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Joséite

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Formula:
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
System:TrigonalColour:Silver-white, tarnishing ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:2
Member of:Tetradymite Group > Tetradymite Group
Name:Named for the Type Locality, San José, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Originally reported from San José mine, Mariana, Minas Gerais, Southeast Region, Brazil.

Possibly just tellurium-rich Ikunolite (see P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265).

See also Joséite-A and Joséite-B (both questionable), and Joséite-C (published without approval).

Classification of Joséite

IMA status:Not Approved
Explanation of status:Possibly just tellurium-rich Ikunolite (see P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265)
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.11-30

2 : Sulphides
D : Sulphides with metal: sulphur, selenium and tellurium < 1:1, Tellurides with Copper, Silver, Gold
11 : Tetradymite group, Ikunolite - Joseite-B series
Dana 7th edition ID:2.6.2.1
Dana 8th edition ID:2.6.2.1

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.7.30

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Physical Properties of Joséite

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:Silver-white, tarnishing to lead-grey
Streak:Grey
Hardness (Mohs):2
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=40 - 87
Hardness Data:Measured
Tenacity:Flexible
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {0001}! Flexible
Fracture:Micaceous
Density (measured):8.1 - 8.4 g/cm3

Crystallography of Joséite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}

Optical Data of Joséite

Type:Uniaxial
Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Distinct
Reflectivity:
8-54%nmR=8-54%


Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Peak reflectance is 8-54%.
Colour in reflected light:White

Chemical Properties of Joséite

Formula:
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi4TeS2
Essential elements:Bi, S, Te
All elements listed in formula:Bi, S, Te

Relationship of Joséite to other Species

Member of:Tetradymite Group > Tetradymite Group
Related Minerals - Strunz Grouping):

- +
2/D.11-10Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
2/D.11-20Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
2/D.11-35Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
2/D.11-40Pilsenite
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.7.1Patrónite
VS
 
4
3.7.2Duranusite
As
 
4
S
3.7.3Dimorphite
As
 
4
S
 
3
3.7.4Realgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.5Pararealgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.6Alacránite
As
 
8
S
 
9
3.7.7Uzonite
As
 
4
S
 
5
3.7.8Orpiment
As
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10Laphamite
As
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.11Getchellite
AsSbS
 
3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite
[(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
9
][As
 
4
S
 
5
]
3.7.13Pääkkönenite
Sb
 
2
AsS
 
2
3.7.14Stibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.15Metastibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.16Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.17Bismuthinite
Bi
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.18Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
3.7.19Guanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.21Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.22Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
3.7.23Poubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
3.7.24Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.25Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.26Tsumoite
BiTe
3.7.27Pilsenite
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
3.7.28Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
3.7.29Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
3.7.31Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
3.7.32Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
3.7.33Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
3.7.34Kawazulite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
3.7.36Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
3.7.37Kochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite
(Bi,Pb)
 
3
Te
 
4
3.7.39Aleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
3.7.40Junoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
2.6.2.2Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S

Other Names for Joséite

Synonyms:
Oruetite
Other Languages:
German:Joséit
Joséit-A
Ornetit
Simplified Chinese:硫碲铋矿
Spanish:Joséita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Joséite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 166-167.

American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 365-366.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1983): 112: 589-601.

P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265

Internet Links for Joséite

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  • Localities for Joséite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Auckland Co.
        • Whipstick
    Hooke, P. (1971). Report on Whipstick Molybdenum Mines, Far South Coast, N.S.W. for Planet Metals Limited
      • Gough Co.
    Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
    Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25.
    • Queensland
      • Biggenden Shire
    part of list University of Queensland
        • Delgilbo area
    Qld Dept of Mines,- mines records
    • Tasmania
      • Moina District (Middlesex District)
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
    Mueller, Andreas G.; Lawrance, Louisa M.; Muhling, Janet; Pooley, Gregory D. (2012): Mineralogy and PTX relationships of the Archean Hannan South Au-Cu (Co-Bi) deposit, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: thermodynamic constraints on the formation of a zoned intrusion-related skarn. Economic Geology 107, 1-24.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Zirknitz
            • Große Zirknitz valley
    Pichler, A. (2009): Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416
            • Kleine Zirknitz valley
              • Kluidscharte
    Pichler (2009)
        • Hafner group
          • Pölla valley
            • Lanisch
              • Arsenic mine
    Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.94
    Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
    PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Hollersbach valley
          • Scharnbachgraben
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Larecaja Province
        • Sorata
    [MinRec 32:474]
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
          • Cerro Tazna
    2cm crystals! Several analytical confirmations by Dr. Werner Paar; Excalibur Mineral Co....
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
    Kenngoth 1853
    • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Lajes
          • Bonfim farm
    Neto, J.A.S., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
      • Malko Târnovo Obshtina
        • Malko Târnovo ore field
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Kamloops Mining Division
        • Little Fort
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Nelson Mining Division
        • Salmo
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Smithers
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Osoyoos Mining Division
        • Hedley
    Dana's New Mineralogy; Fleischer M (1945) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 30, 644
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cape Breton Co.
        • Gabarus Bay
    Dennis, Frank A. R., "Petrology and Mineraliation of the Deep Cove Pluton, Gabarus Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", M.Sc. Thesis, Acadia University, September 1987.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
        • McQuesten
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Mayo Mining District
        • Mayo
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Tongling Prefecture
        • Shizishan ore field
    Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
        • Tongguanshan ore field
    Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
    • Fujian Province
      • Ningde Prefecture
        • Fu'an Co.
    http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM76/AM76_665.pdf
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Shuangyashan Prefecture
        • Baoqing Co.
    Zhixia Pei, Baolin He, Zhongliang Han, and Guiwu Ao (2004): Gold Geology 10(2), 28-32
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Anyuan Co.
    Zailin Zeng, Yongzhong Zhang, Zhenghui Chen, Yuchuan Chen, Xiangpei Zhu, Qiquan Tong, Binghua Zheng, and You Zhao (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 949-958
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
          • Qimantage Mtns
    Tong Pan and Fengyue Sun (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(1), 18-22; Chunyan Dong, Xiaoguo Chi, Fengyue Sun, and Yuan Zhang (2005): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 1(1), 29-33
    • Sichuan Province
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Shimian Co.
    Yuchuan Chen, Jianzhao Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Jingwen Mao, Baichuan Yang, and Yaonan Luo (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(2), 165-167; Jingwen Mao, Yuchuan Chen, Yunfen Lei, Jianxiong Zhou, and Baichuan Yang (1995): Scientia Geologica Sinica 30(1), 47-52; Chunqi Wen, Zhimin Cao, Baohua Li, and Xiaojun Luo (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 526-532
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
          • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
            • Baogutu
    Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Aš (Asch)
    Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
      • Pardubice Region
        • Hlinsko
          • Svratouch
    Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
    Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
    Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
      • South Moravia Region
        • Moravský Krumlov
    Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
    Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    Iran
     
