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Luzonite

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Formula:
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
System:TetragonalColour:Deep pinkish-brown
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Member of:Stannite Group
Name:Named in 1874 after the type locality, Mancayan, Luzon, Philippines.
Dimorph of:Enargite


Luzonite-Famatinite Series.

Originally thought to be enargite or, in part, a mixture of enargite with famatinite, or famatinite.

Usually found as massively crystalline to granular material, deep pinkish-brown in color. Crystals very rare, small, and equant (pseudo-octahedral) in habit.

Classification of Luzonite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.06-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.KA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
K : Sulfarsenates, Sulfantimonates
A : Sulfarsenates with (As,Sb)S4 tetrahedra
Dana 7th edition ID:3.2.2.1
Dana 8th edition ID:3.2.2.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
2 : ø = 4
Hey's CIM Ref.:6.3.2

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
3 : Sulpharsenates and sulphantimonates
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Type Occurrence of Luzonite

Type Locality:Lepanto Mine, Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan), Benguet Province, Cordillera Administrative Region, Luzon, Philippines
Year of Discovery:1874

Occurrences of Luzonite

Geological Setting:A primary mineral of copper deposits, such as at Sierra de Famatina, Argentina.

Physical Properties of Luzonite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Deep pinkish-brown
Streak:Black.
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness Data:Measured
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Good on {101}, distinct on {100}.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.4 - 4.6 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.47 g/cm3

Crystallography of Luzonite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:I4 2m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.29Å, c = 10.465Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.978
Unit Cell Volume:V 292.85 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Usually massively crystalline to granular, crystals rare and small, usually equant.
Twinning:Twinned on {112}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.05(100)
1.86(90)
1.59(70)
1.58(60)
1.32(50)
1.20(60)
1.08(60)
1.07(50)

Chemical Properties of Luzonite

Formula:
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu3AsS4
Essential elements:As, Cu, S
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, S
Common Impurities:Sb

Relationship of Luzonite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Famatinite (see here)
Member of:Stannite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Briartite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)GeS
 
4
Famatinite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
4
Ferrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
Ge-stannoidite
Cu
 
8
Fe
 
2
ZnGe
 
2
S
 
12
Hocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
Kesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
Kesterite Subgroup
Kuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
Permingeatite
Cu
 
3
SbSe
 
4
Pirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
Sakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
Stannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
Velikite
(Cu,Hg)
 
11
Sn
 
4
S
 
16
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.KA.05Enargite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
2.KA.05Petrukite
(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)
 
3
(Sn,In)S
 
4
2.KA.10Briartite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)GeS
 
4
2.KA.10Famatinite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
4
2.KA.10Permingeatite
Cu
 
3
SbSe
 
4
2.KA.10Barquillite
Cu
 
2
CdGeS
 
4
2.KA.15Fangite
Tl
 
3
AsS
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
6.3.1Enargite
Cu
 
3
AsS
 
4
6.3.3Famatinite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
4

Other Names for Luzonite

Synonyms:
Stibioluzonite (of Stevanović)
Other Languages:
German:Luzonit
Russian:Люцонит
Simplified Chinese:四方硫砷铜矿
块状硫砷铜矿
Spanish:Luzonita
Traditional Chinese:四方硫砷銅礦
塊狀硫砷銅礦
Varieties:
Stannoluzonite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Luzonite

Reference List:

- +
Zerrenner (1869), B.H. Ztg.: 106.

Weisbach (1874) Min. Mitt.: 257.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 391.

American Mineralogist (1957): 42: 766-779.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1967): 124: 1.

Tanelli G. (1970) - Ricerche sui minerali del gruppo dell'enargite (enargite, stibioenargite, luzonite, famatinite, stibioluzonite). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 561-583.

Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine, W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig, Vandall T. King (1997, Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana: 156.

Pósfai, M. & Buseck, P. (1998): Stacking disorder and polytypism in enargite and luzonite. American Mineralogist, 83, 365-372.

