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Kieserite

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Formula:
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless, ...
Lustre:VitreousHardness:
Member of:Kieserite Group
Name:After Dietrich Georg Kieser (1779-1862), former President, Jena Academy.

Classification of Kieserite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.01-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.6.2.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.3.1

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg
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Type Occurrence of Kieserite

Type Locality:Stassfurt, Stassfurt Potash deposit, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Year of Discovery:1861
Geological Setting of type material:Salt deposit of oceanic origin.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
Halite

Physical Properties of Kieserite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Colourless, greyish-white, yellowish; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Fragile
Cleavage:Perfect
{110} and {111} perfect, {_111}, {_101}, and {011} imperfect.

Crystallography of Kieserite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 7.51Å, b = 7.61Å, c = 6.92Å
β = 116.17°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.987 : 1 : 0.909
Unit Cell Volume:V 354.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals rare; mostly bipyramidal {_111}, {110}, and {011}. Highly modified at times. Mostly massive, coarse to fine-granular.
Twinning:Contact twins on {001} rare. Polysynthetic twinning, with twin axis [110] (?), commonly observed in grains under magnification.

Optical Data of Kieserite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.520 nβ = 1.533 nγ = 1.584
2V:Measured: 55° , Calculated: 56°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.064

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Kieserite

Formula:
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:MgSO4·H2O
Essential elements:H, Mg, O, S
All elements listed in formula:H, Mg, O, S
Analytical Data:Dissolves very slowly in water.

Relationship of Kieserite to other Species

Member of:Kieserite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Gunningite
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CB.05Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Gunningite
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Poitevinite
(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.07Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.10Bonattite
CuSO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Aplowite
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Ilesite
(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Rozenite
FeSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Drobecite
CdSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Cranswickite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Chalcanthite
CuSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Jôkokuite
MnSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Siderotil
FeSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite
(Mn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Ferrohexahydrite
FeSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite
(Co,Ni,Mn)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite
(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.30Retgersite
NiSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Bieberite
CoSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Boothite
CuSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Mallardite
MnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Melanterite
FeSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Alpersite
(Mg,Cu)[SO
 
4
] · 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Morenosite
NiSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 17H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CB.50Aluminocoquimbite
FeAl(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Coquimbite
Fe
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55Paracoquimbite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase
(H
 
5
O
 
2
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.60Kornelite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.65Quenstedtite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 10H
 
2
O
7.CB.70Lausenite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
·6H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Römerite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.80Ransomite
CuFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Halotrichite
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Pickeringite
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.90Meridianiite
MgSO
 
4
· 11H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.3.2Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
25.3.3Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.4Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
25.3.5Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
25.3.6Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.3.7Caminite
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.3.8Vanthoffite
Na
 
6
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
4
25.3.9Blödite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.10Konyaite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
25.3.11Löweite
Na
 
12
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
13
· 15H
 
2
O
25.3.12Uklonskovite
NaMg(SO
 
4
)F · 2H
 
2
O
25.3.13Langbeinite
K
 
2
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.3.14Leonite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.3.15Picromerite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.3.16Efremovite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.3.17Boussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.3.18Pickeringite
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Kieserite

Synonyms:
Martinsite (of Kenngott)
Other Languages:
Catalan:Kieserita
Dutch:Kieseriet
German:Kieserit
Italian:Kieserite
Polish:Kizeryt
Russian:Кизерит
Simplified Chinese:水镁矾
硫镁矾
Spanish:Kieserita
Ukrainian:Кізерит

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kieserite

Reference List:

- +
Kenngott, G.A. (1859) Ubersichte der Resultate mineralogischer Forschungen For the years 1856-57, Leipzig: 23 (as Martinsite).

Reichardt (1860) Nova Acta Leopold. Ac.: 27: 634.

Tschermak (1871) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Ber.: [1]: 63: 314.

Bücking (1899) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der), Ber.: 28: 533.

Görgey (1910) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 29: 205.

Lück (1910) Kali: 4: 540.

Grandinger (1917) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 49.

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 27.

Schaller and Henderson (1933) USGS Bull. 833: 40.

Weinert (1939) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Beil.-Bd.: A75: 297.

Lepeshkov and Bodaleva (1940) Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad: 27: 978.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 477.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1987): 157: 121.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 296-306.

