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Lavendulan

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Formula:
NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Turquois--blue, greenish ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named after the lavender colour of the "type" specimen, which has been determined to be a mixture with no relationship to modern lavendulan (Ondruš et al., 2006). Lavendulan does not exhibit a lavender colour.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
Lavendulan Group.

A polymorph of Lemanskiite, the Ca analogue of Zdenekite and the arsenate analogue of Sampleite.

Compare also the chemically and visually similar Mahnertite.

Data regarding this species have been significantly defined in recent years [see Ondruš et al. (2006) and the crystal-structure determination by Giester et al. (2007)], including a re-examination of Breithaupt's type specimen. That effort disclosed that the "type specimen" of lavendulan was a mixture unrelated to present day lavendulan. The second locality from which "lavendulan" was found is Jachymov (Joachimsthal), Czech Republic; therefore, the type locality of the species was changed to the latter locality, pending any formal declarations to the contrary.

Classification of Lavendulan

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.DG.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 0.5:1
42.9.4.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
22.2.2

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
2 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with chloride
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-2349.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Lavendulan

Year of Discovery:
1837

Occurrences of Lavendulan

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of some copper deposits.

Physical Properties of Lavendulan

Vitreous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Comment:
Satinly in aggregates
Colour:
Turquois--blue, greenish blue, pale blue
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}
Distinct on {100} {001}
Density:
3.54 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.597 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Lavendulan

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.011Å, b = 19.478Å, c = 10.056Å
β = 90.37°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.514 : 1 : 0.516
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1960.8 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Thin rectangular, pseudo-orthorhombic plates.
Twinning:
Commmon.
Comment:
Space group P21/n. Pseudo-orthorhombic metrics.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.716 (100)
7.084 (5)
6.970 (5)
5.003 (7)
4.865 (16)
4.449 (7)
4.371 (5)
3.243 (4)
3.156 (6)
3.110 (9)
3.082 (5)
2.968 (9)
2.752 (7)
2.668 (4)
2.513 (5)
2.482 (5)
(
Comments:
From ICDD-PDF no. 49-1857 (based on crystal structure).

Optical Data of Lavendulan

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 nβ = 1.715 nγ = 1.734
2V:
Measured: 33° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.074
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O= pale blue to pale greenish blue
E= blue to greenish blue

Chemical Properties of Lavendulan

Formula:
NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lavendulan to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Sampleite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
ZdenĕkiteNaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
8.DG.05SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
8.DG.05ShubnikoviteCa2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
8.DG.05ZdenĕkiteNaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
8.DG.05LemanskiiteNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
22.2.1SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
22.2.3ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
22.2.4TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.5ShubnikoviteCa2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
22.2.6RichelsdorfiteCa2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
22.2.7AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
22.2.8MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.9PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
22.2.10MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.11Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.12SahlinitePb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
22.2.13GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
22.2.14VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
22.2.15KombatitePb14(VO4)2O9Cl4
22.2.16LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2Cl
22.2.17HedyphanePb3Ca2(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.18NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O

Other Names for Lavendulan

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lavendulan

Reference List:
A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 3. Lavendulan.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 505-506.

Goldsmith (1877) Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences Philadelphia: 192 (as Freirinite).

Foshag (1924) American Mineralogist: 9: 30 (Freirinite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 750-751, 920-921 (as Freirinite).

Guillemin, G. (1956): Contribution à la minéralogie des arséniates, phosphates et vanadates de cuivre. I. Arséniates. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral. Cristallogr., 79, 7-95.

American Mineralogist (1957): 42: 123.

Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F, Sejkora, J., Skála, R., Pažout, R., Frýda, J., Gabašová, A., Vajdak, J. (2006): Lemanskiite, NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl•5H2O, a new mineral species from the Abundancia mine, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 523-531 (type specimen data).

Giester, Gerald; Uwe Kolitsch; Peter Leverett; Peter Turner; and Peter A. Williams (2007) The crystal structures of lavendulan, sampleite, and a new polymorph of sampleite. European Journal of Mineralogy 19,75-93.

