Mindat Logo

Lüneburgite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Mg
 
3
[B
 
2
(OH)
 
6
](PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:White to brownish or ...
Hardness:2
Name:After the type locality, Lüneburg, Germany.


Luneburgite is found in clays with evaporite minerals (Halite, Sylvite, Polyhalite, etc) and has also been found in guano deposits.

Classification of Lüneburgite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/H.03-20
Strunz 9th edition ID:6.AC.25
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:6.AC.60

6 : BORATES
A : Monoborates
C : B(O,OH)4, without and with additional anions; 1(T), 1(T)+OH, etc
Dana 8th edition ID:43.5.11.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:10.2.1

10 : Borates with other anions
2 : Borates with phosphate or arsenate
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-2458.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Lüneburgite

Type Locality:Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1870
Geological Setting of type material:Gypsum-bearing marl.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
GypsumBoracite

Physical Properties of Lüneburgite

Colour:White to brownish or green
Hardness (Mohs):2
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
Prismatic cleavage with an angle of about 73° (viewed microscopically). Minute pseudo-hexagonal plates.
Density (measured):2.05 g/cm3

Crystallography of Lüneburgite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Morphology:Flattened masses and nodules with fine fibrous to earthy structure. Minute pseudo-hexagonal tablets.

Optical Data of Lüneburgite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.520 - 1.522 nβ = 1.540 - 1.541 nγ = 1.545 - 1.548
2V:Measured: 63° , Calculated: 52° to 60°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.025 - 0.026

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:distinct to strong

Chemical Properties of Lüneburgite

Formula:
Mg
 
3
[B
 
2
(OH)
 
6
](PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2·6H2O
Essential elements:B, H, Mg, O, P
All elements listed in formula:B, H, Mg, O, P

Relationship of Lüneburgite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
6.AC.05Sinhalite
MgAl(BO
 
4
)
6.AC.10Pseudosinhalite
Mg
 
2
Al
 
3
(BO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)O
 
3
6.AC.15Behierite
(Ta
5+
 
,Nb
5+
 
)(BO
 
4
)
6.AC.15Schiavinatoite
(Nb,Ta)(BO
 
4
)
6.AC.20Frolovite
Ca[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
6.AC.25Hexahydroborite
Ca[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
6.AC.30Henmilite
Ca
 
2
Cu[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
(OH)
 
4
6.AC.35Bandylite
Cu[B(OH)
 
4
]Cl
6.AC.40Teepleite
Na
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
]Cl
6.AC.45Moydite-(Y)
Y[B(OH)
 
4
](CO
 
3
)
6.AC.50Carboborite
Ca
 
2
Mg[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
6.AC.55Sulfoborite
Mg
 
3
[B(OH)
 
4
]
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH,F)
 
2
6.AC.65Seamanite
Mn
2+
3
[B(OH)
 
4
](PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
6.AC.70Cahnite
Ca
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](AsO
 
4
)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
10.2.2Cahnite
Ca
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](AsO
 
4
)
10.2.3Teruggite
Ca
 
4
Mg[AsO
 
4
|B
 
6
O
 
7
(OH)
 
6
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
10.2.4Seamanite
Mn
2+
3
[B(OH)
 
4
](PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Lüneburgite

Synonyms:
Lueneburgite
Other Languages:
German:Lueneburgit
Luneburgit
Russian:Люнебургит
Simplified Chinese:硼磷镁石
Spanish:Lueneburgita
Luneburgita
Traditional Chinese:硼磷鎂石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lüneburgite

Reference List:

- +
Nöllner (1870) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich, Sitzber.: 291.

Domeyko (1880) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 90: 544.

Biltz and Marcus (1912) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 77: 124.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 103.

Schaller and Henderson (1932) USGS Bulletin 833: 47.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 385.

Sen Gupta P K, Swihart G H, Dimitrijevic R (1991): The crystal structure of lüneburgite, Mg3(H2O)6[B2(OH)6(PO4)2]. American Mineralogist 76, 1400-1407.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for Lüneburgite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Lüneburgite on Google
  • Look for Lüneburgite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Lüneburgite on Webmineral
  • Look for Lüneburgite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Lüneburgite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Find Lüneburgite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Lüneburgite specimens
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Search for Lüneburgite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Localities for Lüneburgite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Mejillones
    No reference listed
    China
     
    Dongyan Wei (1985): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 4(4), 313-318
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Göttingen
        • Reyershausen
    Braitsch, O. (1961): Beiträge zur Mineralogie und Petrographie 8, 60-66.
      • Lüneburg
    C. Noellner: "Über Lüneburgit", Jb. Naturw. Verein Fstm. Lüneburg (1876), 148-151; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385.
    • Thuringia
      • Thuringian Forest
        • Merkers-Kieselbach
    F. Heide & E. Bader (1964): Boracit und Lüneburgit im Werra-Kaligebiet.- Chemie der Erde 23, 219-221
    Serbia
     
    • Raška District
      • Raška
        • Jarandol Basin
          • Baljevac na Ibru
            • Bella Stena (Bela Stena)
    Econ Geol (1992) 87:2169-2174
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Ankara Province
    Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
    Ortı́, F., Gündogan, I., & Helvaci, C. (2002). Sodium sulphate deposits of Neogene age: the Kirmir formation, Beypazari basin, Turkey. Sedimentary Geology, 146(3), 305-333.
    Turkmenistan
     
    • Balkan Province
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
          • Novoselovka Village area
    Shnykov E.F. at al.(1971) Mud Volcanism and Ore Formation (Gryazevoi Vulkanizm i Rudoobrazovanie). Kiev:Naukova Dumka. 332 p. (Rus.)
    USA
     
    • California
      • Mono Co.
        • Mono Lake
    Field collected by Gunnar Farber
    • New Mexico
      • Eddy and Lea Counties
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: September 11, 2014 12:40:02
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds