, zippeite, and johannite - recently formed secondary uranium minerals of the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 26, 179-184.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
Am Min 88:4 pp 676-685
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Camborne
          • Tuckingmill
Paul De Bondt collection
        • Carn Brea
          • Basset Mines
            • Wheal Basset
No reference listed
          • Lower Carnkie
Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Pendeen
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
          • Bisbee
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 9.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Bagdad
          • Bozarth Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111, 263, 365, 387; Axelrod, J.M., et al (1951), The uranium minerals from the Hillside mine, Yavapai Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 36: 1-22; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 51, 52, 66.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Pinto Mts
        • Old Dale area
Saul, R.B., Evans, J.R., and Gray, C.H. (1970) Mines and mineral resources of Riverside County. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 9. Unpublished manuscript: 1209; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303, 516.
  • Colorado
[var: Gilpinite] Larsen, E.S. and Brown (1917) American Mineralogist: 2: 75; Ford, 1932 . Dana's Textbook of Mineralogy, 4th ed.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 606.
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min. Encylopaedia, p.150
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Eureka District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Nevada
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Uncompahgre Peak Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Montrose Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Cochetopa District (Cochetopa Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Middletown
Schooner, R. (1958): The mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam area in Connecticut (with a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). East Hampton and Branford, Conn.: Richard Schooner, Ralph Lieser, and Howard Pate.
Schooner (1958)
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Laguna District
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region; Kittel, Kelley Melancon (1966) Uranium Deposits of the Grants Region. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook pp 173-183
    • McKinley Co.
      • Grants District
Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES MS Thesis, Notre Dame University
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Green Vein Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Garfield Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
          • Chocolate Drop
Collected by and in the collections of Brent Thorne and Joe Marty; Plášil, j.,Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J., Škoda, R., Silva, S. & Čejka, J. (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine. 77, 2975-2988.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • White Canyon
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
          • Copper Point
Min Rec 2:210-211; Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES MS Thesis, Notre Dame University; USGS TEI #514; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp281-284
          • Deer Flat
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
          • Fry Mesa
Jakub Plášil, Karla Fejfarová, Radek Škoda, Michal Dušek, Joe Marty and Jiří Čejka (2013): The crystal structure of magnesiozippeite, Mg[(UO2)2O2(SO4)](H2O)3.5, from East Saddle Mine, San Juan County, Utah (U.S.A.). Mineral. Petrol. 107, 211-219.
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
          • Uracop - Sunrise (Scenic Group; B and I)
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
        • Woodenshoe Buttes
          • The Toe
            • Deer Flat
Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah. Utah Department fo Natural Resources Bulletin 117. Jan. 1981
    • Wayne Co.
      • Fremont District
        • Fruita
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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