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Ludlamite

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Formula:
(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Apple-green to bright ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1877 by Frederick Field in honor of Henry Ludlam [October 14, 1824 England, United Kingdom - June 23, 1880 London, England, United Kingdom], English mineral collector, London, England.
A secondary phosphate mineral in complex granitic pegmatites; also found in polymetallic veins.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Ludlamite.

Classification of Ludlamite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.CD.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:2
40.3.5.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
19.12.35

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2452.html
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Type Occurrence of Ludlamite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England: #44187.
Year of Discovery:
1877
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Copper-tin veins associated with granite intrusives
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Ludlamite

Geological Setting:
Complex granitic pegmatites as a alteration product under reducing conditions.

Physical Properties of Ludlamite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavage {001}
Colour:
Apple-green to bright green; nearly colourless in transmitted light; rarely blue
Streak:
Pale greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}, indistinct on {100}
Density:
3.12 - 3.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.176 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Ludlamite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Space Group Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.541(5) Å, b = 4.646(4) Å, c = 9.324(5) Å
β = 100.43°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.269 : 1 : 2.007
Unit Cell Volume:
V 449.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {001}, exhibiting forms {100}, {110}, {001}, and {_111}, and others. Form parallel groups at times. Also occurs granular, massive.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.91 (75)
3.96 (100)
3.74 (50)
2.990 (60)
2.765 (100)
2.543 (100)
2.387 (40)
Comments:
ICDD 17-468; See also 35-634

Optical Data of Ludlamite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.650 - 1.653 nβ = 1.669 - 1.675 nγ = 1.688 - 1.697
2V:
Measured: 82° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Birefringence:
0.041
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038 - 0.044
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v perceptible
Optical Extinction:
Y=b, Z ^ c = -67°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Ludlamite

Formula:
(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Ludlamite to other Species

8.CD.05KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.05MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.05PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.05UM2005-02-AsO:AlHPScSiScAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.15ParascoroditeFeAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.25SterlinghilliteMn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
8.CD.30RollanditeCu3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.55Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Ludlamite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Ludlamit
Spanish:Ludlamita

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Magnetism:
Diamagnetic
Other Information:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ludlamite

Reference List:
Maskelyne and Field (1877) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 3: 52, 135, 525.

Field, F. (1885): On ludlamite, a new Cornish mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 6, 23-31.

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 171.

Berman (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 428.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 124.

Glass and Vhay (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 335.

Wolfe (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 94.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 952-953.

Abrahams, S.C. and J.L. Bernstein (1966) Crystal structure of paramagnetic ludlamite, Fe3(PO4)2 •4H2O, at 298°K. Journal of Chemical Physics, Lancaster, PA, 44(6), 2223–2229.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 322.

U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.

Internet Links for Ludlamite

Specimens:
The following Ludlamite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Ludlamite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.; Auer, Ch., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1732) Arsenopyrit, Columbit-(Fe), Graphit, Ludlamit und gediegen Wismut vom Pegmatit beim Laggerhof, Millstätter Seerücken, Kärnten. Pp. 136-137 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala, obtained 1972)
      • Pazña
        • Monserrat-Antequera district
Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala; obtained 1972)
  • Potosí Department
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
First found here in December 2003. -Alfredo Petrov
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • São Gabriel da Cachoeira
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
      • Galiléia
        • Laranjeiras
Cassedanne, J. P. & Cassedanne, J. O.(1978): Ludlamite crystals from Galileia. Mineralogical Record. 9: 41: [MinRec 12:69]
        • Sapucaia do Norte
Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
[Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp27]
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
[Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp27]
        • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Tohmajärvi
Kallio, P. & Alviol, R. 1968. Triphylites and lithiphilites from the granite pegmatites of the communes of Kitee and Tohmajärvi, E. Finland. in: International Mineral Assosiation papers and proceedings of the Ninth General Meeting, Berlin (West)-Regenburg, September 12-18. 1974. Fortschritte der Mineralogie. Special issue to vol. 52, 279-283.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54; Cooper, Michael P.(1997) What’s New in Minerals, Munich Show 1996. Mineralogical Record 28:137
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Crozant
FONTAN F (1976) Les phosphates des pegmatites de la région de Crozant. Bulleti de la société française de minéralogie et de cristallographie 99 p 318-321
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 729; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
          • Ashio-machi
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Kosovo
 
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
        • East Camp
MinRec 14:169; Panczner (1987): 77-395.
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
    • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
      • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Alves, P., Leal Gomes, C., Lopes Nunes, J.E (2012) : Produtos de evolução de triplite-zwieselite, fluorapatite e isokite da mina Sítio do Castelo (Folgosinho, Guarda). II Congresso Jovens Investigadores em Geociências, LEG 2012.
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • La Unión
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • La Peraleja
Calvo, M. (1996). Mineralogía. La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Kea
          • Baldhu
Phil. Mag., 5th ser. (1877): 3, 52; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Embrey & Symes (1987) "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon": 112.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
Anonymous (1951), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 26: 265-279; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1961)
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Ream, Lanny R. (2004) Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
        • Blackbird mine complex
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; Allan Young (2010) The Blackbird Mine, Lemhi County Idaho. Mineralogical Record 41:355-370
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
Mineralogy of Maine,Vol 2: Mining History, Gems, and Geology. By King & Mineral News Vol. 12 No. 5 May 1996 By Douglas Watts
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
No reference listed
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
      • Paris
      • Rumford
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 953.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Burro Mountains District
        • Tyrone Area
P Haas collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Harney City
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; &/or 60:110 & 112.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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