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Kimuraite-(Y)

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Formula:
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:pale purple, light pink, ...
Hardness:
Member of:Tengerite Group
Name:
For professor Kenjiro Kimura (1896-1988), Tokyo University.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kimuraite-(Y).

Classification of Kimuraite-(Y)

IMA status:Approved 1984
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/D.03-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.CC.15

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
Dana 8th edition ID:15.4.5.1

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.10

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Kimuraite-(Y)

Type Locality:Kirigo, Hizen-cho, Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun), Saga Prefecture, Kyushu Region, Japan
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Smithsonian
Geological Setting of type material:Fissues in alkali olivine basalt

Physical Properties of Kimuraite-(Y)

Lustre:Vitreous, Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Comment:Silky on cleavages
Colour:pale purple, light pink, white
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Perfect
on {010}
Density (measured):2.6(1) g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.98 g/cm3

Crystallography of Kimuraite-(Y)

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.2545(8) Å, b = 23.976(4) Å, c = 6.0433(7) Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.386 : 1 : 0.252
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,340.92 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Spherulitic aggregates of scaly tabular crystals.

Optical Data of Kimuraite-(Y)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.584(2) nβ = 1.612(2) nγ = 1.626(2)
2V:Measured: 70° (5), Calculated: 68°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.042

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:small

Chemical Properties of Kimuraite-(Y)

Formula:
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4·6H2O
Essential elements:C, Ca, H, O, Y
All elements listed in formula:C, Ca, H, Nd, O, Y

Relationship of Kimuraite-(Y) to other Species

Member of:Tengerite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Hizenite-(Y)
Ca
 
2
Y
 
6
(CO
 
3
)
 
11
· 14H
 
2
O
Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)
(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 4-10H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Weloganite
Na
 
2
Sr
 
3
Zr(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)
Na
 
3
Y[CO
 
3
]
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)
NaY[CO
 
3
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)
Cu(Y,REE)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Kimuraite-(Y)

Synonyms:
IMA1984-073
Other Languages:
German:Kimurait-(Y)
Japanese:木村石
Simplified Chinese:水碳钇钙石
水碳钙钇石
Traditional Chinese:水碳釔鈣石
水碳鈣釔石

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Bright reddish purple to purple under SW and LW
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kimuraite-(Y)

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1028-1033.

Internet Links for Kimuraite-(Y)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Kimuraite-(Y) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Kimuraite-(Y)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
            • Saint-Amable sill
    R. Tibbit, Horváth & Can. Museum of Nature collections - XRD & EDS
    Chile
     
    • Tarapacá Region
      • El Tamarugal Province
        • Pampa del Tamarugal
    Gunnar Farber
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Saga Prefecture
        • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
          • Hizen-cho
    American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1028-1033.
    Miyawaki R, Matsubara S, Yokoyama K, Iwano S, Hamasaki K, Yukinori I (2003) Kozoite-(La), La(CO3)(OH), a new mineral from Mitsukoshi, Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 98, 137-141
    Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoyama, K., Takeuchi, K., Terada, Y., & Nakai, I. (2000). Kozoite-(Nd), Nd (CO3)(OH), a new mineral in an alkali olivine basalt from Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist, 85(7-8), 1076-1081.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Khanka Lake
    V.V. Seredin data
    Sweden
     
    • Uppland
      • Vaxholm
        • Resarö
    No reference listed
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Persberg district
    P.M. Kartashov data
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