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Labuntsovite-Mn

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Formula:
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicHardness:6
Member of:Labuntsovite Supergroup
Name:
Named after the Russian mineralogists Aleksander Nikolaevich Labuntsov and Ekaterina Eutiikkieva Labuntsov-Kostyleva.


Labuntsovite Group.

This is the original labuntsovite. It is now designated labuntsovite-Mn for the dominance of manganese among the divalent cations.

Classification of Labuntsovite-Mn

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.07-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.CE.30e

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.14.8

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Labuntsovite-Mn

Co-type Localities:Yum'egor Pass, Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Pegmatite No. 19, Kuftn'yun Mt, Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1955

Physical Properties of Labuntsovite-Mn

Hardness (Mohs):6

Crystallography of Labuntsovite-Mn

Crystal System:Monoclinic

Optical Data of Labuntsovite-Mn

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.684 - 1.695 nβ = 1.693 - 1.702 nγ = 1.792 - 1.814
2V:Measured: 20° to 44°, Calculated: 30° to 36°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.108 - 0.119

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:strong

Chemical Properties of Labuntsovite-Mn

Formula:
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8·10-12H2O
Essential elements:Ba, H, K, Mn, Na, O, Si, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Ba, H, K, Mn, Na, Nb, O, Si, Ti
Common Impurities:Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca

Relationship of Labuntsovite-Mn to other Species

Member of:Labuntsovite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Burovaite-Ca
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 12H
 
2
O
Gjerdingenite-Ca
K
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
Gjerdingenite-Fe
K
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
Gjerdingenite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
Gjerdingenite-Na
K
 
2
Na
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
Gutkovaite-Mn
K
 
2
CaMn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
Karupmøllerite-Ca
(Na,Ca,K)
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
Kuzmenkoite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5-6H
 
2
O
Kuzmenkoite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
·6-8H
 
2
O
Labuntsovite-Fe
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
Labuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mg(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
Lemmleinite-Ba
Na
 
2
K
 
2
Ba(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
Lemmleinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Lepkhenelmite-Zn
(Ba,K)
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
Neskevaaraite-Fe
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-6 H
 
2
O
Organovaite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-7H
 
2
O
Organovaite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
Parakuzmenkoite-Fe
(K,Ba)
 
4
Fe(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
Paralabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
8
K
 
8
Mg
 
8
Ti
 
16
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
8
(O,OH)
 
16
· nH
 
2
O
Paratsepinite-Ba
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
Paratsepinite-Na
(Na,Sr,K,Ca)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
·nH
 
2
O n ~ 8
Tsepinite-Ca
Ca(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
Tsepinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
Tsepinite-Na
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
Tsepinite-Sr
Sr(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
Vuoriyarvite-K
K
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.CE.05Papagoite
CaCu[H
 
3
AlSi
 
2
O
 
9
]
9.CE.10Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near
9.CE.15Baotite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
Si
 
4
O
 
28
Cl
9.CE.20Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
9.CE.20Taramellite
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.20Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite
(Na,◻)
 
8
Nb
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aKorobitsynite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3-4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5-6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-K
K
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Na
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca
(Na,Ca,K)
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mg(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Fe
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-Ba
Na
 
2
K
 
2
Ba(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Fe
K
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-Fe
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-6 H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Ba
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Ca
Ca(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-Zn
NaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn
(Ba,K)
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Sr
Sr(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na
(Na,Sr,K,Ca)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
·nH
 
2
O n ~ 8
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
8
K
 
8
Mg
 
8
Ti
 
16
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
8
(O,OH)
 
16
· nH
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Ca
K
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Na
K
 
2
Na
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-Mn
K
 
2
CaMn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
·6-8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe
(K,Ba)
 
4
Fe(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 12H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Komarovite
(Ca,Mn)Nb
 
2
[O
 
3
|Si
 
2
O
 
7
] · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite
(Na,Ca,H)
 
2
Nb
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
(OH,F)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.14.1Zorite
Na
 
8
(Ti,Nb)
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
17
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
5
· 14H
 
2
O
16.14.2Vinogradovite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
4
Ti
 
4
AlSi
 
6
O
 
23
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
16.14.3Rhönite
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)
 
6
[O
 
2
|(Si,Al)
 
6
O
 
18
]
16.14.4Kaersutite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
3
AlTi}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)O
 
2
16.14.5Ferro-kaersutite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Fe
2+
3
AlTi}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)O
 
2
16.14.6Jonesite
Ba
 
4
(K,Na)
 
2
Ti
 
4
Al
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
16.14.7Lourenswalsite
(K,Ba)
 
2
(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)
 
4
(Si,Al,Fe)
 
6
O
 
14
(OH)
 
12
16.14.9Kimzeyite
Ca
 
3
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
((Si,Al,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
16.14.10Ellenbergerite
Mg
 
6
(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)
 
2
(Al,Mg)
 
6
Si
 
8
O
 
28
(OH)
 
10
16.14.11Carlosturanite
(Mg,Fe,Ti)
 
21
(Si,Al)
 
12
O
 
28
(OH)
 
34
•H
 
2
O
16.14.12Eakerite
Ca
 
2
SnAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
18
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
16.14.13Plumalsite
Pb
 
4
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
3
)
 
7
16.14.14Wickenburgite
CaPb
 
3
Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
(OH)
 
6
16.14.15Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
16.14.16Epidote-(Pb)
{CaPb}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
16.14.17Burckhardtite
Pb
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)Te
4+
 
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
16.14.18Mathewrogersite
Pb
 
7
FeAl
 
3
GeSi
 
12
O
 
36
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6

Other Names for Labuntsovite-Mn

Synonyms:
Labuntsovite (of Semenov and Burova)Unnamed (MSH UK-5)
Other Languages:
Russian:Лабунцовит-Mn

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Labuntsovite-Mn

Reference List:

- +
Semenov, E.I., & Burova, T.A. (1955): On the new mineral, labuntsovite, and the so-called titanoelpidite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR., 101, 1113-1116 (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 41, (1956) 163.

Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V. & Khomyakov, A.P. (2002): Recommended nomenclature for labuntsovite-group minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 165-173.

Canadian Mineralogist (1999), 37: 901.

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    Localities for Labuntsovite-Mn

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359. CHUKANOV, N.V., PEKOV, I.V., ZADOV, A.E., VOLOSHIN, A.V., SUBBOTIN, V.V., SOROKHTINA, N.V., RASTVETAEVA, R.K., and KRIVOVICHEV, S.V., (2003) Minerals of the labuntsovite group. Nauka, Moscow, 323p (in Russian).
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    Namibia
     
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    [Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
            • Koashva Mt
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
    Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Kovdor Massif
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
          • Lovozero Massif
    [AmMin 85:1322]
            • Kuftn'yun Mt
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    [AmMin 85:1562]; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
          • Turii Cape
        • Northern Karelia
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Magnet Cove
    Rocks & Min.:64:300-307.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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