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Anglesite

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Formula:
PbSO4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Colorless to white, ...
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1832 by Francois Sulpice Beudant for the type locality, Parys Mine on the Island of Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in Wales, U.K.
Isostructural with:
Baryte Group.

Along with cerussite, the most common secondary lead mineral.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Anglesite.


Classification of Anglesite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.AD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
28.3.1.3
28.3.1.3

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
25.7.3

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb

Type Occurrence of Anglesite

Physical Properties of Anglesite

Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Colorless to white, often tinted grey, yellow, green or blue; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
Colorless
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}, distinct on {201}; on {010} in traces.
Parting:
Translation gliding and twin gliding occur (as in Baryte)
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
6.37 - 6.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Anglesite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.48Å, b = 5.39Å, c = 6.95Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.573 : 1 : 1.289
Unit Cell Volume:
V 317.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals frequently thin to thick tabular {001}, commonly with {210}, {101} and rhomboidal in outline. Also extended [100] or [010] at times. Prismatic [001] with large {210} and vertically striated; prismatic [100], with large {011}; stout prismatic [010], with {101}, {102}; tabular {100}; equant or pyramidal with {111}, {211} or otherwise. {100} and {210} commonly striated [001]. Massive; granular to compact; nodular; stalactitic.
Twinning:
None observed.

Crystallographic forms of Anglesite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Anglesite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.4 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.48 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.50 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.76 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.102 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.160 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.166 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.169 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.177 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Anglesite no.402 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of Anglesite

Epitaxial Minerals:
GalenaPbS
BaryteBaSO4
Epitaxy Comments:
Anglesite on baryte in parallel position. Also with galena.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Anglesite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.878 nβ = 1.883 nγ = 1.895
2V:
Measured: 75° , Calculated: 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Anglesite

Formula:
PbSO4
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ba,Cu

Relationship of Anglesite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Baryte (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
CelestineSrSO4
HashemiteBa(CrO4)
7.AD.05ArcaniteK2SO4
7.AD.05Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
7.AD.10MercalliteKHSO4
7.AD.15MiseniteK8(SO4)(SO3OH)6
7.AD.20Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
7.AD.25GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
7.AD.30AnhydriteCaSO4
7.AD.35CelestineSrSO4
7.AD.35OlsacheritePb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
7.AD.40KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
7.AD.40PalmieriteK2Pb(SO4)2
25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.7.2ZircosulfateZr(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.7.4LanarkitePb2O(SO4)
25.7.5PalmieriteK2Pb(SO4)2
25.7.6LinaritePbCuSO4(OH)2
25.7.7ElyiteCuPb4(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
25.7.8CheniteCuPb4(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.9OsarizawaiteCuPbAl2(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.10ItoitePb3GeO2(SO4)2(OH)2
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
25.7.13PlumbojarositePbFe63+(SO4)4(OH)12

Other Names for Anglesite

Other Information

Shades of yellow and golden-yellow (UV).
Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts to a monoclinic polymorph at about 864° C. Decomposes between 900° and 1000°.
Health Risks:
Contains lead. Do not grind dry or inhale dust. Wash hands after handling.
Industrial Uses:
Ore of lead.

References for Anglesite

Reference List:
Monnet (1779) System of Mineralogy: 371. [as Vitriol de Plomb]

Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis: 116. [as Plumbum acido vitriolico mineralisatum]

Proust (1787) Lettre de M. Proust a M. De La Métherie, sur le borax. Journal de Physique - Observations sur la Physique, sur L'Histoire Naturelle, et sur les Arts, Paris: 30: 393-396. [as Vitriol de Plomb]

Lasius (1789) Beob. Harzgeb.: 2: 355. [as Bleiglas]

Karsten, D.L.G. (1791) Tabellarische Übersicht der mineralogisch-einfachen Fossilien. Berlin: 24.

Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Untersuchung der schwefelsauren Bleierze von Anglesea. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 162-164.

Beudant, F.S. (1832) Anglesite, plomb sulfaté. Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 459.

von Koksharov, N. (1853) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 1: 34.

Lang (1859) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, Vienna: 36: 241.

Arzruni (1877) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 1: 186.

Cumenge (1892) in: Lacroix Bull. Muséum national d’histoire naturelle: 42. [as Bouglisite]

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 907.

Hermann (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 39: 463.

Samoiloff (1904) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 122.

Kolbeck (1907) Plattner's Probierk. m.d. Lötr., 7th edition, Leipzig: 241, 253. [as Weisbachit]

Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 14.

Kruse (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 27: 541.

Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.

Tacconi (1911) Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere, Milan, Rendus

Cesàro (1912) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Mémoires: 39: 239.

Dürrfeld (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 585.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 41.

Kraus, Peck (1916) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 17.

Shannon (1919) American Journal of Science: 47: 287.

Ehringhaus and Rose (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 460.

Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 89.

Niggli (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.

Ungemach (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 163.

Billows (1924) Atti. Accad. Ven.-Trent.-Istr., Padova: 14: 82.

Hlawatsch (1925) Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien: 38: 19.

James, Wood (1925) Prodceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.

Basche, Mark (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.

Shannon (1926) .S. National Museum Bulletin: 131: 444.

Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B): 3962.

Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.

Himmel, Schroeder (1935) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 114.

Saldanha (1938) Bol. Univ. São Paulo: 8, no. 1.

Ramdohr (1947) Abh. deutsch. Ak. Wiss. Berlin, no. 4: 1. [Barytoanglesite]

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 420-424.

Blount, C.W. (1974) Synthesis of barite, celestite, anglesite, witherite, and strontianite from aqueous solutions. American Mineralogist: 59: 1209-1219.

Miyake, M., Minato, I., Morikawa, H., Iwai, S.I. (1978) Crystal structure and sulphate force constants of barite, celesite, and anglesite. American Mineralogist: 63: 506-510.

Nikolic, P.M., Mihajlovic, P., Todorovic, D.M. (1996) Far infrared and infrared properties of single crystal anglesite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy: 52: 131-137

Jacobsen S.D., Smyth J.R., Swope R.J., Downs R.T. (1998) Rigid-body character of the SO4 groups in celestine, anglesite and barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1053-1060.

Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.

Frost, R.L., Kloprogge, J.T., Williams, P.A. (2003) Raman spectroscopy of lead sulphate-carbonate minerals - implications for hydrogen bonding. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 529-542.

Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.

Jehlička, J., Vítek, P., Edwards, H.G.M., Hargreaves, M.D., Čapoun, T. (2009) Fast detection of sulphate minerals (gypsum, anglesite, baryte) by a portable Raman spectrometer. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 40: 1082-1086.

Antao, S.M. (2012) Structural trends for celestite (SrSO4), anglesite (PbSO4), and barite (BaSO4): confirmation of expected variations within SO4 groups. American Mineralogist: 97: 661-665.

Kei, M.F., Markl, G. (2015) Weathering of galena: mineralogical processes, hydrogeochemical fluid path modeling, and estimation of the growth rate of pyromorphite. American Mineralogist: 100: 1584-1594.

Internet Links for Anglesite

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http://www.mindat.org/min-233.html
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Specimens:
The following Anglesite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Anglesite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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