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Linnaeite

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Formula:
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
System:IsometricColour:Grey, violet
Hardness:4½ - 5½
Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Name:
Named after Carl von Linné [Carolus Linnaeus; Original swedish name: Carl Nilsson Linnæus] (1707–1778), Swedish taxonomist, botanist, physician, geologist and zoologist.

Classification of Linnaeite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.01-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
Dana 8th edition ID:2.10.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.10.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
10 : Sulphides etc. of Co
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Type Occurrence of Linnaeite

Type Locality:Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1845

Physical Properties of Linnaeite

Lustre:Metallic
Colour:Grey, violet
Streak:Greyish black
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5½

Crystallography of Linnaeite

Crystal System:Isometric
Cell Parameters:a = 9.43Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 838.56 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Linnaeite

Type:Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Linnaeite

Formula:
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Co2+Co3+2S4
Essential elements:Co, S
All elements listed in formula:Co, S
Common Impurities:Ni,Cu,Fe,Se

Relationship of Linnaeite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Polydymite (see here)
Member of:Linnaeite Group > Thiospinel Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
Greigite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DA.05Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Florensovite
(Cu,Zn)Cr
 
1.5
Sb
 
0.5
S
 
4
2.DA.05Greigite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
2.DA.05Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite
(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cadmoindite
CdIn
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.05Cuprokalininite
CuCr
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.10Rhodostannite
Cu
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.10Toyohaite
Ag
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
2.DA.15Brezinaite
Cr
 
3
S
 
4
2.DA.15Heideite
(Fe,Cr)
 
1.15
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
S
 
4
2.DA.20Inaglyite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Ir,Pt)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.20Konderite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)
 
8
S
 
16
2.DA.25Kingstonite
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
3
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.10.1Cobaltpentlandite
(Co,Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
3.10.3Cattierite
CoS
 
2
3.10.4Freboldite
CoSe
3.10.5Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
3.10.6Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
3.10.7Hastite
3.10.8Mattagamite
CoTe
 
2
3.10.9Modderite
(Co,Fe)As
3.10.10Safflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.11Clinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.12Skutterudite
(Co,Fe,Ni)As
 
2-3
3.10.13Cobaltite
CoAsS
3.10.14Paracostibite
CoSbS
3.10.15Costibite
CoSbS
3.10.16Alloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
3.10.17Glaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS
3.10.18Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4

Other Names for Linnaeite

Synonyms:
Cobalt PyritesKobaltkies (of Hausmann)KoboldineLineiteLinneite
Other Languages:
German:Lineit
Linnaeit
Linnéit
Latin:Cobaltum Pyriticosum
Russian:Линнеит
Simplified Chinese:硫钴矿
Spanish:Lineita
Linnaeita
Swedish:Koboltkis
Varieties:
Auriferous Linnaeite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Linnaeite

Reference List:

- +
Beudant (1832): 2: 417 (as koboldine).

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 262-265.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 734.

Internet Links for Linnaeite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Linnaeite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Linnaeite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Lowgar Province (Lawgar Province; Lawghar Province; Logar Province; Loghar Province; Lowghar Province)
      • Mohammad Agha District (Muhammad Agha District)
        • Aynak Cu deposit (Mes Aynak)
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Minas Department
    Sureda (1978): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 33(4):299-324
    • Mendoza
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    • Salta
      • Iruya
    Brodtkorb (1963): 2a Jornadas Geologicas Argentinas 1:25-53, Salta
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Clive Co.
        • Bolivia
    Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Pernatty Lagoon
          • Mount Gunson Copper mines (Pernatty Lagoon - Mount Gunson Cu Deposits)
    Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals:1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
    Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
        • Kambalda
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
    Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite Series Minerals from the kalgoorlie District western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978):42:93-98
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Broad Arrow
    Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite series Minerals from the Kalgoorlie District Western Australia, Mineralogical magazine (Mar 1978):42: 93-98
      • Leonora Shire
        • Weebo Station
    Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Stubach valley
    Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
    • Styria
      • Frohnleiten
        • Kirchdorf
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Knittelfeld
        • Flatschach
          • Cu deposit (Schönberg)
    Gröbner, J. (2000): Neue Mineralienfunde aus Österreich (2). Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 49-51.
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Schwaz
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Fieberbrunn
    Vohryzka, K. (1968): Die Erzlagerstätten von Nordtirol und ihr Verhältnis zur alpinen Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 111, 3-88.; Steiner, M., Tropper, P., Vavtar, F., Kaindl, R. & Krismer, M. (2010): Balkanite from the Cu ore deposit Röhrerbühel, Kitzbühel (N-Tyrol, Austria). N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 187, 207-215.
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Chichas Province
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Pazardzhik Obshtina
        • Tsar Assen
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Zlatitsa Obshtina
        • Zlatitsa
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
    Canada
     
