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Anapaite

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Formula:
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:Green, greenish-white, ...
Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, GreasyHardness:
Name:Named by Arthur Sachs in 1902 for the type locality at Anapa, Taman Peninsula, Russia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Anapaite.

Classification of Anapaite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.19-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CH.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
H : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O < 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:40.2.1.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.14.14

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Anapaite

Type Locality:Zheleznyi Rog (Zheleznaya balka), Anapa, Taman Peninsula, Krasnodarskiy Kray, Russia
Year of Discovery:1902
Geological Setting of type material:In oolitic iron ore, and in the stems of fossil trees
Associated Minerals at type locality:
VivianiteSideriteMitridatiteLimoniteGoethite
CalciteAzovskite

Occurrences of Anapaite

Geological Setting:in lacustrine sediments. Occasionally in late-stage phosphate mineralization in granite pegmatite

Physical Properties of Anapaite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Green, greenish-white, milky white, colorless; colourless to light green in transmitted light.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Flexible
Cleavage:Perfect
On {001}, perfect; on {010}, distinct.
Density (measured):2.81 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.81 g/cm3

Crystallography of Anapaite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:P1
Space Group Setting:P1
Cell Parameters:a = 6.447Å, b = 6.816Å, c = 5.898Å
α = 101.64°, β = 104.24°, γ = 70.76°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.946 : 1 : 0.865
Unit Cell Volume:V 235.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Crystals are tabular to bladed on {110}, modified by {001}, {010}, {100}, {111}, {111}, {011}, to 1 cm. Commonly in rosettes and subparallel aggregates and crusts of crystals; fibrous, and in nodules.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.39 (35)
4.551 (35)
3.764 (100)
3.24 (40)
3.188 (45)
3.158 (70)
2.883 (75)
Comments:ICDD 34-148

Optical Data of Anapaite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.602 nβ = 1.613 nγ = 1.649
2V:Measured: 52° to 56°, Calculated: 60°
Birefringence:0.037
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.047

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v marked
Optical Extinction:X (-119°, 81°); Y (147°, 70°), Z (-6°, 21°)
Pleochroism:Not Visible

Chemical Properties of Anapaite

Formula:
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2·4H2O
Essential elements:Ca, Fe, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Fe, H, O, P

Relationship of Anapaite to other Species

Common Associates:
VivianiteSideriteGoethite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CH.05Walentaite
H(Ca,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
8.CH.15Picropharmacolite
Ca
 
4
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
8.CH.20Dittmarite
(NH
 
4
)Mg(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CH.20Niahite
(NH
 
4
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
8.CH.25Francoanellite
K
 
3
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
8.CH.25Taranakite
(K,NH
 
4
)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
8.CH.30Schertelite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
MgH
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CH.35Hannayite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg
 
3
H
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CH.40Struvite
(NH
 
4
)Mg(PO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
8.CH.40Struvite-(K)
KMg(PO
 
4
)·6H
 
2
O
8.CH.40Hazenite
KNaMg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 14H
 
2
O
8.CH.45Rimkorolgite
(Mg,Mn)
 
5
(Ba,Sr,Ca)(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CH.50Bakhchisaraitsevite
Na
 
2
Mg
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
8.CH.55Fahleite
Zn
 
5
CaFe
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 14H
 
2
O
8.CH.55Smolyaninovite
(Co,Ni,Mg,Ca)
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
· 11H
 
2
O
8.CH.60Barahonaite-(Al)
(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
12
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
8
(OH,Cl)
 
x
· nH
 
2
O
8.CH.60Barahonaite-(Fe)
(Ca,Cu,Na,Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
12
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
8
(OH,Cl)
 
x
· nH
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.14.1Cyrilovite
NaFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.2Kidwellite
NaFe
3+
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
11
· 3H
 
2
O
19.14.3Rosemaryite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)(Fe
3+
 
,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.14.4Wyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.14.6Natrodufrénite
NaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.7Leucophosphite
KFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.14.8Spheniscidite
(NH
 
4
,K)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.14.9Burangaite
NaFe
2+
 
