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Lanthanite-(La)

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Formula:
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:White, yellowish, ...
Lustre:PearlyHardness:2½ - 3
Name:In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements with lanthanum (La) dominant.
Isostructural with:Lanthanite-(Ce), Lanthanite-(Nd)
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(La).

Classification of Lanthanite-(La)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/D.03-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
Dana 8th edition ID:15.4.2.1

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.2

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(La)

Type Locality:Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(La)

Lustre:Pearly
Colour:White, yellowish, pinkish, transparent.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Cleavage:Perfect

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(La)

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Morphology:Crystals platy to thick tabular {010}. Lathlike at times due to extension of [001]. Fine granular to earthy.
Twinning:On {101} as twin and composition plane.

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(La)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.520 nβ = 1.587 nγ = 1.613
2V:Measured: 63° , Calculated: 60°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.093

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(La)

Formula:
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(La,Ce)2(CO3)3·8H2O
Essential elements:C, H, La, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Ce, H, La, O

Relationship of Lanthanite-(La) to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)
(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 4-10H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.05Weloganite
Na
 
2
Sr
 
3
Zr(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)
Na
 
3
Y[CO
 
3
]
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)
NaY[CO
 
3
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)
Cu(Y,REE)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Lanthanite-(La)

Synonyms:
Coutinhite
Other Languages:
German:Lanthanit-(La)
Russian:Лантанит-(La)
Simplified Chinese:碳镧石
镧石
Traditional Chinese:碳鑭石
鑭石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(La)

Reference List:

- +
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).

Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).

Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).

Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).

Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).

Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).

Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).

Smith (1854) American Journal of Science: 18: 378.

Genth (1857) American Journal of Science: 23: 425.

von Lang (1863) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 25: 43.

Flink (1910) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 3: 165.

Lindström (1910) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 32: 214.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 119.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.

Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1979): 102: 343.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(La)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Lanthanite-(La) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Lanthanite-(La)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Klagenfurt
        • Kreuzbergl massif
          • Falkenberg
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    Brazil
     
    • Paraná
    Rocks& Min. (Jan.2000)
        • Bacacheri
    Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
    • São Paulo
    Type Mineralogy of Brazil, Daniel Atencio
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Haliburton Co.
        • Cardiff Township
          • Tripp Mine (Nu-Age Mine)
    Pavel Kartashov analytical data 2011, Reiner Mielke specimens
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Saga Prefecture
        • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
          • Hizen-cho
    Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoyama, K., Takeuchi, K., Terada, Y., & Nakai, I. (2000). Kozoite-(Nd), Nd (CO3)(OH), a new mineral in an alkali olivine basalt from Hizen-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. American Mineralogist, 85(7-8), 1076-1081.
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Lier
    Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26
    Sweden
     
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Haidinger, W. (1845): Handbuch bestimm. Min 1st ed., 500; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • El Paso Co.
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • New York
      • Essex Co.
        • Mineville District
          • Moriah Township
    Dana 6: 767; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Lehigh Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
        • Upper Saucon Township
          • Saucon Valley
            • Friedensville
    Rocks & Minerals: 6: 26; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 33-36, 58.
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