Internet Links for Lavendulan

Specimens:
The following Lavendulan specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Lavendulan

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Antofagasta de la Sierra department
      • Antofagasta de la Sierra
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Salta
Sureda, R.J., Galliski, M.A., Gorustovich, S.A. Los minerales de uranio y cobre en la manifestacion nuclear Cajoncillo, provincia de Salta. 9 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 7: 407-417 1984.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Selwyn District
[UKJMM 19:24]
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
Noble, R. J., Just, J. and Johnson, J. E. (1983): Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983. South Australia Department of Mines and Energy Handbook 7, 244 pp.; Uwe Kolitsch collection
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Kleeman, A.W. and Milnes, A.R. (1973): Phosphorian lavendulan from Dome Rock mine, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia: 97: 135-137.
      • Kalabity homestead area
Jack Leach collection & Museum of Victoria
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
South Australian Museum collection
  • Victoria
    • Loddon Shire
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Widgiemooltha
No reference listed
    • Ravensthorpe Shire
      • Kundip
P Haas and RD Green collections
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Vogel Alp
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
J.Coordination Chemistry 61,15-29(2008); Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Moffatt, E., Gunter, M. E., Roberts, A. C., & Dunn, P. J. (2009). Braithwaiteite, NaCu5 (TiSb) O2 (AsO4) 4 [AsO3 (OH)] 2 (H2O) 8, a new mineral species from Laurani, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(4), 947-952.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
Can. Min. 9, 718; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
U. Kolitsch collection (SXRD analysed); IMA submission #037-99, Dr. F. Veselovsky, Czech Geol. Survey
In the collection of Brent Thorne
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
http://www.mindat.org/picshow.php?id=47147 (questionable)
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
    • Tocopilla Province
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 921; Josef Vajdak (2002) Mineral News, 18, #1, 6.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Salar Grande
Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Magnesiokoritnigite, Mg(AsO3OH)•H2O, from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile: the Mg-analogue of koritnigite. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3081-3092.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 751.
Lapis (2002): 7/8: 54.
Lapis 2002(7/8), 54
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Georges FAVREAU and CLAUDE Jean-Marie collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Baden-Baden
        • Müllenbach U deposit
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Rudolfstein
Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Untermaubach
Graf, HW., (1992):Fundstellen und Mineralien in de Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31. [in fact sampleite]
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58.
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Annaberg-Buchholz
          • Frohnau
            • Schreckenberg
              • König David samt Galiläische Wirtschaft Mine
A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 3. Lavendulan.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 505-506
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Wolkenstein
Lapis, Jg 33 (2008), No.9, pag 26-27.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Elbin, K. & Wendel, W. (1996): Lavendulan aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 42-43; 62; Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
            • Hilarion area
Elbin, K. and Wendel, W. (1996): Lavendulan aus Laurion. lapis: 21(11): 42-43.
Simone Citon specimen
        • Plaka
          • Villia
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
        • Vrissaki area
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
        • Meleg Hill
HOM Collection,Szakáll S.,2010
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Collection of NHM, Vienna
No reference listed
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
S. MORETON, P. DAVIDSON, D. I. GREEN and G. RYBACK (1999) Unusual Supergene Minerals at Muckross Mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences 17:19-24
  • Co. Mayo
S. Burchmore Collection
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Monard
  • Co. Waterford
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
- Balestra C. (preliminary EDS analysis). - Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
    • Savona Province
      • Murialdo
        • Pastori
M.E. Ciriotti Probed 2005
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Sergio Mascia finding
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Massa
Olmi F., Orlandi P., Passarino G.(1994) : Mushistonite e lavendulano di Carrara. Riv. Min. Ital., 4, 348-350. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Agoudal
Tomasz Praszkier (2010) Lapis, 35, #11, 29-31.
          • Bou Azer
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Méchoui
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Oumlil
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Tamdrost
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Christiane & Jean-Robert EYTIER collection
S.Rust collection
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Joan Abella i Creus and Joan Viñals i Olià (2012) NUEVOS MINERALES DE LA “MINA EUREKA”: METAMUNIRITA, SCHRÖCKINGERITA, BOLTWOODITA Y GORDAITA, CASTELL-ESTAÓ, LA TORRE DE CABDELLA, LLEIDA, ESPAÑA. - http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/nuevos-minerales-de-la-mina-eureka.html
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
Viñals, J.,Bareche,E.y Coca, J. (1990) Mines de Catalunya, Vimbodí (II).Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 4, 213-227.
  • Murcia
    • Lorca
      • Ramonete
MinRec-2003-0708-315
    • Mazarrón-Águilas
      • Pastrana
Lapis 2002(11), 29
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges
Le Règne Minéral, 44, p15-21
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Cligga Head
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 37 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
Steve Rust collection
[Journal of the Russell Society, 6(1), 17-26 (1995)]
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Minver
          • Polzeath
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 37 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
        • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Budleigh Salterton
Minerals of the World MSN community messageboard; R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
    • Leicestershire
      • Leicester
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway (Kirkcudbrightshire)
      • Dalbeattie
BMS Database
BMS Database
      • Needle's Eye
BMS Database; R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
              • Tiger Wash
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Mohawk
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Truckee District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Silver King District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Collected by Brent Thorne
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
Min News 10:12 p5
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
collected by Brent Thorne; Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22 (mine in general).
Collected by Robert Meyer.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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