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Legrandite

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Formula:
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Yellow to colourless; ...
Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, WaxyHardness:
Name:Named in 1932 by Julien Drugman and Max H. Hey in honor of Mr. LeGrand [ - 1920s?], a Belgium mining engineer and mineral collector who collected the first specimens.


A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of arsenic- and zinc-bearing deposits.

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Classification of Legrandite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.07-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.6.4.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.3.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg
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Type Occurrence of Legrandite

Type Locality:Flor de Peña Mine, Lampazos de Naranjo (Lampazos), Mun. de Lampazos de Naranjo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Year of Discovery:1932
Geological Setting of type material:Oxidized zone of an arsenic-bearing zinc deposit.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SphaleriteSideritePyrite

Occurrences of Legrandite

Geological Setting:Rare secondary mineral in Zn-As bearing deposits, granite pegmatites (rare).

Physical Properties of Legrandite

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Yellow to colourless; pale yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Imperfect/Fair
Fair to poor on {100}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.98 - 4.01 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.015 g/cm3

Crystallography of Legrandite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b
Space Group Setting:P21/c
Cell Parameters:a = 12.805(2) Å, b = 7.933(1) Å, c = 10.215(2) Å
β = 104.23°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.614 : 1 : 1.288
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,005.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Crystals prismatic elongated [001], exhibiting dominant {110}, striated parallel to {001} and {111}, {100}, and {001}. Commonly in sprays or sheaflike aggregates.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
12.36 (35)
6.68 (71)
5.93 (71)
4.19 (50)
4.08 (100)
3.08 (71)
3.03 (35)

Optical Data of Legrandite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.675 - 1.702 nβ = 1.690 - 1.709 nγ = 1.735 - 1.740
2V:Measured: 50° , Calculated: 52° to 62°
Birefringence:0.66
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.060

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r < v strong
Optical Extinction:X = b; Z ^ c = 40°
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = Y = Colourless to yellow
Z = Yellow

Chemical Properties of Legrandite

Formula:
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Zn2(AsO4)(OH)·H2O
Essential elements:As, H, O, Zn
All elements listed in formula:As, H, O, Zn

Relationship of Legrandite to other Species

Common Associates:
SmithsoniteScoroditeParadamiteLimoniteAdamite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DC.05Nissonite
Cu
 
2
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.07Euchroite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.12Strashimirite
Cu
 
8
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Arthurite
CuFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Ojuelaite
ZnFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Whitmoreite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite
(Co,Mg)Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Bendadaite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Kunatite
CuFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)
ZnFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.17Kleemanite
ZnAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.20Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.20Coralloite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.22Kovdorskite
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Ferristrunzite
Fe
3+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Ferrostrunzite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Metavauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Metavivianite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.27Beraunite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Gordonite
MgAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Paravauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Sigloite
Fe
3+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Ushkovite
MgFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Ferrolaueite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Kastningite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Maghrebite
MgAl
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Nordgauite
MnAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.32Tinticite
Fe
3+
5.34
(PO
 
4
)
 
3.62
(VO
 
4
)
 
0.38
(OH)
 
4
· 6.7H
 
2
O
8.DC.35Vauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.37Vantasselite
Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
8.DC.40Cacoxenite
Fe
3+
24
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
17
O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
· 17H
 
2
O
8.DC.45Gormanite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DC.45Souzalite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DC.47Kingite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
F
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
8.DC.50Wavellite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.50Allanpringite
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.52Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.55Mapimite
Zn
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 10H
 
2
O
8.DC.57Ogdensburgite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(Zn,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.60Nevadaite
(Cu
2+
 
,Al,V
3+
 
)
 
6
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
8
F
 
8
(OH)
 
2
· 22H
 
2
O
8.DC.60Cloncurryite
(Cu,VO)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
· 4.5-5H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.3.1Adamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.2Paradamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.3Koritnigite
Zn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.3.5Warikahnite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.6Köttigite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.3.7Stranskiite
Zn
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
20.3.8Philipsburgite
(Cu,Zn)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
20.3.9Austinite
CaZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.10Prosperite
CaZn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.3.11Gaitite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.12Zincroselite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.3.13O'Danielite
Na(Zn,Mg)
 
3
H
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.3.14Johillerite
Na(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.3.15Holdenite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
6
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
8
20.3.16Chudobaite
(Mg,Zn)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
6
20.3.18Lotharmeyerite
Ca(Zn,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.3.19Metaköttigite
(Zn,Fe,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.3.20Ojuelaite
ZnFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.3.21Fahleite
Zn
 
5
CaFe
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 14H
 
2
O
20.3.22Keyite
Cu
2+
3
Zn
 
4
Cd
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Legrandite

Other Languages:
Dutch:Legrandiet
German:Legrandit
Italian:Legrandite
Russian:Леграндит
Simplified Chinese:水羟砷锌石
Spanish:Legrandita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:No fluorescent in UV
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Legrandite

Reference List:

- +
Drugman, J., and M. H. Hey (1932) Legrandite, a new zinc arsenate. Mineralogical Magazine 23: 175-718.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 958-959.

Desautels, P.E. and R.S. Clarke, Jr. (1963) Re-examination of legrandite. American Mineralogist: 48: 1255–1265.

McLean, W.J., J.W. Anthony, J.J. Finney, and Laughon, R.B. (1971) The crystal structure of legrandite. American Mineralogist (1971): 1147-1154.

Canadian Mineralogist (1982): 20: 88.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 308.

Internet Links for Legrandite

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  • Look for Legrandite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Legrandite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Legrandite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Legrandite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Legrandite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    No reference listed
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Conselheiro Pena
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
    Lapis, (4), 11-13.
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Lautenthal
    No reference listed
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Wilnsdorf
    Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
          • Thorikos area
    Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Vrissaki area
    Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Niimi City
            • Ohsa-osakabe
    Kusachi et al (1986) Mineralogical Journal, 13, 141-150.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Miyazaki Prefecture
        • Takachiho
    Ishibashi et al (1981) Chigaku Kenkyu, 32, 29-34.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
        • Santa Eulalia District
          • West Camp
            • Francisco Portillo
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Rocks & Min.: 56:247.; Panczer (1987) Minerals of Mexico
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    • Nuevo Leon
      • Mun. de Lampazos de Naranjo
        • Lampazos de Naranjo (Lampazos)
    Mineralogical Magazine (1932): 23: 175-178; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 959; Panczner (1987): 102-339.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    USA
     
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt5:671.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
      • Kadoma District
    Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
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