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|Name:||After Mr. W.R. Liebenberg, Deputy Director-General of the National Institute for Metallurgy of South Africa.|
Classification of Liebenbergite
|Strunz 8th edition ID:||8/A.04-40|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||9.AC.05|
9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
C : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in octahedral  coordination
|Dana 8th edition ID:||18.104.22.168|
51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral  coordination
|Hey's CIM Ref.:||14.26.1|
14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
26 : Silicates of Ni
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Type Occurrence of Liebenbergite
|Type Locality:||Scotia Talc mine, Bon Accord, Barberton District, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa|
|Year of Discovery:||1973|
Physical Properties of Liebenbergite
Crystallography of Liebenbergite
|Cell Parameters:||a = 4.72Å, b = 10.19Å, c = 5.95Å|
|Ratio:||a:b:c = 0.463 : 1 : 0.584|
|Unit Cell Volume:||V 286.18 Å³ (Calculated from Unit Cell)|
Optical Data of Liebenbergite
|RI values:||nα = 1.820 nβ = 1.854 nγ = 1.888|
|2V:||Measured: 80° , Calculated: 88°|
|Maximum Birefringence:||δ = 0.068|
Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
|Surface Relief:||Very High|
Chemical Properties of Liebenbergite
|Essential elements:||Ni, O, Si|
|All elements listed in formula:||Mg, Ni, O, Si|
Relationship of Liebenbergite to other Species
|Member of:||Olivine Group|
|Other Members of Group:|
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
|Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:|
Other Names for Liebenbergite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Liebenbergite
De Waal, S.A. and L.C. Calk (1973) Nickel minerals from Barberton, South
Africa: VI. Liebenbergite, a nickel olivine. American Mineralogist, 58, 733-735.
Bish, D.L. (1981) Cation ordering in synthetic and natural Ni-Mg olivine. American Mineralogist: 66: 770-776.
Internet Links for Liebenbergite
Localities for Liebenbergite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
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Locality Updated: Amazonite pegmatite, Laitila, Southwestern Finland Region, FinlandFrom Ilkka Mikkola, 4th Dec 2013 23:11:27