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.10Satterlyite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
19.14.11Ushkovite
MgFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.14.12Garyansellite
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O) · 1.5H
 
2
O
19.14.13Thadeuite
Ca(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
19.14.15Xanthoxenite
Ca
 
4
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.14.16Calcioferrite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
19.14.17Mitridatite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.14.18Mélonjosephite
CaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
19.14.19Delvauxite
CaFe
 
4
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 4-6H
 
2
O not confirmed ·
19.14.20Collinsite
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.21Segelerite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.14.22Kingsmountite
Ca
 
4
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.14.23Vauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.14.24Metavauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.14.25Paravauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.14.26Sigloite
Fe
3+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
19.14.27Cacoxenite
Fe
3+
24
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
17
O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
· 17H
 
2
O
19.14.28Koninckite
Fe
3+
 
PO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
19.14.29Lazulite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.14.30Scorzalite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.14.31Souzalite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.32Gormanite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.14.33Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6

Other Names for Anapaite

Synonyms:
AnapäiteTamanite
Other Languages:
German:Anapait
Russian:Анапаит
Spanish:Anapaita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent
Other Information:Readily soluble in HCl and HNO3.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Anapaite

Reference List:

- +
Popoff (1902) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 37: 267 (as Tamanit).

Loczka (1902) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 37: 438.

Sachs (1902) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der): 18.

Popoff (1910) Academy of Science of St. Petersburg, Museum of Geology, Trav.: 4: 49.

Palache, C. (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 86: 280.

Chukhrov (1937) Transactions of the Lomonosoff Institute, Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R., no. 10: 131.

Wolfe, Caleb Wroe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 788.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 731-732.

Sitzungsberichte der Preussien Akademie der Wissenschaften: 1: 18-21.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 37: 438-441.

Bulletin de Mineralogie: 102: 314-318.

Internet Links for Anapaite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Anapaite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Anapaite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Anapaite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Anapaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Rhön
          • Bischofsheim
            • Sondheim
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Hesse
      • Darmstadt
        • Messel
    Aufschluss 1980(6), 192-204
    Aufschluss 1980(6), 192-204
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Arezzo Province
        • Valdarno (Val d'Arno)
          • Cavriglia
            • Santa Barbara lignite District
    No reference listed
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
    Cipriani N., Malesani P., Vannucci S. (1974) - L'anapaite della miniera di lignite della S. Barbara. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma pp. 663-671 and Mineralogical Record, 25 (4), 293-299.
    Leo Pasquini (1980) - Vivianite di S. Giovanni Valdarno - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 2, Milano
      • Florence & Arezzo Provinces
    Malawi
     
    http://www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/35malawi.PDF
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Clutha-Central Otago
        • Cromwell
    Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    Russia
     
    • Krasnodarskiy Kray
      • Taman Peninsula
        • Anapa
    Nikita Vladimirovich Chukanov (2005) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin. Mineralogical Almanac vol 8, 112pp.
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Lleida (Lérida)
        • Cerdanya
    No reference listed
    Rosell, J. (2014): "Barita en els nòduls d'anapaïta de la Cerdanya catalana. INFOMINER, 60. Edita Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona."
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 732.
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
          • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
            • Kerchenskoe deposit
              • Eltigen-Ortel' Trough
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 732.
    Arbuzov V.A. et al. (1967) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin (Kerchenskii Zhelezorydny Bassein)/ - Moscow:Nedra. - 576 h/ (Rus.)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data; Chukanov Nikita V. (2005) Minerals of the Kerch iron0ore basin in Eastern Crimea. - Mineralogical Almanac, vol.8, 109 p.
          • Novoselovka Village area
    Shnykov E.F. at al.(1971) Mud Volcanism and Ore Formation (Gryazevoi Vulkanizm i Rudoobrazovanie). Kiev:Naukova Dumka. 332 p. (Rus.)
    USA
     
    • California
      • Kings Co.
        • Corcoran
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 732; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 72; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000.
    • Nevada
      • Lyon Co.
        • Yerington District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    No reference listed
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