Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Andersonite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Charles A. Anderson
Formula:
Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Bright green to ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Name:
For Charles A. Anderson (1902-1990), American geologist, US Geological Survey.
This page provides mineralogical data about Andersonite.

Classification of Andersonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
5.ED.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
E : Uranyl Carbonates
D : UO2:CO3 = 1:3
15.2.5.1

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
2 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
11.11.12

11 : Carbonates
11 : Carbonates of Cr and U
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-219.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Andersonite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 106112–106115.
Year of Discovery:
1948
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Post-mining efflorescences on mine walls.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Andersonite

Geological Setting:
An uncommon secondary mineral, formed in the oxidized zone of uranium-bearing hydrothermal polymetallic deposits; may be post-mine, coating walls of mine tunnels.

Physical Properties of Andersonite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Bright green to yellow-green.
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
2.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.86 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Andersonite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 18Å, c = 23.83Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.324
Unit Cell Volume:
V 6,686.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
As rhombohedra, pseudocubic or flattened and with complex form development, to 1 cm; typically in crystalline crusts, granular.

Optical Data of Andersonite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.520 nε = 1.540
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O = colourless
E = Light yellow

Chemical Properties of Andersonite

Formula:
Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Andersonite to other Species

5.ED.05BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
5.ED.10SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2O
5.ED.15AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O
5.ED.20LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
5.ED.25RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2O
5.ED.35GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2O
5.ED.40WidenmannitePb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
5.ED.45ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2O
5.ED.50ČejkaiteNa4(UO2)(CO3)3
5.ED.50AgricolaiteK4(UO2)(CO3)3
11.11.1StichtiteMg6Cr2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
11.11.2Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
11.11.3Joliotite(UO2)CO3 · nH2O
11.11.4GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2O
11.11.5BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
11.11.6MetazelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 3H2O
11.11.7ZelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 5H2O
11.11.8WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2O
11.11.9UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2O
11.11.10SharpiteCa(UO2)6(CO3)5(OH)4 · 6H2O
11.11.11VogliteCa2Cu(UO2)(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.11.13SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2O
11.11.14RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2O
11.11.15Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
11.11.16Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
11.11.17Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2O
11.11.18Bijvoetite-(Y)(Y,Dy)2(UO2)4(CO3)4(OH)6 · 11H2O
11.11.19WidenmannitePb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
11.11.20ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2O

Other Names for Andersonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Andersonit
Simplified Chinese:水碳钠钙铀矿
Spanish:Andersonita
Traditional Chinese:水碳鈉鈣鈾礦

Other Information

Bright pastel green (a unique color)(SW and LW UV).
Other Information:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Andersonite

Reference List:
Axelrod, Grimaldi, Milton, and Murata (1951) American Mineralogist: 36: 1-22.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 239.

Acta Crystallographica: B37: 1496-1500.

Mereiter, K. (1986c) Neue kristallographische Daten ueber das Uranmineral Andersonit. Anzeiger Österreichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse: 123(3): 39-41.

Kubatko, Karrie-Ann, Katheryn Helean, Alexandra Navrotsky, and Peter C. Burns (2005), Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: Enthalpies of formation of rutherfordine, UO2CO3, andersonite, Na2CaUO2(CO3)3(H2O)5, and grimselite, K3NaUO2(CO3)3H2O: American Mineralogist: 90: 1284-1290.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for Andersonite

Localities for Andersonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe Department
      • Pampa Amarilla District
Toubes, R.O., Chaar, E. Spikerman, J.P. Minerales radiactivos de la Republica Argentina. 5 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 1: 249-260. 1973; American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Semmering
Tufar, W. (1967): Andersonit, ein neuer Uranmineralfund aus Österreich. N. Jb. Mineral., Abh., 106, 191-199.; Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná deposit
Petr Pauliš, Stanislav Kopecký, Pavel Černý: Uranové minerály České republiky a jejich lokality 2007; Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) (2008) 16, 2, 212-216
SeJkora, J., Pauliš, P., Jelínek, J., & Vlk, J. (2008). The finds of čejkaite at mine adit of the uranium deposit Rožná, Czech Republic. Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze, 16(2).
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
Germany
 
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
Szakáll & Jánosi: minerals of hungary, 1995
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Mizunami City
          • Tsukiyoshi uranium ore deposits
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Števko M., Sejkora J., Plášil J. (2012): Supergénna uránová mineralizácia na ložisku Banská Štiavnica (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 20, 1, 110-120 (in Slovak with English abstract).
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
CMS analysis
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Lindesberg
No reference listed
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Pendeen
Elton, N.J. and Hooper, J.J. (1992): Mineralogical Magazine, 56(1), 124-125.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Cameron District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 110; Bollin, E.M. & P.F. Kerr (1958), Uranium mineralization near Cameron, AZ, in New Mexico Geol. Soc. Guidebook 9th Field Conf., Black Mesa Basin, northeastern AZ: 164-168.; Bollin, E. M., & Kerr, P. F. (1958). Uranium mineralization near Cameron, Arizona. In Guidebook of the Black Mesa Basin, northern Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society, 9th Field Conference Society Guidebook (Vol. 9, pp. 161-168).
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Bagdad
          • Bozarth Mesa
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 236, 239; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 365, 387; Frondel, C.C. (1958), Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 119; Dana 7:II:236 & 238; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 51.
  • Colorado
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Slick Rock District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Reese River District
Jensen, M. and J. Herrmann (2012) Uranium mineralization at the Apex Mine, Lander County, Nevada. Rocks and Minerals 87:270-276
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region; Am Min 51:929-930
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
  • Pennsylvania
    • Carbon Co.
      • Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk)
Arthur Montgomery Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1922-1965: Supplementing & Updating Gordon’s “The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania"
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
    • Grand Co.
      • Moab
No reference listed
        • Cane Wash
Rruff specimen number R080133
      • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
        • Parco Mine Group
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Yellow Cat District (W. part of Thompsons District)
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.; Kasatkin, A.V., Plášil, J., Marty, J., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S. (2014): Nestolaite, CaSeO3·H2O, a new mineral from the Little Eva mine, Grand County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 497-505.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Blanding
Rocks & Minerals: 68(6): 398-400.
      • Cane Creek
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
      • Cane Springs
Can Min 14:429-436
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Uranium Guidebook for the Paradox; Uranium Guidebook for the Paradox
Specimen in the British Museum
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Rick Dalrymple Collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 4, 2015 22:09:37 Page generated: September 3, 2015 16:54:22