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Kamphaugite-(Y)

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Formula:
Ca(Y,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
System:TetragonalColour:White to colorless
Hardness:2 - 3
Name:Named after the Norwegian Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000) a mineral collector who supplied the first specimens for study.


Related to tengerite-(Y) and similar minerals.

Classification of Kamphaugite-(Y)

IMA status:Approved 1987
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/E.08-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.DC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.1.7.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1
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Type Occurrence of Kamphaugite-(Y)

Type Locality:Hørtekollen, Sylling, Lier, Buskerud, Norway
General Appearance of Type Material:Platy crystals up to 1 mm across forming divergent or rose-like aggregates, sometimes small spherules.
Geological Setting of type material:In cavities of a magnetite-helvite skarn deposit.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
WollastoniteTourmalineSphaleriteScoroditeRhodonite
QuartzPyroxene GroupMontmorilloniteMolybdeniteHeulandite-Ca
HemimorphiteHelvineGrossularGalenaFluorite
EpidoteChabaziteCalciteBiotiteApatite
Amphibole SupergroupAllaniteAlkali Feldspar

Physical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:White to colorless
Comment:Spherules may be pale yellow to brown
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3
Hardness Data:Estimated
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven

Crystallography of Kamphaugite-(Y)

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:P41 21 2
Space Group Setting:P41 21 2
Cell Parameters:a = 7.434Å, c = 21.793Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.932
Unit Cell Volume:V 1205.2 ų
Z:8
Morphology:Forms observed: {001} and probably {100} and {110}
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.140(100)
4.381(80)
3.516(60)
2.831(50)
2.631(90)
1.891(30)

Optical Data of Kamphaugite-(Y)

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.663 nε = 1.627
2V:Measured: 15°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.036

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:not observed
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)

Formula:
Ca(Y,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH)·H2O
Essential elements:C, Ca, H, O, Y
All elements listed in formula:C, Ca, H, O, Y
Analytical Data:Means of 5 sets of electron microprobe data
Y2O3 30.5
Nd2O3 1.4
Sm2O3 0.8
Gd2O3 1.6
Dy2O3 2.1
Er2O3 1.2
Yb2O3 1.1
CO2 29.6
H2O 12.1
Total 98.8 wt.%
Empirical Formula:
Ca1.98(Y1.63Dy0.07Gd0.05Nd0.05Er0.04Yb0.03Sm0.03)∑1.90(CO3)4.06(OH)1.54∙3.28H2O

Relationship of Kamphaugite-(Y) to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.DC.05Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)
Pb(Nd,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)
Sr(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(La)
(La,Nd)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.15Sheldrickite
NaCa
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
3
· H
 
2
O
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)
(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO
 
3
)(OH)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.30Clearcreekite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.35Niveolanite
NaBe(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Kamphaugite-(Y)

Synonyms:
IMA1987-043
Other Languages:
Russian:Камфаугит-(Y)
Simplified Chinese:碳钇钙石
Traditional Chinese:碳釔鈣石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kamphaugite-(Y)

Reference List:

- +
- Raade, G. & Brastad, K. (1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683
- Rømming, C., Kocharian, A.K. & Raade, G. (1993): The crystal structure of kamphaugite-(Y). European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 685-690
- Mandarino, J.A. (1997): New Minerals 1990-1994. The Mineralogical Record Inc, Tucson 1997
- Mineralogical Magazine (2006): 70: 397-404.

Internet Links for Kamphaugite-(Y)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Kamphaugite-(Y) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Kamphaugite-(Y)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Olary Province
        • Yunta
    [C. Kovac, pers com]
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Outaouais
        • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
          • Val-des-Monts
            • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
    Hogarth, D.D. (1972): The Evans-Lou pegmatite, Québec: a unique yttrium-niobium-bismuth-vanadium mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record, 3, 69-77.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Bükk Mtns
        • Szarvaskő
    GEODA, "New minerals in Hungary" 1999; Fehér, B., Szakáll, S. & Nagy, G. (2003): Kamphaugite-(Y), a rare hydrous Ca-Y-carbonate mineral from Szarvaskő, Bükk Mountains, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, 1, p. 30.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Baveno
          • Oltrefiume
            • Mount Camoscio
    Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
    Sergio Varvello
    • Sardinia
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
    Orlandi, P. (2011) - Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana: parte seconda - Micro, Periodico dell'AMI,9,99.
        • La Maddalena
          • La Maddalena Island
    Gamboni, A. (2003): Cala Francese - La Maddalena (SS). Micro (località), 2003, 11-20
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Kyoto Prefecture
          • Kameoka City
    Tsuruta et al. (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 146.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Tarbagatai Range
        • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
    Stepanov, A.V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkali granites of Kazakhstan. Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Isledovatelskogo Insituta Mineralnogo Syrya, 5, 147-161.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Swakopmund District
        • Arandis
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
    • Khomas Region
      • Gamsberg Area
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 619 (in English)
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Iveland
        • Frikstad
    K. Eldjarn, pers. com. to P. Andresen, 2004./ Revheim, O. (2006): Slobrekka, Iveland, Del 1. STEIN 33 (4), 53-55
        • Ljosland
          • Knipan (Knipane)
    Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
    • Buskerud
      • Lier
        • Sylling
    Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683
    • Nordland
      • Tysfjord
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Telemark
      • Drangedal
        • Tørdal
    Thomas Witzke collection
    Raade, Sæbø, Austrheim & Kristiansen (1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection
      • Kragerø
    Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683 + Ljøstad, O.T. (1994): Kamphaugitt-(Y)- det nyest beskrevne mineralet fra Norge. STEIN 21 (2), 143-144
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Tvedalen
          • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Polar Yakutia
          • Cherskii range system
            • Selennyakh range
              • Tommot river
    no reference
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Keivy Mountains
            • Western Keivy Massif
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
    VERWOERD, W.J. (2008) Kamphaugite-(Y) from the Goudini carbonatite, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1007-1022.
    Spain
     
    • Madrid
      • Cadalso de los Vidrios
    Menor, C (2007). Kamphaugite-(Y) in Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid). Mineral Up, 2007-2, 48-49.
    Min. Mag. 70(4),397-404(2006)
    Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
    USA
     
    • Maine
      • Hancock Co.
        • Mount Desert
    King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 2, Addenda.
    • Massachusetts
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Ashland
    Médard E, Cristofono P, Henderson W A (2007) Kamphaugite-(Y) from Ashland, MA (MMNE Newsletter 284:2-5)
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