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Johannsenite

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Formula:
CaMn2+Si2O6
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
blue-green, grey-white, ...
Hardness:
6
Name:
Named in 1932 by Waldemar Theodore Schaller in honor of Albert Johannsen [Belle Plaine, Iowa December 3, 1871 - January 11, 1962 Winter Park, Florida, USA], Professor and petrologist, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Johannsen's contribution are noteworthy. He established quantitative definitions of rock analysis and rock classifications as well as redesigning the petrographic microscope. His five volume Petrography of the Igneous Rocks is a classic in petrography.

Classification of Johannsenite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DA.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family
65.1.3a.4

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
14.18.18

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe
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Type Occurrence of Johannsenite

Physical Properties of Johannsenite

Colour:
blue-green, grey-white, dark brown, colourless
Streak:
white
Hardness (Mohs):
6
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Johannsenite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.87Å, b = 9.04Å, c = 5.27Å
β = 105.54°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.092 : 1 : 0.583
Unit Cell Volume:
V 453.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Johannsenite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.703 - 1.716 nβ = 1.711 - 1.728 nγ = 1.732 - 1.745
2V:
Measured: 68° to 70°, Calculated: 64° to 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of Johannsenite

Formula:
CaMn2+Si2O6
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mg,Na,K,C,P,H2O

Relationship of Johannsenite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Diopside (see here)
Forms a series with Hedenbergite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jervisite(Na,Ca,Fe2+)(Sc,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6
NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6
Omphacite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Al)Si2O6
PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Pigeonite(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)(Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
9.DA.05Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
9.DA.05EnstatiteMgSiO3
9.DA.05FerrosiliteFeSiO3
9.DA.10ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
9.DA.10ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
9.DA.10KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
9.DA.10Pigeonite(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)(Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
9.DA.15Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
9.DA.15DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
9.DA.15EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
9.DA.15HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
9.DA.15PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
9.DA.15DavisiteCaScAlSiO6
9.DA.15KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
9.DA.15GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg,Al)Si2O6
9.DA.20Omphacite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Al)Si2O6
9.DA.25AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
9.DA.25JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
9.DA.25Jervisite(Na,Ca,Fe2+)(Sc,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
9.DA.25KosmochlorNaCrSi2O6
9.DA.25NamansiliteNaMn3+Si2O6
9.DA.25NatalyiteNaV3+Si2O6
9.DA.30SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
14.18.1Nambulite(Li,Na)Mn4Si5O14(OH)
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OH
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
14.18.5Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2O
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2O
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn23+[(OH)2|H2Si4O13] · 2H2O
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2O
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
14.18.27SéranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn32+Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
14.18.36Dannemorite
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn32+(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3

Other Names for Johannsenite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Johannsenite

Reference List:
Schaller, W.T. (1938) Johansennite, a new manganese pyroxene. American Mineralogist: 23: 575-582.

Freed, R.L., Peacor, D.R. (1967) Refinement of the crystal structure of johansennite. American Mineralogist: 52 709-720.

Clark, J.R., Appleman, D.E., Papike, J.J. (1969) Crystal-chemical characterization of clinopyroxenes based on eight new structure refinements. MSA Special Paper: 2: 31-50.

Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., Zussman, J. (1997) Rock-Forming Minerals. Volume 2A, Geological Society of London, 764pp., 294-398.

Internet Links for Johannsenite

Specimens:
The following Johannsenite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Johannsenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Birch, W. D., ed. (1999): The minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council and Museum of Victoria, Broken Hill, Australia, 289 pp.
Bulgaria
 
