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Kalsilite

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Formula:
KAlSiO4
System:
Hexagonal
Hardness:
6
Name:
The name reflects its chemical composition: potassium (latin, kalium), aluminium and silicium
This page provides mineralogical data about Kalsilite.

Classification of Kalsilite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.FA.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
76.2.1.1

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
16.3.3

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
3 : Aluminosilicates of K
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2142.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Kalsilite

Year of Discovery:
1942

Physical Properties of Kalsilite

Hardness (Mohs):
6

Crystallography of Kalsilite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P63 2 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.1589Å, c = 8.6682(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.68
Unit Cell Volume:
V 199.79 ų
Comment:
Date from Uchida et al. (2006); previous studies have provided several space groups for kalsilite: P6322 (Bannister and Hey, 1942), P63 (Perrotta et al., 1965), P63mc (Dollase and Freeborn, 1977), and P31c (Cellai et al., 1997).
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kalsilite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.538 - 1.543 nε = 1.532 - 1.537
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of Kalsilite

Formula:
KAlSiO4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Ca,Na

Relationship of Kalsilite to other Species

9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.05Nepheline(Na,K)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30CelsianBaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.30MicroclineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30SanidineKAlSi3O8
9.FA.30Rubicline(Rb,K)AlSi3O8
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35AlbiteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
9.FA.40ParacelsianBaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNaAlSi3O8
9.FA.50Slawsonite(Sr,Ca)Al2Si2O8
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16
9.FA.60BanalsiteBaNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.60StronalsiteSrNa2[Al2Si2O8]2
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
9.FA.75KokchetaviteKAlSi3O8
16.3.1LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2O
16.3.2KaliophiliteKAlSiO4
16.3.4LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
16.3.5MicroclineKAlSi3O8
16.3.6OrthoclaseKAlSi3O8
16.3.7SanidineKAlSi3O8
16.3.8MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Other Names for Kalsilite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kalsilite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1943): 28: 62.

Liu, L. (1978) High-pressure phase transitions of kalsilite and related potassium bearing aluminosilicates. Geochemical Journal: 12: 275-277.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 19.

American Mineralogist (1997): 82: 276-279.

Mineralogical Magazine: 35: 588-595.

H. UCHIDA, R.T. DOWNS, H. YANG (2006): Crystal-chemical investigation of kalsilite from San Venanzo, Italy, using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70, A677.

A. Kremenovic and P. Vulic (2014): Disordered kalsilite KAlSiO4. Acta Crystallogr. C70, 256-259.


Internet Links for Kalsilite

Localities for Kalsilite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Azerbaijan
 
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Amorinópolis
http://iavcei2004.free.cl/abstracts/Brod_ibxobhffgsxhpfgphnspm.doc.
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(3):417-420 (2000)
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Can. Min. 35, 53-78.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
PHILPOTTS, A.R., PATTISON, E.F. & FOX, J.S. (1967) Kalsilite, diopside and melilite in a sedimentary xenolith from Brome Mountain, Quebec. Nature 214, 1322-1323.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kivu
    • Goma
Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.
Mineral. Mag. (1958) 31 (2), 698-699.; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°85, pp: 3-58
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Hinterweiler
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Gerolstein
        • Roth
Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2001
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
            • Southern lava flow
              • Mayener Feld
Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, 2. edition, Weise Verlag
Greenland
 
  • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    • Kangerlussuaq Firth
      • Prinsen af Wales Bjerge
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Visakhapatnam District
Gondwana Research 3(1): 65-77.
Israel
 
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Italy
 
  • Abruzzo
    • L'Aquila Province
      • Carsoli
        • Pietrasecca
Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Latium
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
    • Rome Province
      • Alban Hills
        • Marino
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa.F., Wolley A.R. and Bailey K. (2004). Extrusive carbonatites and their meaning: the case of Italy. 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence - Italy, August 20-28, 2004, pag. 7-8. L. Terrazzi Ed., Firenze, 2004
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Cingolani, G. (1974): Eccezionali cristalli di Kalsilite a S. Venanzo (Umbria). Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 3/1974, 66-67.; Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V., and Cundari, A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 27-45.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Joachim Esche collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD + EDS)
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
Konev A A, Vorobjev E I, Sapozhnikov A N, Piskunov L F, Ushchapovskaya Z F (1995) Odintsovite – K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38 – a new mineral from Murunsky massif, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 124, issue 5, 92-96
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
            • Ditmar stream
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Ageeva, O. A. and Borutzky, B. Y. (2004) Kalsilite In The Rocks Of Khibiny Massif: Morphology, Paragenesis, Genetic Conditions. New Data on Minerals 39:40-49
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Ageeva, O. A. and Borutzky, B. Y. (2004) Kalsilite In The Rocks Of Khibiny Massif: Morphology, Paragenesis, Genetic Conditions. New Data on Minerals 39:40-49
        • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
Uganda
 
  • Gomba District
Bannister F A, Hey M H (1942) Kalsilite, a polymorph of KAlSiO4, from Uganda, Mineralogical Magazine 26, 218-225
Mineral and/or Locality  
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