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Kulanite

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Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Hardness:
4
Name:
Named after Alan Kulan.

Classification of Kulanite

Approved
8.BH.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.9.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
19.5.14

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba
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Type Occurrence of Kulanite

Year of Discovery:
1976

Physical Properties of Kulanite

Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Streak:
Greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
4

Crystallography of Kulanite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.01Å, b = 12.07Å, c = 4.92Å
β = 100.48°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.746 : 1 : 0.408
Unit Cell Volume:
V 526.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kulanite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.703 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.723
2V:
Measured: 32° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of Kulanite

Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Kulanite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Penikisite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)F
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)F
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCa(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)
8.BH.40ČechitePb(Fe2+,Mn2+)(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40DescloizitePb(Zn,Cu)(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)O
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2Cl
19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)
19.5.5Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2O
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
19.5.9JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)F
19.5.13Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3

Other Names for Kulanite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Kulanit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铁钡石
Spanish:Kulanita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kulanite

Reference List:
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131.
COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.

Yang Yueqing et al (1986) Acta Petr. Miner., 5(2): 119-127 + pl.I (in Chinese with English abstract).

IMA meeting (1986) Program & Abstract.

Internet Links for Kulanite

Specimens:
The following Kulanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Kulanite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Wolfsberg
Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): 1207. Kulanit, ein weiteres seltenes Phosphat vom Pegmatitbruch am Wolfsberg, bei Spittal a. d. Drau, Kärnten. Pp. 192-193 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131. COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19. ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, et al. "Yukon Phosphates" Mineralogical Record v.23, #4.; Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Modris Baum specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
Am Min 67:97-113
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.95.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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