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Kornerupine

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Formula:
Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
System:
Orthorhombic
Hardness:
7

Classification of Kornerupine

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.BJ.50

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
J : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
58.1.1.1

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
1 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
17.5.15

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2254.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Kornerupine

Year of Discovery:
1884

Physical Properties of Kornerupine

Hardness (Mohs):
7

Crystallography of Kornerupine

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.99Å, b = 13.7Å, c = 6.7Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.167 : 1 : 0.489
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,467.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kornerupine

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 - 1.671 nβ = 1.673 - 1.683 nγ = 1.674 - 1.684
2V:
Measured: 3° to 48°, Calculated: 30° to 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Kornerupine

Formula:
Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Ca,Li,Na,F

Relationship of Kornerupine to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Prismatine (see here)
9.BJ.05OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
9.BJ.10RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]
9.BJ.15TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
9.BJ.20Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
9.BJ.25TiragalloiteMn42+(HAsSi3O13)
9.BJ.30Medaite(Mn,Ca)6(V,As)Si5O18OH
9.BJ.35RuiziteCa2Mn23+[(OH)2|H2Si4O13] · 2H2O
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(V)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
9.BJ.45KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
9.BJ.50Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22
9.BJ.55ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
9.BJ.60HubeiteCa2Mn2+Fe3+[HSi4O13] · 2H2O
9.BJ.65Cassagnaite(Ca,Mn2+)4(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al)4(V3+,Mg,Al)2(Si3O10)(SiO4)2(OH,O)8
17.5.1ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
17.5.2ReedmergneriteNa[BSi3O8]
17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
17.5.4OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.6KalborsiteK6Al4BSi6O20(OH)4Cl
17.5.7BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.10DatoliteCa(HBSiO5)
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
17.5.17Serendibite(Ca,Na)2(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)3[O2|(Si,Al,B)6O18]
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)(Ca,Ce)4(Ce,Y)2(Ti4+,Fe3+,Al)[B4Si4O22](OH)2
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Y,Th)5(Si,B)3(O,OH,F)13
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)(Y,Ca,La,Fe)5(Si,B,Al)3(O,OH,F)13
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.28 Ferridravite
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
17.5.30UviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
17.5.31GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11
17.5.33LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
17.5.35TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2Cl
17.5.37Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.38WawayandaiteCa6Mn2BBe9Si6O23(OH,Cl)15
17.5.39Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
17.5.41Axinite
17.5.42Tinzenite(Ca,Mn2+)2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al(Be,Li)2-xB4Si4O22(OH)2

Other Names for Kornerupine

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kornerupine

Reference List:
Grew, E., Herd, R., Marquez, N. (1987): Boron-bearing Kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 51, 695 - 708

American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 642-655.

Mineralogical Magazine (1996): 60: 483-491.

American Mineralogist (1999): 84: 536-549.

Ottolini, L. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2001) SIMS ionization of hydrogen in silicates: a case study of kornerupine. Journal of Anal. At. Spectroscopy: 16: 1266-1270.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002), Reviews in Mineralogy . 33, Mineralogical Society of America.

Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998) Kornerupine parageneses in whiteschists and other magnesian rocks: is kornerupine + talc a high-pressure assemblage equivalent to tourmaline + orthoamphibole? Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 131: 22-38.

Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.

Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Grew, E.S., Kyser, T.K., Rossman, G.R. (2009): The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. II. The role of hydrogen. Canadian Mineralogist, 47 Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 263-274.

Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Grew, E.S. (2009): The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. III. Chemical relations. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 275-296.

Cooper, M.A. & Hawthorne, F.C. (2009): The crystal chemistry of the kornerupine-prismatine series. IV. Complete chemical formulae from electron-microprobe data and X-ray powder diffraction. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 297-302.

Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Grew, E.S. (2009): The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. V. The site of beryllium in kornerupine. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 303-314.

Internet Links for Kornerupine

Specimens:
The following Kornerupine specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Kornerupine

