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Ludlamite

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Formula:
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Apple-green to bright ...
Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, GreasyHardness:
Name:Named in 1877 by Frederick Field in honor of Henry Ludlam [October 14, 1824 England, United Kingdom - June 23, 1880 London, England, United Kingdom], English mineral collector, London, England.
Isostructural with:Metaswitzerite, Sterlinghillite, Switzerite


A secondary phosphate mineral in complex granitic pegmatites; also found in polymetallic veins.

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Classification of Ludlamite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.10-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CD.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:2
Dana 8th edition ID:40.3.5.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.12.35

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Ludlamite

Type Locality:Wheal Jane (Falmouth Consolidated Mines), Baldhu, Kea, Camborne - Redruth - St Day District, Cornwall, England, UK
Place of Conservation of Type Material:The Natural History Museum, London, England: #44187.
Year of Discovery:1877
Geological Setting of type material:Copper-tin veins associated with granite intrusives
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SphaleriteQuartzPyrite

Occurrences of Ludlamite

Geological Setting:Complex granitic pegmatites as a alteration product under reducing conditions.

Physical Properties of Ludlamite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Pearly on cleavage {001}
Colour:Apple-green to bright green; nearly colourless in transmitted light; rarely blue
Streak:Pale greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {001}, indistinct on {100}
Density (measured):3.12 - 3.19 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.176 g/cm3

Crystallography of Ludlamite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b {P1 1 21/b} {P21/c} {P1 21/c 1} {P21/a}
Space Group Setting:P21/a
Cell Parameters:a = 10.541(5) Å, b = 4.646(4) Å, c = 9.324(5) Å
β = 100.43°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.269 : 1 : 2.007
Unit Cell Volume:V 449.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Crystals tabular {001}, exhibiting forms {100}, {110}, {001}, and {_111}, and others. Form parallel groups at times. Also occurs granular, massive.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.91 (75)
3.96 (100)
3.74 (50)
2.990 (60)
2.765 (100)
2.543 (100)
2.387 (40)
Comments:ICDD 17-468; See also 35-634

Optical Data of Ludlamite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.650 - 1.653 nβ = 1.669 - 1.675 nγ = 1.688 - 1.697
2V:Measured: 82° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Birefringence:0.041
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.038 - 0.044

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v perceptible
Optical Extinction:Y=b, Z ^ c = -67°
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Ludlamite

Formula:
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2·4H2O
Essential elements:Fe, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, Mg, Mn, O, P

Relationship of Ludlamite to other Species

Common Associates:
WhitlockiteVivianiteTriploiditeTripliteTriphylite
SideritePhosphoferriteFluorapatiteFairfieldite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CD.05Kolbeckite
ScPO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.05Metavariscite
AlPO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.05Phosphosiderite
FePO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.05UM2005-02-AsO:AlHPScSi
ScAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.10Mansfieldite
AlAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.10Scorodite
FeAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.10Strengite
FePO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.10Variscite
AlPO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.10Yanomamite
InAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.15Parascorodite
FeAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CD.25Sterlinghillite
Mn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CD.30Rollandite
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.12.1Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.2Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.3Natrophilite
NaMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
19.12.4Sidorenkite
Na
 
3
Mn
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
19.12.5Niahite
(NH
 
4
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.12.6Robertsite
Ca
 
3
Mn
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.7Pararobertsite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.8Sinkankasite
H
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 6H
 
2
O
19.12.9Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.10Heterosite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.11Purpurite
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.12Wolfeite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.14Lipscombite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.12.15Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.16Rockbridgeite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
19.12.18Landesite
Mn
2+
3-x
Fe
3+
x
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
x
· (3-x)H
 
2
O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.20Reddingite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.21Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.22Hureaulite
(Mn,Fe)
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.23Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
19.12.24Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.25Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.26Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.27Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.28Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.30Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.31Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.32Wicksite
NaCa
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
4
MgFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
{KNa}{Mn
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
3
}{Mn
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
12
(OH)
 
2
19.12.34Sarcopside
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.36Graftonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.37Wilhelmvierlingite
CaMnFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.12.38Fairfieldite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.39Beusite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.40Messelite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.44Keckite
CaMn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
(H
 
2
O)
 
7
19.12.45Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
19.12.46Laubmannite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
Fe
3+
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
12
19.12.47Zodacite
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.12.48Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.50Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.51Griphite
Na
 
4
Li
 
2
Ca
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
19
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
(F,OH)
 
8
19.12.52Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe)
{KNa}{Fe
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
2
◻}{Fe
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
19.12.54Lun'okite
(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
OH · 4H
 
2
O
19.12.55Eosphorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.56Ernstite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.57Childrenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.58Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
19.12.59Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg)
{Ca}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.63Rittmannite
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.64Zanazziite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.65Samuelsonite
(Ca,Ba)Ca
 
8
Fe
2+
2
Mn
2+
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
10
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Ludlamite

Synonyms:
Lehnerite (of Müllbauer)
Other Languages:
German:Ludlamit
Russian:Лудламит
Spanish:Ludlamita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent in UV
Magnetism:Diamagnetic
Other Information:Soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ludlamite

Reference List:

- +
Maskelyne and Field (1877) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 3: 52, 135, 525.

