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Laueite

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Max von Laue
Formula:
Mn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
honey-brown, amber, ...
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named by Hugo Strunz in 1954 in honor of Max Felix Theodor von Laue (1879-1960), professor of physics at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute (now Max Planck Institute), Berlin, Germany and in the University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. Laue was the first to verify that minerals had a regular atomic arrangement as had been predicted by previous physicists.
Isostructural with:
The Mn2+ analogue of ferrolaueite.

Classification of Laueite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.DC.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.11.10.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
19.12.24

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2339.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Laueite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Year of Discovery:
1954

Occurrences of Laueite

Geological Setting:
Late stage hydrothermal mineral in oxidized triphylite bearing granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Laueite

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
honey-brown, amber, yellow, dark yellow, yellow-orange, reddish orange
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.44 - 2.49 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.56 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Laueite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.28Å, b = 10.66Å, c = 7.14Å
α = 107.91°, β = 110.98°, γ = 71.12°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.495 : 1 : 0.67
Z:
1
Morphology:
tabular prismatic crystals to 3mm, {100}, {010}, {001}, {110}, {110}, {011} {011),
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.91 (100)
6.57 (70)
4.95 (80)
4.02 (50)
3.93 (50)
3.28 (90)
2.88 (60)
Comments:
ICDD 14-246

Optical Data of Laueite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.588 - 1.603 nβ = 1.654 - 1.659 nγ = 1.680 - 1.682
2V:
Measured: 63° to 66°, Calculated: 62°
Birefringence:
0.075
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.092
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of Laueite

Formula:
Mn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Laueite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2O
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe243+Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2O
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2O
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe33+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe43+(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2O
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2O
8.DC.60Cloncurryite(Cu,VO)Al2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 4.5-5H2O
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.55Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Laueite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Laueit
Russian:Лауеит
Spanish:Laueita

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Laueite

Reference List:
Strunz, H. (1954): "Laueit, ein neues Mineral": Naturwissenschaften: 41: 256.
American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 1038. (abstract)

Moore, P.B. (1965): "The crystal structure of laueite": American Mineralogist: 50: 1884-1892.

Moore, P.B. (1975): "Laueite, pseudolaueite, stewartite and metavauxite; a study in combinatorial polymorphism": Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 123: 148-159.

Internet Links for Laueite

Specimens:
The following Laueite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Laueite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.; GALLISKI, M.A. (1983): Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina 38, 340-380.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce Valley
Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
sergio varvello
Van King
various photographs
      • Galiléia
        • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
        • Sapucaia do Norte
AmMin 89:1087
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Obermüller, T., (1993): Über Phosphatmineralien aus Zwiesel/Bayerischer Wald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, pp. 337-341
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Naturwissenschaften,(1954) 41, 256
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
luigi chiappino specimen
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kobe city
          • Nishi-ku
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Pedro Alves collection
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
Mineralien Atlas
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Coosa Co.
      • Rockford District
        • Two Bit pegmatite
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
Van King
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Anza-Borrego Desert State Park
        • Elder Canyon
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1958, 1961): Rocks & Min.: 70:403
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
No reference listed
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
"Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
      • Rumford
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 65:301
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore and Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.140.
Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Rocks & Min 80:252
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 39:355 (1964); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
No reference listed
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 380-382.
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60:110 & 112.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Mineral and/or Locality  
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