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Enderby Land
      • Edward VIII Bay
Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.; C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
Tetsuo Kawakami, et al (2005) Annual Meeting of the JAMP, 2005.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
R.G.Warren & D.H.McColl 1983. Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, 8 pp93-96 1983.
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.
Neues Jahrb Mineral Monatsh1:15-35. (1976)
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Mandalay Division
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Chaung-gyi
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Mogok Valley
No reference listed
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau RCM
        • Lac-Sainte-Marie (Lac Ste Marie)
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 41-42 p.; J. Ackermand, et al (2005) Mineralogy and Petrology, 66, #4, 259-270; Alfred Stevenson collection.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
Jisheng Jiang,Yaxian Guan, Gongqing Wang, and Guochuan Fan (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(2), 165-171
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Mercaderes
Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
  • Lapland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Haapala, Ilmari; Siivola, Jaakko; Ojanperä, Pentti & Yletyinen, Veijo 1971. Red corundum, sapphirine and kornerupine from Kittilä, Finnish Lapland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43 (2), 221-231.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
        • Bjørnesund
Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (1980): Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record 11,93-96
Grew, E., Herd, R., Marquez, N. (1987): Boron-bearing Kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality, Mineralogical Magazine,51, 695-708
Friend C.R.L. (1995): Occurrences of Boron-free and Boron-poor Kornerupine, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 59, 163-166
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Karimnagar District
      • Malial
Sharma, I. N. and Prakash, D., 2006, Occurrence of Kornerupine-bearing granulite from Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, Current Science, v. 91, p. 678-683.
    • Krishna District
Leelanandam, C, 1997, The Kondapalli Layered Complex, Andhra Pradesh, India : A Synoptic Overview, Gondwana Research, v. 1, Pages 95–114
  • Assam
Lal, R. K., Ackermand, D., Seifert, F. and Haldar, S. K., Chemographic relationships in sapphirine-bearing rocks from Sonapahar, Assam, India. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1978, 67, 169–187.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Madurai District
. Sajeev, K., Osanai, Y. and Santosh, M., Ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism followed by two-stage decompression of garnet– orthopyroxene–sillimanite granulites from Ganguvarpatti, Madurai block, southern India. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 2004, 148, 29–46.
    • Tiruchirapalli District
      • Ellammankovilpatti
Balasubrahmanyan, M. N., 1965, Note on Kornerupine from Ellammankovilpatti, Madras, India, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 34, p. 662-664.
  • Uttar Pradesh
Murthy, 1954.
Kenya
 
  • Coast Province
    • Kwale District
Lapis 8(4), 25 (1983)
    • Taita Taveta District
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Horombe Region
Knut Edvard Larsen collection ( # M-484, MM-2140)
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Androy Region
      • Ambovombe District
        • Imanombo Commune
Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
California Institute of Technology photo
        • Ianabinda Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 46
        • Ianakafy Commune
Knorring,v.O; Sahama, Th.G & Lehtinen, M.(1969): Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy nearBetroka, Madagascar. Bull.Geol.Soc. Finland 41, 79-84
        • Mahasoa East Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871; American Mineralogist 9:22
    • Southwestern Region
Behier, J. (1964): Travaux mineralogiques. in Besaire, H.: Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1965. Tananarive. p 243
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Tromøy
Nijland, T.G., Zwaan, J.C & Touret, L. (1998): Topograpical mineralogy of the Bamble sector, south Norway. Scripta Geologica 118, 46 pp
Hulzebos-Sijen N.M.P.E., Visser, D., Maarschalkerweerd, M.H. & Maijer, C., (1990). Two new kornerupine localities in the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Abstract 19th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Geonytt, 17, 58
    • Froland
Nijland, T.G., Zwaan, J.C & Touret, L. (1998): Topograpical mineralogy of the Bamble sector, south Norway. Scripta Geologica 118, 46 pp
    • Risør
      • Søndeled
Hulzebos-Sijen N.M.P.E., Visser, D., Maarschalkerweerd, M.H. & Maijer, C. (1990): Two new kornerupine localities in the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Abstract 19th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Geonytt, 17, 58
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
NHM, Oslo collection + Knut Eldjarn photo & specimen
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
      • Bjordam
Dirk van der Wel (1973): Kornerupine: A mineral new to Norway. Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, No.53. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 53, 349-357
    • Kragerø
Jan Kihle photos & identification.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Kovdor
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Dobšiná Mining District (Dobschau; Topschau)
Háber,M., Hovorka,D., 1981: Ore mineralisation on the contact of an alpine type ultramafic body (Dankova, SGR Mnts). Geol.Zbor. – Geol.Carpath., 91 – 113
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Ugu District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
      • Soutpansberg (Zoutpansberg)
Minerals of South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
      • Gordonia District
Minerals of South Africa; Moore, J. M., Waters, D. J., & Niven, M. L. (1990). Werdingite, a new borosilicate mineral from the granulite facies of the western Namaqualand metamorphic complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 75(3-4), 415-420.
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
Sri Lanka
 
  • Central Province
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.; Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
  • Southern Province
    • Matara District
      • Matara
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Pyandzh River Valley
Levitskii V.I. e.a. (1990) Peculiarities of mineralogy and petrology of metasomatites with cordierite and kornerupine, - Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, 12(5), p.58-68 (in Russian); Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Tanzania
 
  • Dodoma Region
    • Kongwa District
      • Kongwa
McKie, D. (1965): The magnesium aluminium borosilicates: kornerupine and grandidierite. Mineralogical Magazine 34: 346-357; Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Uganda
 
  • Kotido District (Karamoja District)
http://www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/index1.html?/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/labwor.html
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Jefferson Township
Young, Davis, 1995,Kornerupine-group Minerals in Grenville-Facies Paragneiss, Reading Prong, New Jersey, The Canadian Mineralogist, v. 33, p. 1255-1262.
    • Passaic Co.
Volkert, Richard A., 2009, Kornerupine: A Rare and Unusual Mineral in the New Jersey Highlands, The Picking Table, v. 50 (1): 20-21.
  • New York
    • Lewis Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 18734
    • Warren Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 15770
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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