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Rapid Creek, Dawson Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada
© Tony Peterson
|Name:||Named after Alan Kulan.|
Classification of Kulanite
|Strunz 8th edition ID:||7/B.29-20|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||8.BH.20|
8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
|Dana 8th edition ID:||22.214.171.124|
41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
|Hey's CIM Ref.:||19.5.14|
19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba
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Type Occurrence of Kulanite
|Type Locality:||Rapid Creek, Dawson Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada|
|Year of Discovery:||1976|
Physical Properties of Kulanite
Crystallography of Kulanite
|Cell Parameters:||a = 9.01Å, b = 12.07Å, c = 4.92Å|
β = 100.48°
|Ratio:||a:b:c = 0.746 : 1 : 0.408|
|Unit Cell Volume:||V 526.13 Å³ (Calculated from Unit Cell)|
|X-Ray Powder Diffraction:|
Radiation - Copper Kα
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Optical Data of Kulanite
|RI values:||nα = 1.703 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.723|
|2V:||Measured: 32° , Calculated: 38°|
|Maximum Birefringence:||δ = 0.020|
Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
|Dispersion:||r > v weak|
Chemical Properties of Kulanite
|Simplified for copy/paste:||Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3|
|Essential elements:||Al, Ba, Fe, H, O, P|
|All elements listed in formula:||Al, Ba, Fe, H, Mg, Mn, O, P|
Relationship of Kulanite to other Species
|Series:||Forms a series with Penikisite (see here)|
|Member of:||Bjarebyite Group|
|Other Members of Group:|
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
|Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:|
Other Names for Kulanite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Kulanite
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131.
COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Yang Yueqing et al (1986) Acta Petr. Miner., 5(2): 119-127 + pl.I (in Chinese with English abstract).
IMA meeting (1986) Program & Abstract.
Internet Links for Kulanite
|Specimens:||The following Kulanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.|
Localities for Kulanite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.