Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kalinite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmed
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White to pale blue
Hardness:
2
Name:
For its potassium content (kalium).
Currently valid, but non-existent species (Uwe Kolitsch, discreditation proposal to be submitted to IMA).

Classification of Kalinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Explanation of status:
Identical with potassium alum (Uwe Kolitsch, discreditation proposal to be submitted to IMA)
7.CC.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.5.4.2

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
25.6.16

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2137.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Kalinite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
White to pale blue
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Density:
1.75 g/cm3 (Measured)    2 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Kalinite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 19.92(16) Å, b = 9.27(3) Å, c = 8.304(13) Å
β = 98.79(19)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.149 : 1 : 0.896
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,515.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

Optical Data of Kalinite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.430 nβ = 1.452 nγ = 1.485
2V:
Measured: 52° , Calculated: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Kalinite

Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmed
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Empirical Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O

Relationship of Kalinite to other Species

7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50Zincblödite
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)
25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
25.6.9Basaluminite
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O

Other Names for Kalinite

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kalinite

Reference List:
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 652.

Weisbach, Albin (1875) Synopsis mineralogical, systematische Übersicht des Mineralreiches. 78 pp., Freiberg: 9.

Winchell, A. (1931) The Microscopic Characters of Artificial Inorganic Solid Substances or Artificial Minerals. Second edition, 403 pp., New York and London.: 259 (as Potassalumite).

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 471.

Internet Links for Kalinite

Localities for Kalinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • San Juan
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Macizo del Deseado
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973; R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
      • Decazeville
        • Decazeville coal basin
http://membres.lycos.fr/cgineste/aveyron/h_embrasee.html
http://www.pangeaminerals.com/aveyron/houiller/houiller.htm
  • Nord-Pas-de-Calais
    • Pas-de-Calais
Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Pozzuoli
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
Fadda, A.F.(1989): Sardegna pietre dure e minerali. CO.EDI.SAR. Cagliari
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Bay of Plenty
R.MARTIN, K.A.RODGERS, P.R.L.BROWNE The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), pp. 413-419
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
        • Orakeikorako Thermal Area
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Gay
P.M. Kartashov data
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Minerals of South Africa
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chisana District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
  • California
    • Alpine Co.
      • Silver Mountain District
        • Silver Mountain
Williams, A., Jr. (1883), Mineral resources of the United States: Mineral Resources US, 1882, XI, 813 pp.: 606; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Telegraph City
Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1867a), A notice of the peculiar mode of the occurrence of gold and silver in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, and especially at Whiskey Hill, in Placer County, and Quail Hill, in Calaveras County, California: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 351; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Fresno Co.
      • Coalinga
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Coso Mts (Coso Range)
        • Coso District (New Coso District)
          • Coso Hot Springs
Rogers, Austin Flint (1912), Notes on rare minerals from California: Columbia University, School of Mines Quarterly: 33: 376; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
      • Owens Valley
        • Olancha
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
Williams, A., Jr. (1885), Mineral resources of the United States: Mineral Resources US, 1883-84, vol. 14, 1016 pp.: 949; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Los Angeles Co.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 68; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Mono Co.
      • Bodie Hills
        • Bodie District
          • Bodie
Whiting, H.A. (1888), Mono County, California: California Mining Bureau. Report 8: 356; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
      • White Mts
        • White Mountain Peak
Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 37-38; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Napa Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • Calistoga District (Silverado District)
          • Angwin
Williams, A., Jr. (1883), Mineral resources of the United States: Mineral Resources US, 1882, XI, 813 pp.: 606; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Placer Co.
      • Lincoln
Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1867a), A notice of the peculiar mode of the occurrence of gold and silver in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, and especially at Whiskey Hill, in Placer County, and Quail Hill, in Calaveras County, California: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 351; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
      • Ophir District (Auburn District)
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 68; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Larsen, Esper Signius (1921), The microscopic determination of nonopaque minerals: USGS Bulletin 679, 294 pp.: 94; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • Lompoc
Martinez, José Longinos (1938), California in 1792 (Transactions L.B. Simpson, San Marino, California): 111 pp.: 39; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
          • Hood Mountain Regional Park
Mining and Scientific Press (1869), Mineralogical and geological notices: Mining and Scientific Press: 18: 264; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 68; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Georgia
    • Rabun Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
        • Kofford Ridge
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Alum District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Sulphur District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH, Part III
    • Grafton Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH, Part III
    • Hillsborough Co.
Morrill, 1960. New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.
John H. Betts (2009) "The minerals of New York City", Rocks & Minerals, 84, 204-240.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Lead District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Pennington Co.
      • Mystic
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Antelope Range
        • Henry District
Harvard Museum of Natural History spec. no. 109486
  • Virginia
    • Carroll Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
Copyright © mindat.org 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 25, 2015 16:29:33 Page generated: January 22, 2015 04:28:18