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Baffin Island
        • Nanisivik
    Can. Museum of Nature collection
    • Ontario
      • Nipissing District
        • Phyllis Township
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copperfield%27s_Mine
      • Sudbury District
        • Levack Township
    Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Timiskaming District
        • Boston Township
    Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
    • Québec
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
          • Mont-Albert
    Girard, P. (1971)
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Huasco Province
        • Carrizal Alto district
    A. H. Clark (1974): "Hypogene and Superegene Cobalt-Copper sulfides, Carrizal Alto, Atacama, Chile": AM, vol. 59, pp. 302-306
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Huaibei Prefecture
        • Suixi Co.
          • Sanpu ore field
    Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Liuzhou Prefecture
        • Rongshui Co.
          • Yuanbao Mtns (Yuanbaoshan)
    Jun Xu (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(3), 193-204
    Jun Xu (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(3), 193-204
    • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
      • Changjiang Co.
    Jinjie Yu, Junping Ren, Fuxiong Chen, Yonghui Wang, Jiang Liang, and Linrui Che (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 884-898
    • Hebei Province
      • Baoding Prefecture
        • Laiyuan Co.
          • Futuyu-Mujicun ore field
    Guoxi Ma, Zhikuan Chen, Lijing Chen, Xiaofeng Ma, Jinhu Ma, Yunsheng Ti, and Youfeng Dou (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1101-1111
    Guoxi Ma, Zhikuan Chen, Lijing Chen, Xiaofeng Ma, Jinhu Ma, Yunsheng Ti, and Youfeng Dou (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1101-1111
    Guoxi Ma, Zhikuan Chen, Lijing Chen, Xiaofeng Ma, Jinhu Ma, Yunsheng Ti, and Youfeng Dou (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 1101-1111
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jilin Prefecture
        • Panshi Co.
    Han Zhong, Gaoshan Li, and Yonghe Zhou (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 14-18
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
          • Qimantage Mtns
    Zhang Dequan, Wang Yan, Feng Chengyou, Li Daxin, Yan Shenghao, and Cui Yanhe (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(3), 213-222
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Baoji Prefecture
        • Taibai Co.
    Defeng Hui and Naiwu Zhu (2001): Gold Journal 3(1), 1-5
      • Hanzhong Prefecture
        • Lüeyang Co.
          • Tongchang ore field
    Runsheng Han, Shichang Jin, Congqiang Liu, Yuan Li, and Deyun Ma (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(4), 11-15, 40
    • Shanxi Province
      • Yuncheng Prefecture
        • Yuanqu Co.
          • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
    Yang Weihua (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Copper Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi and Xu Zhonglun, eds.: Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press, Beijing (1996), pp. 470-507.
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Danba Co.
          • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
            • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE deposit
    Jianbin Zheng, Zhimin Cao, Xieyan Song, Wei An, and Ji Liu (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 16-20
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Hanyuan Co.
    Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
    • Yunnan Province
      • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
        • Midu Co.
    Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32
      • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
        • Lanping Co.
    Liu Jiajun, Li Chaoyang, Zhang Qian, Pan Jiayong, Liu Yuping, Liu Xianfan, Liu Shirong, and Yang Weiguang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(6), 545-554.
      • Yuxi Prefecture
        • Yimen Co.
          • Yimen Cu ore field (Sanjiachang Cu ore field)
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Croatia
     
