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Låvenite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Colour:
Colorless to brownish-yellow, brown, brownish-red, orange-brown.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the Type Locality, Isle of Låven, Langesundsfjord, Norway.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of LåveniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BE.17

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
Dana 7th ed.:
56.2.4.4
56.2.4.4

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
14.10.27

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
10 : Silicates of Zr or Hf

Physical Properties of LåveniteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Colorless to brownish-yellow, brown, brownish-red, orange-brown.
Streak:
Yellowish-white
Hardness:

Optical Data of LåveniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.670 nβ = 1.690 nγ = 1.720
2V:
Measured: 40° to 70°, Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible

Chemical Properties of LåveniteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2

Crystallography of LåveniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.83(1) Å, b = 9.98(1) Å, c = 7.174(5) Å
β = 108.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.085 : 1 : 0.719
Unit Cell V:
737.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.97 (50)
3.21 (70)
2.89 (100)
2.82 (90)
2.00 (50)
1.792 (50)
1.649 (40)

Type Occurrence of LåveniteHide

Synonyms of LåveniteHide

Other Language Names for LåveniteHide

Varieties of LåveniteHide

Titan-låveniteA name used by petrologists, but mineralogically a titanium-rich låvenite.

Relationship of Låvenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Astrophyllite11 photos of Låvenite associated with Astrophyllite on mindat.org.
Wöhlerite10 photos of Låvenite associated with Wöhlerite on mindat.org.
Microcline10 photos of Låvenite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Phlogopite5 photos of Låvenite associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Aegirine5 photos of Låvenite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite4 photos of Låvenite associated with Magnesio-arfvedsonite on mindat.org.
Orthoclase4 photos of Låvenite associated with Orthoclase on mindat.org.
Pyroxene Group3 photos of Låvenite associated with Pyroxene Group on mindat.org.
Sanidine2 photos of Låvenite associated with Sanidine on mindat.org.
Rinkite-(Ce)2 photos of Låvenite associated with Rinkite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet.
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10Mn2+Ti3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2OMon.
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth.
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.4.1BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
56.2.4.2BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
56.2.4.3CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
56.2.4.5WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
56.2.4.6Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
56.2.4.7Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
56.2.4.8RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
56.2.4.9Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
56.2.4.10Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
56.2.4.11JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
56.2.4.12Komarovite(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2OOrth.
56.2.4.13Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
56.2.4.14SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
56.2.4.15MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.10.1ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
14.10.2HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
14.10.3ZektzeriteLiNaZrSi6O15Orth.
14.10.4ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7Tric.
14.10.5VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.10.6Keldyshite(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7Tric. 1 : P1
14.10.7GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
14.10.8TerskiteNa4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2OOrth.
14.10.9ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
14.10.10HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.11PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
14.10.12KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7Mon.
14.10.13WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)Hex.
14.10.14DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15Tric.
14.10.15KostyleviteK2Zr(Si3O9) · H2OMon.
14.10.16UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
14.10.17ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
14.10.18GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2OOrth. mm2
14.10.19GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7Mon.
14.10.20CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
14.10.21CalciohilairiteCaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.22ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2OMon.
14.10.23Lemoynite(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
14.10.24CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2OMon.
14.10.25BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
14.10.26LovozeriteNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2OMon.
14.10.28PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.10.29DarapiositeK(Na,◻,K)2(Li,Zn,Fe)3(Mn,Zr,Y)2[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
14.10.30BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)Hex.
14.10.31KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.32ZirsinaliteNa6(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Zr(Si6O18)Trig.
14.10.33Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LåveniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mellini, M. (1981) Refinement of the crystal structure of Låvenite. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 28, 99-112.
Perchiazzi N., McDonald A.M., Gault R.A., Johnsen O., Merlino S. (2000) The Canadadian Mineralogist, 38, 641-648.
Friis, H., Balić Žunić, T., Williams, T., Petersen, O.V. (2010) Minerals of the låvenite group from South Greenland and Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift Nr. 43, 35-39. [includes description of a lavenite-like mineral, apparently a polytype of burpalite]