Internet Links for Kieserite

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  • Localities for Kieserite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
    [MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
        • Mount Isa district
    Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hallein
        • Dürrnberg
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Styria
      • Bad Aussee
        • Altaussee
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Upper Austria
      • Gmunden
        • Hallstatt
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • Kings Co.
        • Cardwell Parish
    CM 43, 1469-1487
        • Studholm Parish
    Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1469-1487.
    China
     
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
    http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2013/pdf/1336.pdf
    • Shandong Province
      • Tai'an Prefecture
        • Daiyue District
          • Dawenkou depression
    Zhongde Zhu (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(1), 87-96
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • South Moravia Region
        • Brno (Brünn)
    David Parfitt collection
    Denmark
     
    • Midtjylland Region
      • Skive
        • Nissum
    Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 203-216.
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Fulda
        • Neuhof
    Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
      • Werra valley
        • Heringen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Phillippsthal
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Celle
        • Wathlingen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Hanover
        • Lehrte
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Hildesheim
        • Diekholzen Potash works
    Dana 7:II:478.
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Stassfurt Potash deposit
        • Egeln
          • Tarthun
    No reference listed
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 388.
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p360]
    Dana 6:A3:14,43,46; Dana 7:II:430; Zr. Kr.:50(1911):139.
    C. Zinken (1865) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 310
    • Thuringia
      • Bleicherode
    Effmert, G. & Wurth, L. (2007). Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen. Min.-Welt, Jg.18, Nr.6, S.42-47.
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
      • Thuringian Forest
        • Merkers-Kieselbach
    W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Pécs
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
    Iceland
     
    • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
      • Surtsey Island
    Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
    Italy
     
    • Sicily
      • Caltanissetta Province
        • Monte Sambuco
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
      • Aksai Valley
    Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V p 6; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
      • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
    • Western Kazakhstan Province (Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Oral Rayon (Uralsk Rayon)
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Mars
     
    Vivien Gornitz (2005) Mineral News, 21, #4, 1-11.
    • Valles Marineris
    Vivien Gornitz (2005) Mineral News, 21, #4, 1-11.
    Netherlands
     
    • Gelderland
      • Winterswijk
        • Ratum
    T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Groningen
    T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
      • Zuidwending
    http://nlog.nitg.tno.nl/resources/zout/0310300%20Zuidwending%20openbaar%20scan.pdf
    Pakistan
     
    • Punjab
      • Salt Range
    Dana 6: 899; Dana 7:II:432 & 449.
    Poland
     
    • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
      • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
        • Katowice area
          • Łaziska
    Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
    • Wielkopolskie
    Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.)
    Romania
     
    • Buzău Co.
      • Mânzăleşti Commune
    Slavoaca, R., Slavoaca, D.C., 2000. Water chemistry and hydrochemical processes assessment in zones with Land slip in Buzău and Vrancea, SE Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 79, Suppl. I, 2000, p.99-101
    Russia
     
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Chelyabinsk coal basin
    Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    UK
     
    • England
      • North Yorkshire
        • Eskdale
    Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
        • Loftus
    No reference listed
    Ukraine
     
    • Ivano-Frankivs'k Oblast' (Ivanovo-Frankovsk Oblast')
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
    • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
      • L'viv-Volynskii Coal Basin (L'vov-Volynskii Coal Basin)
        • Chervonograd
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grand Canyon District
    Corbett, R.G., Hanner, B.M., and Quick, T.J. (1989) Seeps and efflorescent minerals in the Grand Canyon: Predicted vs. identified phases [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, no. 4, p. 8; Quick, T.J., R.G. Corbett, and B.M. Manner (1989) Efflorescent minerals occurring in the gorge of the Grand Canyon, Abstract with Programs, Geological Society of America: 21(4): 44-45; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005.
    • Colorado
      • Mesa Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Hawaii
      • Hawaii Co. (Hawaii Island)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Lynn District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Eddy and Lea Counties
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
      • Eddy Co.
        • Carlsbad Potash District
    SIMMONS, P.S. (2013)The Carlsbad Potash Basin, Carlsbad, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 44 (1), 13-49.
    Van King
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Utah
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 478.
      • San Juan Co.
        • Paradox Valley
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Tooele Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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