Pósfai, M. & Buseck, P. (1998): Relationships between microstructure and composition in enargite and luzonite. American Mineralogist, 83, 373–382. [http://www.minsocam.org/msa/ammin/toc/Articles_Free/1998/Posfai_p373-382_98.pdf]

Internet Links for Luzonite

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  • Localities for Luzonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Paar, W., Roberts, A.C., Topa, D., Zagler, G., Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, Th. (2004): Putzite, (Cu4.7 Ag3.3)GeS6, a new mineral species from Capillitas, Catamarca, Argentina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1757-1769. ; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
        • Cerro Atajo
    MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M. F. and GALLISKI, M. A.. Chatkalita, nekrasovita y otros minerales del grupo de la estannita de veta María Eugenia, Cerro Atajo, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 289-298.
    • La Rioja
      • Sierra de Famatina
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    W. H. Paar, H. Putz, D. Topa, M. K. de Brodtkorb and R. J. Sureda (2005) Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, Session 13, 1419-1422; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    • San Juan
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Armenia
     
    • Syunik' Province
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Kajaran
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Khachaturyan, E. A.; Paronikyan, V. O. (1963): Hypogene covellite in ores of the Tandzut pyritic deposit. Zap. Armyansk. Otd. Vses. Mineralog. Obshchestva, No. 2, 18-21.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Semmering
    Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
              • Schwarzleo District
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Gratlspitz
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Hof
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Reith
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • St Gertraudi
                • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
    Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
            • Schwaz
              • Falkenstein District
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Aroma Province
        • Laurani District
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    • Potosí Department
      • Sud Chichas Province
        • San Vicente District
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Nenasheva, S.N. (2009): Some Peculiarities of Mineralogy of the Deposits of Central Part of Structural-Metallogenic Zone Sredna-Gora, Bulgaria. New Data on Minerals, 44, 24-33.
    Chile
     
    • Arica and Parinacota Region
      • Parinacota Province
        • Ticnamar area
    samples analysed and confirmed by Dr. Frank Keutsch, University of Wisconsin
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Elqui Province
        • El Indio deposit
    Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
    • Santiago Metropolitan Region
      • Santiago Province
    Econ Geol (1985) 80:1544-1565
    China
     
    • Shandong Province
      • Binzhou Prefecture
        • Zouping Co.
    Licheng Tang (1993): Shandong Geology 9(2), 85-92
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    Fiji
     
    • Vanua Levu
      • Wailevu
        • Yanawai Goldfield
    Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
          • Stosswihr
    J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Uwe Kolitsch (based on SEM-EDS data, colour, paragenesis)
      • Haute-Loire
        • La Chaise-Dieu
          • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Paulhaguet
          • Mazerat-Aurouze
            • Aurouze
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
    M. Munoz, Y.Moëlo : "Etude paragénétique de la minéralisation sulfurée complexe (Sb-Pb-Zn-...) de Bournac (Hérault, France)", Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, 625-632.
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    P. Cantinolle et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 245-248
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    No reference listed
      • Lot
        • Saint Ceré
          • Saint Vincent du Pendit
    inventoire mineralogique de la france n.10, p.125
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
        • Puget-Théniers
          • La-Croix-sur-Roudoule
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Bréziers
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 5, Hautes- Alpes ", BRGM, 1972
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Emmendingen
          • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Freudenstadt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Menzenschwand
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schapbach
          • Wildschapbach valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Hohenstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Overath
          • Bensberg
            • Altenbrück
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Sauerland
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Palatinate
        • Winnweiler
          • Imsbach
    Lapis, 9 (5), 36-39.
    • Saarland
      • Merzig
        • Reimsbach
    Thomas Kleser collection
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
    Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
    No reference listed
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
    Skarpelis, N. (1999): The Agios Filippos ore deposit, Kirki (Western Thrace). A base-metal part of a high-sulfidation epithermal system. Bulletin Geological Society of Greece. 33, 51-60.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Recsk
    Indonesia
     
