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Lapis Lazuli

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Name:Lapis-lazuli was known in ancient times and was highly prized. The earliest published use of the name lapis-lazuli appears to be from 1636 by Anselmus Boetus de Boodt in Gemmarum et Lapidum Historia. page 273. The name is said to be derived from the Latin 'Lapis' and the persian 'Lazhward', meaning Blue. The name should be pronounced 'Lap-is Laz-u-lee'

The name Lapis Lazuli has been used both to describe the blue mineral previously known as lazurite (but in most cases is actually a S-rich variety of Hauyne) and the rock that is made up predominantly of this mineral plus calcite, pyrite and other minerals. In general today the name Lapis Lazuli is used to describe the material used as a decorative stone (ie, the rock) rather than the mineral component. The localities listed here are localities where this decorative stone has been reported.

Worldwide, virtually all of the lapis-lazuli occurrences have hauyne, vladimirivanovite, afghanite, etc. The species lazurite is actually ultra-rare and virtually no valid specimens are known to contain true lazurite. By far, the greatest number of lapis-lazuli specimens contain hauyne as the deep blue component. Lapis-lazuli is mined and carved as a decorative stone, this rock has a distinctive blue colour. Lapis Lazuli historically came from Lapis-lazuli mines and occurrences, near Sar-e-Sang, Badakhshan (Badakshan; Badahsan) Province, Afghanistan.

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Classification of Lapis Lazuli

IMA status:Not Approved
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Occurrences of Lapis Lazuli

Geological Setting:In marble skarns

Physical Properties of Lapis Lazuli

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Comment:Takes a good polish

Other Names for Lapis Lazuli

Other Languages:
Chilean LapisDenim Lapis

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Decorative stone

References for Lapis Lazuli

Reference List:

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Hogarth, D.D. and Griffin, W.L. (1978) Lapis lazuli from Baffin Island - a Precambrian meta-evaporite. Lithos: 11: 37-60.

Internet Links for Lapis Lazuli

Search Engines:
  • Look for Lapis Lazuli on Google
  • Look for Lapis Lazuli images on Google
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Lapis Lazuli specimens
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Find Lapis Lazuli on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Search for Lapis Lazuli on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Localities for Lapis Lazuli

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Jurm District
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
          • Jurm (Firghamu; Firgamu)
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
          • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
    Van King
      • Zebak District
        • Sanglich
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Burma (Myanmar)
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Bernardmyo
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Harald Schillhammer collection
          • Chaung-gyi
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
          • Kyatpyin North
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Kyauk-Pyat-That
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Marble Ark
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
          • Mogok Valley
            • Dattaw Hill
              • Dattaw-mid
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    No reference listed
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Baffin Island
    Rocks & Minerals: 58: 12; Lithos: 11: 37-60.; D.D. Hogarth, W.L. Griffin, Lapis lazuli from Baffin island — a precambrian meta-evaporite, Lithos, Volume 11, Issue 1, 15 January 1978, Pages 37-60; D. D. Hogarth (1971) Lapis Lazuli near Lake Harbour, Southern Baffin Island, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 8:1210-1217.
    • Coquimbo Region
      • LimarĂ­ Province
        • Ovalle
    Michael O'Donoghue (2006) Gems: Their Sources, Descriptions and Identification. 6th ed. Elsevier
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Alban Hills
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    Gerard van der Veld
    • California
    AmMin 23:111
        • San Gabriel Mts
          • San Antonio Canyon
    Eaton, A. L. 1946. Pomona club collects at mineralized Cascade Canyon. The Desert Magazine, Volume 9 Number 10, August. Desert Press, Inc. El Centro, California, p. 31, 40pp.
    Sterrett, D. B. 1911. Gems and precious stones. Mineral Resources of the United States for 1910, part 2; Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey: p. 872
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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