    • Lorestan Province
      • Ashour Abad
    Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Fukui Prefecture
          • Obama City
    Mitsubishi Corporation mineral collection, Ikuno
      • Kanto Region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
    Shimizu et al (1999) Memoirs of Tochigi Prefectural Museum, 16, 89-101.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Osumi Peninsula
    Am. Min. 75:434-435 (1990)
      • Nansei Archipelago
        • Kagoshima Prefecture
          • Yakushima-cho
            • Yakushima Island
    XRD confirmation by Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo, and F. Keutsch, Harvard.
    Kazakhstan
     
    Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
    Morocco
     
    • Atlas Mtn
      • High Atlas Mtn
        • Tichka massif
    Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Ballangen
    Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 41-64; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 34
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Kaczawskie Mts
        • Radzimowice
          • Stara Góra
            • Stara Góra deposit
    1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52.
    Portugal
     
    • Bragança District
      • Macedo de Cavaleiros
        • Murçós
    Antunes, I.M.H.R., Gomes, M.E.P., Neiva, A.M.R., and Teixeira, R.J.S. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
      • Ditrău (Ditró)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
    [MinRec 32:8]
    Simanenko, L.F. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 290-303
        • Vostok
    Gvozdev, V. I., & Tsepin, A. I. (2005). Bismuth Mineralization in the Ores of the Vostok-2 Deposit (Primor'e Region, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits, 47(2), 132-145.
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Kunashir Island
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
        • Baksan valley
          • Tyrnyauz Mo-W deposit
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altaiskii Krai
        • Rudnyi Altai
    Eremin, N. I.; Okrugin, V. M.; Pozdnyakova, N. V.; Sergeeva, N. E. (1973): Mineralogy of the Strezhanskoe chalcopyrite-complex ore deposit at the Rudnii Altai. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya, 28, 58-75 (in Russian).
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Revúca Co.
        • Chyžné
    Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Košice Region
      • Michalovce Co.
    Bacsó,Z.,Ďuďa,R.,1988: Metalogenéza a rudné formácie rudného poľa Remetské Hámre. Min.Slovaca,Bratislava, 3, 193-220p
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
    S.M.C. Verryn et al. : "Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, NorthWest of Brits, Bushveld Complex", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 451-466.
    South Korea
     
    • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
      • Youngdong
    Econ Geol 92 (1997) 92:60-80
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Huelva
        • Alosno
          • Tharsis
            • Tharsis Mines
    Tornos, F., González Clavijo, E., and Spiro, B. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 150-169.
      • Málaga
        • Estepona
    Romero Silva,JC; Martos J; Navarro Garcia,JM (2012). La Mina Conchita de Estepona (Malaga). un raro yacimiento de metales complejos en Sierra Bermeja. Edita Anuario de Estudios sobre Ronda y la Serrania Takurunna nº2; año 2012 pag.9.
        • Mijas
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Falun
        • Svärdsjö
          • Svartvik Mines
    No reference listed
    • Småland
      • Vetlanda
        • Alseda
    No reference listed
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Persberg district
    No reference listed
    • Västerbotten
      • Boliden
    No reference listed
    • Västergötland
      • Vänersborg
        • Väne Ryr
    No reference listed
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Albigna Valley
    Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Mount's Bay District
          • Paul
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Carrock Fell
    BMS Database
        • South Western Region (Furness)
          • Coniston District
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Juneau Borough
        • Juneau District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Idaho
      • Custer Co.
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Battle Mountain District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washington
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Myer Creek District
          • Buckhorn Mountain
            • Southwest Zone and Gold Bowl (Crown Jewel) Zone
    http://www.pnwfm.org/newsletters/PNWFM_newsletter_0409.pdf
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.
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