    • Sumatera Island (Sumatra Island)
      • Sumatera Barat Province (West Sumatra Province)
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Furtei
    Cadoni, E., Cocco, E., & Mainas, S., 2006. Oro ed enargite del giacimento aurifero di Furtei, Sardegna. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (1), 6-13. ; Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
    Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
    Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
    Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
      • Sassari Province
        • Alghero
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.; G. P. Bernhardini, F. Corsini, AND G. Tanelli (1973) Djurleite from Calabona, Sardinia MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. 39, PP 25-29.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fiemme Valley
          • Varena
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Seravezza
    Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Massa
    Orlandi P., Bellé E., 2000. I minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa. Comune della città di Massa; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Sapporo
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Huang, C. K. (1965) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 11:31-42
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Sumondake volcano
    M. Watanabe (1951) Science Reports, Tohoku University, 3rd series, 4, 36.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
    Economic Geology; 1996; v. 91; no. 1; p. 204-212
          • Shimokita peninsula
    Economic Geology; 1996; v. 91; no. 1; p. 204-212
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Waga-gun
    Economic Geology; 1996; v. 91; no. 1; p. 204-212
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Chiran-cho
    wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
        • Makurazaki City
    wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
        • Balkhash (Balqash)
          • Kounrad Massif
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Malaysia
     
    • Borneo Island
      • Sarawak
        • Simunjan
    Caisheng Zhao, Fengyue Sun, Bile Li, Tong Pan, and Fengliang Yao (2004): Geology and Prospecting 48(2), 18-22
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Cananea
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
    Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Papua New Guinea
     
    • Morobe Province
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Sandaun Province (West Sepik Province)
      • Frieda river complex
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Peru
     
    • Arequipa Department
      • Arequipa Province
        • Uchumayo District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Cajamarca Department
      • Celendín Province
        • Lucmapampa
    Davies, R.C., and Williams, P.J. (2005): Mineralium Deposita 40, 598-616.
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
        • Julcani District
    B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655. (Philip C. Goodell analysis)
    • Junín Department
      • Yauli Province
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Offered for sale at Arkensrone (2000); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • Pasco department
      • Pasco province
        • Cerro de Pasco
    Michael W. Kieron collection, ex Harvard Mineralogical Museum
    P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
        • Tinyahuarco district
    Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
            • Bato Tabio
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    [Tschermaks Min.Mitth.(1874) p. 257; Berg- und Hüttenmänn. Ztg.(1869) 28, p. 105 and 113; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, "Mineral Reference Manual", 123]; Claveria, R. J. R. (2001). Mineral paragenesis of the Lepanto copper and gold and the Victoria gold deposits, Mankayan mineral district, Philippines. Resource Geology, 51(2), 97-106.
    • Mindanao
      • Central Mindanao Region
        • South Cotabato Province
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Jelenia Góra District
    Zimnoch, E. (1978): Ore mineralization of the Miedzianka deposit in the Sudetes. Biuletyn Instytutu Geologicznego (Warsaw), 308, 91-134. (in Polish)
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
    Serafimovski, Todor and Tasev, Goran (2003) The Plavica epithermal polymetallic system: mineralogical and geochemical data. Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development, Eliopoulos et al. (eds), 1 (1). pp. 523-526.
    RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment Vol 52 No. 3 pp 535-548 (2006)
    • Radovish
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
      • Apuseni District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Mineralium Deposita (2004) 39:173-188
    CanMin 40:1693-1703.
      • Nucet
        • Băiţa Mining District (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
          • Codreanu Mine
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1693-1703 (2002)
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
          • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
    Simanenko, L.F. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 290-303
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Kunashir Island
    L.M. Lebedev data
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya Republic (Karachai-Cherkess Republic; Karachay-Cherkessia Republic)
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/kavkaz/kavkaz.htm; Jambor J L, Grew E S (1994) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 79, 387-391
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
    Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
        • Vlaole-Jasikovo ore field
    Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
    Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Dobšiná Mining District (Dobschau; Topschau)
    Kozub G., Budzyń B., Pršek J. (2011): Hydrothermal copper-bismuth mineralization from the Joremeny adit, Dobšiná, Slovak Republic-preliminary report. Mineralogia, Special Papers, 38, 123-124.
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    Slovenia
     
