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Kulanite

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Formula:
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:Blue, blue-green, green
Hardness:4
Member of:Bjarebyite Group
Name:Named after Alan Kulan.

Classification of Kulanite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.29-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BH.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.9.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.5.14

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba
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Type Occurrence of Kulanite

Type Locality:Rapid Creek, Dawson Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada
Year of Discovery:1976

Physical Properties of Kulanite

Lustre:Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:Blue, blue-green, green
Streak:Greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):4

Crystallography of Kulanite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.01Å, b = 12.07Å, c = 4.92Å
β = 100.48°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.746 : 1 : 0.408
Unit Cell Volume:V 526.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Kulanite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.703 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.723
2V:Measured: 32° , Calculated: 38°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.020

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v weak

Chemical Properties of Kulanite

Formula:
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
Essential elements:Al, Ba, Fe, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ba, Fe, H, Mg, Mn, O, P

Relationship of Kulanite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Penikisite (see here)
Member of:Bjarebyite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
Johntomaite
BaFe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BH.05Thadeuite
Ca(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
8.BH.10Durangite
NaAl(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Isokite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Lacroixite
NaAl(PO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Maxwellite
NaFe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.10Panasqueiraite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
8.BH.10Tilasite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)F
8.BH.15Drugmanite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Cirrolite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(?)
8.BH.20Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.20Johntomaite
BaFe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BH.25Bertossaite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,F)
 
4
8.BH.25Palermoite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
8.BH.30Carminite
PbFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.30Sewardite
CaFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.35Adelite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Arsendescloizite
PbZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Austinite
CaZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Cobaltaustinite
CaCo(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Conichalcite
CaCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Duftite
PbCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Gabrielsonite
PbFe(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Nickelaustinite
Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Tangeite
CaCu(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Gottlobite
CaMg(VO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.35Hermannroseite
CaCu(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Čechite
Pb(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Descloizite
Pb(Zn,Cu)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Mottramite
PbCu(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.40Pyrobelonite
PbMn
2+
 
(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BH.45Bayldonite
PbCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.45Vésigniéite
BaCu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.50Paganoite
NiBi(AsO
 
4
)O
8.BH.55Jagowerite
BaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BH.60Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
8.BH.65Leningradite
PbCu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
Cl
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.5.1Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)
NaCeSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
19.5.3Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.5.4Goedkenite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
19.5.5Palermoite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
19.5.6Nabaphite
NaBaPO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.7Olgite
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.5.8Nastrophite
Na(Sr,Ba)PO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.9Jagowerite
BaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.5.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.5.11Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.12Curetonite
Ba
 
4
Al
 
3
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
6
19.5.13Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.15Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3

Other Names for Kulanite

Synonyms:
IMA1975-012
Other Languages:
German:Kulanit
Russian:Куланит
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铁钡石
Spanish:Kulanita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kulanite

Reference List:

- +
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131.
COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.

Yang Yueqing et al (1986) Acta Petr. Miner., 5(2): 119-127 + pl.I (in Chinese with English abstract).

IMA meeting (1986) Program & Abstract.

Internet Links for Kulanite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Kulanite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Kulanite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Kulanite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Kulanite specimens for sale - minfind.com
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
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  • Search for Kulanite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Specimens:The following Kulanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Kulanite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Spittal
          • Wolfsberg
    Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): 1207. Kulanit, ein weiteres seltenes Phosphat vom Pegmatitbruch am Wolfsberg, bei Spittal a. d. Drau, Kärnten. Pp. 192-193 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    MinRec 23:4-47
    MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131. COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19. ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
          • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
    Robinson, et al. "Yukon Phosphates" Mineralogical Record v.23, #4.; Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    Modris Baum specimens
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Nanping Prefecture
        • Yanping District
          • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
    Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Aš (Asch)
    Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Yavapai Co.
    AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
          • Independence Gulch
    Am Min 67:97-113
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.95.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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