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Kinoite

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Eusebio Francisco Kino
Formula:
Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Transparent deep blue
Hardness:
Name:
Named (officially, at least) for the Italian Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino (1645-1711).
This page provides mineralogical data about Kinoite.

Classification of Kinoite

Approved 1969
9.BH.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
H : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] and greater coordination
57.1.2.1

57 : SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
1 : Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
14.2.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu
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First Recorded Occurrence of Kinoite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Veinlets and crystals embedded in apophyllite. Euhedral crystals to 1mm. From drill core.
Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
US National Museum 122395, Dept. Geol., University of Arizona
Year of Discovery:
1969
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
skarn and fault gouge

Physical Properties of Kinoite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Transparent deep blue
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Very Good
excellent {010}, distinct {001} and {100}
Density:
3.13 - 3.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.193 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Kinoite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.99Å, b = 12.88Å, c = 5.65Å
β = 96.18°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.543 : 1 : 0.439
Unit Cell Volume:
V 505.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Tabular in the plane of b and c axes. [hk0] zone is striated. Pseudoorthorhombic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kinoite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.638 nβ = 1.665 nγ = 1.676
2V:
Measured: 68° , Calculated: 64°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= pale greenish blue
Y= blue
Z= deep blue

Chemical Properties of Kinoite

Formula:
Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Mg

Relationship of Kinoite to other Species

9.BH.05AminoffiteCa2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
9.BH.15Akatoreite(Mn2+,Fe2+)9Al2(HSi4O13)2(OH)6
9.BH.20FencooperiteBa6Fe33+Si8O23(CO3)2Cl3 · H2O
14.2.1DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
14.2.2ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
14.2.3PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
14.2.4GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
14.2.5ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
14.2.6LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
14.2.7ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
14.2.8CuprorivaiteCaCu[Si4O10]
14.2.10StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
14.2.11ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O

Other Names for Kinoite

Name in Other Languages:
Dutch:Kinoiet
German:Kinoit
Italian:Kinoite
Japanese:キノ石
Russian:Киноит
Spanish:Kinoita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kinoite

Reference List:
Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.

Laughon, R. B. (1971): The crystal structure of kinoite. American Mineralogist 56, 193-200.

Internet Links for Kinoite

Specimens:
The following Kinoite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Kinoite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Kusachi et al (2001) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 96, 29-33.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 231. ; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264, 268; Williams, S.A. (1976), Junitoite, a new hydrated calcium zinc silicate from Christmas, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1255-1258.
    • Pima Co.
: Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 142; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
          • Helvetia-Rosemont area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185, 268; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
          • Twin Buttes
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Calumet Township
AmMin 62:1032
      • Centennial
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Hubbell
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Kearsarge
Wilson, M. L. (1977): Kinoite from Michigan- a new occurence. Mineralogical Record 8, 519-520
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Laurium
Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
      • Osceola
Rocks & Minerals 82:276-297
        • Osceola Mine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Phoenix
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp124-125
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
Rocks & Minerals 81:136-140
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Rocky Range
        • Rocky District
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Merlino, S., Pasero, M., McDonald, A. M., Wray, W. B., & Hindman, J. R. (2012). Whelanite, Cu2Ca6 [Si6O17 (OH)](CO3)(OH) 3 (H2O) 2, an (old) new mineral from the Bawana mine, Milford, Utah. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 2007-2015.
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