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Kinoite

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Formula:
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
2
[Si
 
3
O
 
10
]
System:MonoclinicColour:Transparent deep blue
Hardness:
Name:
Named for the Italian Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino (1645-1711)
This page provides mineralogical data about Kinoite.

Classification of Kinoite

IMA status:Approved 1969
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/C.31-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.BH.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
H : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] and greater coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:57.1.2.1

57 : SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
1 : Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.2.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Kinoite

Type Locality:Santa Rita Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
General Appearance of Type Material:Veinlets and crystals embedded in apophyllite. Euhedral crystals to 1mm. From drill core.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:US National Museum 122395, Dept. Geol., University of Arizona
Year of Discovery:1969
Geological Setting of type material:skarn and fault gouge

Physical Properties of Kinoite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Transparent deep blue
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Very Good
excellent {010}, distinct {001} and {100}
Density (measured):3.13 - 3.19 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.193 g/cm3

Crystallography of Kinoite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 6.99Å, b = 12.88Å, c = 5.65Å
β = 96.18°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.543 : 1 : 0.439
Unit Cell Volume:V 505.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Tabular in the plane of b and c axes. [hk0] zone is striated. Pseudoorthorhombic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kinoite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.638 nβ = 1.665 nγ = 1.676
2V:Measured: 68° , Calculated: 64°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.038

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:relatively weak
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:X= pale greenish blue
Y= blue
Z= deep blue

Chemical Properties of Kinoite

Formula:
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
2
[Si
 
3
O
 
10
]
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Essential elements:Ca, Cu, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Cu, H, O, Si
Common Impurities:Mg

Relationship of Kinoite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.BH.05Aminoffite
Ca
 
2
(Be,Al)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(H
 
2
O,OH)
9.BH.15Akatoreite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
9
Al
 
2
(HSi
 
4
O
 
13
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
9.BH.20Fencooperite
Ba
 
6
Fe
3+
3
Si
 
8
O
 
23
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
 
3
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.2.1Dioptase
CuSiO
 
3
· H
 
2
O
14.2.2Shattuckite
Cu
 
5
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
14.2.3Plancheite
Cu
 
8
(Si
 
8
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
14.2.4Gilalite
Cu
 
5
Si
 
6
O
 
17
· 7H
 
2
O
14.2.5Chrysocolla
Cu
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(H
 
2-x
Si
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O (x < 1)
14.2.6Litidionite
CuNaKSi
 
4
O
 
10
14.2.7Reinhardbraunsite
Ca
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
14.2.8Cuprorivaite
CaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
14.2.10Stringhamite
CaCu(SiO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
14.2.11Apachite
Cu
 
9
Si
 
10
O
 
29
· 11H
 
2
O

Other Names for Kinoite

Synonyms:
IMA1969-037
Other Languages:
Dutch:Kinoiet
German:Kinoit
Italian:Kinoite
Japanese:キノ石
Russian:Киноит
Spanish:Kinoita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kinoite

Reference List:

- +
Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.

Laughon, R. B. (1971): The crystal structure of kinoite. American Mineralogist 56, 193-200.

Internet Links for Kinoite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Kinoite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Kinoite on Webmineral
  • Look for Kinoite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Kinoite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Kinoite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Kinoite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Find Kinoite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
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  • Kinoite specimens for sale - minfind.com
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  • Fabre Minerals - search for Kinoite specimens
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  • Specimens:The following Kinoite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Kinoite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
              • Fuka
    Kusachi et al (2001) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 96, 29-33.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Gila Co.
        • Dripping Spring Mts
          • Banner District
            • Christmas area
              • Christmas
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 231. ; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264, 268; Williams, S.A. (1976), Junitoite, a new hydrated calcium zinc silicate from Christmas, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1255-1258.
      • Pima Co.
    : Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 142; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
            • Helvetia-Rosemont area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185, 268; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
        • Sierrita Mts
          • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
            • Twin Buttes
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
    • Michigan
    www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
        • Calumet Township
    AmMin 62:1032
        • Centennial
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Hubbell
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Kearsarge
    Wilson, M. L. (1977): Kinoite from Michigan- a new occurence. Mineralogical Record 8, 519-520
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Laurium
    Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
        • Osceola
    Rocks & Minerals 82:276-297
          • Osceola Mine
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Keweenaw Co.
        • Phoenix
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Ontonagon Co.
        • Mass City
    Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp124-125
    • Minnesota
      • St. Louis Co.
    Rocks & Minerals 81:136-140
    • Utah
      • Beaver Co.
        • Rocky Range
          • Rocky District
    Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Merlino, S., Pasero, M., McDonald, A. M., Wray, W. B., & Hindman, J. R. (2012). Whelanite, Cu2Ca6 [Si6O17 (OH)](CO3)(OH) 3 (H2O) 2, an (old) new mineral from the Bawana mine, Milford, Utah. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 2007-2015.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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