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Lindgrenite

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Waldemar Lindgren
Formula:
Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Green, yellowish green; ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named by Charles Palache in 1935 in honour of Waldemar Lindgren [February 14, 1860 Kalmar, Sweden - November 3, 1939 Brighton, Massachusetts, USA], Swedish-American economic geologist, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a profound theorist on ore deposit formation.
A rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of molybdenum-bearing copper deposits.

Classification of Lindgrenite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.GB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
G : Molybdates, Wolframates and Niobates
B : With additional anions and/or H2O
48.3.1.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
3 : Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
27.3.1

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
3 : Molybdates
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2405.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Lindgrenite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
The Natural History Museum, London,m England: #1936,102.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #97527, 97528.
Year of Discovery:
1935
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Lindgrenite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Green, yellowish green; pale green to yellow-green in transmitted light
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {101} and {100}, very poor.
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
4.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Lindgrenite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.394Å, b = 14.023Å, c = 5.608Å
β = 98.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.385 : 1 : 0.4
Unit Cell Volume:
V 419.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals tabular or platy {010}, exhibiting {010}, which may be striated parallel [001].Also may exhibit forms {100}, {021}, and several others. Rarely acicular along [101] with a square outline; crusts; massive.
Comment:
Space group = P21/n
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.16 (50)
3.58 (30)
3.52 (100)
3.48 (70)
2.78 (20)
2.72 (30)
2.68 (40)
2.67 (20)
Comments:
36-0405

Optical Data of Lindgrenite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.930 nβ = 2.002 nγ = 2.020
2V:
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 50°
Birefringence:
0.090
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Z to c = 9 degrees

Chemical Properties of Lindgrenite

Formula:
Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lindgrenite to other Species

7.GB.10SzenicsiteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4
7.GB.15CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
7.GB.15UM1999-38-WO:CrV(V, Cr, W, O, H) [V:Cr:W ratio about 2:1:3]
7.GB.20Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)
7.GB.25RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2O
7.GB.30FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
7.GB.35AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3
7.GB.35MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
7.GB.40Obradovicite-KCu[K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe33+O34(OH)3]
7.GB.45Mendozavilite-NaFe[Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe33+O35(OH)2]
7.GB.45Paramendozavilite[KAl4(H2O)30][Mo12P6Fe63+O60(OH)13]
7.GB.50Tancaite-(Ce)FeCe(MoO4)3·3H2O
27.3.2PowelliteCa(MoO4)
27.3.3WulfenitePb(MoO4)
27.3.4KoechliniteBi2MoO6
27.3.5SedoviteU(MoO4)2
27.3.6MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
27.3.7Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
27.3.8Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
27.3.9MoluraniteH4U4+(UO2)3(MoO4)7 · 18H2O
27.3.10CousiniteMgU2Mo2O11 · 6H2O
27.3.11Calcurmolite(Ca,Na)2(UO2)3Mo2(O,OH)11 · nH2O
27.3.12TengchongiteCaO · 6UO3 · 2MoO3 · 12H2O
27.3.13KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
27.3.14FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O

Other Names for Lindgrenite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in HCl and HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindgrenite

Reference List:
Palache, C. (1935) Lindgrenite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist: 20: 484-491.

Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 163.

Barnes (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 611.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1094-1095.

L. D. Calvert and W. H. Barnes (1957) The structure of lindgrenite. Can. Mineral. 6, 31-51.

Hawthorne, F.C. and R.K. Eby (1985) Refinement of the crystal structure of lindgrenite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 5: 234-240.

Internet Links for Lindgrenite

Localities for Lindgrenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
A.Molina & M. Dini collections - analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1095.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro
pers. comm. T. Szenics to C. Lemanski, Jr. (2006).
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
maurizio dini collection
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region
    • Cachapoal Province
      • Rancagua
        • El Teniente
Royal Ontario Museum
France
 
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
Queneau Patrice collection
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Nara Prefecture
Miyazaki et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 89
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Klauvreid
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 114.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 334.
Reed, E. F., & Simmons, W. W. (1962). Geological notes on the Miami-Inspiration mine. In Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim region, east-central Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 13th Field Conference (pp. 153-157).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Verde Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278; Schaller, W.T. (1932), Chemical composition of cuprotungstite, Am.Min.: 17: 234-237; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
thony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
          • Ray Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 340.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:244
        • Cuprum
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
Mineral and/or Locality  
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