Field, F. (1885): On ludlamite, a new Cornish mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 6, 23-31.

Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 5: 171.

Berman (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 428.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 124.

Glass and Vhay (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 335.

Wolfe (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 94.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 952-953.

Abrahams, S.C. and J.L. Bernstein (1966) Crystal structure of paramagnetic ludlamite, Fe3(PO4)2 •4H2O, at 298°K. Journal of Chemical Physics, Lancaster, PA, 44(6), 2223–2229.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 322.

U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.

Internet Links for Ludlamite

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    Localities for Ludlamite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Koralpe
        • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
          • Brandrücken
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Spittal
          • Millstatt lake
    U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.; Auer, Ch., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1732) Arsenopyrit, Columbit-(Fe), Graphit, Ludlamit und gediegen Wismut vom Pegmatit beim Laggerhof, Millstätter Seerücken, Kärnten. Pp. 136-137 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    [MinRec 32:472]
    Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala, obtained 1972)
        • Pazña
          • Monserrat-Antequera district
    Royal Ontario Museum specimen (Pala; obtained 1972)
    • Potosí Department
      • Cornelio Saavedra Province
        • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
    First found here in December 2003. -Alfredo Petrov
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Conselheiro Pena
    Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
        • Galiléia
          • Laranjeiras
    Cassedanne, J. P. & Cassedanne, J. O.(1978): Ludlamite crystals from Galileia. Mineralogical Record. 9: 41: [MinRec 12:69]
          • Sapucaia do Norte
    Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    [Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp27]
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    [Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp27]
          • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Aš (Asch)
    Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Tohmajärvi
    Kallio, P. & Alviol, R. 1968. Triphylites and lithiphilites from the granite pegmatites of the communes of Kitee and Tohmajärvi, E. Finland. in: International Mineral Assosiation papers and proceedings of the Ninth General Meeting, Berlin (West)-Regenburg, September 12-18. 1974. Fortschritte der Mineralogie. Special issue to vol. 52, 279-283.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mas-Cabardès
            • Salsigne
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54; Cooper, Michael P.(1997) What’s New in Minerals, Munich Show 1996. Mineralogical Record 28:137
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Zwiesel
            • Rabenstein
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 729; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Nikko City
            • Ashio-machi
    Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    Kosovo
     
    • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Kosovska Mitrovica
        • Trepča valley
          • Trepča complex
    Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
          • East Camp
    MinRec 14:169; Panczner (1987): 77-395.
    Morocco
     
    • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
      • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
    Portugal
     
    • Guarda District
      • Sabugal
        • Bendada
    Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Nkangala District
        • Delmas
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Murcia
      • La Unión
        • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
          • La Peraleja
    Calvo, M. (1996). Mineralogía. La Unión. Bocamina, 2, 14-35
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
    Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Kea
            • Baldhu
    Phil. Mag., 5th ser. (1877): 3, 52; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Embrey & Symes (1987) "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon": 112.
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Diego Co.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
            • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
    Anonymous (1951), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 26: 265-279; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Cobalt
    Schooner (1961)
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 953; Ream, Lanny R. (2004) Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
          • Blackbird mine complex
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; Allan Young (2010) The Blackbird Mine, Lemhi County Idaho. Mineralogical Record 41:355-370
    • Maine
      • Androscoggin Co.
        • Auburn
          • East Mount Apatite District
    Mineralogy of Maine,Vol 2: Mining History, Gems, and Geology. By King & Mineral News Vol. 12 No. 5 May 1996 By Douglas Watts
      • Oxford Co.
        • Greenwood
          • Uncle Tom Mountain
    No reference listed
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
        • Paris
        • Rumford
    Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
        • Stoneham
    W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Walpole
    P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
      • Grafton Co.
        • Alexandria
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
        • Groton
    Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 953.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
      • Strafford Co.
        • Strafford
          • Parker Mountain
    Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
        • Burro Mountains District
          • Tyrone Area
    P Haas collection
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Custer
    Rocks & Min.:60:117.
          • Fourmile
    Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
      • Pennington Co.
        • Harney City
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Keystone
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; &/or 60:110 & 112.
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