    • Trgovska Gora Mts
    Šoštarić, S. B. et al. (2009): Mineral. Petrol. 97, 111-128.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Katanga
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
        • Shinkolobwe
    MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Kipushi
    Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Chabu, M. (1995). The Geochemistry Of Phlogopite And Chlorite From The Kipushi Zn-Pb--Gu Deposit, Shaba, Zaire., Canadian Mineralogist 33, 547-558.
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62 ; Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
          • Urbeis
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne),1997; Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Champs-sur-Tarentaine-Marchal
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Haute-Loire
        • Brioude
          • Saint-Beauzire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
          • Vieille-Brioude
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Langeac
          • Barlet
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Poullaouen
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 27-28
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Lunel
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
          • Le Boréon
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Schauinsland Pb-Zn mining district
          • North field
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • St Blasien
          • Horbach
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Lam
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Zwiesel
            • Bodenmais
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Schwandorf
          • Wölsendorf Fluorite mining District
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
              • Altfalter
    Dr. Heinz Ziehr, Regensburg: "Das Nabburg-Wölsendorfer Flußspatrevier", p. 215-253; in "DER AUFSCHLUSS", Sonderheft 16, 1967.
    • Hesse
      • Dillenburg District
        • Gladenbach
          • Bellnhausen
    S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Rammelsberg
    No reference listed
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Meschede
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegerland
        • Gosenbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Littfeld
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Silberg
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Müsen
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
        • Bad Ems District
          • Bad Ems
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Palatinate
        • Alsenz-Obermoschel
    Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
        • Winnweiler
          • Imsbach
    Lapis, 9 (5), 36-39.
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Schutzbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wissen
          • Schönstein (Steckenstein)
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Bürdenbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
            • Willroth
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    Ghana
     
    • Western Region
      • Tarkwa
    Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.
    India
     
    • Karnataka
      • Hassan District
        • Arsikere
    Subba Rao, D.V., and Naqvi, S.M. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 230-242.
    Italy
     
    • Emilia-Romagna
      • Parma Province
        • Berceto
          • Corchia mine
    ADORNI F., GUELFI F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It., N. 3, 217-250.
    ADORNI F., GUELFI F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It., N. 3, 217-250.
    Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanzada
    Bedognè, F. (2011). Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 40-45
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Germanasca Valley
          • Prali
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Anzasca Valley
          • Vanzone con San Carlo
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Vercelli Province
        • Sesia Valley
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
          • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
    P.Stara, R.Rizzo, G.Tanca 1996 Iglesiente e Arburese miniere e minerali vol. II
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2, 192 pp.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013) : La miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Capoliveri
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antsiranana Province
      • Sava Region (Northeastern Region)
        • Vohémar District
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 47
    Mexico
     
    • Chiapas
      • Mun. de Pichucalco
        • Pichucalco
    [var: Auriferous Linnaeite] Dana 6:A2:64; Min.Mag.: 13:361.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Usakos
          • Naob Farm 69
    Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
      • Swakopmund District
        • Arandis
    Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany,
    Netherlands
     
    T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Evje og Hornnes
        • Flåt
    Koning, L.P.G. (1947): On linnaeite in the Flaad nickel ore deposit, Evje, South Norway. Proc. Kon.Nederland,Akad. Wetensch. 50, 307-314.
    • Buskerud
      • Modum
    Liessmann, W. (1994): Vom Kobalterz zum Köningsblau. Zur Geschichte des Skuteruder Kobaltbergbaues und des Modumer Blaufarbenwerkes in Südnorwegen. Emser Hefte 15 (4), 1-64
    • Rogaland
      • Sokndal
    Krause, H. & Zeino-Mahmalat, R. (1970): Untersuchungen an Erz und Nebengestein der Grube Blåfjell in SW-Norwegen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 50: 45-70
    • Troms
      • Nordreisa
        • Reisadalen Valley (Ráisávzi; Reisa)
    Gjelsvik (1956, p. 661); Neumann (1985, p. 31).
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Kaczawskie Mts
        • Radzimowice
          • Stara Góra
    Janeczek, J, Kozłowski, K., Żaba, J.: Zbieramy minerały i skały. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, 1991. s. 210-222.
    1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Wałbrzych District
    Muszer A., Szuszkiewicz A., Łobos K. 2006: New occurence of clausthalite (PbSe) in the Sudetes (SW Poland). Mineralogia ; Muszer A., Szuszkiewicz A., Łobos K. 2006: New occurence of clausthalite (PbSe) in the Sudetes (SW Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 37., no. 2, 123-132
    • Podlaskie
      • Suwałki District
    Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Udokan
    Prokof’ev, V.Y., Zorina, L.D., Kovalenker, V.A., Akinfiev, N.N., Baksheev, I.A., Krasnov, A.N., Yurgenson, G.A., and Trubkin, N.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 31-68.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
    [MinRec 32:8]
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Oulanka plutonic complex
            • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
    A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.
    Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Kurganskaya Oblast'
    Solodov, I.N., Chertok, M.B., Ganina, N.I., and Shulik, L.S. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(1), 61-73.
    • Western-Siberian Region
    [Mineralien Welt 6/92:62]
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Revúca Co.
        • Sirk
    Grecula,P. et al., 1995: Ložiska nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväz.1, Bratislava, 834 s
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Hnúšťa
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Limpopo Province
      • Phalaborwa
        • Loolekop
    • Mpumalanga Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
    Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
    Spain
     
