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Ancylite-(Ce)

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Formula:
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Light yellow, ...
Hardness:4 - 4½
Member of:Ancylite Group
Name:From the Greek αγκυλός ("ankylos") for "curved", in allusion to its usually rounded and distorted crystal shapes at the type locality, plus the "-(Ce)" suffix due to cerium being the dominant REE in the composition.


The strontium analogue of Calcioancylite-(Ce). The cerium analogue of Ancylite-(La).
See also Gysinite-(Nd).

Classification of Ancylite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/E.08-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.DC.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.1.1.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.18

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Ancylite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Narsaarsuk pegmatite (Narssârssuk pegmatite), Narsaarsuk Plateau, Igaliku (Igaliko), Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland
General Appearance of Type Material:Druses
Place of Conservation of Type Material:University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Geological Setting of type material:Pegmatitic veinlets in nepheline-syenite.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
ZirconSynchysite-(Y)MicroclineEudidymiteCordylite-(Ce)
AlbiteAegirine

Occurrences of Ancylite-(Ce)

Geological Setting:An uncommon accessory mineral in some nepheline syenites and carbonatites.

Physical Properties of Ancylite-(Ce)

Lustre:Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Comment:Vitreous to dull on crystal faces, greasy on fracture surfaces.
Colour:Light yellow, orange-yellow, yelow-brown, grey
Comment:colourless in transmitted light
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Splintery
Density (measured):3.95 g/cm3

Crystallography of Ancylite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.97–5.03Å, b = 8.49–8.53Å, c = 7.24–7.29Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.585 : 1 : 0.853
Unit Cell Volume:V 305.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Faces frequently dull. Aggregates and crusts of small rounded crystals. Crystals are typically pseudo-octahedral {111}, modified by {120}, with curved faces, or short prismatic [001], to 6 mm.
Comment:Space group Pmcn
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Ancylite-(Ce)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.625 nβ = 1.700 nγ = 1.735
2V:Measured: 66° , Calculated: 66°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.110

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of Ancylite-(Ce)

Formula:
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:SrCe(CO3)2(OH)·H2O
Essential elements:C, Ce, H, O, Sr
All elements listed in formula:C, Ce, H, O, Sr

Relationship of Ancylite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Ancylite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Ancylite-(La)
Sr(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
Kozoite-(La)
(La,Nd)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
Kozoite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
Common Associates:
Synchysite-(Y)Parisite-(Ce)MicroclineEudidymiteCordylite-(Ce)
Aegirine
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)
Pb(Nd,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)
Sr(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(La)
(La,Nd)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.10Kamphaugite-(Y)
Ca(Y,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.15Sheldrickite
NaCa
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
3
· H
 
2
O
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)
(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO
 
3
)(OH)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.30Clearcreekite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.35Niveolanite
NaBe(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Ancylite-(Ce)

Synonyms:
Unnamed (MSH UK-10)Unnamed (MSH UK-3)
Other Languages:
German:Ankylith-(Ce)
Russian:Анкилит-(Ce)
Simplified Chinese:碳锶铈矿
Traditional Chinese:碳鍶鈰礦

Other Information

Other Information:Readily soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ancylite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
FLINK, G. (1898a) Berättelse om en mineralogisk resa I Syd-Grönland sommaren 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland, 14, 221-262.
FLINK, G. (1899) Part I. On the minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in Southern Greenland. 8-180, In: FLINK, G.,
BØGGILD, O.B., and WINTHER, C. (1901) Undersøgelser af Mineraler fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897, Part II. On some minerals from the Nepheline-Syenite at Julianehaab, Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, 24, 1-213.
DAL NEGRO, A., ROSSI, G., and TAZZOLI, V. (1975) The crystal structure of ancylite, (RE)x(Ca,Sr)2 x(CO3)2(OH)x(2 x)H2O. American Mineralogist, 60, 280 284.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 39.

Tschernik (1923) Bull. de l'académie des sciences Russie: (6): 17: 81.

Gordon (1925) Proceedings of the Academy of Science, Philadelphia: 77: 1.

Belovitskaya, Yu. V.; Pekov, I. V.; Gobechiya, E. R.; Yamnova, N. A.; Kabalov, Yu. K.; Chukanov, N. V.; Schneider, J. (2002): Crystal structures of two ancylite modifications. Crystallography Reports 47, 223-228.

Internet Links for Ancylite-(Ce)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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    Localities for Ancylite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    A.R. Kampf
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Poços de Caldas
    ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
    Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    [MinRec 15:264]; American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 81–87, 2008; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice river, British Columbia, Grice, Gault, 1981; Mineralogical Record 12 221-226; Zeolites of the World, R. Tschernich, 1992 (142,360); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.22, pp. 253-258 (1984)
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Wicheeda Lake
    Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Carb Lake Area
    SAGE, R.P. (1983) Geology of the Carb Lake carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5399, 68p.
        • Squash Lake Area
    Harris (1972)
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Deux-Montagnes RCM
          • Oka
    Gold (1969); Gaston Pouliot (1970) Study of carbonatitic calcites from Oka, Quebec. Can Mineral 10:511-540
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    CHAO, G.Y., HARRIS, D.C., HOUNSLOW, A.W., MANDARINO, J.A., and PERRAULT, G. (1967) Minerals from the nepheline syenite, Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 109 123. HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
      • Montréal
    Canadian Museum of Nature collection
    Sabina (1978) DSC Papper 78-1A, 253-254;
    China
     
