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Silver-white, tarnishing ...
Named for the Type Locality, San José, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Originally reported from San José mine, Mariana, Minas Gerais, Southeast Region, Brazil.

Possibly just tellurium-rich Ikunolite (see P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265).

See also Joséite-A and Joséite-B (both questionable), and Joséite-C (published without approval).

Classification of Joséite

Not Approved
Explanation of status:
Possibly just tellurium-rich Ikunolite (see P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265)

2 : Sulphides
D : Sulphides with metal: sulphur, selenium and tellurium < 1:1, Tellurides with Copper, Silver, Gold
11 : Tetradymite group, Ikunolite - Joseite-B series
Dana 7th ed.:

6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Joséite

Silver-white, tarnishing to lead-grey
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=40 - 87
Hardness Data:
Perfect on {0001}! Flexible
8.1 - 8.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Joséite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:

Optical Data of Joséite


Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 8-54%.
Colour in reflected light:

Chemical Properties of Joséite

Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Joséite to other Species


Other Names for Joséite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:硫碲铋矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Joséite

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 166-167.

American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 365-366.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1983): 112: 589-601.

P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265

Internet Links for Joséite

Localities for Joséite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • New South Wales
    • Auckland Co.
      • Whipstick
Hooke, P. (1971). Report on Whipstick Molybdenum Mines, Far South Coast, N.S.W. for Planet Metals Limited
    • Gough Co.
Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25.
  • Queensland
    • Biggenden Shire
part of list University of Queensland
      • Delgilbo area
Qld Dept of Mines,- mines records
  • Tasmania
    • Moina District (Middlesex District)
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Mueller, Andreas G.; Lawrance, Louisa M.; Muhling, Janet; Pooley, Gregory D. (2012): Mineralogy and PTX relationships of the Archean Hannan South Au-Cu (Co-Bi) deposit, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: thermodynamic constraints on the formation of a zoned intrusion-related skarn. Economic Geology 107, 1-24.
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
Pichler, A. (2009): Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416
          • Kleine Zirknitz valley
            • Kluidscharte
Pichler (2009)
      • Hafner group
        • Pölla valley
          • Lanisch
            • Arsenic mine
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.94
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • La Paz Department
    • Larecaja Province
      • Sorata
[MinRec 32:474]
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
        • Cerro Tazna
2cm crystals! Several analytical confirmations by Dr. Werner Paar; Excalibur Mineral Co....
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
Kenngoth 1853
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Lajes
        • Bonfim farm
Neto, J.A.S., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Malko Târnovo Obshtina
      • Malko Târnovo ore field
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Little Fort
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Nelson Mining Division
      • Salmo
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Smithers
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Hedley
Dana's New Mineralogy; Fleischer M (1945) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 30, 644
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Gabarus Bay
Dennis, Frank A. R., "Petrology and Mineraliation of the Deep Cove Pluton, Gabarus Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", M.Sc. Thesis, Acadia University, September 1987.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
      • McQuesten
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Mayo
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Fujian Province
    • Ningde Prefecture
      • Fu'an Co.
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Shuangyashan Prefecture
      • Baoqing Co.
Zhixia Pei, Baolin He, Zhongliang Han, and Guiwu Ao (2004): Gold Geology 10(2), 28-32
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Anyuan Co.
Zailin Zeng, Yongzhong Zhang, Zhenghui Chen, Yuchuan Chen, Xiangpei Zhu, Qiquan Tong, Binghua Zheng, and You Zhao (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 949-958
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Tong Pan and Fengyue Sun (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(1), 18-22; Chunyan Dong, Xiaoguo Chi, Fengyue Sun, and Yuan Zhang (2005): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 1(1), 29-33
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Shimian Co.
Yuchuan Chen, Jianzhao Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Jingwen Mao, Baichuan Yang, and Yaonan Luo (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(2), 165-167; Jingwen Mao, Yuchuan Chen, Yunfen Lei, Jianxiong Zhou, and Baichuan Yang (1995): Scientia Geologica Sinica 30(1), 47-52; Chunqi Wen, Zhimin Cao, Baohua Li, and Xiaojun Luo (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 526-532; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
    • Pardubice Region
      • Hlinsko
        • Svratouch
Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
    • South Moravia Region
      • Moravský Krumlov
Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Lorestan Province
    • Ashour Abad
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Obama City
Mitsubishi Corporation mineral collection, Ikuno
    • Kanto Region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Shimizu et al (1999) Memoirs of Tochigi Prefectural Museum, 16, 89-101.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Osumi Peninsula
Am. Min. 75:434-435 (1990)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
          • Yakushima Island
XRD confirmation by Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo, and F. Keutsch, Harvard.
Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
  • Atlas Mtn
    • High Atlas Mtn
      • Tichka massif
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 41-64; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 34
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Radzimowice
        • Stara Góra
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52.
  • Bragança District
    • Macedo de Cavaleiros
      • Murçós
Antunes, I.M.H.R., Gomes, M.E.P., Neiva, A.M.R., and Teixeira, R.J.S. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
            • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
Simanenko, L.F. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 290-303
      • Vostok
Gvozdev, V. I., & Tsepin, A. I. (2005). Bismuth Mineralization in the Ores of the Vostok-2 Deposit (Primor'e Region, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits, 47(2), 132-145.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands
        • Kunashir Island
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan valley
        • Tyrnyauz Mo-W deposit
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
Eremin, N. I.; Okrugin, V. M.; Pozdnyakova, N. V.; Sergeeva, N. E. (1973): Mineralogy of the Strezhanskoe chalcopyrite-complex ore deposit at the Rudnii Altai. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya, 28, 58-75 (in Russian).
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
  • Košice Region
    • Michalovce Co.
Bacsó,Z.,Ďuďa,R.,1988: Metalogenéza a rudné formácie rudného poľa Remetské Hámre. Min.Slovaca,Bratislava, 3, 193-220p
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
South Korea
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Youngdong
Econ Geol 92 (1997) 92:60-80
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Alosno
        • Tharsis
          • Tharsis Mines
Tornos, F., González Clavijo, E., and Spiro, B. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 150-169.
    • Málaga
      • Estepona
Romero Silva,JC; Martos J; Navarro Garcia,JM (2012). La Mina Conchita de Estepona (Malaga). un raro yacimiento de metales complejos en Sierra Bermeja. Edita Anuario de Estudios sobre Ronda y la Serrania Takurunna nº2; año 2012 pag.9.
      • Mijas
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
      • Svärdsjö
        • Svartvik Mines
No reference listed
  • Småland
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Boliden
No reference listed
  • Västergötland
    • Vänersborg
      • Väne Ryr
No reference listed
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Paul
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
        • Caldbeck Fells
          • Carrock Fell
BMS Database
      • South Western Region (Furness)
        • Coniston District
BMS Database
  • Alaska
    • Juneau Borough
      • Juneau District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Myer Creek District
        • Buckhorn Mountain
          • Southwest Zone and Gold Bowl (Crown Jewel) Zone
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.
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