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Anilite

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Formula:
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
System:OrthorhombicColour:Bluish-Grey
Lustre:MetallicHardness:3
Name:For the type locality.


Note: Many of the reported associations of digenite and djurleite, identified by powder diffraction, could be anilite and djurleite, as anilite transforms to digenite during grinding.

Classification of Anilite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.01-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.BA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 8th edition ID:2.4.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.1.4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Anilite

Type Locality:Ani Mine, Ani-machi, Kitaakita City, Akita Prefecture, Tohoku Region, Honshu Island, Japan
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Sakurai Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Year of Discovery:1969

Occurrences of Anilite

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal copper ores.

Physical Properties of Anilite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Bluish-Grey
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):3
Tenacity:Sectile
Density (calculated):5.68 g/cm3

Crystallography of Anilite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 7.89Å, b = 7.84Å, c = 11.01Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 1.404
Unit Cell Volume:V 681.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Prismatic or platy crystals to 5mm.
Twinning:Present; "neighboring twins".
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.20 (57)
2.77 (65)
2.59 (29)
2.54 (31)
2.16 (39)
1.956 (100)
1.677 (35)

Chemical Properties of Anilite

Formula:
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu7S4
Essential elements:Cu, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, S

Relationship of Anilite to other Species

Common Associates:
DjurleiteCovelliteChalcopyriteBornite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.BA.05Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
2.BA.05Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
2.BA.05Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
2.BA.05Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.10Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.15Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
2.BA.20Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.20Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.25Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
2.BA.25Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
2.BA.30Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
2.BA.30Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
2.BA.35Acanthite
Ag
 
2
S
2.BA.40Mckinstryite
Ag
 
5-x
Cu
 
3+x
S
 
4
2.BA.40Stromeyerite
AgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCu
Ag
 
6
AuCu
 
2
S
 
5
2.BA.45Jalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuS
 
2
2.BA.45Selenojalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuSe
 
2
2.BA.50Eucairite
AgCuSe
2.BA.55Aguilarite
Ag
 
4
SeS
2.BA.55Naumannite
Ag
 
2
Se
2.BA.60Cervelleite
Ag
 
4
TeS
2.BA.60Hessite
Ag
 
2
Te
2.BA.60Chenguodaite
Ag
 
9
Fe
3+
 
Te
 
2
S
 
4
2.BA.65Henryite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
4
Te
 
4
2.BA.65Stützite
Ag
 
5-x
Te
 
3
, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70Argyrodite
Ag
 
8
GeS
 
6
2.BA.70Canfieldite
Ag
 
8
SnS
 
6
2.BA.70Putzite
(Cu
 
4.7
Ag
 
3.3
)GeS
 
6
2.BA.75Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
2.BA.75Penzhinite
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
2.BA.75Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
2.BA.75Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.1.1Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
3.1.2Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
3.1.3Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.5Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.6Spionkopite
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
3.1.7Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
3.1.8Covellite
CuS
3.1.9Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.10Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.11Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
3.1.12Yarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
3.1.13Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
3.1.14Klockmannite
CuSe
3.1.15Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
3.1.16Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
3.1.17Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
3.1.18Vulcanite
CuTe
3.1.19Bambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
3.1.20Lautite
CuAsS
3.1.21Mgriite
Cu
 
3
AsSe
 
3
3.1.22Cubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.23Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
3.1.24Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
3.1.25Chalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
3.1.26Mooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.27Haycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
3.1.28Isocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.29Idaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
3.1.30Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
3.1.31Putoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.32Orickite
2CuFeS
 
2
· H
 
2
O
3.1.33Eskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
3.1.34Chaméanite
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
As(Se,S)
 
4
3.1.35Talnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16

Other Names for Anilite

Synonyms:
IMA1968-030
Other Languages:
German:Anilit
Japanese:阿仁鉱
Russian:Анилит
Simplified Chinese:斜方蓝辉铜矿
Spanish:Anilita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Anilite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 54: 1256-1269.

Acta Crystallographica: B26: 915-924.

