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Kawazulite

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Formula:
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
System:TrigonalHardness:
Member of:Tetradymite Group

Classification of Kawazulite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.09-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
Dana 8th edition ID:2.11.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.7.34

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Kawazulite

Type Locality:Kawazu mine (Rendaiji mine; Rendaizi mine), Rendaiji, Shimoda City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Chubu Region, Honshu Island, Japan
Year of Discovery:1970

Physical Properties of Kawazulite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Kawazulite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.24Å, c = 29.66Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 6.995
Unit Cell Volume:V 461.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Kawazulite

Formula:
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi2Te2Se
Essential elements:Bi, Se, Te
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Se, Te
Common Impurities:Fe,S

Relationship of Kawazulite to other Species

Member of:Tetradymite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
Telluronevskite
Bi
 
3
TeSe
 
2
Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
Tsumoite
BiTe
Vihorlatite
Bi
 
24
Se
 
17
Te
 
4
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DC.05Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
2.DC.05Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
2.DC.05Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
2.DC.05Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
2.DC.05Paraguanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
2.DC.05Pilsenite
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
2.DC.05Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
2.DC.05Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
2.DC.05Tsumoite
BiTe
2.DC.05Baksanite
Bi
 
6
Te
 
2
S
 
3
2.DC.05Joséite-C
Bi
 
16
Te
 
3
S
 
9
2.DC.05Protojoséite
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
2.DC.05Sztrókayite
Bi
 
3
TeS
 
2
2.DC.05Vihorlatite
Bi
 
24
Se
 
17
Te
 
4
2.DC.05Telluronevskite
Bi
 
3
TeSe
 
2
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTe
PbBi
 
3
S
 
2
Te
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.7.1Patrónite
VS
 
4
3.7.2Duranusite
As
 
4
S
3.7.3Dimorphite
As
 
4
S
 
3
3.7.4Realgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.5Pararealgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.6Alacránite
As
 
8
S
 
9
3.7.7Uzonite
As
 
4
S
 
5
3.7.8Orpiment
As
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10Laphamite
As
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.11Getchellite
AsSbS
 
3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite
[(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
9
][As
 
4
S
 
5
]
3.7.13Pääkkönenite
Sb
 
2
AsS
 
2
3.7.14Stibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.15Metastibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.16Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.17Bismuthinite
Bi
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.18Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
3.7.19Guanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.21Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.22Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
3.7.23Poubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
3.7.24Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.25Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.26Tsumoite
BiTe
3.7.27Pilsenite
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
3.7.28Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
3.7.29Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
3.7.30Joséite
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
3.7.31Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
3.7.32Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
3.7.33Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
3.7.36Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
3.7.37Kochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite
(Bi,Pb)
 
3
Te
 
4
3.7.39Aleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
3.7.40Junoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16

Other Names for Kawazulite

Synonyms:
IMA1968-014
Other Languages:
German:Kawazulit
Japanese:河津鉱
Russian:Кавацулит
Spanish:Kawazulita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kawazulite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1312.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1995): 169: 305-308.

http://nature.com/news/lab-made-supermaterial-that-could-boost-computing-exists-in-nature-too-1.12569

Internet Links for Kawazulite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Kawazulite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Kawazulite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Salta
      • Organullo Mining District
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Zlatitsa Obshtina
        • Zlatitsa
    Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mazenod Lake District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Chad
     
    • Mayo-Kebbi Ouest Region
      • Pala
    Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013). On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Volume 84, August 2013, Pages 36–46
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Brent Thorne specimen
    Mineral label from Steffen Mockel. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Rantasalmi
    Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuusamo
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    Greece
     
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
    Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Gyöngyössolymos
    GEODA, 2001
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Shiribeshi Province
    Shuji Ono, et al. (2004) Resource Geology, 54, 4, 453-464.
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Am. Min.: 57:1312 (1972 )(abstract); Kato (1970).; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Fyresdal
        • Moisesberg mines
    Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
    Sweden
     
    • Hälsingland
      • Ljusdal
    No reference listed
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
          • Dammgruvan Ore Field
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
    • Värmland
      • Arvika
    Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Soda Lake Mts
          • Baker
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. PXRD analzyed by Tony Kampf.
    • Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Fitting District
          • Kinkaid
    Handbook of Mineralogy
      • White Pine Co.
        • Ward District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Kyzylkum Desert
      • Central Kyzylkum Region
        • Zarafshan
          • Muruntau ore field
    Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
    Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
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