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Kirkiite

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Formula:
Pb10Bi3As3S19
System:
Hexagonal
Hardness:
Name:
After the type locality at the Agios Philippos Pb-Zn deposit, Kirki (Kirka), Xánthi Prefecture, Thraki (Thrace; Thracia) Department, Greece.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kirkiite.

Classification of Kirkiite

Approved
2.JB.30b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.4.17.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.6.32

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Kirkiite

Year of Discovery:
1985

Physical Properties of Kirkiite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Kirkiite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Chemical Properties of Kirkiite

Formula:
Pb10Bi3As3S19
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Sb

Relationship of Kirkiite to other Species

2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb4Bi6S13
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
2.JB.40aGustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
2.JB.40aRamdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb10AgBi5S18
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5
5.6.25CannizzaritePb4Bi6S13
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other Names for Kirkiite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Kirkiit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷铋铅矿
Spanish:Kirkiita
Traditional Chinese:硫砷​​鉍鉛礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kirkiite

Reference List:
Walia, D. S. & Chang, L. L. Y. (1973): Investigations in the systems PbS-Sb2S3-As2S3 and PbS-Bi2S3-As2S3. Can. Mineral., 12, 113-119.

American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1278-1279.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1990), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. I.

Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Kuzmina, O.V., Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Trubkin, N.V., and Vurro, F. (1998) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. I. Se-bearing kirkiite, Pb10(Bi,As)6(S,Se)19. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1105-1114.

Pinto, D. (2005): Mineralogy, crystal-chemistry and structures of sulfosalts from Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): Ag-free lillianite, Cl-bearing galenobismutite, kirkiite and the new mineral vurroite. Plinius, 31, 197-202.

Makovický, Emil, Tonèi Balić-Žunić, Ljiljana Karanoviæ and Dejan Poleti (2006), The crystal structure of kirkiite, Pb10Bi3As3S19: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 177-188.

Pinto, D., Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Makovický, E., and Vurro, F. (2006) First occurrence of close-to-ideal kirkiite at Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy): chemical data and single crystal X-ray study. European Journal of Mineralogy: 18: 393-401.

Internet Links for Kirkiite

Localities for Kirkiite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Greece (TL)
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
European Journal of Mineralogy (1990): 2: 711-723.; American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 1277-1282, 1986; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., VURRO F., KUZMINA O., MOZGOVA N.N., ORGANOVA N.I., TRUBKIN N. (1998): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy - 1 - Se-bearing kirkiite, Pb10(Bi,As)6(S,Se)19 - Canadian Mineralogist - 36, 1105 -1114 .
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Carmargo
      • Sierra de las Encinillas
Mike Scott S105203 from Cureton from Geomar ID by Dr SA Williams
Mineral and/or Locality  
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