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Kawazulite

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Formula:
Bi2Te2Se
System:
Trigonal
Hardness:

Classification of Kawazulite

Approved
2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
2.11.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.7.34

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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First Recorded Occurrence of Kawazulite

Year of Discovery:
1970

Physical Properties of Kawazulite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Kawazulite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.24Å, c = 29.66Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 6.995
Unit Cell Volume:
V 461.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Kawazulite

Formula:
Bi2Te2Se
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,S

Relationship of Kawazulite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3
2.DC.05IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
2.DC.05IngoditeBi2TeS
2.DC.05Joséite-BBi4Te2S
2.DC.05LaitakariteBi4Se2S
2.DC.05NevskiteBi(Se,S)
2.DC.05ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3
2.DC.05PilseniteBi4Te3
2.DC.05SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
2.DC.05SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
2.DC.05TellurantimonySb2Te3
2.DC.05TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2S
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTe
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3
2.DC.05Joséite-CBi16Te3S9
2.DC.05ProtojoséiteBi4TeS2
2.DC.05SztrókayiteBi3TeS2
2.DC.05VihorlatiteBi24Se17Te4
2.DC.05TelluronevskiteBi3TeSe2
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTePbBi3S2Te
3.7.1PatróniteVS4
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4S
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2S
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTe
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2S
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2S
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeS
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite(Bi,Pb)3Te4
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16

Other Names for Kawazulite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Kawazulit
Japanese:河津鉱
Spanish:Kawazulita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kawazulite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1312.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1995): 169: 305-308.

http://nature.com/news/lab-made-supermaterial-that-could-boost-computing-exists-in-nature-too-1.12569

Internet Links for Kawazulite

Localities for Kawazulite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Organullo Mining District
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Chad
 
  • Mayo-Kebbi Ouest Region
    • Pala
Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013). On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Volume 84, August 2013, Pages 36–46
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Brent Thorne specimen
Mineral label from Steffen Mockel. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kuusamo
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Greece
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyössolymos
GEODA, 2001
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Shiribeshi Province
Shuji Ono, et al. (2004) Resource Geology, 54, 4, 453-464.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Am. Min.: 57:1312 (1972 )(abstract); Kato (1970).; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Fyresdal
      • Moisesberg mines
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
Sweden
 
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
        • Dammgruvan Ore Field
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Spry, P. G., & Voudouris, P. (2009). Understanding gold-(silver)-telluride-(selenide) mineral deposits. Episodes, 32(4), 249.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Soda Lake Mts
        • Baker
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. PXRD analzyed by Tony Kampf.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Kinkaid
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Uzbekistan
 
  • Kyzylkum Desert
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Mineral and/or Locality  
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