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Al3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O
Originally assumed to be Al3(PO4)2(OH)3.9H2O.
Named in 1957 by Keith Norrish, Lillian E.R. Rogers, and R.E. Shapter in honor of Donald King (3 June 1926, Adelaide, Australia - 3 August 1989, The Gap, Australia), exploration geologist and mining executive with a varied background. He made significant contributions to the coal industry in Queensland. He collected the first specimens of kingite while he was a geologist with the Department of Mines, Adelaide, South Australia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kingite.

Classification of Kingite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1

10 : A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Type Occurrence of Kingite

Crystallography of Kingite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.15Å, b = 10Å, c = 7.24Å
α = 98.6°, β = 93.6°, γ = 93.2°
a:b:c = 0.915 : 1 : 0.724
Unit Cell Volume:
V 652.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Kingite


Chemical Properties of Kingite

Al3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O

Originally assumed to be Al3(PO4)2(OH)3.9H2O.
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Kingite to other Species

8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2O
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe243+Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2O
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe33+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe43+(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2O
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2O
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2O
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
19.7.5VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2O
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O

Other Names for Kingite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kingite

Reference List:
Norrish, K., Rogers, L.E.R., Shapter, R.E. (1957) Kingite, a new hydrated aluminum phosphate mineral from Robertstown, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 351-357.

Fleischer, M. (1957) New mineral names, American Mineralogist: 42: 580-586.

Kato, T. (1970) Cell dimensions of the hydrated phosphate, kingite. American Mineralogist: 55: 515-517.

Wallwork, K.S., Pring, A., Taylor, M.R., and Hunter, B.A. (2004) The network of hydrogen bonding in kingite as revealed by a neutron-diffraction investigation of its deuterated analogue, Al3(PO4)2F3·7D2O. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 135-141.

Internet Links for Kingite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Kingite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Kapunda
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.
        • Robertstown
MM 1957, 351-7; & Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Port Clinton
Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 351-357
K.Norrish, L.E.R. Rogers, and R.E. Shapter, (1957), Kingite, a new hydrated aluminium phosphate mineral from Robertstown, South Australia. Mineralogical. Mag.3l, 351-357
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Upponyi Mts
      • Dédestapolcsány
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
      • Nekézseny
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
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