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Anilite

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Formula:
Cu7S4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Bluish-Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Name:
For the type locality.
Note: Many of the reported associations of digenite and djurleite, identified by powder diffraction, could be anilite and djurleite, as anilite transforms to digenite during grinding.

Classification of Anilite

Approved
2.BA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.4.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
3.1.4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
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First Recorded Occurrence of Anilite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Sakurai Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Year of Discovery:
1969

Occurrences of Anilite

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal copper ores.

Physical Properties of Anilite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-Grey
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Tenacity:
Sectile
Density:
5.68 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Anilite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.89Å, b = 7.84Å, c = 11.01Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 1.404
Unit Cell Volume:
V 681.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic or platy crystals to 5mm.
Twinning:
Present; "neighboring twins".
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.20 (57)
2.77 (65)
2.59 (29)
2.54 (31)
2.16 (39)
1.956 (100)
1.677 (35)

Chemical Properties of Anilite

Formula:
Cu7S4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Anilite to other Species

2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2S
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2Se
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2Se
2.BA.25AthabascaiteCu5Se4
2.BA.25UmangiteCu3Se2
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTe
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2S
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSe
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeS
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2Se
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeS
2.BA.60HessiteAg2Te
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
3.1.1ChalcociteCu2S
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5
3.1.8CovelliteCuS
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2Se
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2Se
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSe
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTe
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTe
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
3.1.20LautiteCuAsS
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
3.1.31PutoraniteCu9(Fe,Ni)9S16
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2O
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16

Other Names for Anilite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Anilit
Japanese:阿仁鉱
Russian:Анилит
Simplified Chinese:斜方蓝辉铜矿
Spanish:Anilita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Anilite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 54: 1256-1269.

Acta Crystallographica: B26: 915-924.

Internet Links for Anilite

Localities for Anilite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Curaçá river valley
      • Curaçá
Bello, Rosa M. S. (1986) "Jazida de cobre de Surubim, vale do Curuçá, Bahia: mineralogia, petrologia e petrogenese"
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
        • Buttle Lake
Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
http://nsminerals.atspace.com/Dunbrack.html
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Michilla District
Oliveros, V., Tristá-Aguilera, D., Féraud, G., Morata, D., Aguirre, L., Kojima, S., and Ferraris, F. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 61-78.
    • El Loa Province
      • Escondida
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • El Salado
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Pampa Capitana
Suluezert, Y., ol Japan, G. S., Kawata-cho, S., & AestRAcr, T. (1969). Anilite, Cuzsn, A New Mineral. The American Mineralogist, 54.
    • Copiapó Province
      • Pabellón
        • Sierra Jardín
Econ Geol (1987) 82:546-570
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Jiyu Xue, Tao Sun, Wenlan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cai, and Wu Chen (2000): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 20(1), 9-12; Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741
  • Yunnan Province
    • Yuxi Prefecture
      • Huaning Co.
Rongge Xiao and Wensheng Ge (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 138-145
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
            • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
              • Geschieber vein
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    • Plzeň Region
      • Klatovy (Klattau)
Sejkora J., Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Novák F., Malec J., Franc J.: Mineralogie uranového zrudnění z lokality Dlažov u Klatov (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 2, s. 73-80.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Neudorf
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Siemroth,J./Witzke,T.:Die Minerale des Mansfelder Kupferschiefers.-Hettstedt 1999
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
      • Baihar Tehsil
        • Padritola
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Indonesia
 
  • Jawa Island (Java Island)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
      • Servette-Chuc mining complex
Tumiati, S.; Casartelli, P.; Mambretti, A.; Martin, S.; Frizzo, P.; Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Sassello
Notiziario di Mineralogia-Ferrania Club n° 16 dic.2002
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo
          • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kitaakita City
          • Ani-machi
Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
        • Odate
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Matsueda, H. et al (2000) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 8, #3, 129-150.
Peru
 
  • Tacna Department
    • Tacna Province
      • Barrio Obrero
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Bato Tabio
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Kucha H. 1979: Anilite, Cu7S4, from Lubin mine, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 89-96
    • Złotoryja District
Oszczepalski, S. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 599-613.
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Udokan
Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnoturjinsk (Bogolovsk; Krasnotur'insk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya River
            • Turjinsk
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
        • Bor Mine
JF Carpentier collection
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Nandráž
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Vouvry
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Goms
      • Ulrichen
        • Ägene Valley
          • Gries lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North West Highlands (Ross-shire; Ross & Cromarty)
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
    • Strathclyde (Argyllshire)
      • Lochgilphead
[J.Russell Soc. 1998:38]
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Nizina District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003); USGS OFR 99-342
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 1.
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area
Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
  • Kansas
    • Sumner Co.
Economic Geology (1990) 85:601-621
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Baltic
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
      • Painesdale
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Bixby
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Reynolds Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Ellington
Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.
  • Oklahoma
    • Jackson Co.
      • Creta
Economic Geology; August 1980; v. 75; no. 5; p. 722-729; GSA Conference North-Central Section - 37th Annual Meeting (March 24–25, 2003) Paper No. 8-10 THE REPLACEMENT CHARACTER OF COPPER-SILVER MINERALIZATION IN THE PERMIAN FLOWERPOT SHALE AND WELLINGTON SANDSTONE FORMATIONS OF OKLAHOMA HAGNI, Richard D.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lycoming Co.
      • Penn Township
Smith and Hioff (1984)
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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