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Ardino Obshtina
Marcus Voigt and Alfredo Petrov specimens
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
[MinRec 22 p.439]
Vassileva, R. D., Atanassova, R., & Bonev, I. K. (2009). A review of the morphological varieties of ore bodies in the Madan Pb-Zn deposits, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Geochem Mineral Petrol, 47, 31-49.
        • Krushev dol mine
Vassileva, R. D., & Василева, Р. Д. Compositional variation in the rhodonites from the metasomatic Pb-Zn deposits in Central Rhodopes Вариации в химичния състав на родонити от метасоматичните оловно-цинкови находища в Централните Родопи.
Vassileva, Rossitza D. , Bonev Ivan K. (2001):Manganoan amphiboles from the skarn-ore Pb-Zn deposits in the Madan district, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 38, pp 45-58; Vassileva, R. D., & Василева, Р. Д. Compositional variation in the rhodonites from the metasomatic Pb-Zn deposits in Central Rhodopes Вариации в химичния състав на родонити от метасоматичните оловно-цинкови находища в Централните Родопи.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Bucke Township
Reiner Mielke 2014
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Yongding Co.
Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216; Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Jiannan Liu, Chengyou Feng, Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Ye Xiao, Jianhou Zhou, and Yongshou Ma (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 77-93
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
Indonesia
 
  • Jawa Island (Java Island)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bandung
A.S. Subandrio, N.I. Basuki (2010) Alteration and Vein Textures Associated with Gold Mineralization at the Bunikasih Area, Pangalengan, West Java. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, Vol. 5 No. 4 Desember 2010: 247-261
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Graveglia Valley
        • Ne
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
[MinRec 32:356]
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Strona Valley
Bertolani, M. (1976): Il giacimento manganesifero di Ravinella di Sotto presso Forno (Valle Strona di Omegna).
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fersina Stream Basin
        • Baselga di Pinè
          • "Le Trote" ("La Trota")
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Lapis, 9 (2), 18-25.
-Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Ishikari Province
Mineral.Journ.Japan (1985) 12, 341-348; Economic Geology 93 (1998) 303-325.
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Kumaishi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Ono City
          • Nakatatsu mine
Tokunaga, M. (1965): Science Reports of the Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku, 9:67-87
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Shibata City
David Nieto specimen ; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Amagi-Yugashima
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minami-Alps City
          • Kohsai
A. Kato et al. , Bull. Minéral., 1981, 104, pp. 396-399, France.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Katsuyama
          • Teragohchi
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 65-72.
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Shitouyouze
Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.; Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Yamagata Prefecture
        • Yonezawa City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan); Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Mexico
 
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Mineral del Monte
      • Mineral del Monte (Mineral del Real del Monte; Real del Monte)
Panczner(1987):244.
  • Puebla
Akira Kato (2011) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 1 (April, 2011).
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Peru
 
  • Lima Department
    • Oyon Province
Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Probistip
Strmić Palinkas, Sabina and Tasev, Goran and Serafimovski, Todor and Palinkas, Ladislav and Šmajgl, Daniela and Peltekovski, Zlatko (2013) Ore-fluid evolution at the Sasa Pb-Zn skarn deposit, Republic of Macedonia. AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 2013, 1 (1). pp. 487-494. [http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/8626/1/Paper%20Strmic%20et%20al%20za%20E%20biblioteka%20OK.pdf]
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah ar Riyad
Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, vol. III num. 5
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Identified with XRD & SEM/EDS by Prof. Natale Perchiazzi, Pisa, Italy
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Lee, D. (1958) AN ANDRADITE-SPESSARTITE GARNET FROM PAJSBERG, SWEDEN. American Mineralogist 43:208-215
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Kuraminskii Range
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Dartmoor & Teign Valley District
        • Ilsington
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • McGrath District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 312; Simons, F.S. & E. Munson (1963), Johannsenite from the Aravaipa mining district, AZ, Am.Min.: 48: 1154-1158.
        • Pinaleño Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 263; Simons, F.S. & E. Munson (1963), Johannsenite from the Aravaipa mining district, AZ, Am.Min.: 48: 1154-1158.
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
            • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Patagonia District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 263.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Schaller, W.T.: Am.Min.:23:575-582 (1938); Dunn(1995):Pt3:434-435.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Central District
AmMin 38:883
Minerals of the Ground Hog Mine Grant County Ron Gibbs Rocks & Minerals 67:5 pp 294-297; Econ Geol (1987) 82:523-545
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 3rd Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1983) New Mexico Geology 5:84-85
  • Washington
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
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