    • Polhov gradec (Billichgrätz)
      • Črni vrh (Schwarzenbach)
    Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • New Taipei City
        • Ruifang District
    Huang, C. K. (1965) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 11:31-42
    James K.C.Huang Collection; Chemical Geology 154 1999. 155–167; Chemical Geology 154 1999. 155–167; Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101; Rozenweg A. (1975) Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 18:128-130
      • Taipei Co.
        • Jui-Fang Town
    Chemical Geology 154 1999. 155–167
    Tunisia
     
    • Jendouba Governorate
    Slim-Shimi, N., Moëlo, Y., Tlig, S. & Lévy, C. (1996): Sulfide geochemistry and genesis of Chouichia and Ain el Bey copper deposits in northwestern Tunisia. Mineralium Deposita 31, 188-200.
    Turkey
     
    • Black Sea Region
      • Samsun Province
    http://www.odysseyresources.com/i/pdf/Curtis-AltintepeReport.pdf
    UK
     
    • England
      • North Yorkshire
        • North Pennines
          • Craven District
            • Settle - Malham Area
    [J.Russell Soc. 1998:41]
    • Wales
      • Powys (Radnorshire)
        • Old Radnor
          • Wethel
    National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Valdez-Cordova Borough
        • Nizina District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    USGS OFR 2003-404(Hudson,2003); USGS OFR 99-342
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
              • Calumet and Arizona group of claims (Calumet and Arizona Mining Company group of claims)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 281; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Darwin Hills
          • Darwin District
            • Ophir Mountain
    Calif. Journal of Mines and Geology, Vol. 34; p.434, 554.
      • Shasta Co.
        • Klamath Mts
          • East Shasta Copper - Zinc District
            • Bully Hill District (Winthrop District)
              • Bully Hill
                • Bully Hill
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10077524.
            • Ingot
    Albers, J.P. (1953), Geology and ore deposits of the Afterthought mine, Shasta County, California: California Division Mines & Geology Special Report 29: 17; Albers, John P. & Jacques F. Robertson (1961), Geology and ore deposits of East Shasta copper-zinc district, Shasta County, California, USGS PP 338: 71; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 136.
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Lake City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • La Plata Co.
        • La Plata District (California District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Mesa Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1853-1866
        • Sinbad District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Montrose Co.
        • La Sal District (Paradox Valley District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1853-1866
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1853-1866
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1853-1866
      • Park Co.
        • Horseshoe Basin District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels; Singewald, Quentin Dreyer; Butler, Bert Sylvenus (1941) Ore deposits in the vicinity of the London fault of Colorado. USGS Bulletin: 911
        • Montezuma District
          • Hall Valley
    Bove, D.J., Caine, J.S., and Lowers, H.A., 2012, Geologic and mineralogic controls on acid and metal-rich rock drainage in an alpine watershed, Handcart Gulch, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5067, 121 p.
      • Rio Grande Co.
        • Summitville District (Summit District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • South Mountain
    The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
          • Summitville Mine (Reynolds Tunnel; Golconda Tunnel)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Kansas
      • Cherokee Co.
        • Tri-State District
          • Picher Field
    Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
    U.S. Geol. Survey, 1970, Prof. Paper 588, "Geology and Ore Deposits of the Picher Field, Oklahoma and Kansas"
    • Missouri
      • Iron Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Bixby
    Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
      • Jasper Co.
    Rocks & Min., March 1998.
      • St. Genevieve Co.
        • Weingarten
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
      • Silver Bow Co.
        • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
          • Butte
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goldfield
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
    Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
      • Nye Co.
        • Wellington District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
        • Pyramid District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Oklahoma
      • Ottawa Co.
    Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
    www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
    • Utah
      • Grand Co.
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1853-1866
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
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