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Anglesite

This page kindly sponsored by Malcolm Southwood
Formula:
PbSO4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Colorless to white, ...
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1832 by Francois Sulpice Beudant for the type locality, Parys Mine on the Island of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales, U.K.
Isostructural with:
Baryte Group.

Along with cerussite, the most common secondary lead mineral.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anglesite.

Classification of Anglesite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.AD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
28.3.1.3
28.3.1.3

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
25.7.3

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb
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http://www.mindat.org/min-233.html
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Type Occurrence of Anglesite

Year of Discovery:
1832

Physical Properties of Anglesite

Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Colorless to white, often tinted grey, yellow, green or blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
Colorless
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}, distinct on {201}; on {010} in traces.
Parting:
Translation gliding and twin gliding occur (as in Baryte)
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
6.37 - 6.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Anglesite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.48Å, b = 5.39Å, c = 6.95Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.573 : 1 : 1.289
Unit Cell Volume:
V 317.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals frequently thin to thick tabular {001}, commonly with {210}, {101} and rhomboidal in outline. Also extended [100] or [010] at times. Prismatic [001] with large {210} and vertically striated; prismatic [100], with large {011}; stout prismatic [010], with {101}, {102}; tabular {100}; equant or pyramidal with {111}, {211} or otherwise. {100} and {210} commonly striated [001]. Massive; granular to compact; nodular; stalactitic.
Twinning:
None observed.

Crystallographic forms of Anglesite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Anglesite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.48 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.50 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.76 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.102 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.160 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.166 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.169 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.177 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.402 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of Anglesite

Epitaxial Minerals:
GalenaPbS
BaryteBaSO4
Epitaxy Comments:
Anglesite on baryte in parallel position. Also with galena.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Anglesite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.878 nβ = 1.883 nγ = 1.895
2V:
Measured: 75° , Calculated: 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Anglesite

Formula:
PbSO4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ba,Cu

Relationship of Anglesite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
BaryteBaSO4
CelestineSrSO4
HashemiteBa(Cr,S)O4
7.AD.05ArcaniteK2SO4
7.AD.05Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
7.AD.10MercalliteKHSO4
7.AD.15MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
7.AD.20Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
7.AD.25GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
7.AD.30AnhydriteCaSO4
7.AD.35BaryteBaSO4
7.AD.35CelestineSrSO4
7.AD.35OlsacheritePb2(SeO4)(SO4)
7.AD.40KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
7.AD.40Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.7.4LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
25.7.5Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
25.7.6LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
25.7.8ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.9OsarizawaitePb(Al,Cu)3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.10ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+,Cu)3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.13PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Anglesite

Other Information

Shades of yellow and golden-yellow (UV).
Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts to a monoclinic polymorph at about 864° C. Decomposes between 900° and 1000°.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Ore of lead.

References for Anglesite

Reference List:
Monnet (1779) System of Mineralogy: 371 (as Vitriol de Plomb).

Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis: 116 (as Plumbum acido vitriolico mineralisatum).

Proust (1787) Le Journal de physique et le radium, Paris: 30: 394 (as Vitriol de Plomb).

Lasius (1789) Beob. Harzgeb.: 2: 355 (as Bleiglas).

Karsten, D.L.G. (1791) Tabellarische Übersicht der mineralogisch-einfachen Fossilien. Berlin: 24.

Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Untersuchung der schwefelsauren Bleierze von Anglesea, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 162-164

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 459.

Koksharov, N. von (1853) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 1: 34.

Lang (1859) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzber., Vienna: 36: 241.

Arzruni (1877) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 1: 186.

Cumenge in: Lacroix (1892) Bull. Muséum national d’histoire naturelle: 42 (as Bouglisite).

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 907.

Hermann (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 39: 463.

Samoiloff (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 122.

Kolbeck (1907) Plattner's Probierk. m.d. Lötr., 7th edition, Leipzig: 241, 253 (as Weisbachit).

Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 14.

Kruse (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 27: 541.

Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.

Tacconi (1911) Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Milan, Rendus

Cesàro (1912) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Mémoires: 39: 239.

Dürrfeld (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 585.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 41.

Kraus and Peck (1916) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 17.

Shannon (1919) American Journal of Science: 47: 287.

Ehringhaus and Rose (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 460.

Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 89.

Niggli (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.

Ungemach (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 163.

Billows (1924) Atti. Accad. Ven.-Trent.-Istr., Padova: 14: 82.

Hlawatsch (1925) Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien: 38: 19.

James and Wood (1925) Prodceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.

Basche and Mark (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.

Shannon (1926) .S. National Museum Bulletin: 131: 444.

Hintze, Carl (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B): 3962.

Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.

Himmel and Schroeder (1935) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 114.

Saldanha (1938) Bol. Univ. São Paulo: 8, no. 1.

Ramdohr (1947) Abh. deutsch. Ak. Wiss. Berlin, no. 4: 1 (Barytoanglesite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 420-424.

American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 506-510.

Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., and Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.

Internet Links for Anglesite

Specimens:
The following Anglesite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Anglesite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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