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Anglesite

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Formula:
PbSO
 
4
System:OrthorhombicColour:Colorless to white, ...
Lustre:Adamantine, Vitreous, ResinousHardness:2½ - 3
Member of:Baryte Group
Name:Named in 1832 by Francois Sulpice Beudant for the type locality, Parys Mine on the Island of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales, U.K.
Isostructural with:Baryte, Celestine


Baryte Group.

Along with cerussite, the most common secondary lead mineral.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anglesite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Anglesite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/A.09-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.AD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th edition ID:28.3.1.3
Dana 8th edition ID:28.3.1.3

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.7.3

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb
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Type Occurrence of Anglesite

Type Locality:Parys Mountain Mines (Paris Mine; Parys Mine; Mona Mine; Morfa Du Mine), Amlwch, Isle of Anglesey (Gwynedd; Anglesey), Wales, UK
Year of Discovery:1832

Physical Properties of Anglesite

Lustre:Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Colorless to white, often tinted grey, yellow, green or blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:Colorless
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Good on {001}, distinct on {201}; on {010} in traces.
Parting:Translation gliding and twin gliding occur (as in Baryte)
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):6.37 - 6.39 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.36 g/cm3

Crystallography of Anglesite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pnma
Cell Parameters:a = 8.48Å, b = 5.39Å, c = 6.95Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.573 : 1 : 1.289
Unit Cell Volume:V 317.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals frequently thin to thick tabular {001}, commonly with {210}, {101} and rhomboidal in outline. Also extended [100] or [010] at times. Prismatic [001] with large {210} and vertically striated; prismatic [100], with large {011}; stout prismatic [010], with {101}, {102}; tabular {100}; equant or pyramidal with {111}, {211} or otherwise. {100} and {210} commonly striated [001]. Massive; granular to compact; nodular; stalactitic.
Twinning:None observed.
Crystal Atlas:
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Anglesite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.48 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.50 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.76 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.102 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.160 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.166 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.169 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.177 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.402 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Epitaxial Relationships of Anglesite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Galena
PbS
Baryte
BaSO
 
4
Epitaxi Comments:Anglesite on baryte in parallel position. Also with galena.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Anglesite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.878 nβ = 1.883 nγ = 1.895
2V:Measured: 75° , Calculated: 68°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.017

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Anglesite

Formula:
PbSO
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:PbSO4
Essential elements:O, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:O, Pb, S
Common Impurities:Ba,Cu

Relationship of Anglesite to other Species

Member of:Baryte Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Baryte
BaSO
 
4
Celestine
SrSO
 
4
Hashemite
Ba(Cr,S)O
 
4
Common Associates:
WulfeniteSulphurPyromorphiteMimetiteMassicot
LinariteLeadhilliteLanarkiteGypsumGalena
Cerussite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.AD.05Arcanite
K
 
2
SO
 
4
7.AD.05Mascagnite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
SO
 
4
7.AD.10Mercallite
KHSO
 
4
7.AD.15Misenite
K
 
8
H
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
7
7.AD.20Letovicite
(NH
 
4
)
 
3
H(SO
 
4
)
 
2
7.AD.25Glauberite
Na
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
7.AD.30Anhydrite
CaSO
 
4
7.AD.35Baryte
BaSO
 
4
7.AD.35Celestine
SrSO
 
4
7.AD.35Olsacherite
Pb
 
2
(SeO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)
7.AD.40Kalistrontite
K
 
2
Sr(SO
 
4
)
 
2
7.AD.40Palmierite
(K,Na)
 
2
Pb(SO
 
4
)
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.7.1Schaurteite
Ca
 
3
Ge(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
25.7.2Zircosulfate
(Zr,Ti)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.7.4Lanarkite
Pb
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O
25.7.5Palmierite
(K,Na)
 
2
Pb(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.7.6Linarite
PbCu(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
25.7.7Elyite
Pb
 
