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Lanthanite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
yellowish white, pink, ...
Hardness:
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements, with cerium (Ce) dominant.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(Ce).

Classification of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Approved 1983
5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
15.4.2.3

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
11.8.3

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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First Recorded Occurrence of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Colour:
yellowish white, pink, colourless
Streak:
white
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.5Å, b = 17.1Å, c = 9Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.556 : 1 : 0.526
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,462.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals platy to thick tabular {010}. Lathlike at times due to extension of [001]. Fine granular to earthy.
Twinning:
On {101} as twin and composition plane.

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.532 nβ = 1.594 nγ = 1.616
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.084
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lanthanite-(Ce) to other Species

5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4 · H2O
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4

Other Names for Lanthanite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).

Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).

Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).

Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).

Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).

Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).

Smith (1854) American Journal of Science: 18: 378.

Genth (1857) American Journal of Science: 23: 425.

von Lang (1863) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 25: 43.

Flink (1910) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 3: 165.

Lindström (1910) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 32: 214.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 119.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 411-413.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(Ce)

Localities for Lanthanite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Mosset
Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Holmestrand
Larsen, A. O. (1994): Drusemineraler fra Solumsåsen pukkverk, Holmestrand. STEIN 21 (2), 136-141
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
No reference listed
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
      • Mt Snowdon
Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 411-413
USA
 
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
J. Swarts collection
Johannes Swarts collection
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Mineral and/or Locality  
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