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Lanthanite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:yellowish white, pink, ...
Hardness:
Name:In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements, with cerium (Ce) dominant.
Isostructural with:Lanthanite-(La), Lanthanite-(Nd)
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(Ce).

Classification of Lanthanite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved 1983
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/D.03-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
Dana 8th edition ID:15.4.2.3

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.3

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Britannia Mine (Snowdon Mine), Mt Snowdon, Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire), Wales, UK

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Colour:yellowish white, pink, colourless
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 9.5Å, b = 17.1Å, c = 9Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.556 : 1 : 0.526
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,462.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals platy to thick tabular {010}. Lathlike at times due to extension of [001]. Fine granular to earthy.
Twinning:On {101} as twin and composition plane.

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.532 nβ = 1.594 nγ = 1.616
2V:Measured: 60° , Calculated: 58°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.084

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:weak

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3·8H2O
Essential elements:C, Ce, H, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Ce, H, La, Nd, O

Relationship of Lanthanite-(Ce) to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Ewaldite
Ba(Ca,Y,Na,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)
(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 4-10H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Weloganite
Na
 
2
Sr
 
3
Zr(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)
Na
 
3
Y[CO
 
3
]
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)
NaY[CO
 
3
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)
Cu(Y,REE)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Ca,Y,Na,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Lanthanite-(Ce)

Synonyms:
IMA1983-055
Other Languages:
German:Lanthanit-(Ce)
Russian:Лантанит-(Ce)

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).

Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).

Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).

Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).

Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).

Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).

Smith (1854) American Journal of Science: 18: 378.

Genth (1857) American Journal of Science: 23: 425.

von Lang (1863) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 25: 43.

Flink (1910) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 3: 165.

Lindström (1910) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 32: 214.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 119.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 411-413.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(Ce)

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  • Localities for Lanthanite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
    SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Mosset
    Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
    Germany
     
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Harzgerode
          • Straßberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    Norway
     
    • Vestfold
      • Holmestrand
    Larsen, A. O. (1994): Drusemineraler fra Solumsåsen pukkverk, Holmestrand. STEIN 21 (2), 136-141
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
      • Ditrău (Ditró)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    Sweden
     
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
    No reference listed
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
        • Mt Snowdon
    Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 411-413
    USA
     
    • Vermont
      • Windham Co.
    J. Swarts collection
    Johannes Swarts collection
    Vietnam
     
    • Lai Chau Province
      • Phong Tho District
        • Mt Fansipan
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