Internet Links for LåveniteHide

Localities for LåveniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M. V., Ulbrich, M. N. C., Vlach, S. R. F., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (1999). Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Itatiaia
elluso, L., Guarino, V., Lustrino, M., Morra, V., De' Gennaro, R. (2016): The REE- and HFSE-bearing phases in the Itatiaia Alkaline Complex (Brazil), and geochemical evolution of feldspar-rich felsic melts. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12839&sid=298fa3a883df3b6a74caf0dae5778cc7 (2016)
  • Santa Catarina
G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Brown, J., & REE, N. (2011). Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands. Aris report
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Lacroix (1890)
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
Silva, L. C., Figueiredo, M. O., & Williams, C. T. (1989). Notes on Cape Verde mineralogy. Zirconium silicates in syenitic rocks from Boa Vista island. Garcia de Orta (Portugal).
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154 , 1978
Hentchel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154, 1978
      • Niederzissen
        • Glees
Kratzsch, E., Die Mineralien vom Dachsbusch, Lapis , 14, 11-21, 1989
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.; Jones, A.P. (1980) The petrology and structure of the Motzfeldt centre, Igaliko, south Greenland. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
Friis, H., Balić Žunić, T., Williams, T. & Petersen, O. V. (2010): Minerals of the låvenite group from South Greenland and Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift Nr. 43, 35-39.
Finch A. A., Goodenough K. M., Salmon H. M. & Andersen, T. (2001): The petrology and petrogenesis of the North Motzfeldt Centre, Gardar Province, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 65, 759-774
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Amdrup Firth
Perchiazzi, N. et al. ( 2000): The crystal structure of Normandite and its crystal-chemical relationship with Lavenite, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 641 - 648
  • Sermersooq
    • Werner Bjerge
Lapis 29(1), 46 (2004)
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., & Perchiazzi, N. (2012). Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(3), 593-609.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
          • Lacco Ameno
Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkan-Gebiete II, Phlegräische Felder, Ischia,.... , Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Libya
 
  • Al Kufrah District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
      • Nosy Be District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p. 11
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W.C. (1880): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663pp
Brøgger, W.C.(1885): Forelöpig meddelelse om to nye norske mineraler, Låvenit og Cappelenit. Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 7, 598-600
        • Barkevik area
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Svein A. Berge observation in field 1978
Brøgger, W.C.(1885): Forelöpig meddelelse om to nye norske mineraler, Låvenit og Cappelenit. Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 7, 598-600; Tscherm. Min. Petr. Mitt. (1981), 28, 99-112; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
        • Stokksund (Stoksund)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (Visually identified)
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O., & Selbekk, R. S. (2010). Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. Journal of Petrology, 51(11), 2303-2325.
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Tvedalen
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Uwe Kolitsch (to be published)
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
[Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888],[ Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767]
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Rypnetsk Mt.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Takhtarvumchorr Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
P.M. Kartashov data
        • Yukspor Mt
          • Hackman Valley
P.M. Kartashov data
      • Lovozero Massif
Mikhail Uchitel' data
        • Seidozero Lake
          • Muruai and Uel'kuai rivers
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Suoluaiv Mt
[MinRec 32:416]; American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 939–942, 2000
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • Tenerife
Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Ödeshög
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
No reference listed
Barwood, H. (2015) Field Trip Report Various Arkansas collection sites . Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:5-6
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Washington H., 1898. The Journal of Geology, v. VI
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Michael C Michayluk Collection
  • Wisconsin
Vickers, R. C., 1956, "Airborne and Ground Reconnaissance of Part of the Syenite Complex near Wausau, Wisconsin." U. S. G. S. Bulletin, 1042-B, p.25-44.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Falster, A.U., T.W. Buchholz, W.B. Simmons, J.D. Guidry & C.M. Johnson (2014), A New Find of Complex Na-Zr Silicates in the Stettin Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin, a presentation before ther 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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