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Liebigite

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Justus von Liebig
Formula:
Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Green to yellowish-green
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
For German chemist Justus von Liebig (1803-1873), founder of analytical chemistry.
A secondary uranium mineral.

Classification of Liebigite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
5.ED.20

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
E : Uranyl Carbonates
D : UO2:CO3 = 1:3
15.3.2.1

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
3 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2398.html
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Type Occurrence of Liebigite

Year of Discovery:
1848

Occurrences of Liebigite

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral formed by alkteration of uraninite in alkaline carbonate solutions.

Physical Properties of Liebigite

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage {100}
Colour:
Green to yellowish-green
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
On {100}.
Density:
2.41 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.43 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Liebigite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.699Å, b = 17.557Å, c = 13.697Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.951 : 1 : 0.78
Unit Cell Volume:
V 4,015.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals equant or short prismatic [001], normally indistinct with rounded edges and convex or vicinal faces. Commonly granular or scaly aggregates and thin crusts; botryoidal.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Liebigite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.497 nβ = 1.502 nγ = 1.539
2V:
Measured: 37° to 42°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.042
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
moderate r > v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Nearly colourless
Y = Light yellowish green
Z = Light yellowish green

Chemical Properties of Liebigite

Formula:
Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Liebigite to other Species

5.ED.05BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
5.ED.10SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2O
5.ED.15AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O
5.ED.25RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2O
5.ED.30AndersoniteNa2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
5.ED.35GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2O
5.ED.40WidenmannitePb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
5.ED.45ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2O
5.ED.50ČejkaiteNa4(UO2)(CO3)3
5.ED.50AgricolaiteK4(UO2)(CO3)3

Other Names for Liebigite

Other Information

Green to blue green fluorescence (LW & SWUV).
Other Information:
Soluble in H2SO4 with effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Liebigite

Reference List:
Smith (1848) American Journal of Science: 5: 336.

Smith (1851) American Journal of Science: 11: 259.

Vogl (1853) Jahrbuch Geol. Reichsanst., Vienna: 4: 221 (as Kalk-Uran-carbonate).

Lindacker analysis in: Vogl (1856) Gangverh. Mineralreich. Joachimsthal, Teplitz.

Weisbach, Albin (1875) Synopsis mineralogical, systematische Übersicht des Mineralreiches. 78 pp., Freiberg: 48 (as Flutherite).

Schrauf (1882) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 6: 410 (as Uranothallite).

Brezina (1890) Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien: 5: 495.

Esper S. Larsen (1917) The probable identity of uranothallite and liebigite. American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 87.

Meixner (1940) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 145.

Evans and Frondel (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 251.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 240-241.

Mereiter, K. (1982a) The crystal structure of liebigite, Ca2UO2(CO3)3·11H2O. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1982): 30: 277-288.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for Liebigite

Localities for Liebigite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • San Rafael Department
      • Sierra Pintada
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Lyndhurst
            • Nichol Nob
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Malta valley
MEIXNER, H. & K. WALENTA (1979): Liebigit, ein für Österreich neues Urancarbonatmineral von der Kölnbreinsperre, Maltatal, Kärnten. Der Karinthin, 81, 152-153.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Anlauf valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
        • Bad Gastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
        • Siglitz - Bockhart area
          • Siglitz - Bockhart Gold Mining District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .
China
 
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Xi'an Prefecture
      • Lantian Co.
Zhang Jianguo, Chen Shaoqing, Rao Sun and Qi Jing (2004). In: IAEA Technical Document 1419
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
        • Háje
Plášil, J. et al.: Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 43-55.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Plašil J, Sejkora J, Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Beran P, Goliáš V (2006): Supergene minerals in the Horní Slavkov uranium ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 149-158. ; Sejkora, J. & Plasil, J. (2009): Mineralien aus dem Uranrevier Horni Slavkov. Lapis 34 (7-8), 63-67; 70 (in German).
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 237.
Lapis 2002(7/8), 58
    • Liberec Region
      • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
Bradna, J., Šita, F.: Nálezy minerál na Rýžovišti u Harrachova. Opera Corcontica, 1968, 5, s. 246-247.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Klatovy (Klattau)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Petr Pauliš, Stanislav Kopecký, Pavel Černý: Uranové minerály České republiky a jejich lokality. (2007)
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
M. Deliens
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
      • Saint Martin du Bosc
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Baden-Baden
        • Müllenbach U deposit
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
No reference listed
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Mähring
        • Uranium deposit
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Miltach
        • Altrandsberg
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241.
      • Schneeberg District
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Neustädtel
          • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
Szakáll & Jánosi: minerals of hungary, 1995
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Mizunami City
          • Tsukiyoshi uranium ore deposits
Matsubara (1976) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 2, 111-114
    • Chugoku Region
      • Tottori Prefecture
K. Watanabe (1976) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 11, 53-113 (in japanese with english summary)
        • Tohgoh-cho
S. Matsubara & R. Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
      • Krøderen Lake
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 103
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Lindesberg
No reference listed
Turkey (TL)
 
  • Marmara Region
    • Edirne Province
Smith, J.L. (1848) American Journal of Science: 5: 336; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241..
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carn Brea
          • Basset Mines
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache & Navajo Cos.
      • Colorado Plateau
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Date Creek Mts
        • Martinez District
          • Congress
MRDS database Dep. ID #10027544, MRDS ID #M003323.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997)
Minerals of Colorado (1997)
      • Vail Pass
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Garfield Co.
      • East Rifle Creek area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Maybell District
        • Maybell Mines
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Marshall Pass District
http://www.minsocam.org/msa/AmMin/TOC/Articles_Free/2004/Catalano_p1004-1021_04.pdf
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
        • Ambrosia Lake area
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
    • Sandoval Co.
      • Nacimiento Mountains District
NMBMMR Memoir 38 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region 1979; USGS Open-File Report 79-1510
Leonard S.Wiener and Sigrid Ballew,1995, Updated by Kenny Gay,2006, A Listing Of North Carolina Minerals,Geologic Note No.4
  • Pennsylvania
    • Carbon Co.
      • Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Van King
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • White Canyon District
        • White Canyon
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Spokane Indian Reservation
        • Turtle Lake
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.53
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
      • Pumpkin Buttes District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Carbon Co.
      • Baggs-Poison Basin District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Converse Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:385
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Fremont Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Am Min 51:1567-1578; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp361-370.
    • Natrona Co.
      • Gas Hills District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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