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Lanthanite-(La)

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Formula:
(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
White, yellowish, ...
Lustre:
Pearly
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements with lanthanum (La) dominant.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(La).

Classification of Lanthanite-(La)

Approved
5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
15.4.2.1

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
11.8.2

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(La)

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(La)

Pearly
Colour:
White, yellowish, pinkish, transparent.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Cleavage:
Perfect

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(La)

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Morphology:
Crystals platy to thick tabular {010}. Lathlike at times due to extension of [001]. Fine granular to earthy.
Twinning:
On {101} as twin and composition plane.

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(La)

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.520 nβ = 1.587 nγ = 1.613
2V:
Measured: 63° , Calculated: 60°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.093
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(La)

Formula:
(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lanthanite-(La) to other Species

5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.05WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4 · H2O
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4

Other Names for Lanthanite-(La)

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:碳镧石
镧石
Traditional Chinese:碳鑭石
鑭石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(La)

Reference List:
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).

Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).

Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).

Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).

Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).

Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).

Smith (1854) American Journal of Science: 18: 378.

Genth (1857) American Journal of Science: 23: 425.

von Lang (1863) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 25: 43.

Flink (1910) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 3: 165.

Lindström (1910) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 32: 214.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 119.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.

Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1979): 102: 343.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(La)

Localities for Lanthanite-(La)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Klagenfurt
      • Kreuzbergl massif
        • Falkenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Brazil
 
  • Paraná
Rocks& Min. (Jan.2000)
      • Bacacheri
Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
  • São Paulo
Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
        • Tripp Mine (Nu-Age Mine)
Pavel Kartashov analytical data 2011, Reiner Mielke specimens
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Hizen-cho
Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoyama, K., Takeuchi, K., Terada, Y., & Nakai, I. (2000). Kozoite-(Nd), Nd (CO3)(OH), a new mineral in an alkali olivine basalt from Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist, 85(7-8), 1076-1081.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Lier
Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Haidinger, W. (1845): Handbuch bestimm. Min 1st ed., 500; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Mineville District
        • Moriah Township
Dana 6: 767; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lehigh Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
      • Upper Saucon Township
        • Saucon Valley
          • Friedensville
Rocks & Minerals: 6: 26; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 33-36, 58.
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Putney
Johannes Swarts collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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