    • Aragón
      • Huesca
        • San Juan de Plan
    Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 461 pags.
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
    C. Canet et al. , Canad. Mineral. , V41, 2003, pp. 581-595.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Borlänge
        • Smedsbo
    No reference listed
    • Lappland
      • Vittangi
    IMA 18th General Meeting, Programme with Abstracts, 266
    • Småland
      • Oskarshamn
    No reference listed
      • Västervik
    Cleve, P.T. (1873): Om koboltkis (linneit) från Bastnäs och Gladhammar. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 1,5-126
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
    NJMAh 166, 261
    • Värmland
      • Arvika
    Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
    No reference listed
      • Filipstad
        • Nordmark district
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 129-136 (1983)
      • Grums
    No reference listed
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Brandt, G. (1746): Rön och anmärkningar angående en synnerlig färg-kobolt. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1746, 119-130; Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
    Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
    Switzerland
     
    • Glarus
      • Murg Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 255.
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
          • Marmorera lake
    Volker Dietrich (1972) Die sulfidischen Vererzungen in den Oberhalbsteiner Serpentiniten. Beitrage zur Geologie der Schweiz. Geotechnische Serie 49.
      • Vorderrhein Valley
        • Trun
          • Dalisch
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 255.
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Malcantone
        • Alto Malcantone
    Köppel V. (1966): Die Vererzungen im insubrischen Kristallin des Malcantone (Tessin). Beiträge Geol. Schweiz, Geotechn. Ser. 40, 123 p.
      • Riviera
        • Claro
          • Molino Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 213-214.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 255.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Uganda
     
    • Kasese District
      • Toro
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107; Owor, M., Hartwig, T., Muwanga, A., Zachmann, D., & Pohl, W. (2007). Impact of tailings from the Kilembe copper mining district on Lake George, Uganda. Environmental Geology, 51(6), 1065-1075.
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Conwy (Gwynedd; Caernarvonshire)
        • Llandudno
          • Great Orme
    BMS Database
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Gorlovka
        • Novyi Donbass
    [World of Stones 12:20]
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
        • Valdez Creek District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18: 1-5, II.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 279; Wenrich, K.J. & Sutphin, H.B. (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern AZ, AZ Bur. of Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18:1-5, 11.
    • California
      • San Luis Obispo Co.
        • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
          • Adelaide District (Adelaide Klau District)
            • Adelaida
              • Klau Mine group
    Woodhouse, C.D. & R.M. Norris (1957a), A new occurrence of millerite American Mineralogist: 42: 113-115; Davis, Fenelon Francis and E.H. Bailey (1966) Mercury. California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 191: 270; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 111.
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Trumbull
          • Long Hill
    David Busha collection
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Blackbird District
          • Blackbird mine complex
    USGS OFR 1998 - Open-File Report 98-478
      • Owyhee Co.
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Maine
      • Knox Co.
        • Union
    Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:365-366
      • Piscataquis Co.
        • Katahdin Iron Works
    King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
    • Maryland
      • Carroll Co.
        • Louisville
    Dana 7:I:264.; Machlan, L. A., & Barnes, I. L. (1989). The absolute isotopic composition and atomic weight of terrestrial nickel. News Briefs, 94(6), 357.
        • Sykesville
    Ostrander, C. W. & W. E. Price (1940) Minerals of Maryland: Natural History Society of Maryland , 92 p.
          • Finksburg
            • Patapsco Mines
    Dana 7:I:264.
    Dana 7:I:265.
    • Missouri
      • Madison Co.
        • Fredericktown District
          • Mine La Motte
    Rocks & Minerals: 21: 277.
      • St. Louis Co.
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • New York
      • Putnam Co.
        • Southeast Township
          • Brewster
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.114 (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Nightingale 2001)
    • Oregon
      • Josephine Co.
        • Takilma District
    Strickler, Michael D., 1986, Geologic setting of the Turner-Albright massive sulfide deposit, Josephine County, Oregon: Oregon Geology, v. 48, no. 10, pages 115-122.
    • Texas
      • Llano Co.
        • Oxford
    American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 410412, 1978; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 156-169, 1982
    • Washington
      • Lewis Co.
        • Mt Rainier District
          • Eagle Peak
    Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.78; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
    Zambia
     
    • Copperbelt Province
      • Kalulushi District
        • Chambishi
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
      • Kitwe District
        • Kitwe
          • Chibuluma
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
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