    • Shandong Province
      • Jining Prefecture
        • Weishan Co.
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Zruč nad Sázavou (Srutsch an der Sasau)
    Uranium Deposits, B. Kribek & J. Zeman (eds) © Czech Geological Survey, Prague, ISBN 80-7075-583-0: 53-56.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
    Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Enontekiö
    Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
          • Sokli carbonatite complex
    Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narsaarsuk Plateau
    Meddelelser om Grønland (1900): 24: 49; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.160-161); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 286, 292; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 280; Mineralogical Record: 2: 18; Mineralogical Record: 5: 119.
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Hosszúhetény
    www.geomania.hu
    India
     
    • Tamil Nadu
      • Teni District
    Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
    Norway
     
    • Akershus
      • Nittedal
    L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo(in Norwegian), p. 24.
    • Aust-Agder
      • Iveland
        • Frikstad
    Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p.335
    Revheim, O. (2006): Slobrekka, Iveland, Del 1. STEIN 33 (4), 53-55
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 103
    Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. (with a chapter on the minerals pp 332-370)
    • Nord-Trøndelag
      • Snåsa
    Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineralene i Norge. Bergverksmussets Skrift 41, 33-42
    • Nordland
      • Tysfjord
    Eldjarn, K. (1978): "Ancylitt fra Hundholmen, Tysfjord". NAGS-nytt 5(3),18) ; Neumann (1985, p. 103).
    • Oppland
      • Lunner
        • Øståsen
          • Surka
    Kvamsdal, L.O. (1993): Noen mineraler fra nordmarkitten mellom Roa og Maura. STEIN 20 (1), 30-45
    • Oslo
      • Grorud
        • Bånkall
    Kvamsdal, L.O. (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo. 72p
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Bjørkedalen
    Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Farris
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
          • Lågendalen
    Raade, G. & Mladeck, Michel H.(1977): Parakeldyshite from Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 15, 102-107; Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1),15-71
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Langesundsfjorden
          • Lille Arøya (Midtre Arøy; Øvre Arøy; Övre-Arö)
    Sæbø, P.C.(1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 20. The identity of Weibyeite. Geologisk Tidsskrift 439, 441-447
        • Malerød
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Nordrum, F. S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 49, 117-124. [Uwe Kolitsch SXRD and EDS analyses]]
    Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
        • Tjølling
          • Stålaker
    Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
        • Tvedalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection (M-1476)
    Peter Andresen collection, Analysed by Henrik Friis (2013).
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    A.M. Portnov data
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Vitim Plateau
            • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
    Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
    A. Konev et al.: Eur. J. Min. 17(5):715–721 (2005)
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    [Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
          • Khibiny Massif
            • Eveslogchorr Mt
              • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
              • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
    P.M. Kartashov data
            • Valepakhk Mt.
    Mineralogy of Khibiny massif, - under ed. F.V. Chukhrov, Moscow, "Nauka", 1978, v.2, p. 458-461 (in Russ.)
    No reference listed
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    Sorokhtina N.V., Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Selivanova E.A. (2004) The first find of daqingshanite-(Ce) on Kola peninsula, - Trudy 1 Fersmanovskoi Nauchnoi Sessii Kolskogo Otdeleniya VMO, Apatity,pt.1, pp. 34-36 (in Russ.)
            • Suoluai River Valley
              • Kuamdespakhk Mt
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
            • Suoluaiv Mt
    Mikhail Uchitel' data
    Sorokhtina, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bogdanova, A.N., and Moiseev, M.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 620-628.
        • Northern Karelia
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Southern Siberia
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
    Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Prepolar Ural
        • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
          • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
            • Saranpaul
    Burlakov, J. V. (1995): Dodo: Alpine Klüfte im Polar-Ural. Lapis. 20 (3), 13-26, 35
    [MinRec 30:465]
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
      • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
    VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
    UK
     
    Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
      • North West Highlands (Argyllshire)
        • Strontian
    UKJMM 26:23-26
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Magnet Cove
    Chris Stephano Collection
    • Colorado
      • Fremont Co.
        • Gem Park complex
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS Prof Paper 649
        • Iron Mountain complex
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • McClure Mountain Complex
    Armbrustmacher, T. J. (1988) Geology and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Wet Mountains area, Fremont and Custer counties, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1049-F
      • Teller Co.
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Montana
      • Hill Co.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
    Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (1999) Primary, agpaitic and deuteric stages in the evolution of Accessory Sr, REE, Ba and Nb-mineralization in nepheline-syenite pegmatites at Pegmatite Peak, Bearpaw Mts., Montana, Mineral. Petrol., 67: 85-110.
      • Meagher Co.
    www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.
      • Ravalli Co.
        • Mineral Point District
          • Alta
    Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
    • New York
      • New York City
    www.nysam.org
    • Pennsylvania
      • Chester Co.
        • Wallace Township
          • Cornog
    Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.:16-17; Lapham, Davis M. & Geyer, Alan R. (1965),Mineral Collecting in PA: 55 & (1969): 56; Montgomery, A. (May, 1966), PA M
    • Vermont
      • Windham Co.
    J. Swarts collection
    Johannes Swarts collection
        • Rockingham
    J. Swarts collection
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