Internet Links for Anilite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Anilite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Anilite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Colón Department
        • Dumesnil
    Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
    Atlantic Ocean
     
    • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Gunpowder District
          • Mount Gordon
    Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Köflach
        • Voitsberg
          • Krems
    Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
    • British Columbia
      • Alberni Mining Division
        • Vancouver Island
          • Buttle Lake
    Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
    • Nova Scotia
      • Halifax Co.
        • Musquodoboit Harbour
    http://nsminerals.atspace.com/Dunbrack.html
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Michilla District
    Oliveros, V., Tristá-Aguilera, D., Féraud, G., Morata, D., Aguirre, L., Kojima, S., and Ferraris, F. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 61-78.
      • El Loa Province
        • Escondida
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • El Salado
          • Diego de Almagro
            • Pampa Capitana
    Suluezert, Y., ol Japan, G. S., Kawata-cho, S., & AestRAcr, T. (1969). Anilite, Cuzsn, A New Mineral. The American Mineralogist, 54.
      • Copiapó Province
        • Pabellón
          • Sierra Jardín
    Econ Geol (1987) 82:546-570
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Longyan Prefecture
        • Shanghang Co.
          • Zijinshan ore field
    Jiyu Xue, Tao Sun, Wenlan Zhang, Yuanfeng Cai, and Wu Chen (2000): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 20(1), 9-12; Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741
    • Yunnan Province
      • Yuxi Prefecture
        • Huaning Co.
    Rongge Xiao and Wensheng Ge (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 138-145
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
            • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
              • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
                • Geschieber vein
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
      • Plzeň Region
        • Klatovy (Klattau)
    Sejkora J., Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Novák F., Malec J., Franc J.: Mineralogie uranového zrudnění z lokality Dlažov u Klatov (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 2, s. 73-80.
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Klášterec nad Ohří
    - Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
    Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
              • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Harzgerode mining district
          • Neudorf
    Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
    Lapis 15(7/8), 21 (1990)
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Siemroth,J./Witzke,T.:Die Minerale des Mansfelder Kupferschiefers.-Hettstedt 1999
    India
     
    • Madhya Pradesh
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Indonesia
     
    • Jawa Island (Java Island)
      • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
        • Bogor District
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
    Iran
     
    • Yazd Province
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
    http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Saint-Marcel
        • Servette-Chuc mining complex
    Tumiati, S.; Casartelli, P.; Mambretti, A.; Martin, S.; Frizzo, P.; Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
    • Liguria
      • Savona Province
        • Sassello
    Notiziario di Mineralogia-Ferrania Club n° 16 dic.2002
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
          • San Giacomo
            • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
    Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
          • Kitaakita City
            • Ani-machi
    Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
          • Odate
    The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    Matsueda, H. et al (2000) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 8, #3, 129-150.
    Peru
     
    • Tacna Department
      • Tacna Province
        • Barrio Obrero
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
            • Bato Tabio
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    Kucha H. 1979: Anilite, Cu7S4, from Lubin mine, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 89-96
      • Złotoryja District
    Oszczepalski, S. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 599-613.
    Portugal
     
    • Évora District
      • Vila Viçosa
        • Conceição
    Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Udokan
    Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
          • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
    V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnoturjinsk (Bogolovsk; Krasnotur'insk; Krasnoturyinsk)
            • Turya River
              • Turjinsk
          • Nizhnii Tagil
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
        • Bor
          • Bor Mine
    JF Carpentier collection
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Revúca Co.
        • Nandráž
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Vorderrhein Valley
        • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
          • Curnera Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
    • Vaud (Waadt)
      • Vouvry
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Goms
        • Ulrichen
          • Ägene Valley
            • Gries lake area
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 42
    Turkey
     
    • Black Sea Region
      • Gümüşhane Province
    Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
    UK
     
    Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
      • North West Highlands (Ross-shire; Ross & Cromarty)
        • Loch Kishorn
    Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
      • Strathclyde (Argyllshire)
        • Lochgilphead
    [J.Russell Soc. 1998:38]
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Valdez-Cordova Borough
        • Nizina District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003); USGS OFR 99-342
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
          • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
            • Morenci
    Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 1.
    • California
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
    Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
    • Kansas
      • Sumner Co.
    Economic Geology (1990) 85:601-621
    • Michigan
      • Houghton Co.
        • Baltic
    Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
        • Painesdale
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Missouri
      • Iron Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Bixby
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
      • Reynolds Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Ellington
    Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.
    • Oklahoma
      • Jackson Co.
        • Creta
    Economic Geology; August 1980; v. 75; no. 5; p. 722-729; GSA Conference North-Central Section - 37th Annual Meeting (March 24–25, 2003) Paper No. 8-10 THE REPLACEMENT CHARACTER OF COPPER-SILVER MINERALIZATION IN THE PERMIAN FLOWERPOT SHALE AND WELLINGTON SANDSTONE FORMATIONS OF OKLAHOMA HAGNI, Richard D.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Lycoming Co.
        • Penn Township
    Smith and Hioff (1984)
    • Virginia
      • Charlotte Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Halifax Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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