4
Cu(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.7.8Chenite
Pb
 
4
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.7.9Osarizawaite
Pb(Al,Cu)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.7.10Itoite
Pb
 
3
Ge
4+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
25.7.11Fleischerite
Pb
 
3
Ge(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.7.13Plumbojarosite
Pb
 
0.5
Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
28.3.1.1Baryte
BaSO
 
4

Other Names for Anglesite

Synonyms:
Lead mineralized by vitriolic acidLead mineralized by vitriolic acid and ironLead sulphateLead VitriolSulphate of Lead
Other Languages:
Basque:Anglesita
Catalan:Anglesita
Dutch:Anglesiet
French:Anglésite
Anglésine
Plomb sulfaté
Vitriol de Plomb
German:Anglesit
Bleiglas
Vitriolbleierz
Weisbachit
Hungarian:Anglesit
Italian:Anglesite
Latin:Plumbum acido vitriolico mineralisatum
Polish:Anglezyt
Portuguese:Anglesita
Russian:Англезит
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Англезит
Simplified Chinese:硫酸铅矿
铅矾
Spanish:Anglesita
Vitriolo nativo de plomo
Swedish:Anglesit
Ukrainian:Англезит
Varieties:
Argentiferous AnglesiteBarytoanglesiteCuprian Anglesite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Shades of yellow and golden-yellow (UV).
Thermal Behaviour:Inverts to a monoclinic polymorph at about 864° C. Decomposes between 900° and 1000°.
Health Warning:Contains lead. Do not grind dry or inhale dust. Wash hands after handling.
Industrial Uses:Ore of lead.

References for Anglesite

Reference List:

- +
Monnet (1779) System of Mineralogy: 371 (as Vitriol de Plomb).

Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis: 116 (as Plumbum acido vitriolico mineralisatum).

Proust (1787) Le Journal de physique et le radium, Paris: 30: 394 (as Vitriol de Plomb).

Lasius (1789) Beob. Harzgeb.: 2: 355 (as Bleiglas).

Karsten, D.L.G. (1791) Tabellarische Übersicht der mineralogisch-einfachen Fossilien. Berlin: 24.

Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Untersuchung der schwefelsauren Bleierze von Anglesea, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 162-164

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 459.

Koksharov, N. von (1853) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 1: 34.

Lang (1859) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzber., Vienna: 36: 241.

Arzruni (1877) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 1: 186.

Cumenge in: Lacroix (1892) Bull. Muséum national d’histoire naturelle: 42 (as Bouglisite).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 907.

Hermann (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 39: 463.

Samoiloff (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 122.

Kolbeck (1907) Plattner's Probierk. m.d. Lötr., 7th edition, Leipzig: 241, 253 (as Weisbachit).

Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 14.

Kruse (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 27: 541.

Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.

Tacconi (1911) Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Milan, Rendus

Cesàro (1912) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Mémoires: 39: 239.

Dürrfeld (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 585.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 41.

Kraus and Peck (1916) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 17.

Shannon (1919) American Journal of Science: 47: 287.

Ehringhaus and Rose (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 460.

Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 89.

Niggli (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.

Ungemach (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 163.

Billows (1924) Atti. Accad. Ven.-Trent.-Istr., Padova: 14: 82.

Hlawatsch (1925) Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien: 38: 19.

James and Wood (1925) Prodceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.

Basche and Mark (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.

Shannon (1926) .S. National Museum Bulletin: 131: 444.

Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B): 3962.

Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.

Himmel and Schroeder (1935) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 114.

Saldanha (1938) Bol. Univ. São Paulo: 8, no. 1.

Ramdohr (1947) Abh. deutsch. Ak. Wiss. Berlin, no. 4: 1 (Barytoanglesite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 420-424.

American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 506-510.

Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., and Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.

Best Localities for Anglesite

Best of Species:Anglesite

Internet Links for Anglesite

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    Localities for Anglesite

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